COMD3330_D039_SP22

Professor Michals

Week 14: Local Corrections

Review Global Corrections

Global corrections adjust the entire file. In the Lightroom, it includes the controls under Light, Color and Effects. In Lightroom Classic, this includes everything in the basic panel: White balance, Exposure, Tone and Presence.

Local Corrections

After you make global corrections, sometimes you will want to make corrections to part of your image. Generally, the brightest part of the image commands the most attention. Sometimes that is not where you want your viewer to look first so shifting the exposure of parts of your image can create the image you want.

The important thing in this photo by Bryan Rodriguez is the face of the card player. However the cards are brighter and demanded too much attention. Using the adjustment brush, I darkened the cards. Creating a second adjustment, I lightened the face of the card player a little more. The goal was to bring more attention to the person’s face and less to the overly bright cards.

The main tools for local adjustments are the adjustment brush, the radial filter, the graduated filter, and the select sky and select subject masking tools.

Lab exercises

Correct the six files above.

Correct one of your classmates images and compare with their correction.

Correct one of your images and compare with a correction your classmate did.

Put all 8 images in an album on flickr for today’s lab credit.

Homework

Final Project

  1. Final project statement and mood board

2. 3 albums each of a minimum of 30 photos

3. 1 album of the 10 best photos of the 90 total, adjusted in Lightroom

4. a 3-5 min presentation of the final project – projected from the album on Flickr.

Presentation Guidelines

  1. Start by introducing yourself and your project. Give us the big picture in a few short sentences such as, ” I photographed variations on the theme of windows. most of the photos were taken in downtown Brooklyn.
  2. If you are showing 10 images, you have about 30 seconds to describe each photo. Tell us what your intention was, what interested you about the photo we are looking at, and give us information we may need to know to understand the photo. Tell us what makes it visually interesting ie the use of shallow depth of field or some other feature.
  3. Practice your presentation.
  4. Try making a simple notecard for each image that lists the one or two points you want to make about that image.
  5. Do not tell us about what you did to the photo in Lightroom or what would have made the photo better.

All the World Photo contest

4 pts

The contest submission consists of three portrait photos, a short bio of 100 words of each subject and a photo release form for each one.

If you want me to edit your bios, email them to me by May 22nd.

Due on May 24th

Your final submission including the three photo releases and proof of submission.

Week 13 – Off-camera Flash

Terms

Ambient Light-the existing light that you cannot control

Stop-measurement of exposure by a factor of 2. One stop more doubles the light. One stop less reduces the light by half.

Exposure Triangle-the interchangeable association of ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed

Strobe Basics

Strobe Lights or Flash-The exposure triangle does not hold because the shutter speed is effectively replaced by the flash duration. We adjust the exposure primarily with the aperture or the ISO.

Sync Speed-is the fastest shutter speed for which the shutter curtains are completely open at the time of exposure (or when the flash fires). For shutter speeds above sync speed, the shutter curtains are no longer fully open.-Dpreview.com

Flash duration-a measurement of the length of time of the burst of light that makes the exposure. This is how long the light is actually on. With our Dynalight strobes this is about 1/450th of a second at full power. Canon speed lites are about 1/313 at full power but 1/4,950 at 1/8th power

The sync speed of the class cameras is 1/200. To get around this, use: 

High speed sync-allows the camera to be set at shutter speeds higher than the camera sync speed 

DO NOT fire the flash in huge bursts when using high speed sync! If the flash becomes hot, let it cool down before using again.

Settings:

ETTL (Evaluative-Through The Lens) is a Canon EOS flash exposure system that uses a brief pre-flash before the main flash in order to obtain thlo 7 `e exposure.

M-Manual-Set the power of the flash to full power, 1/2 power, 1/4 down to  1/128 power. The difference between each setting is one stop.

Zoom-you can spread the light over the scene or focus it by setting the zoom. A number that corresponds to a wide focal length like 28 mm will spread the light. A number corresponding to a telephoto focal length like 200mm will create a narrower beam of light.

Exposure-For consistent results use M shooting mode.
1. Figure out the exposure without the flash. If you want shallow depth of field use the widest aperture then figure out what shutter speed you need. On a bright sunny day, you should be able to shoot at 100 ISO. 

