Annotated Bibliography

Judith Torres

Annotated Bibliography


                                                           Stephen King Horror Films

Stephen King is a very popular author of horror fiction. Stephen King who is also known as The unchallenged “King of Horror”. In his books, movies, etc. he blends elements of the traditional gothic tale with those of the modern psychological, thrillers, detective, and science fiction stories. As a boy king found a box of fantasy horror fiction books and stories that had belonged to his father, and he read them all. By the time Stephen was seven he had begun writing his own stories. Many of King’s stories are semi autobiographical, meaning that they are taken in part from some of his own experiences. Many of the locations he writes about are based on the places he grew up in and visited. His population comes from him being able to create stories in which evil occurs in ordinary situations. In 1973, King sold his first novel, Carrie, the tale of a tormented teen who gets revenge on her peers.The book became a huge success after it was published the following year.

     (“Stephen King Biography”, //

Some of Stephen King’s horror films are Carrie, IT: chapter 1 & chapter 2, The Shining, In The Tall Grass, 1922, Doctor Sleep, Gerald’s Game and Misery. 

In the ending of Carrie: The house was set aflame due to some of the lit candles falling down. And it eventually sank underground, taking Carrie and Margeret with it. Carrie kills her mother by stopping her heart, but nothing happens to the house. 

                              (Rodriguez, Maddie, “The  Many Endings of Carrie”, Book Riot, //

In the ending of The Shining: It ends with the death of Jack, as well as the hotel that goes up in flames due to an aging boiler with jack freezing to death, and the hotel still in one piece, Kubrik said this ending would haunt the audience.

                            (Paonessa, Rachel, “The Shining Ending Explained.”, Indie 88, //

In the ending of IT: “Chapter 1: Bill can united with the others and together they overcome their own fears — each manifested again in turn by Pennywise — and attack the creature both physically and with their imaginations, wounding it badly and sending it back even further down into the depths beyond the sewers and tunnels underneath Derry. Then after having defeated him, for now, they come back and the promise each other to come back if Pennywise came back by cutting their hand with a rock. Chapter 2: They all go down into the sewers and begin to perform the ritual, which involves chanting and burning tokens, but it doesn’t work. Mike lied about the Ritual of Chüd, not revealing that the Native Americans who attempted it were killed by Pennywise. Pennywise attacks again, this time taking the form of a giant spider/clown hybrid, sending the Losers running. Each once again has to face their worst fears. Eddie is killed by Pennywise after thinking he’s defeated it by stabbing it with the same metal weapon from the first film, but that provides inspiration for the others.” They realize that the best way to defeat the bully is to stand up to it and make it seem small. Pennywise shrinks and shrinks until he becomes tiny. Finally, Bill reaches into it and pulls what it calls a heart of chest, crushing it and seemingly killing it for good.

                       ( Hunt, James, “IT Chapter Two Ending Explained”, Screen Rants,                          //

In the ending of In The Tall Grass: “Whatever “wisdom” the rock gave Travis allows him to send Tobin out, back to the church on the side of the road. There, Tobin is able to warn Becky and Cal to ignore a past Tobin’s cries from the grass. He stops them from ever entering the grass by showing Becky the charm Travis gave him, after Travis took it from a dead Becky earlier. The nonlinear nature of time in the grass makes it so everything is happening at once, and since those trapped in it are reborn again and again, it gives Becky a chance to take a different path entirely. This time she chooses to turn around and go home to raise her baby with her family. Travis is also saved, even though he dies. We see the fate of those who succumbed to the rock’s evil when Becky gives birth in front of it. The ground opens, and it’s revealed those damned souls were absorbed into its roots where they were made to suffer for eternity.” They will never escape the grass. They were not redeemed. 

