Group 2: Cognition


Jesus Medina

After many observations of my father I have realize that varies he uses both types of cognition type 1 and type 2. My father is amputated on his right leg from the knee down, he walks up and down the stairs with a prosthetic leg he has trouble walking up and downstairs because his prosthetic ankle doesn’t rotate. While going up the stairs he makes a decision in which  weather to step with his left leg first then his right leg, even though he is a lefty. Then, I notice that there are times where he would go forward with his right leg first. After the third observations I have seen he doesn’t use the stairway railing going up, for that he can lose his balance going Upstairs. My father use type two cognition where he would walk up the stairs unknowingly about which leg he used to go up the stairs. As, for him using type one is my father going upstairs And Sometimes Using the stairway railing, he would make the solution of walking upwards with no trouble, because he thought about holding on to the railing.

Who: Father                                                                                                                           Where: Apartment staircase                                                                                                 When: September 1, 2016

Carlos Galaza

Through numerous observations,¬†I have came to the conclusion that even animals come to use cognition. I had been observing my dog Snowball. A few days ago she¬†hurt one of her¬†paws; it’s nothing too crazy but she can‚Äôt really use her left¬†paw. Then, I notice that she wouldn‚Äôt be able to eat the treats that I¬†give her. For instance¬†she uses both her¬†paws¬†to grab the treat and eat¬†it. Then, I saw her start using her bed and her right paw to eat the treat she comprehended the fact that she couldn‚Äôt use her left paw to eat and solved that problem using¬†her surroundings. Cognition is a mental process that involved you gaining knowledge and comprehension.

Who: Snowball (my dog)                                                                                                          Where: Living rooom                                                                                                                Where: Sept 18-22

Jordan Medina

Cognition is the mental action or process of obtaining knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and senses. I began to observe my cat to understand her way of cognitive learning and the way she can adapt. On a daily basis, my cat automatically wakes up at 6am and goes to the kitchen to sit in front of her bowl. After countless times of feeding her, she began to learn the specific time and moments she would be fed throughout the day. She also knows that whenever someone gets up to go to the kitchen she would be fed if she follows them around. Her senses help her learn as well. For example, at night her whiskers let her know if she is approaching an object as well as her smell and vision.

Who: My cat                                                                                                                    When: Last week                                                                                                                Where: My house

Yuseth Torres

We all process our situation in a different way. Our mind sometimes make decisions without thinking it twice. For example, on a summer night I got off the train and there was a little girl crying and ran toward the train. That moment, I just grabbed the little girl and I tried to calmed her down first so she could explain what happened. She was with her dad on the train but she got out thinking it was her stop. Few minutes later, the police came and I explained to them what happened and that I wanted to stay with the little girl until she reunited with her father. At the end, the girl met up again with her father. I didn’t have to over think on whether to hold on to this girl because I have smaller siblings too. I just had to help the little girl because something in me told me too.

Self Experience

Who: Me, the little girl                                                                                                               When: Train station                                                                                                                 Where: Summer

Andrea Zambrano

Couple of months ago, my sister was put into a tough spot where she had to reconsider and decide whether to move out on her own in a studio or keep living with my parents and I. However, there were a lot of important things to take in mind; such as rent, school, work, transportation, location, etc and whether she could afford it all. Since, she came across a very difficult decision, she engaged herself into type two thinking mode. In this kind of cognitive thinking, she was more thoughtful about her act since it was going to be a big change/ transition in her life. So, my sister evaluated the situation and thought about what would be more financially convenient at the moment in order to make an  intelligent decision. My sister began comparing on all the costs that she had to take care of if she were living alone and realized that she would barely have any savings left if she moved out. After a couple of days thinking about it, my sister finally decided that it was best for her to stay where she was.

Who: 26-year old sister                                                                                                      When: August                                                                                                                 Where: Home

Jesus, Carlos, Jordan, Yuseth, Andrea

Observation on learning

Everyone can say that they are learning something, but only some people are able to capture the information. We can learn good thing just like the bad ones too. For example, last summer, my little cousin would get in trouble for the same reason. He would follow his sister and do the something she did. They would come home from school and play video games instead of doing their homework. Even though my aunt would ask them to stop playing games and start doing their homework they wouldn’t listen at all. Until my aunt lost patient and took their video games away for almost a month. So every time they came home from school, they had to do their homework, plus extra work like reading, writing or math. I have noticed that my little cousin would learn the bad habit of his sister in which they both got punished. After two weeks they got punished, their attitude had changed instead of being rude they were acting nice since my aunt started to be strict. They receive a positive punishment because their attitude became better and they got better grades on their report card.