2. Stop down one or two stops depending on the look you want. 

Off-camera Flash

Put your flash on the channel that matches the trigger and receiver.

SAAF-Shutter Ambient, Aperture Flash

Shutter speed will control the illumination of the background.

Aperture will control the illumination of what is being lit by the flash.

Make the shutter speed faster to make the background darker when shooting with flash.

Resource

Lab

Main Light

Make a minimum of 10 portrait photos using off-camera flash as the main light.

Fill Light

Make a minimum of 10 photos with flash as the fill light.

Post your 20 best to Flickr and send the best of each one to the class group.

Quiz

May 17th. 4 pts. Topics include portrait photography, flash-on and off camera.

Homework

Final project

Shoot 2 is due May 17th.

All the World Photo contest

Due on May 17th

The contest submission consists of three portrait photos, a short bio of 100 words of each subject and a photo release form for each one.

Put a small jpg with your 100 word bio for each subject on Google Drive and share the document with me: robinmichals@gmail.com before noon on May 17th.

Due on May 24th

Your final submission including the three photo releases and proof of submission.

Week 12 – On-camera flash

Flash Basics

Ambient Light-the existing light that you cannot control

Fill Flash-brightens shadows

Built-in flash-part of the camera and throws light about 6 to 10 feet

External flash-added to the camera on the hot shoe and can throw light 15 to 20 feet 

ETTL (Evaluative-Through The Lens) is a Canon EOS flash exposure system that uses a brief pre-flash before the main flash in order to obtain a more correct exposure.

Fill Flash

Use M or manual.

1/1 is full power. Full stops are 1/2, 1/4, 1/8/ 1/16, 1/32, 1/64, 1/128.

Use Zoom to spread or focus the light. Wide angle numbers (smaller numbers) spread the light as for a wider shot with a wide angle lens. Higher numbers focus the light for a telephoto shot.

High speed sync-allows the camera to be set at shutter speeds higher than the camera sync speed 

Resource

Lab

On-camera Flash

Homework

Final Project

All the World Photo Contest entry – 4 pts – Proof of entry due May 24th

https://dnalc.cshl.edu/photo/

Week 11 – Portraits III

Review:

3-point Lighting

– standard lighting for portraits, video and film

Main light-is the brightest light and creates the shadows

Fill light-brightens the shadows

Background light-creates separation between the subject and the background. This light can be aimed at the background or it can be aimed at the subject. If the later, it would be called a hair light. If accenting the edge of the face or shoulders, this light would be called a rim light or a kicker.

Natural vs idealized

Compare the work of Dawoud Bey with Peter Hurley

Lab

Working within a Style

Homework

Using Brand Style

Final Project

Week 10 – Portraits: Posing, the Fill Light and Three-point Lighting

Portrait Lighting Styles

Posing

Read Yousef Karsh’s own words about taking this photograph.

Posing your model

Some basic tips for standing poses:

Ask your model to:

1.Shift weight to create contraposto-weight on one leg so the body makes a subtle curve.

2. Lean forward

3. Put their weight on their back leg – shoulder goes back

4. Cross arms

5. Lower chin (push forehead forward)

The single most useful pose suggestion that you can make to your model is to lower their chin. Peter Hurley explains his approach to this in the video below.

Watch .55 to 7.40

The Fill Light

The fill light brightens the shadows. It can be an actual light or you can use a reflector. This video shows how to use a reflector as the fill light.

3-point Lighting

– standard lighting for portraits, video and film

Main light-is the brightest light and creates the shadows

Fill light-brightens the shadows

Background light-creates separation between the subject and the background. This light can be aimed at the background or it can be aimed at the subject. If the later, it would be called a hair light. If accenting the edge of the face or shoulders, this light would be called a rim light or a kicker.

Labs

Lab: Adding a fill and background light

Homework

HW 7: Environmental Portraits

Week 9: Portrait Photography

Portrait Poses

There are three basic positions for someone’s head and face in a portrait.

  1. Front view
  2. 3/4 view
  3. Profile

Expression

For family photos a smile is a must but not so for a portrait. It is however important that your subject look comfortable. It is your job as the photographer to talk with your subject and make them feel comfortable.

Focus

When shooting a portrait, the subject’s eyes must be in focus. Full stop. period.

