Basic composition principles:
Angle of View – describes the camera position in relationship to the subject. The angle of view may be: a worm’s-eye view, a low-angle, eye-level, a high-angle, a bird’s-eye or aerial or overhead view, or an oblique angle.
Figure to Ground-the relationship between the subject and the background sometimes described as negative and positive space.
Fill the Frame (get closer) – do not leave empty areas that do not add to the composition and plan to crop in later.
Framing – how the frame brings together the elements inside the rectangle. Framing can also refer to how much information is in a shot and can be described as: a long shot, a medium shot, a close up or an extreme close up.
Leading Lines – lines in the photograph that lead the eye to the main subject
Pattern – repeated elements
Rule of Thirds -Instead of placing the main subject in the center of the frame, divide the frame into thirds horizontally and vertically and place the main subject at one of these intersections
Symmetry – If you fold the image in half the two haves are very similar and have equal visual weight
Composition Tips by Steve McCurry
Topics: Rule of Thirds, Leading Lines, Diagonals, Framing, Figure to Ground, Fill the Frame, Center Dominant Eye, Patterns and Repetition, Symmetry