Reference |

Who: My little cousins, my aunt

When: last year

Where: home

Yuseth Lopez Torres Рgroup 2

“Learning, Yet Not Obeying” by Andrea Zambrano

My three year old nephew Mateo was given a four wheeler motorcycle to ride around on. At first, he found it a bit strange since he had never encountered one like it before. In order to ease things a little, his mother got onto it with him to teach him the buttons and their functions. There were only two buttons on the vehicle: the upper button to go forward and the bottom button to reverse. In addition to the acceleration pedal which he had to press upon every time he wanted to move. Mateo seemed to have understood how the motorcycle works pretty¬†well so he put it into practice. He was doing great at first, as he kept riding, he got a little carried away and forgot to push the bottom button to reverse. His mother and I reminded him about the reverse button once again.¬†Right after that, he crashed one more time. Once again, we told him “no Mateo, not like that.” So now he took it as a joke or a game even though he learned that it wasn’t okay to crash it. Bottom line is that¬†humans tend to always lean towards doing the opposite of what somebody tells them¬†to do. If a person says “no, don’t do it” you are more eager to commit the act.

Reference | Personal Experience

Who: my 3-year old nephew Mateo

When: around the end of July

Where: home, in my backyard

Observations on Learning

My observation is on my little sister AnaBella she three years old and she has a habit of coming into my room without knocking on the door. Every time AnaBella will walk right in I would tell her ‚ÄúAnaBella stop walking into the room without knocking on the door.‚ÄĚ I would then make her go back out and re-enter the room but with knocking on the door. ¬†Anabella had a habit of walking into my room several times in the last couple of months, where now in the present time she has learn to knock before entering my bedroom. Anabella learn over the course of several months to knock before entering my bedroom after being shown how to properly walk into a room and was spoken to multiple times.

Who: Anabella (sister ) Jesus (I)

When: The Last couple of Months. June, July, August and September.

Where: My Bedroom at my house.

Observation and Attention

A personal experience in which I have gone through where I lack Observation and attention was at work. I was in my supervisor office on her computer entering documents into a database system, where at the office she has two giant windows where you can clearly see right through them to whomever is passing in the hallway. While, I was on the computer my Clinical director and CEO of the company pass right by the office windows and wave through the window to my supervisor who was behind the computer of me. When I turn to my supervisor to ask her why she was waving she told me whom just pass by I didn’t see anyone pass by I said. Then, I realize was so focus on entering the data into the system that I was aware of what just happened right in front of my face.


Who: Me and My Supervisor

When: August 30th

Where: In Brooklyn, on the 5th floor at a Non-Profit Organization.

Attention assignment

I’ve experienced how people’s attention and focus can be altered and sometimes not be focused at all. I believe it mainly depends on what your mind is focused on and where your mentality is at the moment. My friends were actually an example to this statement about 5 days ago their classes ended at the same time as mine so we agreed to meet each other after classes and i gave them a specific location of where to meet up. I gave them specific directions and they both walked past me and didn’t even recognize me , i even walked behind them and they still didn’t realize i was there . Both of my friends we’re so focused on the location given they weren’t attentive to their surroundings. I’ve experienced myself as well it actually happened today which reminded me that i had to write this but instead of a person it was an object. I was walking on to the train and I turned to me left and recognized there wasn’t a seat towards the corner only one parallel to it and when i sat down on the other side of the train i looked to my left and where i thought there was no seat there was actually a single seat. I put an image of two seats in my head and that’s what I expected to see so when i looked in that direction i didn’t see two seats so I disregarded the fact that there could potentially be one seat.

Attention Assignment by Andrea Zambrano

A personal example happened¬†during Sunday night, my sister and I were in the car driving to get some frozen yogurt at Forest Hills. On our way, we stopped at a red light and I noticed there was this huge sign saying “DJ’s for all occasions” placed high outside of one of the houses. So, I point it out to my sister and tell her “look, they have DJ’s there now, that’s new” and she responds that the sign has always been there. That caught me by surprise because we always take the same route to the yogurt place and I never seen the sign during all the numerous times passing by the place. However, perhaps, I have seen it before but my memory did not fully process it since it wasn’t my target point at the moment. My target has always been to get to the yogurt place and eat my yogurt whenever¬† I take this route so anything before hand isn’t significant.


Reference | Personal Experience

Who with: my sister

When: Sunday night

Where: Forest Hills