Portrait Lighting Styles

There are a 5 basic lighting styles for portrait photography. Each style is defined by how light falls on the face.

  1. Rembrandt Light – the model is face forward, main light is at 45 degrees and casts a light on the opposite side of the face to form a triangle on the cheek.

Rembrandt Lighting
Michael B. Jordan. Photographer: Peggy Sirota

2. Broad Light-model’s face in 3/4 view-light falls on the side of the face with the visible ear. Good for controlling the reflections on glasses.

Danny Devito. Photographer: Gregory Heisler.

3. Short Light-model’s face is in 3/4 view, the light falls on the side of the face with the features. (Not on the side with the visible ear.)

Aretha Franklin. Photographer: Matthew Jordan Smith

Both of these are examples of short light.

Chadwick Boseman. Photographer: Caitlin Cronenburg

4. Butterfly Light, Clamshell or beauty or glamour light-model is face forward, front light.

Tyra Banks. Photographer: Matthew Jordan Smith

5. Split Light-model is face forward, the main light is at 90 degrees to the camera and falls on one side of the face. 

Lewis Wickes Hine (U.S.A., 1874–1940), One of the spinners in Whitnel Cotton Mfg. Co. N.C. December 1908.

Inspiration

Lab

Portrait Lighting Styles

Homework Assignment

Window Light Portraits

Quiz Questions

1. Identify the 2 basic portrait lighting styles for a portrait shot in a 3/4 view.

2. Identify the 3 basic portrait lighting styles for a portrait shot in a front view.

Week 8: Midterm

Critique Etiquette

  1. Respect the presenter. Give them your full attention.
  2. Ask questions about your colleague’s photography. This is not the time to ask questions about your personal concerns.
  3. Start with the positive when you comment on your colleague’s works. Use the terms below that we have learned this semester.
  4. Be generous. Offer your thoughts. Your opinion and judgements are important. Do not leave the work of giving feedback to the others in the class.
  5. Conversely, please do not speak over your classmates.

Terms

Framing: How the frame brings together the elements inside the rectangle juxtaposing them, creating relationships between them

Types of shots: how much information is in the frame

  • a long shot
  • a medium shot
  • a close up
  • an extreme close up.

Frame within a frame – use elements in the frame to enclose the main subject and draw attention to it. A frame within a frame can be a window or door or it can be items in the foreground such as branches.

Angle of View:  describes the camera position in relationship to the subject. The angle of view may be: 

  • a worm’s-eye view
  • a low-angle
  • eye-level
  • a high-angle
  • a bird’s-eye or aerial or overhead view
  • an oblique angle.

Rule of Thirds – Instead of placing the main subject in the center of the frame, divide the frame into thirds horizontally and vertically and place the main subject at one of these intersections.

Fill the Frame –  (get closer) – do not leave empty areas that do not add to the composition and plan to crop in later.

Perspective-the representation of a 3-dimensional space on a 2-dimensional surface by converging lines, diminishing scale and/or atmospheric perspective.

Depth of Field-The distance between the nearest and farthest points that appear in acceptably sharp focus in a photograph. Depth of field can be shallow or extensive. While the term includes the word depth, depth of field refers to focus.

Frozen Motion-Motion is stopped and captured in the frame with a fast shutter speed.

The Decisive Moment: A term coined by Cartier Bresson- “the simultaneous recognition, in a fraction of a second, of the significance of an event as well as the precise organization of forms which gives that event its proper expression.”

Blurred motion-moving elements blur with a longer shutter speed.

Lighting Direction – front, side, back, top under

CUNY Photo Challenge – Today! deadline March 28th

Enter your best photo taken in the class to date.

Read the criteria of the judges and select the image you think best fits what they are looking for.

You will need to include a title, a brief description which could include the class and assignment or not and location.

Forward the submission email for 1 pt credit.

Homework

Windows and Mirrors

Week 7: Digital Darkroom – Global Corrections

Terms

Aspect Ratio-the proportion of the width of the image to the height of a 2D image

Clipping-the intensity of the light falls outside of what can be recorded by the camera and there is a loss of detail.

Color Profile-the data for a digital device, such as a printer or monitor, which describes its gamut, or range of colors. Used to match the gamut from one device to another.

