Intro to Psychology 1101
Neuroscience is the study that of the brain and how it functions. Neville article explains to us that poverty has a large impact on the brain. When growing up in poverty kids aren’t able to develop their brains due to their low quality environment. Development in terms of self-control, attention span, and language skills. These effects are long lasting. I personally am a witness of this. I went to public school in New York City and I have met all types of people with different situations. I am one of the many few in most of my classes who was very well off. The kids in my class came from shelters and all sorts of different lifestyles. I noticed they tended to be more aggressive, loud, most likely to get into fights more, and extremely insecure. Just overly dramatic. I did not understand at all. Even taking the subway and seeing the ones who are homeless and hungry. They are not sane. To us, they act very crazy like they did not have any home training.
The difference of the brains between the lower socioeconomic people and the higher level, it’s harder for the lower level people to focus and language skills are lower. The brain skills of the lower people are lower compared to the higher level ones. Poverty affects the development of the brain because of the environment they grew up in and the nutrition they received when they were young. Since lower society people work more hours to earn more money, the parents tend to neglect their children and as a result it affects the children’s brains as well in a bad way.
Neuroscience is experimental psychology which work with the functionality and structure of the brain and nervous system. Neuroscience has been used to explore a variety of theories and scientific research within the subject of how the brain develops. In 2010 a group of scientists at the Society for Neuroscience have proven that poverty changes the brain. With studies on children ranging from ages 3-5 who lived in poverty, scientist were able to develop a conclusion. Children living in poverty brains develop at a slower rate as well as their development in cognition in contrast to children living in a not so poor environment. Children in poverty have a lower IQ, executive function, self-control, language skills, memory and attention. In order to aid these children they developed games and puzzles to train and develop self-control and attention. Parents were also trained to develop better skills in terms of raising a child in poverty with discipline, attention, giving choices and the importance of talking to their child. Over 100 kids are part of this certain program and improvement in both parents and children have increased. These scientists plan on expanding with different races and population of people living in poverty.
Poverty can have a strange yet unique effect on the brain. Children living and growing up in poverty tend to develop and learn at a slower pace than those who are more fortunate. Many things can be affected psychologically as well. For example; language, self-control, as well as mannerisms are all affected. To counteract this problem parents have tried to nurture their children more and spend more time helping them. Of course this isn’t one hundred percent true. There have been many children that grew out of poverty with better development than those more fortunate. So this study is correct one hundred percent in the fact that being in poverty does affect the brain but in a positive way as well.