Monthly Archives: April 2017

Martin Luther King Jr. By: Mahendra Francis

This is a picture of Martin Luther King Jr. of which I took in Washington D.C. King was a well-known civil rights activist who fought to end legal segregation and the many injustice inflicted upon black people. He was born on January 15th, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia.  In his childhood, he actively took part in a small Baptist church owned by his father. Here he delivered many speeches and eventually took it over when his father died.  He went to a segregated high school and then went on to get a college degree at Morehouse college.  Then he won a fellowship and went to Boston University where he obtained a degree in 1955. In Boston, he married Coretta Scott and became the pastor of a Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. He was always a strong activist for the civil rights of black people. He leads a bus boycott to fight against segregation in public buses. On December 21,1956, the Supreme Court of the United States had declared it unconstitutional for segregation to be allowed on buses. This was one of his many first big victories in the political world. He continued down on his civil right path and in 1957 was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He borrowed many the techniques of another prominent civil right activist named Gandhi who was from India. During his time as the president he travelled to many places and spoke to hundreds of people about his cause. He would appear wherever there was civil unrest. He even wrote books on the issue of civil rights. He was the youngest man to have won the Nobel Peace Prize at the age of thirty-five. On April 4th, 1968, he was assassinated while at a motel room in Memphis, Tennessee.

Martin Luther King Jr. was a great individual whose achievements will never be forgotten. He had fought and won many civil liberties for the black community and was a man of integrity. He came from a religious upbringing and throughout most of his life he had advocate for fair treatment of all and tried his best to improve the lives of his community. As a result of his efforts he had changed America for the better. He has helped to put an end to legal segregation and gave colored youth a better chance in society. He was a great activist and his commemoration is duly deserved.

Citation: Martin Luther King Jr.,, (last visited Apr 30, 2017).

Abraham Lincoln Memorial By: Mahendra Francis



This is a picture of Abraham Lincoln in which I took at Washington D.C. Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America. In 1861, he issued the emancipation Proclamation that ended slavery. During his presidency, there was a great civil war in the country. The South wanted to secede from the North and it was up to Lincoln to find a way to calm the turmoil. To my surprise, he was the son of an undistinguished family. During his early age, he worked in a farm and he learned how to read and write. When he became older he did not know much about the world but he had a drive for knowledge and constantly pursue knowledge whenever he was able. As president, he worked towards making the Republican party stronger and more organized. Upon the union victory in the civil war he quickly made efforts to rebuild the country and reunited the North and Southern states. The reconstruction era as it was now called began to move smoothly until on April 14th, 1865 Lincoln was assassinated and all hopes for a peacefully union between the North and Southern states came to a quick end.

Abraham Lincoln was an amazing individual. He came from meager backgrounds, but his love for knowledge and learning quickly made him became the person that he was in the later parts of his life. He went from a farm hand to becoming the 16th president of the United States! I am inspired by him and his achievements. I to love to learn new things daily and by seeing how much we have in common I am excited to see what the future has in-stored for me. Abraham Lincoln did many revolutionary things in his time such as releasing people from their bondage and help set in motion the plans for the reunion between a country that was at the time split. For these reasons, I strongly believe that his commemoration was well deserved!

Citation: Abraham Lincoln, The White House (2017), (last visited Apr 30, 2017).

9/11 Memorial (Susannah Oliveira)

On September 11, 2001, 3,000 people died at the World Trade Center due to a carried out suicide attacks. The Twin towers were knocked down to the ground  by two planes that were flown into the buildings.

This memorial was constructed in remembrance to the people that died as well as the six people who were killed in the World Trade Center bombing in February 1993. The names of every single person who died in 2001 and 1993 are inscribed into the panels.

This was put here by a non-profit corporation that uses the money they get to maintain the memorial and the museum at the world Trade Center. On August 2006, the memorial foundation and the Port Authority of NY and NJ began the construction of the memorial and museum. The design was originally Daniel Libeskind idea, he wanted it to be 30 feet below street level.  The memorial can get very emotional as your walking through it, as your walking you already feel the pressure and the sorrows. Many people lost their loved ones and many firefighters risked their lives to help.

In Memory of Corporal Jonathan Rivadeneira

by Susannah Oliveira

This plaque was placed in memory of a man who died in combat serving in Iraq.

PS 69 a local school in Jackson heights wanted to  commemorate the life of US Army Specialist Jonathan Rivadeneira was born on December 31, 1984 and died September 14, 2007. Councilman Danny Dromm, Rivadeneira’s mother, and members of the PS 69 school community gathered together to dedicate this in his memory. Principal Martha Vazquez honored him because he was a graduate of PS 69, they were grateful for his service in the army. They placed the plaque near the school’s “peace pole,” a monument to peace outside the school. The plaque was donated by the Jackson Heights Beautification Group. Not only did they place this plaque outside but they also hung a portrait of Rivadeneira inside PS 69. He was assigned to the 6th Squadron, 9th U.S. Cavalry, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, and died from wounds sustained when an improvised explosive device detonated near his vehicle during combat.

