Response 15 and other Important Info

By 5/11, make sure to get your new culture jams up and tell us where you are in the process and what you plan to do next.

By 5/16, the creative project is due. We’ll call that Response 15. I’ve put up a bunch of posts to inspire you on this project. Here’s another I came across recently. So much imagination here.

Here are the three grade sheets for these three projects. They are similar to each other, but there are slight differences to reflect the different emphases in each project.

Here’s the final paper assignment, Due 5/25

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Reflective Paper

Everyone have a great Summer.

ReflectionPaper- Final

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Final Final Work. Reflective Paper

Dear Professor Leston

Its been great taking your class, thank you for your patience with me. See you around in the major. Have a great summer

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Final Reflective paper

I am so grateful to have taken this course with all of you. It has been very enlightening and fun and I am a bit saddened to have to let it go. I hope you to see you guys in the fall, have a great summer. Thank you so much, for everyone here has contributed to my perspective in  my writing, who I am, and who I strive to be.


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Final Reflective Paper

We’re at the end of the semester FINALLY!!!!!. Of course I’m joking but I hope everyone learned something this semester, and hope to see everyone again next semester. Have a great summer.

finalletter Simone H

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Reflective Paper

ReflectivePaperENG1710 (Abigale)

This paper signifies the end of the semester for all of us. I hope you all walked away with an abundant amount of information and knowledge. I definitely did. Thanks for the support and the enlightenment this semester. It was worth it. Have a great summer!

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Reflective paper

Here is the reflective paper. This marks the end of this class, hope you all have a enjoyable summer.¬†(„Ā•ÔĹ°‚óē‚ÄŅ‚ÄŅ‚óēÔĹ°)„Ā•

reflective paper (Joshua Vega)

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Final Project

better project part 3

new gimp and editted final

Infographic. i decided to do police brutality in the United States. In this project it shows the statistics on how minorities are being treated but the whites are barely being untouched. The project shows how white people feel extremely confident in the ways police are diffusion situations, but are blinded by the fact that they are being protected more then hispanics and black. The gimp shows many photos of police manhandling citizens and also pepper spraying protestors. i placed statistics on the gimp project to show cities that are being abused by police officers. In the conclusion of the project i placed a picture of a young man who was unarmed and shot by a police officer.

Culture Jam. i decided to play with the ATT logo. After working for ATT for a long period of time, it came to my realization that ATT were thieves. They would charge customers unnecessary fees. As i started doing more research on ATT, it was discovered that ATT use to offer unlimited data. Now that they stopped offering unlimited data, customers who has unlimited data would realize their internet speed would decrease dramatically after a certain period. ATT came up with a new plan, to give customers 15 gigs and remove their unlimited gigs. This plan cost more then unlimited, plus if the customer goes over it would be a 15 dollar charge for every gig they go over.

Inspirational Piece. In my inspirational piece, i decided to have two keys. One key the had the letter “e” at the end, which would stand for Equality. The other key, would have a group of men carry the key into the world, and that key would stand for “Together”. In the background, it would be the black flag in a form of the American flag.I did my project in this form because i felt that if we all work together and put equal effort in the country, then this country would be a better place to live in. equal oppurtunity and equal rights. it is for that reason why i placed the black flag in a form of an american flag to try and symbolize ways we can be equal.

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Final Project

untitled-infographic-copy (1)

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Creative Detournement


substance-abuse infographic

Culture Jam:




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Creative Detournement


infograhic final

Culture jam:

culture jam final


inspirational final

This creative detournement project was one of the toughest projects to finish throughout the course of this class. My process throughout this project was quite stressful and obsessive. For the infographic i had to find a visual way to express my issue paper topic which was on The Sexualization of Girls in Media. For my culture jam, I think I went completely out of the box and created a new background to ridicule for the content on their website that spreads poison into the public through different outlets like Facebook, Instagram, YouTube and Twitter. For my inspirational piece, I wanted to focus on multiple interpretations of learning, regardless of whether a person is learning from books or real world experiences.   My culture jam and inspirational pieces caused me the most stress because I redid each of these projects about 4 or 5 times from the beginning, compared to the infographic which i only redid 3 times. I was also very obsessive with these projects as far as thinking about ideas and how to execute that idea on Pixlr, the program I was using.

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Creative Projects: (Culture Jam, Infographic, and Inspirational Piece)

**I have tried to my best to scale and resize my culture jam and infographic, but Open Lab won’t allow me to post images above 10MB. I really do not know what else can be done to ensure that the images are visually enhanced and easy to view.**




For my infographic, I decided to venture out of the colors that I initially planned on using. I originally decided to use red, white, and black, but when Professor Leston recommended adding another color, I went with a beige/cream color. My first infographic also contained a lot of pie charts, so for variation I decided to use vertical and horizontal bar graphs and I even used a dot chart.

I wanted the visual aspect to reflect the information being provided. I tried to make sure that viewers understand the infographic is supposed to make you feel saddened, upset, and maybe even depressed.  I added images of male and female victims with targets on them to show the many victims of gun violence, and I even made some of the images smaller to show that children are also affected by gun violence.

The images in the background were all originally colored but I made them black and white to fit the theme of the project. The opacity was lightened to make sure that the texts, graphs, and charts would have better contrast against the background. If the images were more solid instead of less opaque, then a lot of information would be lost in the photos.


Culture Jam


I have searched high and low for the final image of Kanye West that will be the “punchline,” but this is the best I could do. It got to a point where looking at various images of his facial expressions had little to no effect on me, so I decided to move some images around. I found the perfect picture of him expressing shock and surprise, so I used that to show his reaction to DirecTV being sued by the FTC in 2015.¬† The image that is the “punchline” was initially used to show shock, but I felt the image I replaced it with worked out much better, and that the current “punchline” image would be better as the final photo.

The DirecTV logo didn’t really have much for me to manipulate, so this is not your traditional culture jam. I decided to add a brief backstory and have it play out in a storyboard fashion while adding a little humor to keep the audience interested. I truly believe the images and captions helped the project come alive.

Inspirational Piece


This image was the most difficult part of the entire project. It took me well over 8 hours to complete. The reason it took so long was because this picture contained several layers. I used Adobe Fireworks and it allows you to save your images as a PNG file, which means you can always reopen the whole piece in Adobe Fireworks and move around the individual images on the canvas. At first I started with the earth/globe in a white setting, and then I decided to change the background to black to show it in outer-space. Once I changed the background to black, I then decided to add the sun, moon, and the stars which all represent illumination.¬† The illumination represents my own enlightenment, and the way I view the world and its inhabitants.¬† All in all, this was my favorite piece to make, and I am proud of it. There is no right or wrong way to view this piece. It can be interpreted in many ways, and that in itself is a beautiful concept. With that being said, I still hope that others can see the message that I’ve placed in it, and understand the work and thought processing that also went into it.


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Infographic, Culture Jam, Inspirational project

The Infographic was the most difficult of the three projects I had to do. I had to revise it many times to get the message that i want across and to do it so i do not use too many words. The point of the Infographic is for graphics to explain what you could say in words. The cultural jam was not that difficult in comparison, i had to change it twice. I had the idea that i wanted to use from the very beginning and i changed how it looked and the main focal point but the company SONY i refused to move away fro m that as my topic. The inspirational was by far the easiest for me I had a idea in class and I was able to recreate it perfectly the way I wanted. The words were changed to a different font to better fit the theme as well as the color, other than that i got it done pretty much the first time



Culture Jam

cultral jam maybe





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Infographic / Creative Detournement (Culture Jam) / Art Project (Inspirational)

My revisions for my infographic image was keeping the font size uniform for the entire image. All the captions are font size 40, and the text is font size 31. I also made all the opacity is of the line under the captions the same at 47%. I could not find the right “I Don’t Know” hand gesture, I checked the noun project website, but I still didn’t find anything I liked, so I decided not to put anything. I also changed the butterfly cage so the colors complemented the rest of the graphics, and I changed the netting, which I found on the noun project website. For my Culture jam I did it on ExxonMobil and Fracking. On the left I have the CEO of ExxonMobil talking to a crowd of people and while he is saying fracking is safe, the crowd doesn’t see all the dangers of fracking. All the danger is below and behind them. My original idea was to use a jack hammer, but I like how everyone thought it was a syringe so I went with that idea and added toxic droplets to go along with that idea. I added the toxic gas ,water, and I added fire. I also fixed the roots so it connects to the syringe, to the gas, and to the destruction of the house which represents the earthquakes that occurs from fracking. As for my inspirational piece it is about the destruction of the environment which is leading to global warming. I put all the destruction in¬†the lens of glasses¬†to represent that as a society we need to focus on all the things we are doing as a society that is causing global warming. I have deforestation, dry lands, oil spills, power plants, and landfills.



CULTURE JAM:culture-jam (1)



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Response 15


I had some trouble with trying to figure out what I wanted my inspirational message to be and I’m still struggling with it a bit. For this poster,I wanted an image that really makes someone think about how our actions have more than one consequence. I wanted to convey the effect of deforestation and how if we continue to allow corporate America to destroy our forests to build commercialized places, they will soon wipe out all types of living human beings because they’re only adding to the rate of global warming. I still have a bit of work to do with it but I’m not sure exactly what else I would like to add.

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untitled-poster (1)

For my inspirational image the message I wanted to convey was we don’t live on different worlds whether its a male dominated world, a world that runs on money, or a world with just one race of people, and what one person does effects everyone else. Instead we live in a world made up of multiple people and cultures. I wanted to put some text in the top right corner, but i’m having trouble as to what to say. At first I was going to say something about global warming, but my image looks more like a world peace message instead. I feel like I still have to figure out my inspirational image.

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Response 15

So I’ve spent hours and hours trying to come up with an idea for this inspirational piece and execute it on pixlr. I wanted to create a piece that could have many interpretations. I chose to do a piece on learning because there are many different types, i wanted to focus on the things you learn in books vs. those you learn from real life or how you would apply book knowledge to real life experiences. so here are my ideas.

inspirational idea

inspirational final

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Response 15

This is my inspirational piece. I wanted to make something that is both visually eye grabbing but is thoughtful when you take a moment to look at it. The lion represents courage and the girl is a magical girl hence the magic part.


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Response 15

This was my sketch draft for the inspirational portion of the creative project. As I stated in Response 13, “This is a jigsaw puzzle representation of our planet or a globe. I‚Äôve decided to use the¬†traditional¬†green and blue colors because to me, they represent life. Water and plants are two of the main sources of life for all beings on earth. It may be a cheesy attempt, but I am one of those people that pray for world peace. I am inspired by that. I hope for togetherness and unity. I do dream of a world where no one person or a group is in control, and the rest are left suffering.¬†There are all types of people that make this world revolve, and though we may wear different hats, we are all the same. We are all fragile frames of ingenuity. We all have different destinies and purposes, but we are still all here. We don‚Äôt know how long we have to spend here, so why not just get along? Why not be more accepting? Many of the labels included on my draft are all social constructs that definitely have nothing to do with content of character.” I also stated that, “Each individual fits exactly where he or she needs to be in this world, and that is a part of the human race, regardless of the labels society has forced us to use for ourselves and others.”



Below is the enhanced version of my draft created using Adobe Fireworks. I was actually very excited to see my sketch come alive. At first I struggled with it because I had no idea how I was going to approach this type of project. I used the elliptical tool to create the shape of the earth, and then I used jigsaw puzzle clip art to create the appearance of a circular jigsaw puzzle. I then colored the puzzle pieces in with green and blue which were also used in my draft. I decided to stick the puzzle in a black background (representing outer space) and also placed the moon, stars, and sun in the background. The moon, stars, and sun represent illumination, and I felt it was great to “shed light” on the fact that planet earth has become more than just a planet where creatures simply exist in nature. In other words, the planet has become an artifact that is political. When we think of our planet, we don’t just think of it in its natural state, we think of war, destruction, hatred, confusion, oppression, control, prejudice, racism, etc. Another reason I decided to use the outer space representation is because human beings can be very arrogant, so I wanted to show that we are mere specks of matter in an universe that holds more than one form of life. When it is all said and done, we’re all human and we’re all mortal, therefore no man should be above¬†the other.


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Cultural jam

Sony-logo cultural jam

I plan to add to this and change some things around. The text will change and i will most likely fill in the words with text of companies to better understand the meaning of i am conveying

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Updated Culture Jam

For my culture jam i revamped my idea and decided to hijack a popular website with videos that end up all over Facebook, Instagram and, Twitter. These videos often feature violence, nudity and sexual content masking it as hip-hop culture.

Media Violence effects youth

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Updated Culture Jam

Here is my culture jams that I have been working on. I am not completely done with it and it does not portray all of the things that I would like it to have, I know that I need to work on many improvements for it. I used the website Pixlr while creating this because I tried using the GIMP program multiple times and I found it to be very complicated even after watching several tutorials on it’s different features. It would also Close the program at random times and it was very frustrating and difficult for me to get anything done. However, this is what I have done so far.

Tresemme Ad Draft 3

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Revised Issue Paper

I decided to redo my issue paper based on the feedback from Prof. Leston hopefully I fixed my errors.


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Response#14 – Revision


I have changed my culture jam to Exxon Mobil. A  Texas oil and gas company who uses a type of drilling process called Fracking. Fracking has been a controversial issue because this process has lead to environmental concerns, such as earthquakes, contaminated water around the area where its taking place, and the extensive use of water to perform this process overall. As for my image, I plan on adding more graphics such the gas coming out of the ground, I have to mention fracking, and I plan on putting the Texas flag on the jack hammer. I want to insert small amount of text just have to figure how to go about it.

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Culture Jam: Revision

This is option 1 for my culture jam. I can use this logo by itself to convey a message and/or ideology. I was told that the logo looked way too similar to the original and needed something to make it stand out. So this is my attempt to make it do just that. 



This is option 2 for my culture jam. This is similar to a storyboard where I have Kanye West being displayed as an excited potential customer of DirecTV, only to find out that they were sued for false advertising. This option is a little bit more elaborate and gives a brief backstory on the reason behind the manipulation of the logo.


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response 14

For my culture jam I chose not to use the GIMP program, i used Pixlr instead. I was going to stick to my original draft plan, but then I starting thinking about something I’ve argued repeatedly in class. So I’ve created two culture jams one that was my original draft on YouTube and one about Facebook. The YouTube culture jam is referring to how people everywhere go straight to YouTube to learn how to do everything, its become like a free online instruction book. The Facebook culture jam is expressing that because of technology and our need to share nearly every detail of our lives with the outside world people have grown to have no concept of privacy.

culture jam Facebook

culture jam 2


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Culture Jaming

I decided to the clothing company named Forever 21. One my gimp, it have an “X” through the number “21” and on the bottom it says “IN TROUBLE”. I chose this company because, throughout the years they have been sued many of times for stealing money from customers when, stealing ideas from other companies, and failing to pay their employee for the hours they worked. I felt that this would be an appropriate company to work on.

I used GIMP 2.8. In this program you’ll have to upload you picture,once its uploaded, you can select a size of how big you want the photo, and start creating your vision. At first it will be a little complicated, but after playing with the program, you’ll find it fun and less complicated.

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For my culture jam my initial idea was either the AARP organization and try to display how the elderly are treated or something with Absolut Vodka. I had a hard time figuring how to make it work, so I decided to scratch both ideas. I figured out another idea which came from the social issue paper that we did earlier in the semester. One of the three issues was about the transgender community, so for the culture jam I decided to make a connection with the Skittle logo and slogan to the transgender bathroom issue that is¬†going on. In which legislation wants to stop a transgender person from using the bathroom that cor response with the gender they¬†identify with. For my rough draft I wanted to use a wavy rainbow to come in between the male and female restroom sign to represent the social issue. As for the slogan, it is normally “Taste the Rainbow.” I changed it to “Feel The Separation.” I’m not completely committed to the slogan, and I still might change it to something else.

For my Culture Jam I used Pikochart and GIMP. On Pikochart I uploaded the all the images I used. From there I switched to GIMP to blend everything together, and add Text. I have to clean up a lot of the icons and ¬†graphics I used.¬†I have an idea to stretch the rainbow into the male and female signs and it begins to get colorful so the signs are not just all black, but I have to figure out how to do that. The second tutorial that showed how to blend two images together was very helpful because that’s how¬†I blended¬†¬†my rainbow images together.

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Response 14

Sony-logo cultural jam

This is what i was able to create. It is what i imagined in my head and just needs some fine tuning. I was able to get the images to fit in with the lettering and everything seems to fit well with each other.



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Response 14

The photo directly below is my manipulated version of the DirecTV logo. This is almost identical to the draft I sketched a couple of weeks ago (also included below). For this image manipulation I used Adobe Fireworks. I preferred to use this program over GIMP because I am already familiar with it. The logo itself was not that difficult to manipulate. I say this because it doesn’t include very much. It’s clear and straight to the point. I also wanted my message and reason for manipulation to be clear and straight to the point, or “DIRECT.” I had to crop the original logo off of the bottom half of the original image, and then re-added an empty white box in which I retyped the revised logo. I used Fireworks to find the exact same color of the font used in the original logo, however, I was not able to find the exact style of the font. I researched thoroughly and came up empty. The font I ended up with was very similar to the original text, and since it’s supposed to be a revision of the actual logo, I didn’t think it was a big deal to not have identical font styles.



