Writ (noun)

  • the power and authority of the issuer of such a written order usually used with run


In the essay, “Why Collaborate?” the author states: “Successful collaborations are like democracy writ small. Members of a civil society expert to have individuals freedom and opportunities but in order to exercise and protect these rights they need to participate in a larger system.”

In other words, having a successful collaboration is like having power but in a smaller way.

Ellen Lupton’s point is members have their own freedom and opportunities. However, if they want to succeed they will need to share their idea’s with larger companies.




arbitrary: (adjective) having or showing a tendency to force one’s will on others without any regards to fairness or necessity.


In “Why Collaborate” Ellen Lupton states: “I have enjoyed voluntary, informal collaborations with my friends, but i have resented being forced into arbitrary, mismatched teams in the name of social correctness”

In other words, Ellen Lupton is saying that she doesn’t like working in groups with people that don’t have the same creative mindset as her.

Lupton’s point is that, you’re better off working alone, because working in a group with people who don’t view the project the same way as you, can be unfair to you.