Exif Data-information stored by the camera in the file.

Gamut-range of colors

Histogram- a graphic representation of the tones in an image. A spike of data on the left side indicates underexposure, on the right overexposure.

Neutral Value-RGB values are equal or gray

Non-destructive Editing-adjust the image without overwriting the original image data. Instructions are written to a sidecar file that tells the software how to interpret the image.

White Balance-the setting that adjusts for the color temperature of the light and that will make a white object appear white or a gray object a neutral value

Demo Photos

Global Corrections

Global corrections adjust the entire file. In the Lightroom CC, it includes the controls under Light, Color and Effects. In Lightroom Classic, this includes everything in the basic panel: White balance, Tone and Presence.

Using the Histogram

The histogram is a graphic representation of the tones in the photograph. It is a guide to exposure decisions. Most images look best when there is a full range of tones from black to white in the image. But there are no iron clad rules.

To access the histogram in Lightroom, from the keyboard select: Command 0

Or get it from the three dots on the right menu bar.

From the top of the histogram, there is a triangular button. Toggle it to turn on/off show clipping.

To maximize the the tonal range, adjust a photo to have some tones that are totally black and totally white but only a few so that you don’t lose detail in either the shadows or the highlights.

Looking at the histogram, we can see that there is not a true black or white. To raise the contrast of the image and use the full tonal range, use the following adjustments:

  • Select show clipping on the top left of the histogram. Adjust the blacks slider to the left until you see bright blue flecks on your image.
  • Select show clipping on the top right of the histogram. Adjust the whites slider to the right until you see bright red flecks on your image.

Most images improve with:

  • shadows slider to +50 add detail to the dark areas
  • the highlights slider brought to the left to bring detail into the highlights.

In this photo of the pier in Coney Island, the histogram shows that is underexposed. But we also know that it is an evening scene and that there is nothing in the photo that should be bright white.

Lightroom Workflow:

  1. Optics: enable lens correction. If there is architecture or a strong horizon line, geometry>upright>auto
  2. Crop.
  3. Color. Adjust the white balance if necessary.
  4. Light
    a. Exposure slider-use to adjust the overall tonality
    b. Set black point using show clipping
    c. Set white point using show clipping
    d. Use shadows slider to brighten mid tones.
  5. Effects – Adjust clarity (mid tone contrast)
  6. App: color – Adjust vibrance and or saturation
  7. Detail panel – Sharpen-amount at least 50

Lightroom CC Resource

Lightroom Classic Resource

A few tips for Lightroom Mobile:

  1. To access the histogram, tap on the image with two fingers. If you can’t really see the histogram background, brighten the display.
  2. To see the image before your corrections, press on the image.

Lab Exercises

Global Corrections

Homework

Midterm Project

Week 6: Food Photography Basics

Food Photography

Food photography is a genre of commercial photography that makes food look appetizing for the camera. It is not just photographs of food. It has its own vocabulary and conventions.

Inspiration

Other Inspiration

  • Jennifer Causey https://www.michelekarpe.com/Jennifer-Causey/Food/1
  • Kana Okada https://www.michelekarpe.com/Kana-Okada/Food/1
  • Marcus Nilsson https://www.marcusnilsson.com/
  • Quentin Bacon http://www.quentinbacon.com/#/food/

Food Photography Basics

Angle of View:

The two main angles of view used in food photography are: overhead and three-quarter view which is between eye level and overhead.

Depth of Field

If a three-quarter view is used, often shallow depth of field is also used to bring attention to the food itself.

Depth of Field-The distance between the nearest and farthest points that appear in acceptably sharp focus in a photograph. Depth of field can be shallow or extensive. While the term includes the word depth, depth of field refers to focus.

How to control depth of field

These four factors control depth of field:

  • lens aperture
  • focal length
  • camera-to-subject distance
  • sensor size.

Aperture is the size of the opening that allows light to hit the camera’s sensor when the photograph is taken. 

  1. Aperture values are expressed in numbers called f-stops. A smaller f-stop number means more light is coming into the camera and will create shallow depth of field. A larger f-stop number will let less light into the camera and create extensive depth of field.
  2. The full stops for aperture are: F2, f28, f4, f5.6, f8, f11, f16, f22, f32
  3. Cameraphones have a fixed aperture.