Below is an example of how I will use the manipulated logo. The finished product will be similar to a storyboard with images and captions. I chose Kanye West as the representation of a customer because I feel as though his facial expressions are amusing. I will be able to apply photos of him well. The images will express an excited customer to a disappointed and disgruntled customer. This is just one example of a photo in a series of photos and the direction the culture jam will be taking.

*These ideas may be subject to change.

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Response 14

As stated in class, your job is to post a draft of culture jam before class. GIMP is going to provide you with the most possibilities for image manipulation.

Here are some basic tutorials to get you started. After doing these, explore some of the others on youtube to advance. Post a draft of your culture jam before coming to class and in your post, make sure to tell us about your process. If these are unrefined, that’s ok. We’ll discuss the processes we went through in class together.


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Infographic Draft

Briana's Infographic

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jean naubert

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Class Assignment – 5/4/2016

Joshua’s Example of An Infographic:

  • Dark setting in which the colors provide immediate focal points for the viewers.
  • The infographic appears to be divided to show the importance of visual information.
  • The boxed areas of the infographic vary in size, depending on the amount of information provided in each section.


Abigale’s Example of An Infographic:

  • White background allows colors to jump at the viewer, and also allows viewers to not focus on the background, but more on the content.
  • There are visual metaphors being used instead of words to convey the purpose of the information.
  • Graphs and numbers increase or decrease depending on their numerical value.
  • The color scheme is consistent throughout, containing only 5 colors (black, burgundy, red, hunter green, turquoise)


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Group Work (Briana& Simone) 5/4/16

Helpful points of infographics:

  • States purpose of the infographic briefly at the top of the image
  • In a visual sense, the picture of the American flag is used as the graph that holds the information
  • Has an understandable legend that explains each area of the infographic
  • All of the information given relates to each other and presents the purpose of the infographic as a whole

Second infographic:

  • Uses good contrast in colors along with a dark background
  • Uses good icons that make the information more understandable
  • Discusses different percentages around the world to show the impact of the internet
  • Short and straightforward
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Infograph: Classwork 5/4/16

What I noticed from my info-graphic example was each section had a sub-heading that went along with the topic of the overall info-graph. The font of the text was uniform in its size from the top to the bottom. Line and spacing was also used to guide the reader when reading the information. As for the color scheme, three colors were selected along with a complementary background color. A key point is to make all your icons, charts, font, and text orderly so it flows and connects the text to the images that is being used.

1.Titles, headings, & sub-headings

2. Font/font size

3. Line and Spacing

4. Color Scheme; background

5. References

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Honestly, I was really frustrated for days on this infographic I was being very critical of my work. I’m interested in any feedback anyone could give me.


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Infograph: Trap Laws


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Infographic: Gun Violence in Chicago

I am interested in knowing what everyone thinks.¬†If there is anything you think I need to add/remove, feel free to comment and let me know. I definitely want to keep the color scheme (red, black, and white), so I probably won’t be willing to change that. ūüôā


chicago-s-gun-violence-epidemic (1)

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The Noun Project


Dear Students,

as you put the finishing touches on your infographics, check out the icons from The Noun Project. They have some really great icons that will help everyone.








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Response 13

To be honest I didn’t have the time to sketch out anything so this is what i have.

Infographic: This infographic contains pie charts on the Reported rapes and rape offenders in America in 2010. I chose to use these colors on a black background because the readers eye will be attracted to the bright color and therefore, will have more of a reason to pay attention to the information.


Culture Jam: This culture jam is a play on YouTube because everyone goes to the site mainly to find out how to do everything and keep up with the latest trends. Slide1

Inspirational: This inspirational piece is honestly something I keep telling myself whenever i feel discouraged and overwhelmed with my classes this semester.


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Response 13


For my infographic I am still unsure about where i want it to go and exactly what I want I want it to look like. I’m still debating what type of background I’m going to use. I know that I want it to be something that catches the readers attention and makes a good contrast with colors of the pictures and text. I’m debating between a neutral background an all black background with colors like red, white, blue, green, etc. As for what it will contain, the infographic will contain four different sections. Each section will be displaying the statistics of a different substance. I will be discussing in the first section the use and abuse of prescription medication, in the second section will be the use and abuse of recreational drugs, he third section will be the use and abuse of alcohol, and lastly the fourth section will discuss the rate of deaths and/or long term effects of each substance. The colors of the text will most likely be white or a bright color with darker background. The colors of the text will be darker to suit a neutral background. For the images I will use, I want them to images that people recognize so that it isn’t difficult to process the information I am trying to present to them. For the first section, I want to us images of prescription medication bottles because the pills that people are usually abusing are prescribed to them or to someone else and I think its common for someone to see that happening. For the second section, I’m going to use images of marijuana in different forms that people are familiar with because it is a popular recreational drug. For the third section I’m going to use images of alcohol because many people drink and are familiar with the way that bottles look and what they advertise. For the fourth section, I’m going to use images of an ambulance truck to symbolize injuries, a coffin or funeral setting to symbolize death that may result from substance abuse, and an image of the brain to symbolize the mental damage that substances can have on a person who abuses them. Each section will have its own statistical information and possibly a chart or graph displaying those statistics. I’m still not sure about these ideas because I haven’t had a great amount of time to really think about what I envision however, the picture below gives a small idea of the images I will be using in each section. I’m inspired to do this topic for my infographic because I wrote about it for my social justice paper and I feel like it is a very important topic. i’m excited about this project because it’s interesting to see where I go with each section and to what extent will I use my creative abilities.


Culture Jam:

For the Culture Jam section of my project, I’m pretty much stuck. I don’t know exactly what I want to do and I have not had the time to think about as much as I would like to. I really haven’t some up with what I would like to do for this part because there are so many overused topics and there’s really nothing you can do with them anymore. I’m thinking about doing something with the way that cows are fed and the way our milk is produced. I’m also thinking about doing on the Treseme hair products because I have learned through an article that they test their hair products on animals to distinguish what is good and what is bad for the hair. It would mot likely be a picture of their shampoo bottle which is usually black and white, I would manipulate the image or their logo in some way. I would probably put the shampoo bottle in a scenario with an animal to display the effects it ma have them and humans. I’m also thinking about doing something on deforestation but I’m still unsure about any of these ideas. I do need much more time to think and sketch out my ideas.


As for the inspirational piece, I’m still completely lost on exactly what it should look like or contain. I have not read the article on the blog yet so I haven’t really got an idea on what he piece should contain. Therefore I am in the same stage for this piece as I am for the culture jam piece except I haven’t really sat down and thought about any particular ideas. Over the break I’m sure I will take the time to do so.

Part 2:

I have created an account with piktochart and I have watched the tutorial posted in the blog. However, I have not made much progress with my infographic, the picture below only shows some progress.

substance-abuse infographic

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For my infographic image I came up with the idea to use recognizable traps meant to catch animals to represent the TRAP laws that is associated with abortions. I drew a bear trap, box trap, mouse trap, net trap, Venus fly trap, glue trap, and a trapping pit. I envision that all the text I will write will be what is getting trapped. For my culture jam, I have two ideas that i’m thinking about, and I don’t know which to choose. The first is base on the AARP organization whose catch phrase is “Real Possibilities.” I want to either show how society really views¬†elderly people. Maybe do a play on words with their catch phrase like the only possibility that leads to a nursing home or maybe from some older people they have get out of retirement and go back to work because their standard of living changed because of the economy. My second idea is using the alcohol company Absolut to make a connection with power, greed,wall street, and capitalism. ¬†As for my inspirational image I had drawn out multiple worlds and put a NO symbol ¬†around it and underneath is another drawing with one world. I think I want to connect this drawing with climate change since it affects everyone and the things we do in one location will effect others around the world.



Culture Jam:




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“The subversive imagination of anti-road protest and Reclaim the Streets”¬†

I was very intrigued by this reading, especially with all the creative ideas the protesters came up with to display their version of a detournement and culture resistance. From the new festive living quarters in the streets or the carnival-esque vibe that the Reclaim the Streets movement created which in  both cases had a duality to them of expression and prevention. What stood out to me, and I found to be a common thread about protesting and activism whether from the Black Panther documentary or from this reading was once the initial thought of action was implemented. I noticed how the movement would change and viewed because of police involvement.

Since the the protesters were seen as disturbing the peace, the police enforced tactics to prevent the protesters from gathering and going through with their plans, which resulted in violence and rioting. This was unfortunate being that Reclaim the Streets whole idea was to be a non violent movement that had a party and family friendly atmosphere. Jordan described in the beginning of the movement at Camden High Street they were able to express themselves peacefully for majority of  the day without any violence until the rioting police came. Jordan wrote that the police tried to reassert their authority because what they were doing went against the rules of society. I understand the police are trying to enforce order, but as soon as their presence was at the movement then violence and rioting occurred then the movement loses its message because now it is seen in the media as a movement that is violent and dangerous. This reminded me of the black panther documentary even though their movement was different from RTS both ended being viewed in the media in a negative light.

When the RTS movement went to the National Gallery, Jordan said police fought some protesters with batons. I wonder how can the police be involve in any protest any where, and it does not result in a violent exchange among police and protesters. Why does keeping order mean to to treat protesters so harshly. I understand there might be some individuals who may take things too far, but why would you beat people with batons or in the case of occupy wall street with the police officer spraying mace and they did not pose a threat. Once any violence occurs the focus is no longer why people were gathering but about the violence itself.

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Response 13

First and foremost, I would like to announce that I am not an artist, I am not good at math (graphs, charts, and those sorts of things), I am not versed in photo manipulation, and I find difficulty in coming up with new ideas. With that being said, I hope that my attempt at this response is understood. I did the best I could.

Part 1: 

Infographic Draft


I’ve decided to focus on Chicago, Illinois for my infograhic. In my exploratory paper I mentioned violence in urban communities, which was inspired by the gun and gang violence crisis in Chicago. I also became interested in this topic when I started reading the Chicago Tribune and would see numerous articles about shootings all across the city. In my issue paper, I even paid special attention to this area and researched it thoroughly. This is a very rough layout, but my main objective here was to provide as much information as possible. This is a very serious problem and I figured that getting statistics out should be the primary goal. I decided to create various sections so not to confuse the reader, but enable them to focus all of their attention on one area at a time. I did not want to create a “busy” look. This draft does not display authentic information that will be displayed in the actual infographic. For my background, I will go with a dark color, prerferably black as the background, and I will use red and white for my texts and graphs. I think these colors flow well together, and the black background will allow the red and white to jump at the reader, not to mention the bloodshed all across the windy city, and the somber air that surrounds it (black background). For my data, I prefer to use pie charts because I feel they accurately depict percentages and numbers, and one does not have to look at two different axes to get a quantifiable value. The text will be used to direct readers to a specific area and what that area will be presenting.


Culture Jam Draft


For this draft, I was inspired by an article I read in regards to DirecTV. This company was sued by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) because according to the article, “The¬†Company Advertises Discounted Monthly Prices, Fails to Tell Consumers about Two-Year Contract Obligation, Significant Price Increase in the Second Year, and Need to Cancel ‚ÄúFree‚ÄĚ Premium Movie Channels.” Therefore, I took this idea and ran with it. Their slogan is DIRECTV: Satellite Television, so I decided to manipulate their logo based on the lawsuit they were hit with by the FTC. They failed to tell their customers about the two-year contact obligation that allowed them access to the lower monthly prices. They falsely advertised their intentions, and they also were indirect about their intentions. This is also a play on the fact that satellite television is horrible. During bad weather (rain, snow, strong gusts of wind, etc.), I’ve often experienced my satellite dish losing signal and disconnecting from the satellite, so that also makes it “indirect.” I’ve decide to keep their logo colors (white, black, light blue, and dark blue) and copied everything the best I could. I manipulated the company’s name and slogan to give it an authentic look while displaying a message about their fraudulent activities.


Inspirational Draft


This is a jigsaw puzzle representation of our planet or a globe. I’ve decided to use the¬†traditional¬†green and blue colors because to me, they represent life. Water and plants are two of the main sources of life for all beings on earth. It may be a cheesy attempt, but I am one of those people that pray for world peace. I am inspired by that. I hope for togetherness and unity. I do dream of a world where no one person or a group is in control, and the rest are left suffering. I am not above thinking that those things are possible. There are all types of people that make this world revolve, and though we may wear different hats, we are all the same. We are all fragile frames of ingenuity. We all have different destinies and purposes, but we are still all here. We don’t know how long we have to spend here, so why not just get along? Why not be more accepting? Many of the labels included on my draft are all social constructs that definitely have nothing to do with content of character. All of the trials, tribulations, successes, atrocities, victories, losses, wars, reconstruction, and more are all due to the fact that many of us are authors of our own destiny. Every man is out for himself. When you really think about it, every person is not writing their own destiny or philosophy because it almost always affects some of us or all of us. Each individual fits exactly where he or she needs to be in this world, and that is a part of the human race, regardless of the labels society has forced us to use for ourselves and others.


Part 2:


*Infographic is not complete, and I will be adding more images and statistical data to it.



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Response 13


This is the first draft of my picture, im still deciding on the background color, im thinking of doing a mixture of black and white, since my project in on racism. Also, i chose to put hands on my project of different color races so my project would be colors of nude, orange, black and brown representing the different races. I would want to put statistic, so if can be insightful and informational. I will try not to have white space.


I chose best buy, because best buy is a company where it has monopolized to beat all other companies forcing them to go out of business. such as circuit city and other electronically owned family shops. Best buy claims their items are sold with great intentions to be affordable, but at the same time, a person would pay more to add insurance, and sometimes their items that bought are cheap material that is bought from other companies. So it is best not to buy from there

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Alonzo, Art as Resistance–thinking about Part 3

For the day we come back from break, please read Alonzo “Art as Resistance” by class time. A lot of good stuff is in this piece.

“Unless all the voices of the history of art are in the history of art, then it’s not really a history of art–it’s a history of power.”–Guerilla Girls

Watch the Guerilla Girls interview with Colbert. And do some research on your own!

Some follow up pieces to inspire you.

Art as Resistance

The work of Andrea Bowers

Raise your Weapons

Destroying Nature is Destroying Life–a new campaign by artist Robin Wood. Look close at the detail. Such incredible work. . . .

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Response 13


This is my infographic, very early stage. I plan to give it a black background and use multiple colors for emphasis. Blue, red and pink are some that I have think will go well. I put them pictures in a way that both draws attention and has information. The hands in the middle will be my divider for the  infographic. The test will either go inside some pictures or will fit in near their picture of relation.


I chose Sony and i plan to play off the fact that is not only is a highly profitable company but the fact that they tends to buy out many smaller companies. It will be a white black maybe some blue tint background just like the Sony logo. I will put some of their products and companies that they own into the Sony words itself.


This is my last piece and I am playing off the fact that Lions symbolize courage. I have my lion with my a magic wand because it goes with the lines “courage is the magic that turns dreams into reality.” I will put a real lion and try to have it look like it is drawn on a building as a background.


Part 2

prototype infographic

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Response 12

Reading the article by John Jordan, he stated many important factors of the purpose of poetry and art. Jordan elaborated through his essay that working together and joining forces is a form of art and can make a huge different in the community or state you’re living in. Jordan explained in his essay a tall scaffolding tower nicknamed Dolly, which broke through the roof of one of the houses. The purpose of Dolly was to stand against officials and not allow them to destroy the community people were living in for a road. Many activists decided to build a scaffold full of posters and art designs to end the demolishing. Jordan also explained in his essay that it cost the city a lot of money to continue on with the construction, but it was more money to try and stop activists from protesting.
‚ÄúThis was theatre like you‚Äôd never seen it; theatre on a scale that would not fit in any opera house. It was a spectacle that cost over 2 million to enact; a spectacle in which we were in control of‚ÄĚ stated in Jordan‚Äôs article. The people control the government with their act, and an opera hall was not needed for them to show the world. Through their actions, they felt liberated, in control of the situation. The art they have created at that moment was priceless and they were able to show the world their art work through their movement.
On page 146, Schnechner write that ‚Äúthe difference between temporary and permanent change distinguishes carnival from revolution‚ÄĚ. This quote explains that a carnival is artificial and temporary but a revolutionary is something that change the view of the world and makes a difference. Reading this article explains that, when people all come together they form a type of Detornament that can be view in a poetic matter that becomes beautiful and surreal.

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Agenda 4/18 and Response 13, due Wed.

Response 13

Two things for next class:

Part 1

For next class, we’re going to come up with our three ideas. We’ll spend some time in class today brainstorming. For next class, sketch out your ideas in a blog post where you explain, in as much detail as possible, what your idea is and how you came up with it. In other words, let us know what inspired you and how you got from there to your current ideas. Make sure to let us know:

  • What is your background going to be?
  • What are the colors you want to use? Make sure that you use colors that play off contrasts.
  • What images, icons, and graphics are going to be in each image?
  • How is text going to be used?

For each one, make sure to include a hand drawn sketch, take a photo of it, and post it along with each description. The sketch does not have to have every single detail worked out, but you should have a coherent visual representation for each one.

Part 2

Make sure to open a Piktochart account and watch the tutorial. Youtube is filled with other tutorials, so take some time to watch those. Get started drafting your infographic and post your work in progress. At the end of the tutorial, you can download it as an image file (jpg). I’m not expecting it will be complete, but do post your progress and be prepared to discuss.