             (Walsh, Michael, “The Ending of Netflix’s In The Tall Grass Explained”, Nerdist, //

In the ending of 1922: “Wilfred discovers this not through the papers but from the ghost of Arletter; she, flanked by rats, corners him in the house’s basement and she “whispered secrets to me only a dead woman could know”. The farm falls into disrepair, with a massive hole in the roof letting snow pour in and a cow taking up residence in the living room. While the police wrongfully solve the mystery of Arlette’s disappearance, that doesn’t draw a line under it either; Wilfred end up selling the farm for a much lower price than Arlette ever wanted (the reason he killed her) and leaves for work in the city he once despised, only to keep having to move on after feeling hunted by rats. At the end, as he writes his story (the film’s framing device), rats pour in through the walls and surround him.” He begins to realize that everything bad that has happened to him and those around him is a result of his single, selfish, short-sighted decision. It’s a very dark version of the “grass is always greener” adage, telling a story where things can only possibly get worse from the start. 

                              ( Leadbeater, Alex, “1922’s Ending Explained”, Screen Rant, //

In the ending of Misery: “Despite being mortally wounded, she managed to escape the bedroom and died in her barn with her hands on a chainsaw, which she presumably intended to use on sheldon. In the movie, sheldon kills her by ramming a metal statue of her pet sow pig – names Misery after his stories – into her head.” Paul can’t write and has horrible visions of Annie coming to attack him, though he learns the troopers that they found Annie died from her injuries in her barn.

(“Misery Summary and Study Guide”, Super Summary, //


For a good portion of his career, King wrote novels and stories at a breakneck speed. The film The Shining  released in 1980 and became a renowned horror thriller that has stood the rest of the time. King also wrote Joyland in 2013, a pulp fiction style thriller that takes readers on a journey to uncovering whos behind an unsolved murder. Then surprised the audience by releasing Doctor Sleep in 2013, a sequel to the Shining, with Sleeping hitting number 1 on the New York Times bestseller list. 


Annotated Bibliography/Horror films

Lauren hau 

Professor Jewell 

English 1101 


Annotated bibliography  

Fusco, Jon, “watch: How the conjuring director James Wan dilivers the perfect jump scare” , october 28, 2016 

 In the movie The Conjuring, director James Wan knew exactly how to scare the audience with his famous and well known jump scares. When jump scares are used effectively, this causes the audience to feel like they’re stupid and didn’t see it coming. James wan directed movies such as Insidious and Saw and through his experience he’s created plenty of famous jump scares including the ones in the conjuring. When trying to scare the audience you have to come up with new ways of doing so. James Wan follows the philosophy of fully engaging his audience so that it is easy to scare them while they’re lost in the scene. He believes that if you can use these strategies and scare the audience unexpectedly than you’ve earned it as a film maker.            

“Analyzing the Ways the Director Builds Suspense and Scares the Audience in the Film Jaws.” 28 Oct 2019  

In the movie Jaws we are well aware of a killer shark on the loose and this shark is the main reason for the movie and what makes it terrifying. Director Stephan Spielberg creates suspense by using both camera and music very effectively. The audience is led to assume that the shark is looking for something because the music gets louder every second until it reaches its crescendo. This is what makes the audience sit at the edge of their seat wondering what might happen next. Stephan Spielberg built the suspense in the movie by the percussion of volume and different sounds that might startle the audience making them think that something is going to occur. Stephan Spielberg starts the movie off with music and as it picks up the tempo so does our heartbeat and he wanted us to feel the tension right away.                                                                                                            

Rodriguez, Ashley “one of the creepiest scenes from Annabelle:creation came from a dream the director had” August 15, 2017 

Director David F. Sandberg had dreamt one of the scariest scenes from Annabelle creation and wrote it down once he woke upon In this scene there’s a little girl named Linda and she shoots a ball through a bedroom doorway and when she attempts to reel it back, finds that it has been seized by the darkness- presumably by the demon haunting her home. Sandberg found this scene to be suspenseful for the audience and felt he had to include this scene from his dream. Maxine Alexandre, cinematographer states, “Annabelle never moves. There is this rule about Annabelle, so basically the darkness is the shadows of the demon moving through the space. And you are totally scared or freaked out about that”. This shows how Director David Sandberg and cinematographer Maxine Alexandre came together and built this great suspension throughout the movie for the audience. 