Focal Length  is the distance from where the light converges in the lens to the sensor. If it is a short distance then the lens is a wide angle lens and shows a lot of the scene. If it is a long distance, the lens is a telephoto lens and it magnifies the scene. Wide angle lenses create extensive depth of field while telephoto lenses create shallow depth of field.

Camera-to-subject distance is how far the subject is from the camera. If everything is far from the camera, it is easier to achieve extensive depth of field. If the main subject is very close to the camera and the background elements are far from the camera, it is easier to achieve shallow depth of field.

Sensor size-the smaller the sensor the easier it is to achieve extensive depth of field. Bigger sensors allow for shallow depth of field.

 Bokeh-Bokeh comes from the Japanese word boke (ボケ), which means “blur” or “haze”, or boke-aji, the “blur quality.” Bokeh is pronounced BOH-Kə or BOH-kay. 

 — From http://www.nikonusa.com/en/learn-and-explore/article/h0ndz86v/bokeh-for-beginners.html

Light Quality

Direct light-all comes from one direction and makes clear crisp shadows. Sunlight is an example of direct or hard light.

Diffused light– comes from many directions and makes soft shadows. The light on a cloudy day is an example of diffused or soft light.

In food photography, there is a main light. It is usually a side or a back light.

The main light casts the shadows.

The fill light brightens shadows. Often instead of a second light or the fill, we use a reflector opposite the main light to bounce the light into the shadows.

Distance

The distance between the light source and the subject will allow you to control how it looks. This is such an important factor because of the Inverse Square Law.

The Inverse Square Law states that the intensity of the illumination changes in inverse proportion to the square of the distance from the source.

Translation: The light’s brightness drops much faster closer to the light source than further away.

Generally, when working with a clamp light as the main light, set the main light a bit further from the subject to spread out the light. Hold or fasten the diffuser in front of the light. The farther in front of the light the diffusion is set, the softer the light will be.

Set up the white reflector as close to the food as possible and not have it in the frame.

Resource

Watch 1:14 to 6:00 on lighting

Quiz Questions

  1. What is the role of the main light?
  2. What is the role of the fill light?
  3. What is the function of a diffusion panel? How does how you position it change how much it diffuses the light?
  4. What is the function of a reflector? How does how you position it change how much it reflects the light?

Lab Exercises

Onions and garlic

Homework

Midterm Project

Quiz 1

There will be a quiz next week on March 22. It will be worth 4 pts. It will consist of three technical questions and a compare and contrast paragraph essay.

The topics will be: composition, shutter speed, freezing and blurring motion, long exposures, when to use a tripod, light quality, light direction, depth of field, food photography as a genre, role of the main light and the fill light.

Week 5: Lighting Direction

Lighting Quality

Diffused– light hits the subject from all directions and the shadows are soft

Direct– light hits the subject from one angle and the shadows are crisp with sharp edges

Lighting Direction

Front light – light comes from near the camera position.

Side light – light come from 90 degrees to the camera position.

Back light – light comes from behind the subject and aims towards the camera.

Other terms to know

Ambient Light-The light that is already there sometimes called available light

Continuous Lights-Always on, may be incandescent, halogen, fluorescent, LED

Strobe Lights – lights that fire when the exposure is made

Strobes have two bulbs:

  • the modeling light which helps you see where the light will fall
  • the flash bulb that fires when you press the shutter release

A trigger on the camera uses radio waves to tell the receiver to fire the light. The power pack stores the power used to make the exposure.

Inspiration

Contrast: The measure of difference between bright areas (highlights) and dark areas (shadows) in a photo

High contrast : Large difference between highlights and shadows. Mostly lights and darks without many mid tones  

Low contrast :  Little difference between lights and darks. Mostly mid tones.              

Modifiers

In studio photography, we put modifiers on the flash heads to change the quality of the lights. Two basic categories of modifiers are:

  1. Softboxes- these spread and diffuse the light. The light hits the subject from many directions making the shadows softer.
  2. Grids – these concentrate and focus the light. The light hits the subject from one direction making the light harsher and the shadows sharper.