Agenda 4/18

  1. Delete old version of GIMP. Download new version of GIMP and install on thumb drive.
  2. Jordan, Reclaim the Streets–vision and inspiration
  3. Review and discuss images from last class.
  4. 5 Minute Freewrite.
  5. GIMP Tutorial
  6. Get started on the work for next class, including the Piktochart Tutorial.


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Response 12

The essay by “John Jordan” is quite interesting, it has many points that is addresses and it makes a point to make each point fully understood by it reader. ¬†I had to look up what exactly DiY was so i could understand exactly what he was talking about, once i did i begun to see the point that he was making. DiY or what i found out to mean is Do it¬†Yourself can be considered a art when it is done right. The kind of protest that you preform and the point that you want people to understand is important as well as the the desire to make people want to stop and understand what you represent.¬† “John Jordan” states that DiY protest movements break down the barrier between art and protest and i agree a idea has more of a impact when it represents more than just face value.

DiY protest are becoming more popular recently and the idea that you can stand for something and openly protest it in a way that is unique to you. The way you protest something says a lot about you and what you are protesting about. We need to move away from the objective since only when something is personal can we really put our hearts into it. By becoming people who put personal and pragmatic with our politics, then can we truly represent something and bring change.

There are many way to protest something, some are conventional why other make a point to stand out and make people second guess the ideas they have about said topic. People who truly believe in what they are protesting are the people who can put their hearts into an that becomes a form of art.¬† “John Jordan” gives the example of a person that is perched dangerously high on a crane is both is both beautiful and functional. It is something that no matter who you are you can’t help but stop and look up and slowly more people will look up and then a crowd will form and soon everyone in the area will stop to witness the person, it is at that point that the person just by standing there has become both protest and art something that draws people it him/her.

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Th both reading ” Beautiful and Trouble” and “Culture Renaissance”, has relation to the project that i will be doing in the “detournament” project. The reading explains a detournament as a way to alter an existing media artifact that an audience is familiar with, and change it by giving it a new message and meaning. It usually involve the criticizing of slogans, pictures, and any other types of media.

examples are as followed:

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In Class Assignment 4/13/16

The articles “Beautiful Trouble” and “Cultural Resistance: Arts as Protect” connects to the creative detournement because they explain both the term itself and culture jamming. The creative detournement technique basically takes images from popular media and puts a new creative meaning to it. Culture jamming is discussed as using creative detournement as ¬†a form of protest against an established culture . Basically the idea is to use creative detournement to take away the power of certain images in society. In our assignment we are asked to create three pieces of art one related to our issue paper, one creative detournement/culture jam and one inspirational piece.


Culture jam:

Inspirational piece:

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Class Assignment – April 13, 2016

The two readings “D√©tournement/Culture jamming” and “Cultural Resistance: The arts of protest” connects to the creative¬†d√©tournement project ¬†because both articles gives us an idea of how to create our very own d√©tournement. In the¬†“D√©tournement/Culture jamming” article it explains how ¬†altering famous or popular images to create a social message became popular, and they are so effective because people can relate to them. In “Cultural Resistance: The arts of protest” connects to the project because it shows the various ways one can address a magnitude of social issues, whether by creating posters, videos, a campaign, a movement or other tactics. Both readings emphasize that the purpose is to shine a light on a social, political, economical, or environmental issue that is more harmful than beneficial in a society. Creating¬†d√©tournements is way one can express a problem they feel needs to be acknowledge. The infographic I found showcases how the English language has changed throughout the years because of the influence of technology. My Culture Jam displays a famous scene from Walt Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs film. It displays how a society is obsessed with buying Apple products to point where they are unaware of how harmful it could be. For my inspirational image, it promotes the idea of two opposite sides working together in a truthful¬†and respectable way to move forward towards a similar goal.


How English Language Has Changed Over The Years Infographic

Culture Jams




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Reading Connection

The readings on the Creative D√©tournement project are quite interesting. The Beautiful Trouble Piece explains what creative d√©tournement is and its connection to the “pepper spray cop” piece, while the creative cultural resistance piece goes into detail about using creative d√©tournement when fighting against a particular cultural resistance. The way i connect the pieces in my mind was by realizing that they are both promoting this form of protest, they are promoting people to use their creativity to get their views and opinions out into the open, they want people to realize and address a cultural resistance.

Examples of Creative Détournement

Infographic: This example of an infographic displays America’s Economy in percentages, glancing at the 2008 government shutdown.

economy-at-a-glance Infographic

Culture Jam: This example of a Culture Jam displays the way that Apple and it’s technology effects society and physical, human interaction.

Culture Jam

Inspirational Piece: This example of an inspirational piece is a quote by John F. Kennedy that serves as a reminder of the power that people hold within in them to solve all of our issues such as, poverty and illness.


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Response 12

As I was reading the piece, there were a few points made by the John Jordan that could serve as the central focus of the essay. For example, ¬†on page 131 he states that “Art has clearly failed historically as a means to bring imagination and creativity to movements of social change.” My perception of this quote may differ from those of my peers and instructor, but what I understood this quote to mean is that the author may believe that art (or what art has become) does not meet the standards it has set for itself. Art has always been viewed as a representation of real life, and an expression of freedom and creativity.

While that is a great thing, Jordan believed that it is usually absent in the face of social and political movements. The purpose of art has been detached when it’s time to apply it to social justices. This is why I believe Jordan is making the point of art being “pointless” for lack of a better term. In general, movements require what the author calls “direct action.” Direct action is the literal interaction between persons and corporations, or the action of persons looking to make bold and brazen political statements by being hands-on in a movement. There are no artistic “representations” or subliminal messages delivered that may be interpreted incorrectly or not at all, but there are people physically approaching a problem and attempting to make a change.

Page 131 also introduces us to an example of direct action.¬†The author talks about the M11 Link Road. This road was being built in the eastern part of London, and the Department of Transport (DOT) had to knock down 350 houses to build it successfully. Thousands of¬†citizens would be left¬†without homes, and naturally they weren’t pleased about it. They¬†opposed the operation and created petitions, held demonstrations, and lobbied all in an attempt to change the minds of those responsible for the reconstruction. The attempts appeared to be futile when the bulldozers arrived and began knocking down the homes anyway.¬†This is when people started realizing that ¬†they had to use different methods of resistance to distract or divert the attention of the DOT.

Jordan goes on to explain that a new type of artist was born during this time, and it wasn’t the type that used art to represent. The new artists used their presence to represent the art; to represent their purpose. The new artists that Jordan described were the people who used their bodies to make a statement. People would literally climb on the machines and sit there for hours which would throw workers off of their regulated working hours. The movement also called for the hiring of extra security to deter demonstrators, resulting in the road builders having the shell out extra money. Jordan appears to praise this method of resistance because the merging of the body and politics meant that people were no longer dependent on their industrialized¬†environments. On page 134, he says that “the body has been maginalised by our technocratic culture.” He then says, “Direct action makes visible the devastation of industrial culture’s machinery and returns the body to the centre of politics, of cultural practice.” I’m assuming that he was proud of the fact that people were no longer letting their “representatives” (technologies) speak for them and they were actually trying to make a difference. I think the fact that many protesters put their soft and delicate bodies in harm’s way also showed their dedication and bravery towards wanting to make a change.

I do not believe that Jordan despised art, but perhaps he wasn’t a fan of the idea of art as a single entity. What I think he wanted was exactly what I explained above: a merge of power (physical, social, mental). Art includes a wide range of symbolism, and most times it only represents the person highlighting his/her ideas by means of artistic expression.¬†Jordan does mention that he does not like to be objective, so experiencing and being a part of an artistic event would mean more to a person rather than viewing the “art” we have come to know in recent times. The art where we interpret, guess, assume, and wonder. In the case of the M11 Link Road, people came together, and in real time they stood for something, they expressed an idea, and they conveyed and delivered that idea. They became art at that very moment in time, and though their experiences may not mean much to others, at least they were present to see the fruits of their labor.


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Response 12–Due Class Time 4/18

For Monday, read Jordan’s piece of reclaiming the streets. The response is open–your choice. Three to four substantial paragraphs that revolve around a central idea. Make sure to print out the essay and bring it with you to class¬†on¬†Monday. Make sure to leave 4 ¬†comments for Response 11.

John Jordan–Reclaim the Streets

If you haven’t already done so, complete the classwork we started on Wed. I’ll ask everyone to talk about about the images they chose.

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Class Assignment – 4/13/2016

The two pieces that we read in class connected to the creative détournement assignment because the central focus in both articles were the opposition to oppressive and corporate forces. The assignment that we will be working on requires us to create culture jams that may criticize or manipulate the messages of popular corporations, images, or ideas.

In the Beautiful Trouble article, the author discusses the technique known as¬†d√©tournement. A d√©tournement “appropriates and alters an existing media artifact.” This is done to divert the attention from one meaning of the artifact, to a newer, and more familiar meaning. Many artists engage in the creation of d√©tournements to speak candidly about social issues, while letting their artwork speak for them. Some artists may also choose to hide their identity, and some may be courageous enough to show themselves. While he agrees that the constant flux of advertisements of popular culture are oppressive and alienating, he explains that it also presents a lot of opportunities to manipulate messages that caters to the plight of people in urban societies.

In the “Cultural Resistance: The Arts of Protest” article, the author pretty much discusses the same concept that was explained in the Beautiful Trouble piece. The term cultural resistance is mentioned, and it is described as “an accessible mode of artistic expression that voices — in a wide range of mediums — opposition to or criticism of certain political, economic, social, or other concerning circumstances in a community.” The article also describes many ways that people may express their oppositions, whether they decide to do it overtly or covertly and potential problems that may arise if an artist’s work offends or threatens an establishment.


  1. This infographic provides statistical information on the negative impacts of domestic violence against women.


2. This culture jam pokes fun at the fact that Starbucks sells unnecessarily expensive cups of coffee, in comparison to its competitors.


3. This is an inspirational piece that uses an image and words to convey a positive message. It also addresses ways that we can reduce poverty by providing a simple solution.




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Class work 4/13/2016

The two readings “Beautiful Trouble” and “Cultural Resistance: The arts of protest” relate to project because they both involve making some form of protest either through direct or indirect ways. Making d√©tournement pictures and the creation of memes as a form of protest to resist or fight against a corporation n or Advertisement, to make a point. The reading tell how people have begun to take the very images and slogans used by said corporation and turn them against them by changing the the image/slogan.

Tone Down For What

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Project Four–Creative D√©tournement

D√©tournement–appropriates and alters an existing media artifact, one that the intended audience is already familiar with, in order to give it a new, subversive meaning. . . . In addition to its instrumental, critical function, d√©tournement has an important humanistic function. D√©tournement can be used to disrupt the flow of the media spectacle and, ultimately, to rob it of its power. Advertisements start to feel less like battering rams of consumerism and more like the raw materials for art and critical reflection. Advertising firms may still generate much of culture‚Äôs raw content, but through d√©tournement and related culture jamming tactics, we can reclaim a bit of autonomy from the mass-mediated hall of mirrors that we live in, and find artful ways to talk back to the spectacle and use its artifacts to amplify our own voices.(from Beautiful Trouble)

Today’s Agenda

  1. Review Assignment
  2.  Read Beautiful Trouble piece.
  3.  Read Cultural Resistance Arts as Protest.
  4.  Start a blog post where you discuss how the readings you did connect to the assignment.
  5. Proceed to search web for examples that fit each of the three parts of the assignment. Post three images, one from each category and prepare to discuss. Choose images that you think are effective both rhetorically and visually.

Here is the culture jam assignment














Essential Links

Examples: Planned Parenthood Infographics




For our next project, we’re going to be using image manipulation software. To this end, I’m going to ask you to download a portable app called GIMP. This app should be saved to a thumb drive and all work you do for the project should be saved to your thumb drive. You won’t need to install it on your computer at home or at school. It can work from your thumb drive, making it completely portable. As soon as you read this post, go ahead and download it and save it to your thumb drive.¬†You can download it here.

Pepper Spray Cop

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Response 11

“Matthew Arnold warned that ” faith in machinery” was mankind’s greatest menace” Page 42

Literally: The quote meant that, we as a people placed all our hopes on technology, that it has become a danger to us. We have surrounded ourself with technology that it is continuously ruling us and everything we do. We are also unable to function without technology but only on machines

Intellectually: Intellectually, this made me think about how our world is being based and lived on technology. We have placed so much faith in machines that, it is forced that we need it. Technology have grown so much and its amazing, something we created has the ability to run our lives.

Emotionally:Emotionally, i believe what Arnold said about we placing a huge faith in machinery. Although i don’t completely agree with machines being a menace in society because it has greatly helped. But i feel bad that we have placed our whole mind on it. And if anything happens and machines fail, we will be in big trouble.

“The citizen of a technocracy knew that science and technology did not provide philosophies by which to live, and they clung to the philosophers of their father” Page 47

Literally: The citizen knew that technology wasn’t the best way to learn life. They felt, talking amongst one another and taking their time analyzing life was a better option. When technology is present in life, your surrounding is much faster.

Intellectually: This quote helped me think that we have been in slavery with technology. They believed that the best philosophies in life were taking your time and think. Technology has become so much a distraction for us.

Emotionally:when i read this quote, i can honestly relate. We have surrounded ourself with so much technology that we neglected the idea of thinking and fully understanding how life goes. Philosophers would sit and wonder why things move the way we move, and have a mindset on the possible outcomes. But now technology and science had enable us to think like everyone else.

The American lives in a land of wonders” he wrote “everything around him is in a constant movement, and every movement seems an advance.” Page 52

Literally: Tocqueville literally meant that, in America, everything around us in constant movement. We are not embracing what’s around the world. The article speaks on both sides of technology and how it’s both good and bad. America is in a constant change, and every new invention that’s created, is more advanced than the previous creation.

Intellectually: this makes me think of car and other machines that are being built. In the past, cars were only met to travel around. Now, cars have the ability to give us internet where every you go. Cars are able to park themselves, and as one realize, cars are become more and more advanced.

Emotionally: emotionally , I feel no emotions reading this quote and article because everything that’s said is true. And I feel that technology helped us in so many ways because of how easy life has become. We have allowed technology to rule us and become comfortable.

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Beginning Passage – First Paragraph on page 43

‘The nineteenth century also saw the emergence of utopian communities, of which perhaps the most famous is Robert Owen’s experimental community in Scotland called New Lanark. There, he established a model factory community, providing reduced working hours, improved living conditions, and innovative education for the children of workers”

Literally – In this paragraph it explains in the 19th century , experiments were conducted by Robert Owen¬†to see if communities could thrive with a different working environment. It would consist of working less hours, better living conditions and education for the employee’s children. Unfortunately the experiments Owen conducted would not amount to anything. His goal was “to reduce the human costs of a technocracy.”

Intellectually РI think this shows that people are always trying to improve situations that tend to get taken advantage of such as the workplace. I think Owen  knew supplying a good work environment and good wages meant people would work harder because they know they are being appreciated. Along the way it seems like those in charge take advantage by doing any means necessary to to make sure they earn as much profit but at the expense of the worker. This passage shows for years the workforce has always had some sort of conflict and it continues to this day.

Emotionally¬†– I feel like Robert Owen’s experiment should be updated and performed again since how we think and act has changed. There is some much to be gained if his experiment were to be applied.

Relational – This passage reminded me of Mason’s “The End of Capitalism has Begun.” This shows that¬†Mason shared¬†a similar view with an idea that is almost 200 years old.In a society where there is still a struggle with how to treat people in the the workforce this also makes you think that maybe it could work, but first we have to change our way of thinking and simply try it.

Middle Passage -First Paragraph on page 46

“The technocracy that emerged, fully armed, in nineteenth century America disdained such beliefs, because holy men and sin, grandmothers and families, regional loyalties and two thousand-year-old traditions, are antagonistic to the technocratic way of life “

Literally РThis paragraph explains in a technocratic society ideology, and cultural elements do not belong. those elements are seen as a threat to technocracy because it represents a tool-using society. where as technocracy relies on the advancements of technology , industrial resources, and financial gain. though it goes against a technocracy society, it has been able to continue in America.

Intellectually РI think this shows how ideas of society are formed. New ways of doings, and new technology are based on doing things that go against the norm creating new societies. This is probably how Postman formed this classification of a tool-using, technocracies, and technopolies societies.

Emotionally –¬†I fee like in any society where its a tool-using society technocractic or techonopoly that there ¬†should be a balance between the religious beliefs people believe in, the technology that is used and cultural life that traditions originate from. In each new society new problems are formed.

Relational¬†– This passage relates to Postman’s “From Tools to Technocracy” because it summarizes how comes up with each his classification of societies. Both Technocracies and Technopolies lack the idea of theology where people used to rely on to tell them how to think and act instead in a technocracy and technopoly its the technology that determines how we think and act.

End Passage -First Paragraph on page 52

“In the work of Frederick Taylor we have, I believe the first clear statement of the idea that society is best served when humans beings are placed at the disposal of their techniques and technology, that human beings are in a sense, worth less than their machinery”

Literally РAs a result of  technological advancements in a society it effects how people are treated as well as their lives. Because of the efficiency of machines, the people are no longer looked at as a human being but also viewed to act like machines, but since people are incapable of do so, they are viewed as useless compared to machines.