The selvedge yard “The shining, Kubricks masterpiece of suspense, symbolism, sets and steadicam” March 10, 2017 

In the filming of The shining, director Kubrick turned Stephan king’s novel into a film masterpieace. In the making of this movie Kubrick was very picky in how he wanted this film to be presented. The first steps was to go around America photographing hotels which might be suitable for the story. Kubrick wanted the hotel to look authentic rather than the traditional spooky movie hotels. He wanted the audience to get a different feel and show them what not to expect because in this way they would get a different sense of fear. “The hotels labyrinthine layout and huge rooms, I believed, would alone provide an eerie enough atmosphere. This realistic approach was also followed by lighting.” Kubrick took things even further when he smoothly glided the audience through the halls and the treacherous hedge maze of the overlook hotel. Garret Brown made some steadicam inventions that Kubrick used for the filming of this film and he says “The shining was an opportunity to bear down on technique that you wouldn’t find anywhere else”. You could tell that there was a significant amount of time and effort put into this movie so that the audience could stay in a state of shock after watching the film. It was well put together and is still considered one of the scariest horror movies today. 


Adamson, Connor “from book to screen: Children of the corn” June 4, 2018 

Children of the corn is one of Stephan Kings popular novels and it takes a different turn than most horror movies take. The author states “The story uses many themes present in kings work; religion gone crazy, the fever of group mentality, and supernatural demonic entities. King likes to follow children as well, and they are obviously a big part of this story.” I find children of the corn to be somewhat exotic in a sense because it’s not every horror film you have religious/ demonic children wanting to kill every adult they see. In this film what really sparks the audience is how a group of kids come together and form a cult and follow this religious sequel in which once they turn into an adult which is the age of 18, they must sacrifice their lives and kill themselves for “He who walks behind the rows”. Stephan king chose to have children as the protagonist in this film because most horror movies have scary monsters and killer adults. Children are usually seen as innocent and delicate human beings but king turns them into the monsters and this gives the audience a feeling of shock and feeds into their fears. 



Renee V, “How Wes Craven prepped his audience for pain in ‘A nightmare on elm street’, September 29, 2016 

Wes Craven, director of the famous film A nightmare on elm street made sure that the audience was in a state of shock during and after watching the film. He wanted the audience to actually have nightmares about it and maybe have the character himself pop up in their dreams. The author states “We already know what makes a horror film scary, a ghoulish face, blood and guts, a loud sound, but how do we build up the tension that precedes those scares?”  Wes craven creates suspense by using sound and visual motifs in A nightmare on elm street to subtly communicate “pain infliction” when Freddy sliced and diced his way through his sleepy teenage victims. Craven used several elements to tap into fear of physical pain, like bold white imagery, striped motifs that mimicked Freddy’s sweater, the color red and materials that served as metaphors for flesh. When sounds and imagery fit the scene it creates tension for the audience and specific colors like red will automatically make us think about blood and there isn’t anything pleasant about blood unless you’re donating it. 

global warming

Climate change has caused unprecedented scale impacts on a global scale. Changes in weather patterns have led to threats to food production. Sea level rise has led to devastating flooding. If urgent action is not taken now, it will become more difficult to adapt to these effects in the future, and costs will be More expensive.
Greenhouse gases are naturally generated and can block some of the sunlight from returning to space, so the Earth’s temperature is suitable for living inhabited, surviving humans and millions of other species. However, after more than 150 years of industrialization, deforestation and large-scale agricultural production, the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has grown to a level not more than 3 million years ago. The cumulative population growth, economic development and living standards have increased, and the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions has also increased.

rhetorical analysis opinon editorial

I been seeing many people getting sick by buying junk causing them to send money for buying different kind of medicine. In the task “Our Food Is Killing Too Many of Us”, the authors, Dariush Mozaffarian and Dan Glickman had agreed that Americans should improve their nutrition so that we don’t pay to much on our health care. They explain that we should reduce the cost of our health care by changing the price of our actions. They also argue that that Americans are getting sick by eating unhealthy food.