Quiz Questions

  • Identify lighting direction in a photograph: front, side, back
  • Identify light contrast: high or low

Lab Exercises

Lighting Direction and Quality

Midterm Project

Portrait of a Place

Next Week

The Basics of Food Photography

Please bring in:

  1. a background- a table cloth, cutting board, baking sheet, bamboo mat
  2. one food item like an onion, head of garlic, something small and not-reflective. For examples many apples are waxed and really shiny and will cause direct reflection so avoid that for now.

Week 4 – Painting with Light

Painting with light – Use a long exposure to draw an image with light over time in the frame.

Inspiration

Sprint Campaign: http://lightpaintingphotography.com/?s=sprint 

Tripod use

  • Spread the legs out and make sure the tripod is stable. Use the height from the legs before using the neck of the tripod. Put one leg forward and the two legs on your side.
  • Put the plate on the camera and make sure that the lens arrow is pointing towards the lens. Insert the plate into the locking mechanism and make sure that the camera is secure.
  • Use the camera timer and DO NOT TOUCH the camera or the tripod during the exposure.

Considerations for painting with light: 

1. Use a tripod 

2. Use Manual as the shooting mode.

3. Set the ISO to 100

4. Set the aperture to f/11 as a starting point to get a wide range of depth of field. 

5. Set the shutter speed to 2″ as a starting point.

6. Use manual focus. Make sure the subject is in focus. To do this shine a light on the subject and use auto focus. Then flip the lens back to MF. Remember that if the distance of the subject to the camera changes, you need to refocus!

Mixing Flash with Painting with Light 

The aperture controls the exposure of whatever is lit by the flash. 

The shutter speed controls the illumination of the background. 

Speedlites

1/1 is full power. This is the most light that the unit can emit. 1/2 power is one stop less or 1/2 as much light. And so on.

Using the unit at full power will make the recycle time longer, meaning it will take longer to recharge and be ready to fire again. Try for 1/4 power as the recycle time will be faster. Get closer if the light is not bright enough.

Lab

Painting with light

Homework

HW 4 – Long Exposures

For Next Week

March 8 – Lighting and Mood – Please bring in a small stuffed animal to work with. Try to bring in a toy that is made out of cloth and not plastic as it will be less reflective. So a stuffed animal rather than an action figure. 

Also, if you have a string of lights bring that too.

Week 3: Motion

Review HW 1:

Inspiration

Review Shutter Speed

Shutter Speed is the length of time that the sensor is exposed to light to create the photograph. It is measured in seconds or fractions of a second.

The full stops for shutter speed are: 30”, 15”, 8”, 4”, 2”, 1”, . sec, ., 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000, 1/4000, 1/8000

Doubling the time, doubles the amount of light that reaches the sensor.

When shooting with a cameraphone and the Lightroom Photoshop app, you can set the shutter speed of your cameraphone between 1/10,000 and 1 sec.

The general rule for getting a sharp image is that the shutter speed should be 1/focal length. So a sports photographer using a 500 mm lens should use a shutter speed of 1/500.

A good rule of thumb when shooting with a camera is: Any shutter speeds slower then 1/60 require the use of a tripod. When shooting with a cameraphone, you will need a tripod to shoot at 1/15 or slower.

Image Stabilization can reduce blurriness when photographing a still subject in low light.

Turn off IS when mounting the camera on a tripod or photographing a moving subject..

Strobe Lights

Strobes

Strobes have two bulbs:

  • the modeling light which helps you see where the light will fall
  • the flash that fires when you press the shutter release

A trigger on the camera uses radio waves to tell the receiver to fire the light. The power pack stores the power used to make the exposure.

Strobe Lights or Flash-The exposure triangle does not hold because the shutter speed is effectively replaced by the flash duration. We adjust the exposure primarily with the aperture or the ISO.

Flash duration

Flash duration is how long the flash of light is that takes the picture. It is the amount of time that the flash head goes from on to off.

If you want to freeze motion with available light, it is the shutter speed that will do it.

If you want to freeze motion with flash or studio strobes it is the flash duration that counts.

The higher the power that you use,  the slower the flash duration.

With our Dynalight strobes this is about 1/700th of a second at full power.