Intellectually¬†– I think about in today’s world more machines are replacing people in the workforce. If someone could build a computer or create software that can do the same job then its another job loss. I feel like there should be balance of machines and people especially when people do want to work.

Emotionally Р I feel its obviously wrong to think that people are worth less to machines. Large industries are too concern with productivity and as a result you have that way of thinking. At the same time you can say people may have allowed how they are treated since the reliance of machines constantly grows.

Relational¬†– I made a connection to Graeber’s “On the Phenomenon of Bullshit Jobs.” Everyday people are working at jobs that don’t really care about their well being, and those who continue to work know they need the job regardless if they like it or not. Everyday you hear people working at a job for years and then sudden the company lays off so many people. They are simply cast off to the side as if all those years working didn’t mean anything.

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response 11

“Arkwright created the first mechanization of production in a hostile environment, without protectors, without government subsidy, but nourished by a relentless utilitarianism that feared no financial risk or danger.”(41)

Literally: The quote says how Arkwright was the first to create the idea and method that lead society to become more mechanized. his recklessness for production even in a time where he will face resistance he pressed onward. He was leading change.

Intellectually: I think how everything has to have started somewhere and when you find out one of the starting points you begin to appreciate more how things were changed. The time and location place a important role in many things especially how change will affect a society.

Emotionally: I feel that we should always take note of the innovators the pioneers because they are the one that shape what our life are gonna be like. The society we live in had to get its shape somewhere and by understanding its roots we can hopefully improve it or at least understand why it became the way it has

Relationally: This relates to the rest of the essay because it shows that a society changes because a select few bring about something new. that the very ideas that run the society of the time can be changed and by seeing who lead it we can understand the effects that it has.

” and though it is true that technocratic capitalism created slums and alienation, it is also true such conditions were perceived as an evil that could and should be eradicated; that is to say, technocracies brought into being an increased respect for the average person”(44)

Literally: The quote says how technocracies are what helped create more respect for the average person because letting people live in slums and alienating people is evil. since that is true even through it created a negative side effect its nature is to fix the side effect

Intellectually: I think that by trying to fix the problems it creates is signs that a society is changing in a good way. If it can recognize that it is creating problems then it should also always strive to fix those problems, otherwise it will create to many problems and that society will end up collapsing upon its self .

Emotionally: I feel that its a good thing and something that makes this change to technocracies seem more applying. Since it shows that things that are negative for a society will be few so in the eyes of technocracies, people can put more trust into the idea that the society that we know can and will likely change

Relationally:¬†This relates to the article we read¬† ‚ÄúAnti-homeless Spikes.‚ÄĚ since it shows a group that is being alienating and how society is just excepting it.¬†Technocracies should view this as something that is evil and that alone is a good reason why they should not be used. Just because a group did not exceed like the rest does not mean it should be alienated from the rest of society.

“To give a date to the beginning of Technopoly in America is an exercise in arbitrariness. It is somewhat like trying to say, precisely, when a coin you have flipped in the air begins its decent. You cannot see the exact moment it stops rising; you now only that it has and is going the other way.(49)

Literally: This quote talks about how we cannot put a exact date when america or even other societies make their change. like a coin that is flipped you can only see it rising and falling never the exact point when rising stops. You also cannot pinpoint the exact time change happens only get a general idea when .

Intellectually: Many countries beside just America has had major changes in their societies and when looking t history it is hard to pinpoint the exact date. We can only find the general time line of when it could have happened by looking at both its rise and falls just like the coin. We know it has stop rising when it falls, that means a change has taken place and we know now it either the falling of the coin or the flip of a new one

Emotionally: I feel that since many America has a not so smooth change. There are many aspect of the society of America that have not gotten better and it has changed very rapidly when you compare its age to other countries. Going back to the coin its like someone grabbed the coin while it was still in the air and flipped again instead of letting it fall. Technology needs time to settle in and we need to give it time so we can see what the effects it will have before we let it change our entire way of living in our society

Relationally: This relates with the rest of the essay, since it shows how changing from Technocracy to Technopoly is not easy to control since we can;t even put a exact date to it. When it changes it will rework everything that we know and how we grow. If we can not keep track of each change, each technology that affect everyone when it is introduced then that means we will lose control and let technology dictate our society rather us dictating technology in our society

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Response 11

Passage 1:

“Alfred North Whitehead summed it up best when he remarked that the greatest invention of the nineteenth century was the idea of invention itself. We had learn¬†how to do things and the question of why we invent things receded in importance. The idea that if something could be done it should be done was born in the nineteenth Century.¬†“-Page42

Literally: In a literal sense, this passage is describing the effect of the nineteenth century. The nineteenth century was a time where industrialization took place, which meant that many domestic business started to grow into companies through the use of machinery. This technological advancement allowed everything to be done more efficiently and people started to build and invent things just because they could. Therefore, in this passage Postman is pointing that the nineteenth century brought the invention process and since we knew how to create things we began to create without ever having a reason for it, whether it was a necessity or not, it was created just because it was possible. Which became a dangerous thing for America.

Intellectually: In an intellectual way, this passage makes me think of how some people do things without having a good reason for it. For example, In our society, people commit a crime or hurt someone else without asking why they did it. People work in a job just because they have the skills it requires without a good reason on why they are there, people post things on social media just because they have the freedom to do what they want yet, they don’t have a good explanation on why they do those things either. In our society, so many people find themselves unhappy just because they have the ability to feel that way but they cant find a reason on why they feel that way.

Emotionally: Emotionally, I’m not sure how this passage makes me feel. It doesn’t make me feel a particular way about the concept it is trying divulge to the reader. I do feel as if it holds a great amount of truth pertaining to our current society because so many people seem to be searching for their why and spend their lives continuously searching for why they feel the way they do or why they want to do something rather than another thing. But this piece does not strike me as an emotionally relative piece.

Relationally: This passage made me think of am article towards the end of the packet, “On the Phenomenon of Bullshit Jobs” by David Graber. In this article, Graber Discuss this sort of epidemic in our society where people are working in a particular field or job just because they have the skills to work there but, they are not happy in that job. Graber discusses how many people feel like their job is completely useless and they should be spending their time doing something better and bigger yet, there aren’t. Graber also discusses how people use technology instead of being more productive in their free time. This article relates to this passage because the bullshit jobs that people are doing don’t really¬† serve a purpose. They don’t have a reason on why these jobs exist, they just know that they exist and they are the ones stuck completing the useless job. These bullshit jobs have been created by the concept of the nineteenth century because with the use of technology and machinery we began to invent things just because it was possible we never asked why and these jobs that people hate don’t have a why aspect, they’re just there because they can be.

Passage 2:

“It makes them invisible and therefore irrelevant. And it does so by redefining what we mean by religion, by art, by family, by politics, by history, by truth, by privacy, by intelligence, so that¬†our¬†definitions fit its new requirements.¬†“-Page48

Literally: In a literal sense, this passage in discussing the way in which technology changes our belief system. Its discussing how the old-world view that once believed in their laboring skills and kept their faith in god and religion, is now in a internal conflict between their view and the new-world view. Postman is pointing out that the new-world view which, leaves its laboring skills behind and puts in faith in technology and it’s advances, has substantially diminished the values and belief in the old-world view. It has done so by changing what our definitions of our values are. Technology has changed our meaning of religion, of art, of our families, of politics, of our history, of truth, of privacy, and intelligence. It has changed all of these things so that they fit¬†into the new view of putting ourselves and our faith into technology.

Intellectually: This passage makes me think of society today because there are so many different meanings for the things that we value. What family meant in the old-world view is not the same thing now. Now, family can mean so many different things like not the people that we live with but the people we grew up with or not the people that we have next to us but the people that we find on social media and through the internet. Intelligence can mean many different things to, in the same way that art does not only mean a painting made by an artist, it can mean graffiti, it can mean words that has been composed in a particular form, it can mean something digital, something that has been created through the tools embedded within a particular program on a computer or even a phone. The new view has embedded so many meanings, so many values that were never once thought of in a time that valued God and skills that were crafted through practice. Technology has changed who we are in a way that no one really notices because people just think that the world is moving forward.

Emotionally: This passage makes me feel a number of different ways. It makes me angry, it makes feel pity, it makes me disappointed in people, in our society. This passage displays the change that has taken place throughout our society, it describes people’s beliefs and values today. People don’t value who they are anymore, they value who technology and social media makes them out to be. It doesn’t matter if you love your family, you have to show in a digital sense for it to be true. People believe everything they see on the internet to be fit and true when in reality, the internet is a big lie. It makes me disappointed to know that people are willing to invest their time, their money, their values, and beliefs in technology because it makes them look better or it makes things moving forward easier. We have allowed technology to determine who we are, what we value, what we believe in. We have surrendered our culture, our life, our history, our absolute all to technology. That is the saddest realization of all.

Relationally: This Passage relates to the previous chapter, Postman’s “Form Tools to Technocracy.” I decided that this passaged related to the previous chapter because in that chapter postman is describing the change in ideology. He is constantly discussing the way in which technology has transformed the things that we believe in and what we think is true. In this particular quote, Postman is also referencing to the idea that technology is changing our values, our belief system, and who we are. In “From Tools to Technocracy,” Postman gives multiple examples of inventions that seem small at first but turn out to change the entire world’s ideology like, The printing press, the clock, and the stirrup. These inventions changed the way literature was composed and delivered, they changed the way we perceived time, and changed the way we fought at war. These inventions had an intended purpose but went beyond that purpose changing our definitions of religion, money, goals, and our beliefs and values all together. This concept is being referred to again in this particular passage by Postman.

Passage 3:

“The system would do their thinking for them. That is crucial, because it led to the idea that technique of any kind can do¬†our thinking for us, which is¬†among the basic principles of Technopoly.¬† “-Page 51

Literally: This particular passage is displaying literally, that the invention machines and any sort of technology will do our thinking for us. It has the ability to allow us to sit back while it figures out how to function, how to do a particular task, how to work and think in the same way that humans would. This invention leads to the generalization that any type of technology or machinery created contains the ability to think and function just like humans. Therefore, we expect those particular characteristics in every machine or technology invented.

Intellectually: In an intellectual sense, this passage makes me think of the current technology that we have in our society today. It makes me think of how almost all of our society depend¬†upon their phones, tablets, smart TVs, computers, and other technological advances¬†to do¬†their thinking for them. We expect our phones to know more than we do. we expect them to take us to a specific address, we expect them to answer every single question we have, we expect to them tell us how to make a meal, how to build something, even how to write something correctly. This passage makes me think about how even in the 1990’s when Postman wrote this essay, the concept and belief that we put into technology was so transparent that it could not be ignored, which really relates to today’s society more than ever.

Emotionally: In an emotional sense, this passage makes me pity our society and even the human race for being so na√Įve and willing to give ourselves to the digital age. Its something that continues to happen throughout our history and will continue to happen. It makes me feel like there is no way to stop the continuous flow of technological advancements, I feel like no matter what people will continue to give into the development of technology because it makes meeting and communicating with each other easier, it makes moving a business forward easier, it just makes every aspect of our lives easier. Therefore, people will continue to move with technology, continuously leaving pieces of our memory behind.

Relationally: This passage made me think of¬†Nicholas Carr’s “Vital pathways.” I thought to relate this passage to vital pathways because I think It really display the effects that technology has on our brains and our minds. In “Vital Pathways,” Carr’s main point throughout his piece is bringing awareness to the fact that the neuroplasticity in our brains has the ability to be altered by our habits. Therefore, if we continue to use digital technology such as the internet, it will become something that is embedded into our brains. It becomes a subconscious routine to turn to the internet if we don’t know something or if we want to learn something new. Therefore the internet is becoming apart of our vital pathways because we expect it to always function for us, to continuously think for us which, is the same idea that Postman is pointing out in this particular passage.

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Response 11

From Technocracy to Technopoly, by Neil Postman

Beginning Passage

“We had learned how¬†to invent things, and the question of why we invent things receded in importance. The idea that if something could be done it should be done was born in the nineteenth century. And along with it, there developed a profound belief in all the principles through which invention succeeds: objectivity, efficiency, expertise, standardization, measurement, and progress.”(Page 42)

Literally: This passage is saying that since the concept of the invention found its way into society, people quickly flocked to it and began inventing technologies that were created with no particular meaning. Other than the fact that they felt if something could be enhanced or fixed, then it should be, the reasons behind the invention were often distant or not present at all. Perhaps people were taking advantage of the novelty in inventing things that could advance their communities. The passage also explains that technologies set the pace for the progression of society and what standards we may set along the way.

Intellectually:¬†This passage makes me think about how far we’ve come in civilization and where we are presently.¬†I’ve also thought about how differently we interact with our environments and the various ways we communicate with each other. The introduction of technologies has greatly benefited us, but there has also been a lot of harm. Many inventions have made us complacent and lazy, while other inventions may have helped us discover things about ourselves that we weren’t privy to, such as the capability to even be able to create in the first place. Technology has also made information easily accessible to us, while in return we may use that information to enhance our lives. Some may even use that information to harm others. I suppose it just depends on what side of the spectrum a person is on.

Emotionally:¬†This passage makes me be nervous. The thought of technologies setting the tone for society is very unsettling. I say this because the standards that are being set may not necessarily be in agreement with a particular person’s lifestyle, and if that person objects, they will probably be socially and emotionally ousted from society. They may also be ridiculed, and called “archaic” for choosing not to concede and conform to the current ideologies.

Relationally:¬†In my opinion, I found that this passage connected with Langdon Winner’s¬†Do Artifacts Have Politics? ¬†On page 130 in the second paragraph, Winner discusses ways that technologies fit into society. The first way he explains is the fact that some technologies may¬†require¬†“the creation and maintenance of a particular set of social conditions as the operating environment of that system.” This reflects Postman’s idea that technologies may set the standard of operations within our communities and dictate how far we will progress as a civilization.

Middle Passage

“The technology that emerged, fully armed, in nineteenth century America disdained such beliefs, because holy men and sin, grandmothers and families, regional loyalties and two-thousand-year-old traditions, are antagonistic to the technocratic way of life. They are a troublesome residue of a tool-using period, a source of criticism of technocracy.” (Page 46)

Literally:¬† This passage is talking about the idea of morality, religion, and tradition in contrast to a growing technocratic society. As technology began to become pervasive, the concept of social traditions became a constant reminder of how much progress civilization has made, and how antiquated the beliefs that people were desperately trying to hold on to appeared. The passage even goes as far as calling these traditions “antagonistic” to technocracies and expresses that technology had disdain towards these ideologies because they are “residue of a tool-using period.”

Intellectually: This passage makes me think about the¬†divisiveness within various cultures. If society must progress, why can’t there be an inclusion of traditional values and modern technology? I understand that there already is, but why can’t they successfully co-exist without the judgement and the ridicule? It’s almost as though you have to be for it (modern technology) or you’re against it if you choose to do things “the old school way.” There shouldn’t even be a choice. If the traditional way of living works for a person or a group of people then they should not be forced or hated for their choices. If a person or a group of people choose to be “progressive”, then they should also be free to do so without others struggling to hold on to traditions and force-feeding it to those who may choose to move forward.

Emotionally: I feel conflicted about this ideology. I feel this way because even though some people may find themselves emotionally attached to old customs, the world has a way of leaving people behind who do not conform. They may refuse to acknowledge that older customs still exist by creating laws, technologies, or concepts that may make traditional concepts obsolete. On the other hand, people from traditional societies can find ways to incorporate their beliefs into modern culture which will neither neglects their moral views or praises technology.

Relationally:¬† This passage relates to another one of Postman’s essays entitled, From Tools to Technocracy. On page 38 in the second paragrapgh, Postman states that “God’s design certainly lost much of its power and meaning, and with that loss went the satisfactions of a culture in which moral and intellectual values were integrated.” This connects to the passage because once again, Postman is describing the relationship between tradition and the progression of technology. On that same page he explains that people also felt as though knowledge was power and the key to advancing humanity. Further down he¬†states that “at the same time, we must remember that in the tool-using culture of the older European world, the vast majoring of people were peasants, impoverished and powerless.” I believe Postman was trying to weigh the differences in traditional societies (tool-using cultures) and modern societies (technocracies) by¬†expounding on the fact that God (the entity responsible for many traditional customs) has lost all power with the introduction of technology. In a way, people have fallen from “grace” by adhering to the standards of present times, and even by realizing that their lives were somewhat meaningless and powerless when they were holding on to faith.


End Passage

“The thrust of a century of scholarship had the effect of making us lose confidence in our belief systems and therefore in ourselves. Amid the conceptual debris, there remained one sure thing to believe in–technology. Whatever else may be denied or compromised, it is clear that airplanes do fly, antibiotics do cure, radios do speak, and, as we know now, computers do calculate and never make mistakes–only faulty humans do.” (Page 55)

Literally:¬†¬†This portion of the essay is explaining the significance and the relevance¬†of technology. It’s saying that although we may lose confidence in our belief systems (traditional customs), and even doubt ourselves, certainly we cannot doubt technology. I think Postman says this because technology was created with specific concentration on special tasks. He references Frederick Taylor who said that human beings are faulty and liable to make errors, whereas technology is not clouded by human emotion and complicated thought processes. Therefore, it is safe to assume that technology will always follow through with its assigned duties while making other methods of creating seem defunct in the process.

