Intro to Psychology 1101


Neuroscience is the study that of the brain and how it functions. Neville article explains to us that poverty has a large impact on the brain. When growing up in poverty kids aren’t able to develop their brains due to their low quality environment. Development in terms of self-control, attention span, and language skills. These effects are long lasting. I personally am a witness of this. I went to public school in New York City and I have met all types of people with different situations. I am one of the many few in most of my classes who was very well off. The kids in my class came from shelters and all sorts of different lifestyles. I noticed they tended to be more aggressive, loud, most likely to get into fights more, and extremely insecure. Just overly dramatic. I did not understand at all. Even taking the subway and seeing the ones who are homeless and hungry. They are not sane. To us, they act very crazy like they did not have any home training.




The difference of the brains between the lower socioeconomic people and the higher level, it’s harder for the lower level people to focus and language skills are lower. The brain skills of the lower people are lower compared to the higher level ones. Poverty affects the development of the brain because of the environment they grew up in and the nutrition they received when they were young. Since lower society people work more hours to earn more money, the parents tend to neglect their children and as a result it affects the children’s brains as well in a bad way.



Neuroscience is experimental psychology which work with the functionality and structure of the brain and nervous system. Neuroscience has been used to explore a variety of theories and scientific research within the subject of how the brain develops. In 2010 a group of scientists at the Society for Neuroscience have proven that poverty changes the brain.  With studies on children ranging from ages 3-5 who lived in poverty, scientist were able to develop a conclusion. Children living in poverty brains develop at a slower rate as well as their development in cognition in contrast to children living in a not so poor environment. Children in poverty have a lower IQ, executive function, self-control, language skills, memory and attention. In order to aid these children they developed games and puzzles to train and develop self-control and attention. Parents were also trained to develop better skills in terms of raising a child in poverty with discipline, attention, giving choices and the importance of talking to their child. Over 100 kids are part of this certain program and improvement in both parents and children have increased. These scientists plan on expanding with different races and population of people living in poverty.


Poverty can have a strange yet unique effect on the brain. Children living and growing up in poverty tend to develop and learn at a slower pace than those who are more fortunate. Many things can be affected psychologically as well. For example; language, self-control, as well as mannerisms are all affected. To counteract this problem parents have tried to nurture their children more and spend more time helping them. Of course this isn’t one hundred percent true. There have been many children that grew out of poverty with better development than those more fortunate. So this study is correct one hundred percent in the fact that being in poverty does affect the brain but in a positive way as well.


Every Saturday my little cousin comes over to my house and she would admire how I played my piano. So on Saturday, I decided to give her a lesson. I started her off with the song Canon in D by Johann Pachelbel. She was so excited and thrilled when she touched the keys. She’s not used to being close to anything so artistic because she’s one who stays at home and never really goes out to see new things. It’s sad but it’s life. She grasped the notes so quickly. She is usually a very slow learner but this time she was so enthusiastic to learn that she caught on very fast. I think this was a positive reinforcement because teaching her how to play the piano was rewarding for her.

Learning Observation

Who: My nephew

When: September 9, 2016

I’ve tested two methods with my nephew who is eleven years old. I was teaching him Chinese,  I noticed he wasn’t paying attention. So I made a deal with him, if he does all the work I say and pay attention then I’ll bring him to the park. That worked for a good couple of hours.

The next day, I was testing him on what we learned the day before, he remembered some but forgot others. I gave him another chance, I said if he remembers the rest within the next five minutes I won’t make him copy each character 50 times. In the end, he couldn’t remember, he got scared and started crying.

What I realize is that a positive motivation can help a person no matter what age to have a better learning experience than a punishment method.

Jadawna Du-Font, Homework on Attention

One time I was searching for my bag after ballet. I was so sure that I left it one of the studios which I did. On my way back to the studio to get my bag, I passed a bench that had all of my stuff on it, but of course I did not pay it any mind. When I went back to the studio, it was empty. The custodian was mopping it out and I was worried that he threw it away. So I asked him for it and he brought me to the bench which I passed earlier. When you are focused on doing what you have to do , your mind is focused on that one objective.