Sync Speed

Sync Speed-is the fastest shutter speed for which the shutter curtains are completely open at the time of exposure (or when the flash fires). For shutter speeds above sync speed, the shutter curtains are no longer fully open and so you will see the shutter itself in the photo as a black area. the sync speed for our class cameras is 1/200 sec.

Blurring motion

Blurred motion-moving elements blur with a longer shutter speed.

How to blur motion:

  • Use a tripod.
  • Use a slower shutter speed – 1/4 sec to 30″ or even longer
  • Direction-if the subject moves parallel to the picture plane there is more visible movement than if the subject moves toward or away from the camera.
  • Focal length-a subject will appear blurrier when photographed with a telephoto lens than when photographed with a wide-angle lens.

Quiz Questions

  • Define shutter speed.
  • Set shutter speed to freeze motion in a photograph
  • Set shutter speed to blur motion in a photograph.
  • Define flash duration and understand its importance to capturing motion.
  • Know when to use a tripod.

Lab Exercises

Freezing and Blurring Motion

Homework Assignment

Blurring and Freezing Motion

Class Schedule

March 1 – Painting with Light – Bring a flashlight or use your phone flashlight

March 8 – Lighting and Mood – Please bring in a small stuffed animal to work with. Try to bring in a toy that is made out of cloth and not plastic as it will be less reflective. So a stuffed animal rather than an action figure.

Also, if you have a string of lights bring that too.

March 15 – Food Photography Basics – Bring a vegetable and something to put it on-a cloth, woven mat, a cutting board.

March 22 – Quiz 1, Toning Images

Quiz 1 – 4 pts. – Review weeks 1 – 5, Composition and framing, depth of field, motion, tripod use, lights and lighting. There will be 3 technical questions with a right or wrong answer and a compare and contrast of two photos graded on correct use of vocabulary.

March 29 – Midterm Presentations

Week 2 – Lighting Direction

Light Quality

Direct light or hard light – the rays of light are nearly parallel and strike the subject from one direction creating hard edged dark shadows with little detail.
Examples: a spotlight, sun on a clear day, or a bare flash

Diffused light or soft light– the rays of light are scattered and coming from many directions. It appears even and produces indistinct shadows. Examples: overcast daylight, a light covered with tracing paper or other translucent material.

Light Direction

Front light comes from in front of subject from the camera position and the shadows fall behind the subject not concealing any details.

Side Light comes from 90 degrees to the camera. it adds dimension and texture to the subject.

Backlight comes from behind the subject towards the camera.

Inspiration

Lab

Lighting Direction

Homework

HW 2: Lighting Direction

Week 1 – Composition Review

Composition Review

Rule of Thirds – Instead of placing the main subject in the center of the frame, divide the frame into thirds horizontally and vertically and place the main subject at one of these intersections.

Diagonal Lines – lines that reach towards opposite corners of the photo

Leading Lines – lines in the photograph that lead the eye to the main subject

Patterns – repeated elements. Break the pattern for visual interest.

Symmetry – If you fold the image in half the two haves are very similar and have equal visual weight. Or make it asymmetrical to add tension to the composition.

Figure to Ground -the relationship between the subject and the background sometimes described as negative and positive space.

Contrast of Light and Dark – The darks are close to black and the lights are close to white with few mid-tones.

A Frame within a Frame

Lab Exercise

Composition Review

Homework

HW 1: Composition Review

HW#8 – Photographic Style

Identify the lighting style used including the angle of view, and lighting pattern: Rembrandt, split, butterfly light, broad, or shot light. How much fill is used to brighten the shadows? How is a background light used to separate the subject from the background? What is the palette? How tight is the framing? What is the angle of view?

Lighting Pattern: Butterfly Light

How much fill is used to brighten the shadows? – There is plenty of amount of fill used to highlight the shadows, especially for the first 2 movie posters since they have the element of the drawn characters behind them.

How is a background light used to separate the subject from the background? – The background light is used to separate the subject from the photo bringing as might light as possible to their face almost as if it wouldn’t matter for the shadows since they are not seen at face value.

How tight is the framing? There is a good use of the rule of thirds within the first two posters however not in the third which is just centered. This is done for the concept of the art upon having the 2D drawing mirror the live-action actors. That is why it uses a full-body shot for every poster.

What is the angle of view? The angle of view from what I can tell is eye level

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