Intellectually: This quote makes me think about the work force. In regards to the work force, when it comes to efficiency, money, skill, and time management, people tend to rely heavily on machines rather than on human beings. When you look around, you can see that major occupations are being replaced with machines. Occupations such as bank tellers,  public transit employees, fast food workers, and many other jobs are being phased out or replaced. This ensures that a lot of money will be made and saved (no human agents to pay), the job will be done efficiently and skillfully (no human agents to make errors), and a lot of time will be saved since technology tends to work much faster than people and multi-task in the process.

Emotionally:¬†This passage makes me feel helpless. Why? Well, because I am in the minority when it comes to those who actually hold the power to make such changes. By that, I mean that the reliance on technology is something that is beyond my control. I often wonder what type of future I can have, or my unborn children can have when we’re basically being replaced by machinery. What say do you have in a society that doesn’t trust their fellow human being? How do you combat that? How do we get people to understand that we made technology, therefore we are worthy of being trusted? It’s an unfortunate situation to be in and a devastating realization.

Relationally:¬†I’ve decided to connect this passage to the Winner piece, once again. ¬†On page 133 in the first paragraph, Winner says, “It is characteristic of societies based on large, complex technological systems, however, that moral reasons other than those of practical necessity appear increasingly obsolete, “idealistic,” and irrelevant. Whatever claims one may wish to make on behalf of liberty, justice or equality can be immediately neutralized when confronted with arguments to the effect: “Fine, but that’s no way to run a railroad.”” This quote connects to the passage I took from Postman’s essay because it is basically describing the same idea that morals and ethics have no place in practicality. Winner is almost saying that it’s unnecessary to talk about values when it comes to successfully running a complex technological system. He says that it’s obsolete and irrelevant. This is also showing the lack of trust human beings have in each other. We don’t care to understand the plight of others when there are technological advances that need to be catered to. From what I read, I also understand Winner’s argument to mean that regardless of the state of human affairs, we know that technology is going to accomplish the tasks it’s been assigned to do, and there is little to no room to discuss anything else.

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Response 11 Due Monday 4/11 Before Class

Towards the beginning of your packet, you’ll find Postman’s¬†From Technocracy to Technopoly, an essay that’s included in the packet but that we haven’t yet read. For Monday, read through this essay. Pick three passages–one from the beginning section, one from the middle, and one towards the end.

Quote each and respond to them Literally, Intellectually, Emotionally, and Relationally. When discussing the Relational quality, you’re free to connect the passage either to this essay or to another reading that we’ve done over the course of the semester.

Make sure to include the page numbers for each of your quotes and to leave at least four comments to Response 10. Have a good weekend. See you Monday!

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Response 10

“Do Artifacts Have Politics?” – Langdon Winner
“At issue is the claim that the machines, structures, and systems of modern material culture can be accurately judged not only for their contributions of efficiency and productively, not merely for their positive and negative environmental side effects, but also for they way in which they can embody specific forms of power and authority:”

This quote stood out to me not only because it was one of the first important points in the passage, but because while reading it i started to align this passage with Neil Postman’s “The Judgement of Thamus”. One of the key points of Postman’s passage was to recognize that even though technology may help people in many ways there are still unforeseen consequences for the near future. One of these consequences is that people have willingly given up nearly all the rights to their privacy in this generation. People feel it is necessary to inform anyone who will listen about every single move they make through social media. We feel that if we don’t concede to mass media’s grip on us we will become irrelevant or even non-existent . We have given technology and mass media the power to tell the story of our society in anyway they want.

Another way we have collapsed under the power and authority of technology is that we have allowed it to change our beliefs and epistemology. This quote also relates to another one of Postman’s passages “From Tools to Technocracy” that expressed this same idea. In this piece Postman basically said that before in the tool-using culture the purpose of the tools was to help aid humans in their daily activities, but with the introduction of new technology it now seemed to battle with the original beliefs of humans to become the culture itself. Technology become a power hungry machine, whose goal was eventually to become the complete authority over human kind.

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Response 10

“Do Artifcats Have Politics?”-Langdon Winner

‚ÄúThe roots of unavoidable authoritarianism are, he argues, deeply implanted in the human involvement with science and technology. ‚ÄúIf man, by dint of his knowledge and inventive genius, has subdued the forces of nature, the latter avenge themselves upon him by subjecting him, insofar as he employs them, to a veritable despotism independent of all social organization.‚ÄĚ-Page 129

This particular passage of the essay stood out to me the mos because it is discussing an idea of a authoritarian political system, much like dictorship or monarchy. However, while reading this oassage i also felt a small connection between he artcile, “The End of Captialism Has Begun,” because throughout the piece Mason is reaching out to the readers, trying to draw awareness to our current corrupt politcal system and economy. Mason describes a particular relationship between people, technology, the way that infromation is shared, and a sense of decaying influence for the market system. i think that the idea that winner is putting forth about authoritarianism within the involvment of scien technology is almost like a counter repsonse to the system that Mason is describing his piece. Mason explains that post capialism will be the influence of everday people which will decay the result of power and authority while, Winner is discussing how the relationship and involvement that every day peole have with sicence and technology will continue to influence a unavoidable sense of authority and power over society’s knowledge, concept, and organization. Therefore, I found this fairly interesting because it was almost as if these two pieces are interwined in the idea of science and technology but also very different because they were arguing against different ideas.

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Response# 10

Langdon Winner’s “Do artifacts Have Politics?”

I picked the first paragraph on page 129, but the part that really stood out is located at the end of that paragraph where it says:

“The roots of unavoidable authoritarianism are, he argues, deeply implanted in the human involvement with science and technology. “If man, by dint of his knowledge and inventive genius, has subdued the forces of nature, the latter avenge themselves upon him by subjecting him, insofar as he employs them, to a veritable despotism independent of all social organization.”

In “Do Artifacts have Politics?” ¬†Langdon Winner breaks down the concept of artifacts having political qualities into two parts, the first being power and authority can be obtained based off how one manipulates “the design or arrangement of a device or system,” once¬†it has served its original purpose. The real intent of that technology can be masked to represent something else as Winner puts it, it has a range of flexibility, the second part¬†is the opposite that power and authority are established because of the technology’s lack of flexibility. In order for the technology to function it requires and relies on a hierarchical relationship among a super-ordinate person, and a subordinate. In the second argument, Winner used the work of Friedrich Engel’s “On Authority” to further evaluate why certain technology requires a hierarchical relationship. Between Winner’s “Inherently Political Technologies” and Engel’s “On Authority” which begins on page 128 that is where I found a connection.

I linked this to Paul Mason’s “The End of Capitalism has Begun” because Mason describes a world where the new economy would be know as post-capitalism, where the work amount is reduced, there is an open access and sharing of information, and the removal of the influence and say of the market is replaced with more influence of everyday people. I linked this in a way as a response to Mason’s new political theory that even in this post-capitalism would ¬†it might be difficult to achieve because ¬†you will have some sort of¬†authoritative¬†and subordinate relationship especially over the technology people would¬†create, and eventually the old ways of capitalism would¬†seep back into how people operates things, and instead of the problem being related to the large industries, it will be among those same influential everyday people Mason spoke about. I think this connects well because in the midst of technology whoever¬†creates it or controls it determines how it will effect the society and that means a person or a group of people have control which means they have power. Winner uses Engel’s example of the laborers and the cotton-spinning mills as an example of that.

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Response 10

While reading this piece, I’ve discovered a few passages that were similar to articles we’ve read recently. One of those articles were Anti-homeless spikes: ‘Sleeping rough opened my eyes to the city’s barbed¬†cruelty’¬†by Alex Andreou. Before I start, I must say that I thoroughly enjoyed this piece and found myself agreeing with the author on several points. I’ve also noted multiple points. With the formalities out of the way, I’d like to proceed.

Do Artifacts Have Politics? by Langdon Winner

On page 123, under the subheading¬†Technical Arrangements as Forms of Order,¬†Winner mentions a man by the name of Robert Moses. Robert Moses was “the master builder of roads, parks, bridges, and other public works from the 1920s to the 1970s in New York.” ¬†Mr. Moses built overpasses that, due to their specifications, didn’t accommodate buses. What were the reasons behind the inadequate specifications? Well, according to the article, “the reasons reflect Moses’s social-class bias racial prejudice.” The article then explains the correlation between inaccurate road specifications and buses on page 124. It states that, “Poor people and blacks, who normally used public transit, were kept off the roads because twelve-foot tall buses could not get through the overpasses.” This was all a covert attempt to keep poor people and blacks out of the Jones Beach area. Mr. Robert Moses, an apparent fan of fascism, went above and beyond to maintain the “purity” of the wealthy. The passive-aggressive way in which he expresses his xenophobia and bigotry speaks volumes of his character. He wouldn’t dare taint the image of Jones Beach with poverty or blackness. I assume he felt that the wealthy would be be driven out of the area and people of lower socioeconomic backgrounds would take over. This probably evoked fear in Mr. Moses and the citizens of Jones Beach because the thought of “losing power” created panic and anxiety.


Anti-homeless spikes: ‘Sleeping rough opened my eyes to the city’s barbed¬†cruelty’¬†by Alex Andreou

The passage that I selected in the Winner piece relates quite nicely to Andreou’s article. On page one of Andreou’s piece, he discusses various types of anti-homeless “mechanisms”. ¬†He says, “From ubiquitous protrusions on window ledges to bus-shelter seats that pivot forward, from water sprinklers and loud muzak to hard tubular rests, from metal park benches with solid dividers to forests of pointed cement bollards under bridges, urban spaces are aggressively rejecting soft, human bodies.” I selected this portion of the article because I feel as though it shares similarities to what Winner discussed in his piece, especially by mentioning Robert Moses. Andreou talks about the many ways that London’s architecture discriminates against homeless people, just as Robert Moses discriminated against black people and poor people by building overpasses using specifications that did not accommodate their primary source of transportation. The general concept of casting people out of the general public via architectural structures, and because of their socioeconomic statuses illuminates strongly¬†through both stories.

I think this connection was worth making because I find it highly disappointing and distressing that this is happening, and legally at that. Then again, I shouldn’t be too surprised since this is a world that allowed the enslavement of many people for hundreds of years all while considering it legal. People are being discriminated against because of things beyond their control (skin color, unfortunate circumstances that lead to homelessness, poverty, etc.) I definitely feel that it’s something that should be expounded on because there should be enough money and resources to help people who are in dire need. There is also more than enough space for all of us to explore different facets of life, as this relates to the Winner article. No one man created this land, nor did any person in America discover this land, therefore this is literally no man’s land. ¬†Deciding where people “belong” is ridiculous, and laughable at best.


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The Issue Paper

Issue paper

The issue papaer

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Issue paper

My paper is on Racism, i realized racism is an extremely broad topic, i feel that i could have elaborated more on racism because is such a big problem in the US today. I also felt that interviewing someone, who was abused in slavery times due through racism would have brought more light onto my paper. Coming up with a solution was one of complicated parts in this paper because, many attempts were made to end racism, but it is still growing

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Issue Paper

My issue paper is about substance abuse and treatment facilities. It targets specific areas of treatment facilities and factors that lead to substance abuse. This paper was fairly difficult to write for me because of schdule and work load of other classes. I found that i barely had time to look for sources or let alone write the paper itself. If i could do something differently i would rather have given myself much more time and looked for better sources that were centered around my particular topic. I also would have liked it interview someone first hand because it would have been useful to my paper. However, i do feel like i did well

Issue paper

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Issue paper

issue-paper final-Simone

The topic of my paper is Rape Culture: The Sexualization of Girls and Male Sexual Violence. The easiest part of this paper was probably selecting the topic from my exploratory paper, from then on i had difficulty finding sources to go into the follow the money section of my paper. Eventually i did find sources but it was still an uphill battle to put everything together in a way that made sense. I think if i had the chance i would probably want to think of more unconventional, out of the box ways to find a solution to my issue.

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Issue Paper


My paper is about the effects of the restrictive laws place on abortion, and the planned parenthood organization.

I struggled with  coming up with a solution that would be on the scale as the example given in class and apply it to my topic about abortion. The solution I did come up probably would not be used, and Its not really a radical idea that will cause a shift in pro-life and pro-choice advocates to come together or law makers to take notice. This time around I was able to found great sources by using what I learned from another class, but I had a hard time putting everything together so it mesh well. I knew what I wanted to say, but it was not coming out like how I wanted. If I had more time I would want to add more detail for the money side, and I would add more personal stories from both pro-life and pro-choice supporters. I would think of a different solution.

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issue paper

My paper is about human trafficking. Finding sources went good for me since there is lots of information. Coming up with solutions were the hard parts. If I would change anything i would try to come up with new solutions or add more information about the money side of the issue

Joshua Vega Issue paper

Joshua-Vega-Issue-paper Edit*

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The Issue Paper

IssuePaper: ENG 1710 (Abigale)

My paper is about gun violence in urban communities. It’s basically a continuation of my exploratory paper where I chose to dig deeper into the pervasive violence in the Black and Latino communities. I discovered that my topic was a bit broad, so I chose to put my central focus on the city of Chicago, a place that has been riddled with gun violence in recent years and even throughout its history. In my paper I talk about how gun corporations are profiting and benefiting from the sales and profits of guns, and how guns are being pushed into cities like Chicago via places like Indiana where gun laws are lax. I also talk about the people who are suffering at the hands of these corporations, which would obviously be the victims of gun violence.

What went well for me during the time I spent on this project was finding sources. The information for ¬†this specific topic was plentiful, and I was able to find what I needed to clarify the points I was trying to bring across. Honestly, I struggled with the solution portion of the paper. Why? Well, because when it comes to a topic like this one, it’s hard to conceive a world where things like this isn’t happening. Especially since numerous activists and leaders have stepped up to combat these problems, only to be silenced or have people turn the other cheek. I found that part very difficult. What I would change about the paper is probably the length, however I do feel as though each piece of information was pertinent. Maybe I went overboard, but I’m hoping I did not. If I could add more to my paper, I would probably add more details on the most popular types of¬†guns that are being manufactured, but I figured that information was irrelevant in the grand scheme of things.


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Issue Paper for Monday 04/04, & Response 10 for Wednesday 04/06

Issue Paper Submission

Ok, we’ll make Winner’s piece due on Wed and we’ll continue our discussion from Wednesday over¬†into¬†Monday’s class.

For your issue paper, set up a new blog post, and attach the paper as a Word file. In the post itself, give us a brief introduction to the project. Tell us what its about, what went well for you, what you struggled the most with, and what you would add or change if you had more time to work on it. (Required)

In the paper itself, you MUST include a correctly formatted Works Cited page. Projects without a Works Cited page will not be accepted. Use Easybib if you need help formatting.

Finally, before submitting, make sure to check your work against the assignment. I’m going to be paying particular attention to your creative solutions to the issue. I’m hoping to find out-of-the-box solutions. Remember the story I told you about that town in the Northwest that ended mass incarceration in the community by bringing all the parties together to work out an appropriate response to a crime? Don’t feel constrained by the pragmatics of the current situation we’re in. Think big. Imagine a possible future that is beyond the structures that we currently inhabit. I want you to imagine a different possible world. Check your work against the assignment. I can’t emphasize this enough.

For Wednesday, then—

Read Winner’s “Do Artifacts Have Politics.”

Pick one passage from the essay and link it up to one of the articles we’ve read from the past couple of weeks. (Your choice.) Two to three paragraphs. Let us know why this connection is worthwhile to make.

Make sure to leave four comments on Response 9 from your classmates.

Make sure to print out the essay and bring it with you to class.

The Panama Papers

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Technical Narrative Essay

Jean Naubert First paper

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For Monday 3/21

As per the syllabus, there’s no blog post due on Monday and since we don’t have class on Wed, you’re going to have a break until next week. I designed it this way so that you could get moving on your Issue Projects, so please take advantage of that . . . .

You still are required to comment on Response 9 before class.

About the film we discussed, I’m going to choose Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution, which premiered at the 2015 Sundance film festival. If anyone has other suggestions, please leave them in the comments below.

Here’s a brief bit:

Readings are still required. Do make sure you are prepared for class. See you Monday and have a pleasant weekend.

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Response 9


This picture was taken on Fulton, in front Shake Shack. I chose to take this picture of this bench because of the architectural design of the bench and where it is located. Whoever design this bench wanted to avoid homeless people from laying there or even sitting there for a long period of time. This bench was meant for people to sit these a rest of a little bit.

In “Anti- Homeless spikes” by Alex Andreou, he elaborate that the issue of people being homeless is starting to be ignored in todays society. As i read this article, he made many valid points explaining the issue of homeless people in the street. As i read this article, he explained how we are either ignoring homeless people thru architectural design or we acknowledge homeless people all the time that it has become such common thing to see in todays society. I can relates with Andreou’s article because, there’s spikes being placed on objects people would sit on. The comfortability of public park benches are becoming less comfortable so that we may feel uncomfortable sitting on the benches or laying on the benches so a long period of time.