He was buried in his hometown at Saint Michaels Cemetery East Elmhurst Queens County New York, US 


Posted: April 28, 2017

Yerica R

      While I was walking around  there is this image statutes in New York  called Charging Bull, which is sometimes referred to as the Wall Street Bull or the Bowling Green Bull,  is a bronze sculpture that stands in Bowling Green in the Financial District  in Manhattan New York City. Originally guerrilla art  installed unofficially by Arturo Di Modica  its popularity led to it being a permanent feature. The 7,100-pound 3,200 kg sculpture stands 11 feet 3.4 m tall and measures 16 feet 4.9 m long. The oversize sculpture depicts a bull, the symbol of aggressive financial optimism and prosperity leaning back on its haunches and with its head lowered as if ready to charge. The sculpture is both a popular tourist destination which draws thousands of people a day, as well as “one of the most iconic images of New York”

         The bronze color and hard, metallic texture of the sculpture’s surface emphasizes the brute force of the creature. The work was designed and placed so that viewers could walk around it, which also suggests the creature’s own movement is unrestricted a point reinforced by the twisting posture of the bull’s body, according to Durante.Charging Bull, then, shows an aggressive or even belligerent force on the move, but unpredictably. It’s not far-fetched to say the theme is the energy, strength, and unpredictability of the stock market, The sculpture technically has a temporary permit allowing it to stand on city property since the city does not own the sculpture, but the temporary permission has lasted since 1989, when city officials said the new location would not be permanent.





This picture of this officer really called my attention in one of those day when I went to the NYPD Police Plaza. There are a number of these huge plaques on the wall inside the lobby of 1 Police plaza that statutes represent of honoring the men and women who have lost their lives while performing their duty.  Each one of those names representing the tragic loss of someone who was loved by their friends and living their families. In the middle plaque below, 2nd row from the right, 3rd from the bottom, the 22-year old officer Edward  Byrne who was shot and killed in 1988 and whose death was huge national news.

Each one of those deaths were just as tragic and these plaques are a sobering reminder of just how dangerous their jobs can be, and it’s something sad because as one of the police officer they go to out to serve the community not to be killed, they just want to make the society a better place so that people can live without fear and being afraid to go out during the night etc. They create that image because they can’t do nothing else for all those officer who died just serving the society and trying to make when people live a better place for all.





Merquisha Auguste

About fifty years ago, Jackie Roosevelt Robinson became the first black player to play in a Major League baseball game. The day he stepped onto the Ebbets Field on April 15, 1947 he broke the color barrier and made the way for other black athletes to play the game. Without the brave  Jackie Robinson who open the way for other colored athletes like himself there wouldn’t be Muhammad Ali, Arthur Ashe, Magic Johnson, Michael Jordan, or  even Tiger Woods. Sports would of been  very different in today’s society.  The way he handled himself on and off the field was very impressive. He took every racist comment that was thrown at him and decided not to make it bother him. The general manager who brought him into baseball, prohibited him from talking back to the people. But Jackie  Robinson didn’t let the pressure get to him at all. Jackie Robinson also helped to advance the civil rights movement further in 1947 with this major move he also helped to galvanize his generation to fight more for civil rights for people of color. The “civil rights movement” really came alive in the 1950’s to the 1980’s, due to Jackie Robinson integrating the segregated professional baseball league. Thanks to many great “civil rights movement icons” like Jackie Robinson, Rosa Parks, Dr. Martin Luther King, and Fannie Lou Hamer, we were able to elect our first “Black President” in 2008 and 2012 (President Barack Obama). In 1962 he was inducted into the Hall of Fame. Robinson distinguished himself as a talented player and a vocal civil rights activist. In 1955, he helped the Dodgers win the World Series. He retired in 1957 with a career batting average of .311. Robinson died in Connecticut in 1972.

A military and civil engineer and second generation German immigrant, Washington Augustus Roebling who was born May 26, 1837 in Saxonburg, PA and  died: July 21, 1926 in Trenton, NY is best known for overseeing the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, which was designed by his father.  He also served briefly as president of John A. Roebling’s Sons, Co., after its incorporation in 1876 and during his younger days, as an engineer in the Union army during the Civil War, Washington Roebling planned and supervised the construction of bridges and roads for military purposes. Later in his life, Washington became a renowned mineralogist, and his collection of rocks and minerals now belongs to the Smithsonian Institution.  Roebling was a writer who published technical writings on suspension bridges and other topics, especially the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge. He also authored a biography of his famous father as well as a brief history of his own birthplace of Saxonburg, Pennsylvania. With legendary determination, Roebling, confined to his house in Brooklyn Heights, directed the work on the bridge from a distance, watching progress through a telescope.He also trained his wife, Emily Roebling, to relay his orders when she would visit the bridge nearly everyday. Rumors also got around about the condition of Washington about the various times the public believed he was entirely incapacitated, or had even gone insane. When the Brooklyn Bridge opened to the public in 1883, Roebling did not attend the enormous celebrations. Although the nearly constant talk about his health, he lived to see the age of 89. When Roebling died in Trenton, New Jersey, in 1926, an obituary published in the New York Times said that in his final years he was fond of riding the streetcar from his mansion to the wire mill his family owned and operated.