Homework # 9 part 2

1 Dr Mark Lepper observed that rewarding children for their artistic productions made them less enthusiastic about producing more for him on a second occasion.  He termed this effect overjustification.   Explain
• The difference in response between the two groups of children;

the children’s response in the first group was not to interested in drawing another picture, this is the group that got rewards. The group that didn’t get rewards was more interested in drawing the picture again.

• Why the children who received a cash reward for their efforts were less inclined to participate the second time.

The reward took the fun out it.

2 Harold is zealously practicing the violin because of a strong extrinsic motivation.  What might the external motivation be?

The external motivation might be needing to get better. If he performed in front of people and they like what they hear and clap for him that might have gave him the motivation to keep practicing.

3 The drive-reduction model of motivation has sometimes been referred to as a ‘hydraulic’ model.  What does this metaphor refer to?

The two words have similar meanings. what the metaphor refers to is the behavior of the person. The way the person behaves when motivated.

4 A study reported in the New England Journal of Medicine examined the effect of providing substantial material incentives—up to around $500—to overweight people who lost a certain percentage of their body weight and kept it off for a full year. They demonstrated that the monetary reward increased the success rate of the intervention by twofold. Since the baseline rate of success for weight loss programs is about 1%, that means that the study showed that about 2% of people were successful using this form of incentive. How impressed should we be by the effect of offering money for weight loss?

You can be somewhat impressed because the percentage went up , even though it wasn’t allot it was still good. it shows that the experiment work.

Group 3 Ying Ren observation on learning.

location: At class

observation on the girl who sits in front of me for math class for 2 days

I was in math class with my friend, and there is girl who’s sits in front of me who seems to get very stress out every time when the professor is asking us to try to do a question, she seems to give up on every question that she doesn’t know how to do, and me and my friend was asking her if she needed any help with the questions but she said no, but we also told her if you need help then she can ask us. I think she does need some help because she was stressing out on one question I think its probably because she was shy to ask us, but after a few minutes pass by she was slowly turning back and ask us for help . so we taught her the process to do the question and she also repeated using the formula, on the second day of the class she was abel to solve the qustion using the formula with out any struggle. on this case learning can be something that you can try to do that you were afraid to do also learning can be something that you take in to get a solution.