The end of capitalism has begun

In “the end of capitalism has begun” i found myself reading this article more then once, but i tried to grasp the message in the article. The author elaborated many valid points about capitalism, one of the things said in this article was, “we’re surrounded not just by intelligent machines buy a new layer of reality centred information” and he used the the airline as example explaining that, a computer flies, it has been designed and stress tested, and virtually manufactured millions of time. he explained after his explanation that it is now both an intelligent machines and a node of network. The author also placed Marx in their article explaining his knowledge of knowledge. Marx elaborated the main productive for power would be information. This struck out to me because, in this day and age, information and knowledge is what drives the country. Marx also said that, Organisation and knowledge in other words, made a bigger contribution to productive power than the work of making and running the machines. Once a person has the knowledge to invent something useful in our day and age, it helps the progression for knowledge

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Response 9


Part 1: This picture was taken by the Jay St-MetroTech Station at the corner of Willoughby Street. I picked this particular spot because homeless people often have to move from place to place to find somewhere to sleep when they cannot find space in a homeless shelter. This results in people sleeping in areas like this on the street. This gate prevents people from sleeping in the space protected by the gate.

In the text by ” Anti-homelessness spikes” by Alex Andreou, the author talks about how the architecture being built pushes the issue of homelessness out of the view of the public. In the picture, the gates represent restriction and prevents New Yorkers from¬† dealing with the issue everyday.¬† Just think about it, every time you constantly see something that offends or disturbs you its like you can’t get it out of your head. Now imagine, if instead of complaining and being angry about it you actually did something to better the situation. For example, if every New Yorker that got off at this station everyday saw a homeless person sleeping in this corner they would be forced to deal with the issue. Think about what would happen if that instead of complaining that the person should be removed from the spot it was suggested that a homeless shelter or something else were built nearby. Homelessness is such a big issue because we’re focusing on making the people that can afford a home comfortable while treating those who can’t as if they are a mess we have to clean up. We are forgetting that the homeless are people too, that they could have become homeless for any number of reasons and because of that they deserve to have comfort as well.

¬†Part 2:In the text by Paul Mason “The end of capitalism has begun” , the author states “the power of imagine will become critical. In an information society, no thought, debate or dream is wasted- whether conceived in a tent, prison cell or the table football space of a startup company” (page 8).¬† The quote brings up the issue of how an information society would function. It expresses that in the information society a new level of freedom would become available to all people. They would be able to exchange ideas, follow dreams and participate in debates regardless of their circumstances or life situation. This idea of an information society is in contrast to a capitalist society which despite the fact that it seems to function well for the moment does not allow the same freedom.

Part 3: An issue that I’d like to bring up from the ” Anti-Homeless Spike” is why are homeless people treated as if they aren’t human? It seems like New York is becoming a place that’s only for those who are privileged enough to afford it and in the event that you can’t you have to be removed from the equation all together. Its almost like when your a kid and you accidentally break a vase or a glass and you try to clean up everything or even hide the mess all together before your parents come home, hoping they won’t notice it right away.¬† We are treating homeless people like the mess we don’t want people to notice> When we take away the common areas they sleep in without giving an alternative it pushes the issue of homelessness into a dark corner where some hope, that no one will ever find it.

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Response # 9



Part 1

‚ÄúAnti-homeless spikes: Sleeping rough opened my eyes to the city‚Äôs barbed cruelty‚ÄĚ By Alex Andreou

My photo is of two benches. On the right¬†is of a wooden bench and the left is¬†of a metal bench.¬† In ‚ÄúAnti-homeless spikes‚ÄĚ Alex Andreou wrote about the comfort he took on a wooden bench when he found himself homeless after a series of unfortunate events that took place in his life . He went on to described why it was as he put it “prime property.” Because the wooden bench was used so much, it had a smooth surface. Since it was positioned in front of a wall which was behind a generator, heat would radiate from it. Also the wooden bench was located under a tree which provided shelter. All of those things he took comfort in were gone, and before he knew it the wooden bench was swapped out for a curved shaped metal bench, Andreou said, ‚ÄúI felt such loss that day.‚ÄĚ My photo captures the differences in the benches. The wooden bench was located near the court building on Court Street in front of New York City Subway station. The metal bench was located on Montague Street between Clinton St and Court St. Also the metal benches display a sign with a No Smoking symbol, and a message stating ‚ÄúThis is a smoke free workplace.‚ÄĚ The differences are obvious; the wooden bench provides more space, whereas the metal bench only allows space wide enough only to sit not to lie down. The metal bench actually looks more like small separate chairs which were put together than a traditional bench. The overall size compared to the wooden one is smaller, and there are holes through the entire metal bench. While looking for a picture that would relate to this reading, I also came across a Bank with a sign also located on Montague St. that ¬†said no loitering, panhandling, or sleeping, along with a list of other rules. It had a disclaimer basically saying if anyone did not comply with the rules it will result in getting arrested and prosecuted.

Part 2

‚ÄúThe end of capitalism has begun‚ÄĚ By Paul Mason

In “The end of capitalism has begun” what stood out for me when Mason was trying to figure out how a economy,which is based off scarcity, would function if it was instead based off abundance. He goes on to use economist Karl Marx’s “The Fragment on Machines” to explain it in which he says, “The productive power of such machines as the automated cotton-spinning machine, the telegraph and the steam locomotive did not depend on the amount of labour it took to produce them but on the state of social knowledge. Organisation and knowledge, in other words, made a bigger contribution to productive power than the work of making and running the machines.” In my opinion this really applies to the post capitalist economy that mason says we are transitioning into in the sense, it is with our access to some much more information than ever before still has the potential of making society it a better place not because of the technology it self, but how we use it to improve how the society works.

Capitalism was able to thrive the because the private corporations had the knowledge to use the industrial revolution to their advantage. Now we see a shift in today’s world, businesses can be created without the influence of the private corporations who held the strings on how to conduct business for so long. The new way of doing things doesn’t exclude anymore and that is something that cant be controlled like Mason said. I also agree with mason that a capitalist economy will no longer exist because of the shift in new values and new behaviors. The 2008 financial crisis is a great example of that view because people who would be considered the upper middle in a economy began to ¬†feel the pressure, and that crisis had lasting effects on¬†them and everyone else below, and as a result people are going to do things different because they thought it could not happen to them, changing from a capitalist to post capitalist economy.


Part 3

Discussion question:

My discussion question is based off both the Andreou and  Mason readings. How would a post capitalism world affect the lives of the homeless? Mason spoke about the components that make up a post capitalist economy,  would it harm or benefit a homeless person?

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response 9

‚ÄúThe End of Capitalism has Begun.‚ÄĚ

On page 5 It mentions what Karl Marx calls “the power of knowledge.” That is something that really struck me because in this age where knowledge and data are what drives society, then who is suppose to control the power of knowledge. It says in the reading once knowledge replaces productive force, which means it takes less labor to make something cause we already know ways to make it faster and cheaper maybe even with machines doing the building. The word that drives economics now is efficiency, how fast and and cheap can I make my product. Once machines completely replace humans as a work force then knowledge which governs machines becomes a new form of labor. I knowledge is now ¬†new force then who controls it, who has the right or is given the right to be the person in charge of managing and using humanities collective knowledge. Thinking about this makes you think, by replacing people with machines are we giving up labor in exchange for control with knowledge, who controls it and who will keep tabs on the people or persons that control the power of knowledge.

In class discussion idea.

I think we should talk about in class what it means to make a new capitalism system. postcapitalism is what he called it and with all the information he gave us, we should consider what seems the most plausible and what we agree or disagree with this new system he has thought up of. We will most lily live to see this shift therefore we should have a understanding if it before it happens.

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Response 9

Part 1: “Anti-Homeless Spikes” Photo


This photo was taken in Downtown, Brooklyn between Jay Street and Myrtle Avenue. It is a part of a small, square common area full of benches that look exactly like this one. This small space is located next to the Family Court house and across thee street from Starbucks and NYU Tandon School of Engineering. I feel like the architecture of this bench relates to the concept of “Anti-homeless spikes,” because it has the bars in between each seat, acting as dividers. Unlike other benches, these dividers prevent homeless people from laying down to rest at night, it forces them to sit upright. I believe that this particular design of this bench relates to the concept of the article because it is displaying that homeless people are not welcome on that piece of city property. I remember seeing benches that were made out of wood, without hard metal dividers in the middle of the bench. I remember seeing benches that were spacious, that had no limits pertaining to the amount of space a person can take up. Now, It’s a sad realization to notice that benches are being built out of cold metal with limits as to how much space someone can take up.

Part 2: “The End of Capitalism Has Begun” Issue

This reading was a bit difficult for me to understand, I had to keep re-reading certain parts of it and found myself to begin to get a little bored with the reading itself. I sort of understand the issues being presented within the reading but I’m not sure if i understand them fully. The issue that I feel like I¬† understood a little better than the other issues is the issue of technology making things easier, blurring the line between what is work and what is free time, and reducing the need for work. This issue is one that I can agree with more than the others because I do feel like with the introduction of new and different technology, people really don’t have to work too hard to find certain information or learn about a new topic. People don’t have to work hard to find information that would have taken hours of reading book after book in a library. I feel like people use the new technology introduced to them to take the easy way out of things and this affects not only the work they are doing but the way they present themselves.

The¬† concept of information technology making things easier and reducing the need for work relates closely to another concept explained on page 4, where the writer talks about information being abundant. Since, information is abundant it is beyond easy to find especially with technology that is able to find it for you. Technology makes it easier to replicate another person’s work and ideas. Technology makes it easy to devalue the cost of a certain product because that product may be available on a different website for less money and it may not have the same quality as the first website did. Technology makes it easy for people to make money by doing little to no work at all. Therefore, devaluing the purpose of capitalism and the working class.

Part 3: Discussion Question

Does the architecture of certain things built around us alter the way we think of and view homeless people?

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Response 9

Part 1: Photo related to ‚ÄúAnti-homeless Spikes.‚ÄĚ


This photo was taken in front of the C-Town supermarket in Canarsie, Brooklyn. The supermarket is located on¬†7924 Flatlands Avenue between East 79th and East 80th streets. I thought really hard about an image I can capture that relates to¬†‚ÄúAnti-homeless Spikes‚ÄĚ and then¬†I stumbled upon this grocery store on my way home. I was captivated by the gates surrounding the shopping carts. It symbolized restriction, prohibition, and isolation. This is¬†what the author talks about in the reading. He talks about the many ways homeless people are excluded and excommunicated from society.

When I was growing up in Brooklyn, I remember seeing homeless people walking through my neighborhood with shopping carts. Some of them would be carrying their clothes and other personal items, while others collected bottles in order to get money for recycling them at local grocery stores. A lot of homeless people have become homeless due to circumstances beyond their control. Some are veterans and upstanding citizens of the community who happened to encounter a rough patch in life. I believe this photo relates to the article because I see this gate as a symbol of hindrance. Of course grocery stores cannot function without their shopping carts, but this has also hindered homeless people from making a living (by selling bottles) and keeping some of their most prized possessions. Many are forced to carry things on their backs or leave things behind because they’re physically incapable of taking them. If a homeless person cannot feed himself/herself or keep valuable items, that can leave a huge damper on their mental state and views on life.

Part 2:¬†Pick any issue from ‚ÄúThe End of Capitalism has Begun.‚ÄĚ

On page 7, there was a quote that was very interesting. ¬†The quote states, “Today, the thing corroding capitalism, barely rationalised by mainstream economics, is information. Most laws concerning information define the right of corporations to hoard it and the right of the states to access it, irrespective of the human rights of citizens.” I think this raises a very important view. I think as a society, we’re so trusting of privatized corporations and dependent on them, that we do not question anything they produce or distribute. Their symbol of power is the ability to hoard large quantities of information without being forced to share with common-folk.

Information is corroding the infrastructure of capitalism because when given to people outside of privatized complexes, the corporations often lose credibility and importance. For instance, look at big corporations like Nike. One thing that keeps them flourishing is their consumers’ trust in them and their credibility. People know that they can rely on Nike for their sportswear, sneakers, and other items. It also helps when they see their favorite athletes wearing clothes by Nike. This further validates the reason why they may hold a business like Nike on a pedestal and invest millions of dollars into their establishment. I do believe if people had access to the information withheld by Nike and even had a will to learn how to design their own clothes, they would find less use for this company’s services. If people suspect that you have access to information that is unattainable to them, but can help them in the process, then you are given a platform. Some people use this platform to exploit, deceive, and manipulate others, while some may use this platform to education and “share the wealth”, so to speak.

Part 3: From either of the two readings, raise a discussion question that we can mull over in class.

I will be creating a question from the reading¬† ‚ÄúAnti-homeless Spikes.‚ÄĚ

On page 2, the author talks about how preventative measures against the homeless are also causing an issue for the people who are “considered more deserving”. What are some ways society can accommodate both the homeless and those who are “considered more deserving”? What are some ways they can prevent loitering by the homeless (since they’re so adamant about it) while accommodating the “regular” citizens of the community?


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Response 9 –Due 3/16

Part 1: Post your photo related to “Anti-homeless Spikes.” Tell us where you found it. Be detailed here. Give us the cross streets or the street address.

Part 2: Pick any issue from “The End of Capitalism has Begun” and discuss, a paragraph or two is enough.

Part 3: From either of the two readings, raise a discussion question that we can mull over in class.

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Update on Laquan McDonald Story, Rahm Emmanual, and Trump

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Response 8

“How a whistleblower brought down Chicago police Chief”

“They told me that it looked like an execution and they were deeply afraid it was going to be buried,” recalls Flutterman. “The video would be buried and nothing would happen”

Literally: As i read this article, this quote stuck out to me the most because of what had really happened to Laquan McDonald in Chicago. This quote stated that, the way McDonald was killed was horrific. He had gotten shot so many times that they assumed it was done on purpose. And the fact that his death was horrific, that if the truth of his death was revealed and huge riot would explode

Intellectually: This helps me understand that if the whistleblower had not come forward, the truth about McDonald’s death would’ve been buried and no one would’ve known what really happened.Also another family would’ve endured the same trauma the McDonald’s went through finding out their child had been executed by a police officer and nothing was being done for it at the time. As i read this article, everyone in the city were blaming one another and not taking full responsibility of what happened. If it wasn’t for the whistleblower, a full investigation wouldn’t have occurred for the death of Laquan Mcdonald

Emotionally: It pains me to read about a black young man being fatally shot by an officer, and nothing is being done for their death. Reading this article, it is unfair that a large amount of African Americans are being targeted by police officers and being shot down. It states in the article, out of 240 cases of officers attacking blacks, only one was persecuted. This is unfair and something has to be done about it.

“A Public Menace”

“It was, They claimed, both “historically inaccurate and, with subtle genius, designed to palliate and excuse the lynching and other deeds of violence committed against the negro.” They sough to have it barred on the grounds of public safety.

Literally: This quote was, the movie “The Clansman”, wanted to be banned in theaters because of the message the movie portrayed. It was said that, the movie was nt following history and made it seem that lynching of negroes and any other violate acts done to the negroes were ok.

Intellectually: Reading the article all together, it showed how whites had the power to control almost anything, even the attempt to change history by making it seem, lynching was alright amongst them through the media. Reading this article helped me understand how white made it seem that lynching was perfectly fine, and we blacks would have to fight to send a message that, the movie and lynching wasn’t fair to show to the public.

Emotionally: Reading this article, made me furious, in terms of the unfairness that was going. It had to be fought that a movie, which allowed the lynching, shouldn’t be played in theater, and the NAACP had to go to great length to prove why it shouldn’t be displayed in theater, in the end to have it allowed by the media. Reading this argues that the white have alot of control and power, if we don’t fight, we are allowing this to happen?

White Anxiety: Rachel Dolezal, Dylan Roof And the Future of Race in America / The Indypendent

“The white man thinks he’s losing the country”, comedian Chris Rock hoked in 1996 routine “Bring the Pain.” His imitated a redneck. Affirmative action and illegal aliens, we’re fucking losing the country.” Rock looked around, ” shut the fuck up. White people isn’t losing shit, who’s winning? it ain’t us!”.

Literally: This quote is elaborating that the thought of white people are losing their county but in reality they are constantly winning and controlling everything. There were many instance where we as black people have to fight and get respect. Rock elaborated in his quote that if the whites think they are losing, who is actually winning.

Intellectually: To think of it, we as black folks have been fighting for rights and freedom for generations and generations. Nothing for us came easy, but for the white, everything was handed to them on a silver platter. The fact that they can control and everything, and we as blacks are fighting for change, they feel that they are losing their country but all we want is equality

Emotionally: As i read Rocks’s quote, i agreed with everything he said, the feeling of not being treated fairly and targeted almost all the time does not feel good.

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Response 8

“How a Whistleblower brought down Chicago Police Chief”

“But just because both the family and the police wanted a tape suppressed doesn’t make it law. Journalists and activists were demanding the tape’s release under the Illinois” Freedom of Information Act(FOIA), which says that citizens have a right to view the government records.” -page 4

Literally‚Äď In a literal sense, this particular quote is discussing a certain right that is allowed to citizens in times of such a crisis as the one described in the article itself which, is the problem between different races when it comes to an altercation with the police. This quote is also displaying the power that people have when they come together and demand a particular piece of evidence or information, which I found to be very interesting.

Intellectually- This quote makes me think of many different things. One thing that it really makes me think about is the rights that people are completely unaware of. As a citizen, I did not know that I was entitled to view government documents such as police footage or reports. It makes me think about the way the government works in order to cover up not only evidence or information pertaining to an incident, but also the powerful rights of citizens such as the Illinois’ Freedom of Information Act.