Rhetorical Analysis

There are a lot of reasons to why many believe Kanye West is the artist of the 21st century. He is undeniably one of the most talented artists of all time. From his music production to his lyrics and his success in the fashion industry. In the article “Is Kanye West the greatest artist of the 21st century” by USA today’s Patrick Ryan, he states that Kanye will never miss the opportunity to be great. He says He backs up his bold claims like him being a genius. From album to album sales he is always at the top.

“Why we need smarter sci-fi movies now more than ever”

Sci-fi movies are some of the most peculiar and diverse movie genres out right now. The article “Why we need smarter sci-fi movies now more than ever ” talks about the benefits that we receive from watching more sci-fi movies. It claims that smarter sci-fi movies (like Christopher Nolan’s Interstellar) must be made because it provides people with a different perspective to things in life and makes them rethink certain subjects. This author directly speaks to the readers of this article in a calm tone while continuously asking why some people don’t seem to interact with sci-fi movies as much as before. The author uses pathos as a method to provide the reader with a glimpse into the emotions that a sci-fi movie can provide, stating “Science-fiction can offer a number of things beyond pure escapism: it can offer a glimmer of hope for humanity, and, perhaps more crucially, it can also hold up a mirror to those currents in society we might not fully understand or recognise yet”. By saying this, the author makes the reader feel curious as to why certain things happen in our everyday world and how sci-fi movies might be able to give them an answer when putting the two worlds up for comparison. 

Ghost stories/poems by Edgar Allan Poe

The raven was a very symbolic ghost story/poem written. The sounds of the tapping on his door and the wind rustling fear him for the slightest  but. He calls out wondering and asking who is out there , he yells out “Lenore” who is someone he lost. That shows he’s still in grief about the absence of his loved one. The one word that stood out more throughout the whole poem is “never more” the raven was a sign that could be interpreted in many different ways.  The narrator uses similar words. The bird’s “nevermore” is to the narrator’s  “nothing more,” except that he used “nothing more” to assert rationality, while the bird’s “nevermore” was exactly the opposite.

Rhetorical Analysis of a Satirical Comic

The image attached are of our dear former president and first lady and they just so happen to be the perfect people to is for satirical comics. The satire genre is based upon taking a serious matter and using comedic devices to discuss it. As you can see in this instance, the comics audience are everyday people seeing as it’s a political editorial from a newspaper. They want this to reach the general public so that they can see that there’s something wrong in the way the Clintons are treated.

The purpose is to show that they seem to be coated in Teflon which for those who don’t know is a non-stick coating usually applied to cookware. Nothing they seem to do ever sticks to them so they never face any consequences for there actions and that’s mainly due to the public. The author wants to show that this is exclusive to the Clintons which is why he trademarked the product with their name. The public has placed this shield around them due to how well Bill’s presidency went and now we see the consequences. The artist shows what the “Clinton” spray protects against and they’re all terrible things yet we aren’t doing anything about it and we can’t do anything about it at this point.

The writer, or in this case artist, is Matt Wuerker and his art is centralized around politics. He has won a Pulitzer Prize and is also an American himself. This adds to the credibility of the piece because he is well versed in this line of work and is recognized for it and is an American himself instead of an outsider judging the situation which is an example of ethos. An example of him using logos to persuade the audience is his use of Teflon since its a nonstick spray and that connection makes sense to the treatment of the Clintons. His use a pathos is the most prominent because the comic itself is meant to be humorous so automatically it can and will attract people.