Emotionally- This specific part of the passage really makes me worried and suspicious of the government’s actions and their intentions behind certain actions. The way that the police cover up for each other in certain cases, the way that footage just disappears and certain parts of a case are left out on purpose, really make me wonder just how much the government is hiding from the people of America. With this Freedom act, I am worried that a majority of the people may not know that they are entitled to such freedom or even have the opportunity to use such a right. Overall, I fear the power that the government has over us. Is it really true that people have power or is the government just giving us the illusion we so desperately need?

Relationally- Relationally, the passage as a whole makes me think of Carmona’s piece because the details of the incident and the footage being buried displays the type of power that the police have over citizens, which is what Carmona is trying to convey in his article.

‚ÄúThe Birth of a Nation didn‚Äôt just transform cinema forever; it inaugurated a debate about art, race, and freedom of expression that shaped american history.‚ÄĚ -Page 3

Literally‚Äď In a literal sense, this specific quote is stating that the birth of people united in a particular place like America has transformed the film industry in more ways than one. it has transformed the people who live in this nation. The birth of a nation has created a catastrophe of causes controversy over Such Trivial things that make up our identity, our emotions, and our history as a country.

Intellectually‚Äď This quote really makes me think about many things regarding our current society. I feel like it relates to our society more than any quote previously discussed because the concepts being presented are the basis of the cultural prejudice, the controversy, the suffering that we experience within our collective unconscious. Living in a nation where it is a bit scary to voice your opinion is not a nation at all, it is almost like a war zone. If you say the wrong thing, if you say something that conflicts another person’s opinions it seems as if everyone is out to get you. This quote also makes me think about the way that the media especially, films build and create the prejudices that so many people have toward one another. For example, the way that films portray the actions of black people. They portray them to be uneducated, unworthy of certain opportunities, rude, and the cause for crime. While, black people are educated, their worthy, their polite, their capable of every single thing that a person who is not black can do and achieve. Film and media hold our minds captive of the things we see, the things we do, and even the way we think.

Emotionally‚Äď On an emotional level, this quote makes me angry with the film industry, it makes me angry at people on our society because they believe everything they are told, everything that they see, every single thing they think of is influenced in one way or another by the films that they watch. It makes me angry that people are so naive and gullible, and the industry takes advantage of that because they know that people are willing to believe anything and everything.

Relationally‚Äď Relationally, I feel like this quote relates to the quote I discussed previously from the article “How a whistleblower brought down Chicago police chief,” because as stated the birth of a nation has cause opinions to go against one another. It has transformed the way people view each other and race. The film industry’s actions of stereotyping certain races to be likely to do this or that only heightens the tension between police and citizens of different communities; especially minority communities.

“White Anxiety: Rachel Dolezal, Dylann Roof and the future of Race in America”

“The media overlap of the Aryan race warrior and the race traitor showed two people driven to opposite ends of whiteness by anxiety over their identity. The American Dream is collapsing just as we tip into a non-white majority, intensifying racist nostalgia for some, dissolving it for others. The confederate flag waving Roof and Kinky haired Dolezal tried to solve private crises with self-recreation. Unknowingly, they exposed the fractured state of whiteness.”-page 1

Literally‚Äď In a literal sense, this particular quote is discussing the way in which the media has portrayed these two different people who have deceived others into believing a particular lie about their identities. This quote discusses how as a society and a nation we are emerging into a majority that is not dominated by he white race and this is causing more people to become anxious, especially people who are not a part of that non-white majority.

Intellectually‚Äď This quote makes me Think about how some people try so hard to fit into a particular front of people, especially that of race. It makes me think about how people always say “that guy is black and he dresses like a white guy” or “why are you acting white when you are not?” To me, a person acts the way they act because of the other people they hang out with or the factors that are in their individual environment not just because they want to be a different race. This makes me think about the significance that the media has because they have portrayed people of a particular race to do certain things and if you are not in that particular race, you cannot do the same things.

Emotionally‚Äď This quote makes me feel like I need to have more control over myself. It makes me question just how important race is portrayed to be when, in reality it is just a part of who we are. It shouldn’t determine the length of our success or the way that people view us. This quote makes me not only worried but more so upset because our society has allowed the media to overlap ideas and control our actions.

Relationally- I’m a relational sense, I feel like this quote relates to both of the previous quotes discussed because it really grasps the way that media affects people of a certain race. It displays how media has caused someone to conform their own identity In order to make a change or a difference in a particular subject area. It’s almost ridiculous to know that people consider this certain conformity to be a normality.

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Response 8

“How a whistleblower brought down Chicago police chief”

¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† “It took a lot of courage to even seek me out confidentially, it’s something that could put their job and their life in serious jeopardy”

Literally‚Äď The quote means that in seeking out Craig Futterman the informant risked their job and life, because telling the truth about the shooting was more important then the person’s own life and livelihood. The quote also suggests that in telling the truth even confidentially the informant could be threatened or harmed by the Chicago police dept in which they worked for.

Intellectually‚Äď when i look at this quote it makes me think back to the original purpose the police to “protect and serve”. I believe that the police dept. in general have broken that oath. I believe they are serving and protecting themselves instead of the community. I understand that the job of a police officer is not an easy one but there has to be a better way to take down suspects. Officers are supposed to be trained to only use as much force as necessary and only shoot to kill if in that situation so why are so many people ending up dead.

Emotionally‚Äď This quote makes me feel sad and distrustful of law enforcement because i feel as if minorities are at war with with the police. I feel immense pressure to follow the rules and laws in my everyday life and it is damaging to my character to see men, women and children of my race dying in such dishonorable and inhumane ways. I continue to think upon reading this story “oh great here’s another one how many until my own family or someone i know is affected as well”.

Relationally‚Äď The quote and story relate to the theme of today were facing an enemy every time we leave our houses and its unavoidable. It’s not enough that many of us are uncertain of our own safety around other citizens, but now we must also watch out for the the people that carry a badge and hold a title. I continue to think of how this changes our everyday epistemology we have grown to tell future generations to watch their backs, follow the rules, do not anger the police or don’t go outside past a certain time; we have lost more than a sense of safety we’ve lost part of our freedom.

“A Public Menace” by Dorian Lynskey

“Liberals are torn between two desires. They hate injustice to the negro and they hate bureaucratic control of thought”

Literally‚Äď The quote means that the liberals are caught between two sides. On one hand, they hate that black people ( African Americans) are experiencing injustice. On the other hand, they hate that the business such as media and film relations are controlling the thoughts and views of the public.

Intellectually‚Äď Looking at this quote I believe that films and media have a huge impact people’s views and ideas about how history is portrayed and how the world works. But i also believe that if the media possesses that much power over the society the things that are portrayed should be in a neutral sense rather than choosing a side or putting forward an interpretation like most media does today.

Emotionally‚Äď I feel like there shouldn’t be an issue of choosing what you want to defend if liberals hate both injustice toward blacks and bureaucratic control of thought they should be able to defend both sides. We should not compromise our beliefs and ideals because of what media says for the moment.

Relationally‚Äď “A Public Menace” relates to the epistemology and state of mind of the public. If the media or film chooses to sew the facts of history the public will be exposed to an inaccurate set of information which each individual will continue to build on. Their behavior and the things they preach to others will be affected by this information whether true or not and people will be forever divided as a result.

“White Anxiety: Rachel Dolezal, Dylann Roof and the Future of Race in America” by Nick Powers

“Shut the fuck up. White people ain’t losing shit. If y’all losing, who’s winning? it ain’t us”

Literally‚Äď The quote means that white people’s opinion that they are losing the country is a false notion. When you lose power someone else has to gain it in some way shape or form black people and other minorities aren’t gaining it so have white people really lost power?

Intellectually‚Äď I think that looking at all the issues of today with race, no one is winning this race battle no one is benefiting. It seems like people are just dropping like flies and yet white people complain of loosing the country. If white people are losing who’s going to be left to gain anything when more minorities have died in the past few years than any other race. This is publicized everyday these are the facts more minorities are either killed or incarcerated as the years go by.

Emotionally‚Äď As an African American myself¬† i feel targeted everything we do is under immense scrutiny by the media and public. I feel whites are afraid of retaliation which signals that at some point in time they felt as a race that they crossed a point of no return. Some people view the very presences of the minority crowd so intimating that they vow to remove them at any cost. No person should ever feel as unsure of their as minorities feel today in America.

Relationally‚Äď This relates to the other two readings because this again relates to the information the society is being exposed to. No single race owns a country and if that is the view of white people that means they acknowledge their privilege in this country and are trying to keep it that way.

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Response # 8

‚ÄúHow a whistleblower brought down Chicago Police chief‚ÄĚ

‚ÄúIn response to the demand for further accountability, Emanuel asked for McCarthy‚Äôs resignation on Tuesday this week. He also introduced a new task force that will aim to improve misconduct investigations and establish ‚Äúbest practices for release of videos of police-involved incidents.‚ÄĚ‚ÄĚ (Page 5)

¬†Literally‚Äď In this quote, it states the pressure from the general public, protesters, and activists lead to the mayor of Chicago Rahm Emanuel to force Garry McCarthy to resign from his position as Chicago‚Äôs Police superintendent. It also prompted Mayor Emanuel to form a new task force, which would focus on improving the investigations of police misconduct and the improvement of releasing police-related videos.

¬†Intellectually‚Äď This makes me about think if the whistle blower decided not to come forth with the information he knew, McCarthy would have never reigned posing the thought of how many other cases McCarthy tried to cover up, and the mayor probably would not have created a task force. Everything would have gone as business as usual and the video of Laquan McDonald would have been buried. I don‚Äôt expect the police would ever take accountability because they act like everything they do is¬†perfect and their actions are justified. Some officers are using the profession to take advantage and not truly protect and serve the public because they stick together even when there is a bad apple, I sound like the ‚ÄúCorporation‚ÄĚ, that is why some people have a difficult time trusting and believing in the police. I also think about the officers who tongues are tied because they don‚Äôt want to appear like they are turning their backs on a fellow officer even when their actions are clearly wrong.

¬†Emotionally‚Äď When I read, hear, or see cases like Laquan McDonald‚Äôs it is very disheartening because in the back of my mind I know there will be another situation similar to his. The circumstance of the future incident will be different, but what will stay the same is an African American male would have died. In Laquan McDonald‚Äôs case the truth came out, but in plenty of other cases it will not be same outcome. The deadly interaction with the police and African Americans seems to have no end.

¬†Relationally‚Äď I can relate this quote to the Jose Carmona reading. In both readings a task force was thought of to address the problem with violence between the police and the people of color.¬†I also relate this to what Carmona said about the police worrying about their image. Since the footage was released, the state‚Äôs attorney and the mayor did not what to be attached and take responsibility to the idea that evidence was withheld on their watch.¬† I feel like if Officer Jason Van Dyke wanted to disarm McDonald why not shoot at his foot or leg. Better yet like Carmona mentioned with less lethal weapons, why don‚Äôt they shoot tranquilizers or tear gas at people who were in a state like Laquan McDonald. This would prevent any mobility and it will also prevent the death of a man who would be¬†shot sixteen times. I do not paint all police officers with the same paint brush, not all of them are bad. The problem is the bad ones shoot first and don‚Äôt bother to ask any questions just simply remain silent. If an African American male is doing something wrong and he is armed and dangerous, I expect the police to disarm him in a safe way, I understand that is easier said than done, but there has to be a better way. Afterwards an investigation should be held to determine whether he is guilty or not, and if so, he goes to a court and gets sentenced. In these situations it doesn‚Äôt get that far whether or not the man was truly guilty or¬†not.


‚ÄúWhite Anxiety: Rachel Dolezal, Dylann Roof and the Future of Race in America‚ÄĚ By Nick Powers

‚ÄúThe turning point was Bacon‚Äôs rebellion in 1676, when European indentured servants and Africans marched to Jamestown and burned the capital down. Terrified of the poor uniting in arms, the ruling class first quashed the rebellion and later instituted privileges for Europeans and restricted for Africans.‚ÄĚ (Page 2)

Literally‚Äď This quote is explaining how a rebellion lead by enslaved Africans and European immigrants against the ruling class in 1619 would impact, change the lives, and lay the ground work of how white people will treat African Americans in the future to come.

Intellectually‚Äď I think it is amazing how the choices made almost 400 years ago are still having an effect today. This also makes think about how some people think racism doesn‚Äôt exit or it can be resolved quickly. How can you think that way when racism has been going on for hundreds of years, and within that time, it has evolve and steeped, and¬†affected all aspects of society. The only difference between 1619 and 2016 is racism was done out in the open and accepted. The same mentality is there regardless its more closeted now and that‚Äôs why the world can‚Äôt get past it.

Emotionally‚Äď When I read this quote it makes me feel both hopeful and uneasy. Hopeful because it illustrates that when something is blatantly wrong, a society will stand up and no longer accept the wrongful treatment done to them. In the first quote I chose for ‚ÄúHow a whistle blower brought down Chicago Police chief,‚ÄĚ I said at times it could seem as if situations that involve racism seem to have no end in sight only because it keeps on happening, but I also know that eventually it will stop because nothing last forever and everything has end. The concept of racism is too old to expect that it will end in 50 or 100 years from now. I believe it will end just not in my lifetime.

¬†Relationally‚Äď This relates to both ‚ÄúThe Liberal Solution to Police Violence‚ÄĚ and for ‚ÄúHow a whistle blower brought down Chicago Police chief,‚ÄĚ because the idea of solution does not address the underline issue of racism. The ruling class did not acknowledge why the Africans and the Europeans decided to rebel against them instead the solution that was thought of was ¬†they can continue their old ways just towards the Africans and they slightly change for the European Immigrants by giving them some privileges. This is similar to the idea of creating a tasks force. Carmona said the task force doesn‚Äôt investigate how people of color being treated instead it only act as a¬†quick fix by saying to use body cameras and weapons that are not as lethal as guns.


‚ÄúA Public Menace‚ÄĚ By Dorian Lynskey

‚ÄúWhen the members arranged a screening on Jan. 29, their fears were confirmed. It was, they claimed, both ‚Äúhistorically inaccurate and, with subtle genius, designed to palliate and excuse the lynching and other deeds of violence committed against the Negro. They sought to have it barred on the grounds of public safety.‚ÄĚ‚ÄĚ (Page 4)

Literally‚Äď In this quote, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had arranged to view the film The Birth of a Nation upon hearing how controversial it was. After viewing the film, The NAACP expressed how they felt and¬†tried to get the film banned for the safety of the blacks during that time.

¬†Intellectually‚Äď I think about how the same idea still occurs today. African Americans are still portrayed a certain way in both television and in films. The difference is it‚Äôs not as over the top as it is in The Birth of a Nation. There are some people in America who have never had any interaction¬†with a black person before and if they ever did, they would probably have preconceived notions about black people¬†all because of what they saw on TV. If the same thing was done to them, they probably would be upset and gladly correct those falsities, but as for black people for some strange reason it becomes a fact.

Emotionally‚Äď This quote annoyed me because D.W. Griffith, Thomas Dixon, Jr ¬†had the gall to justify their thoughts and actions through the creation of The Birth of a Nation. It is very upsetting to read what done back then because the hate that people had were so blatant.

Relationally‚Äď I relate this quote to Duncombe‚Äôs ‚ÄúLearn from Las Vegas.‚ÄĚ Thomas Dixon and D.W. Griffith created this spectacle that lynching and any other treatment was acceptable, that black men were overly sexual, violent and unintelligent, and other stereo types. The spectacle of this film portrayed worked because those who watched the film would believe in what they saw and the film would have lasting effects on how black people are viewed.

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response 8

‚ÄúHow a whistleblower brought down Chicago police chief‚ÄĚ by Jessica Lussenhop”

“I made the request because all kind of stuff seemed fishy,” he says. “I think the city has a real transparency problem.” (page 4)

Literally: The quote is talking about how the governments tend not to show to the public what by law they are suppose. Many of people do not fight against it and just accept when the government telling people they will not show or talk about something.

Intellectually: This makes me think about how people just accept that the government will not release certain information. They tend to say that it interferes or tell some lie to not give out the information. Their is are laws saying that they have to show to the public certain information by law, and many people do not even know that.

Emotionally: ¬†It makes me feel like the government is trying to keep certain information under wraps. Their are many cases of certain information being withheld and that is something makes me think that they’re are too many cases of crimes getting by because the government lies for them.

Relationally: This relates to the story because it is exactly what the story is implying. The story is all about how certain information is not being put out to the public that could incriminate a police officer. The video proves that Laquan McDonald was murdered, and many people almost did not really know.

‚ÄúA Public Menace‚ÄĚ by Dorian Lynskey

“The Birth of a Nation didn’t just transform cinema forever; it inaugurated a debate about art, race, and freedom of expression that shaped american history.”(page 3)

Literally:¬†The quote says that the movie “The Birth of a Nation” had a much more impact than being a controversial movie. It was able to start up debates and made all of america realize that art, race and freedom of expression is something that’s not unanimous.

Intellectually: Art, race and freedom of expression, are all things by them selves greatly controversial. They each have people that to this day debate about what is right and what is wrong, what is allowed and what should be stopped or censored. You have to think a lot when it comes to picking a side in this debate, the answer is not easy that is why they still debate it to this day.

Emotionally:¬†It makes me feel that since their is not single answer to the debate, that their should not be rules or people who get to denounce ¬†an piece of art just because they do not like it. Art is very subjective, what once hated is now praised as the grates of art, so who is to say that art now won’t be praised later. The movie at the time was hated but know we can appreciate what is was trying to say, the mind of the masses change so debating if something is right or wrong should take that into account.

Relationally: this qoute relates to the story because it literally says what the movie did and how much of an impact it had. The movie was not just a controversial movie that will fade, but instead be something that people will reference for years and will be talked about when ever art, race and freedom of expression are being debated together.

‚ÄúWhite Anxiety: Rachel Dolezal, Dylann Roof and the Future of Race in America‚ÄĚ by Nick Powers”¬†

“whiteness is a blinding light. lit by the early colonialist, it made Europeans visible to each other. like moths to a flame, generations of Americans were burned by it. now after nearly three centuries, that flame is beginning to gutter out.”(page 4)

Literally: The quote is talking about how being white was like a beacon for Europeans and that is what made them feel superior, but it also burned them, it hurt many of them and other people. That flame is not starting to die because the social constructs that kept is going are starting to disappear and whiteness is no longer the majority

Intellectually:¬†This quote makes me think how not their are more white people that are taking sides with non-white people, because they now are starting to both see and feel what they are going through. When you walk a mile in someone else’s shoes you develop a sense of respect for that person since one you know what they went through

Emotionally: The quote makes me feel like times really are changing. white supremacy is longer gain strength but instead losing it. the flames the quote mentions is indeed dying out since the minds or people are changing Hopefully the change that is going on turns out to be a good one and not a turn for the worse.

Relationally:¬†This quote relates to the story because it sums up all the story talks about. How and why white came to be know as the best and why they develop and sense of supremacy. Also how it is no longer able to sustain itself and whiteness is not dying out since laws and other races are gain more influence and power. The fact that white people have to experience what other people especially low income people, they can no longer claim to be better when they’re own people support other races’s ideas.


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Response 8

“How a whistleblower brought down Chicago police chief” by Jessica Lussenhop of BBC

“”That makes the whole episode look like an attempt by the city, the police and prosecutors to keep the video under wraps, knowing the political problems it would most likely create, writes the editorial board of The New York Times.”” (Page 5)

Literally:¬†¬†This quote describes the editorial board’s opinion on why the footage of Laquan McDonald’s murder went hidden for so long and the reason for it being hidden. Due to a lot of racial tensions in America as of late and throughout history, this event was all an attempt to keep the citizens of Chicago unaware so that there would be peace.

Intellectually: This quote makes me think that Mayor Emanuel and the police force wanted to establish trust between the public and the Chicago police force by keeping bad deeds covered. I strongly believe he wanted to lead citizens into feeling a sense of protection and security. This could work, especially if the citizens were not bombarded with the many injustices other civilians have faced against law enforcement. I also think the mayor thought the citizens will feel as though their voices were strong enough to spark a change within the procedural practices of the police force and even politically. This will cater to their ideas of democracy, thus boosting their confidence and causing them to comply with authority.

Emotionally:¬†This quote makes me feel angry.¬†I say this because if it took a whistleblower to uncover this brutal¬†crime. When would they have decided to come forward with accurate information? Or any information at all? The government was more concerned about was keeping people “in line” while they protected the cold-blooded cop who murdered Laquan McDonald. They were more concerned about civil unrest instead of a cop abusing his authority and using excessive and unnecessary force on a civilian, armed with a knife or not.

Relationally: I will¬†compare this quote to “A Public Menace” where Thomas Dixon Jr. felt it was necessary to put out a film where the account of history between Blacks and the Ku Klux Klan was inaccurate. He watered it down in order to paint White people in a better light and to shave down some of the tensions and censor some of the heinous acts committed against Black people. In a strange way, Dixon and Mayor Emanuel may have felt that hiding the harsh realities of Blacks and people of color in America would sooth them and protect the dominant society (mainly White people) from the possibility of rebellions and angry mobs taking over the streets.

“A Public Menace” by Dorian Lynskey

“Dixon’s previous work was so notorious that the civil rights groups tried to have¬†The Clansman¬†(it was retitled shortly afterward) banned before having seen it. It was, they claimed, both “historically inaccurate and, with subtle genius, designed to palliate and excuse the lynchings and other deeds of violence against the Negro.” (Page 4)

Literally:¬†This quote is basically saying that Thomas Dixon Jr.’s work had been known to cause controversy. With¬†The Clansman, a movie that was scheduled to be released in February of 1915, many people who fought for the equal and fair treatment of black people did not like the idea of it. As the quote says, they felt as though the film would downplay the atrocities black people faced in America and make it a minuscule event that took place in American history.

Intellectually: This quote makes me think about slavery and racism, obviously. For many years, the dominating society has often tried to passively and sometimes aggressively downplay a lot of the struggles that Black people went through in America. While it may have a lot to do with white guilt and a defense mechanism against actually dealing with the issue of racism, it may also have a lot to do with them continuing to see Black people as subhuman and unworthy of equal and fair treatment. I also feel as if these same injustices have been committed against white people, there would be an outcry from the dominant society.

Emotionally:¬†This quote makes me feel disgusted. Why? Because it’s very frustrating and upsetting when people try to make slavery, racism, and the residual results of slavery a minute issue in America. I believe it’s a way of getting people to become complacent with the atrocities Black people faced in the United States. They slowly chip away at the significance and the brutality of acts committed against Blacks during that specific time period, and even the injustices Black people face in modern society.

Relationally:¬†This quote relates to the previous article¬†I spoke about called “How a whistleblower brought down Chicago police chief” by Jessica Lussenhop where the video of Laquan McDonald’s murder was hidden from the public for over a year. In “A Public Menace”, Dixon refused to portray the actual events that took place in history, specifically violent acts against Black people by the Ku Klux Klan. For one, the civil rights groups thought the release of this inaccurate flick would be an issue of public safety as it would probably cause an uproar. In the article about Laquan McDonald, the Chicago police department covered up Laquan’s murder and it took an anonymous source to come forward for the truth to come out. I also suspect that due to a rise in racial tensions, the Chicago police (in their mind) would also expect public outrage over the excessive and fatal force used against yet another person of color.

“White Anxiety: Rachel Dolezal, Dylann Roof and the Future of Race in America” by Nick Powers

“The riots in Ferguson and Baltimore over police killings of unarmed Black men has left politicians afraid. You see it in their raised eyebrows at news conferences. As cities ignite with protest and rioters burn stores and hurl rocks at police, the sense that any urban center can explode is beginning to spread.” (Page 3)

Literally:¬†This quote is saying that due to the unnecessary violence against Blacks by law enforcement and even regular, but racist citizens, there has been many outcries in various states. Ferguson, Missouri has witnessed several riots in light of the murder of Michael Brown, a teenager who was shot and killed although his hands were in the air, and Freddie Gray in Baltimore, Maryland who died in police custody due to blunt force trauma. This has caused the “white anxiety” that the author talks about, where white people are constantly on edge every time an racially motivated incident happens.

Intellectually: This article makes me think the concept of white guilt. The collective or individualistic approach to coping with the wrong done to Black people throughout the course of history and even currently. In theory, if you have any type of conscience and you’ve done wrong to another person (collectively or¬†individually), there would be an ounce of regret, or even constant worry that one day that person may seek revenge. Especially if you are habitually doing these things. It leads to anxiety. Anxiety is usually constant worry and a feeling of uneasiness, when more than likely, there are no dangers ahead. The anxiety comes from not knowing the who, what, where, why, when and how an attack may occur, if an attack were to occur at all.

Emotionally:¬†This quote makes me feel vindicated. I personally believe that some White people do deserve to feel this way because of the fear and anxiety they’ve put into people of color for centuries. This is obviously not a shot at all white people, but those who still uphold the system of white supremacy and its ignorance against anyone who is different. I agree that a person should be made to feel anxious if they’ve always been known to treat an entire race unjustly. Any person with an iota of a conscience would and should feel terribly.

Relationally: I have found some similarities with this article and BBC’s “How a whistleblower brought down a Chicago police chief.” I’ve also found some in “A Public Menace” by Dorian Lynskey. I’ve explained before, but for the sake of this section, I’ll explain again. In the article about the whistleblower, the government and the Chicago police department decided to hide the murder of Laquan McDonald in an attempt to save themselves the headache of having to deal with social unrest and rioting in their communities. Perhaps this is where the idea of “white anxiety” comes in? Maybe the Chicago police believed they can just make this “thing” go away to save themselves the trouble of one, having to express sympathy for McDonald or two, having to criticize their own? In “A Public Menace”, Dixon’s work had been controversy for a long time and this lead to civil rights groups trying to have his film banned as a way to ward off public outrage and encourage public safety. It seems as though every is more vested in protected the powers that be instead of having an actual conversation about why there may be outrage instead of preventing one by hiding important information.

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Response 8–Due Monday 3/14 before class

For each reading, select a quote and respond:

Make sure to include the quote and the page number. Then respond to it in the following ways.

Literally–translate into your own words.

Intellectually–what it makes you think.

Emotionally–what it makes you feel.

Relationally–as you respond in this way discuss how the quote you selected resonates with the other readings for the day.

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Response # 7

Bartleby, The Scrivener: A story of Wall Street by Herman Melville

What does Bartleby want?

I believe Bartleby wanted to live out his life the way he saw fit without having to explain himself.  Bartleby wanted several things, such as a place to sleep, something to eat, to be surrounded by people he wanted to be around, and a wall.

The office became a place where he could be comfortable enough to sleep and be confined to, even though he never asked the narrator if he could stay and pay some sort of rent. ¬†He was able to be confined to a personal space that had a partition where he wasn‚Äôt disturbed. Whereas when he was at the Tomb it became a location that he didn‚Äôt seek out and didn‚Äôt want to leave but voluntary agreed to go to. Food was the second thing he wanted, but again it was something he wanted. He was willing to buy ginger cake from Ginger Nut. Regardless if that was the only the narrator saw him eat. As least he was eating whereas in the Tomb, the narrator paid the grub man to feed him dinner something Bartleby said, ‚ÄúI prefer not to dine to-day. It would disagree with me; I am unused to dinners.‚ÄĚ

Another thing he wanted was to be surrounded by people he wanted to be around, Narrator, Turkey, Nipper and Ginger Nut. Whether he actually like them or just simply tolerated them. Day and night there were barely any interaction among the four men and the young man. Turkey and Nipper only spoke to him when the narrator asked them their opinion about what Bartleby did or what they overheard while the narrator spoke to him. Bartleby did not speak only when spoken to, and everyone already knew the response they were going to receive. Once he is kicked out of the office, Bartleby is surrounded by the new tenants of the office followed by the crowd of people watching him get carted off to jail, and the people who were in the tomb once he was there. I will say Bartleby‚Äôs reaction to the narrator when he first visited him proved that Bartleby was aware of his actions and was aware he wanted to be in a comfortable surrounded by someone he liked when he said, ‚ÄúI know you, and I want nothing to say to you.‚ÄĚ In both the office and the tomb, He was able to maintain one thing, having a wall to face and stare at. He could continue on doing something he wanted without any more change or disturbance.

I mentioned before I think Bartleby wanted to live out his life the way he wanted to, but everyone he came into contact with could not understand because of his lack of engagement which seemed odd, especially because he never explained his purpose or shared anything personal about himself. I think that‚Äôs why he wasn‚Äôt rude and only said, ‚ÄúI would prefer not to.‚ÄĚ I believe he knew everyone would view him to be ‚Äúeccentric‚ÄĚ as the narrator thought or ‚Äúluny‚ÄĚ as Ginger Nut once said, because his soul was so low he didn‚Äôt care that much to explain. I believe he was losing the will to live and he decided to do and say as little as possible until that time came. Bartleby he had a pale and unhealthy appearance, was losing his vision, and he stopped writing. ¬†The narrator said, ‚ÄúThe poor scrivener, when told that he must be conducted to the Tombs, offered not the slightest obstacle, but his pale unmoving way, silently acquiesced.‚ÄĚ To me it illustrates a man who is waiting out his time to live.


The Liberal Solution to Police Violence by Jose Carmona

What is Carmona’s main point? And what do you understand Carmona to want?

In ‚ÄúThe Liberal Solution to Police Violence‚ÄĚ Jose Carmona discusses how the violence between the police and people of color poses the question to how the police and people can build trust, leading to better inaction among each other. Also discussed was the report made by a Task Force made up of ‚Äúlaw enforcement officials, community activists and academics‚ÄĚ that was appointed by the president to figure out the problems and create solutions of police violence.

I believe Carmona wants to show the so called solutions that would be provided by the task force, does not actually resolve any of the problems between the police and the people because no one wants to address the racism on the part of some of the police officers. The solutions only address as Carmona says as ‚Äúquick fixes‚ÄĚ which are the police use of body cameras and the use of weapons that are not as lethal as guns, a 50 year old solution. Another point is the police are hiding behind the idea of having legitimacy in the law enforcement institution because they truly want more power than what they already have so the general public will comply and obey the law even more. Carmona calls the reform laws superficial, which they are because they do not address individual police officers and how they treat black and Hispanic people. Carmona says, ‚ÄúThe task force was not designed to lessen police violence, nor to reduce Black people‚Äôs encounters with the police and entry into the criminal justice system.‚ÄĚ I believe He wants to present the thought of how police authority can ever be legitimate if the police are constantly exploiting people of color. I think Carmona also wants to point out the police force are more concern about their appearance than why people of color don‚Äôt respect or trust them. Lastly I think I he is trying to explain in this essay that if the true reasons why the police are not trusted are not addressed, then the reforms don‚Äôt mean anything and everything remains the same between the police the people.

Compare and contrast what Bartleby wants to what Carmona wants. Tell us how they are alike (if at all) and different.

I could make a correlation or a similarity to Bartleby’s want and the law enforcement’s want because they both want to go about doing whatever they want regardless of how it appears and they both do not want to acknowledge it in any way shape or form. Bartleby and the law enforcement just want to continue with their ways. In my opinion, I believe there is more a difference than similarity to Bartleby and Carmon’s want.

Bartleby and Carmona wants are different because Bartleby wants to withhold the reasons why he behaves the way he does, whereas Carmona wants to expose the way the task conducts their research does not address how the police enforcement conducts themselves towards African Americans and Hispanics. For the entire story the narrator makes plenty of attempts to get Bartleby to open up but he is unsuccessful.  As for Carmona he explains that the task force does not examine the racism that the police implement in their institution.

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Response 7

What does Bartleby want? (Bartleby, The Scrivener by Herman Melville)

I’ve thought about this question several times, and to be honest, this is probably one of the most confusing stories I’ve ever read. That’s probably because I took the story for exactly what it said. Maybe my approach was superficial. The discussion we held in class has definitely assisted with my understanding of this piece. What does Bartleby want? At first I thought it was simple: he wanted to be left alone. I always figured that perhaps he went through a traumatic experience and staring at walls was his way of coping with that experience. In the beginning on page 6, the narrator¬†described Bartleby¬†as a sort of whirlwind entity that completed each task efficiently and in a timely manner. The narrator also notes that Bartleby never seemed happy and appeared mechanical when he would work. However, almost abruptly and without explanation, Bartleby decided that he would “prefer not to” perform any other tasks his boss (the narrator) assigns to him.

What I think Bartleby wanted was to “rage against the machine”, an ideology that derived from Karl Marx’s thoughts on capitalism. Bartleby saw the narrator as a machine or corporation, and decided that he didn’t want to participate in what I believe he thought was a form of capitalism. We do know that Bartleby previously worked at a dead letter office, and perhaps he was tired of working for . However, his rebellion, if you will, was not filled with rage at all. Every time he was asked to perform a task, he simply and calmly replied “I prefer not to” and this bewildered his boss. It bewildered him so much so that he didn’t see the point in getting upset. I do believe Bartleby’s approach was very passive-aggressive. Now I’m not sure whether Bartleby just wasn’t a confrontational person, or if he was asserting his own power in a manipulative way. This is where it gets a little confusing. Usually when a person is calm, honest, and respectful when confronted, it usually makes the person initiating the confrontation confused. They may have a preconceived notion of how hostile a confrontation may become, but would automatically have to change their tone and approach if the response is not what they expected. Aside from refusing to do work, Bartleby also refuses to leave the office or eat. He permanently occupies his office space until the narrator packs up his business and leaves Bartleby behind.

As the story progresses, Bartleby starts to have a major effect on his boss. At first his boss was impressed with Bartley’s ability to work fast and effectively, but when he (Bartleby) refuses to leave the office and eat, the boss starts to sympathize with him. He began looking at him from a more humanistic view. Bartleby lacked emotion and this bothered the narrator. His thoughts become preoccupied with Bartleby. It doesn’t seem to bother him anymore that his employee refused to work, he was more concerned with Bartleby’s welfare and getting to know more about him. There was a sort of transition from the machine (the boss) turning human, and the human (Bartleby) turning into a machine. It’s a very interesting change of events.


What are Carmona’s main points? (‚ÄúThe Liberal Solution to Police Violence: Restoring Trust Will Ensure Obedience‚ÄĚ by Jose Carmona)

Carmona describes how President Obama appointed the Task Force to explore what was happening in light of the recent uprising in police brutality cases, and to propose solutions for those problems. The Task Force issued a report saying that building trust and legitimacy is one of the main solutions to ending police brutality. However, Carmona doesn’t seem satisfied with this approach. He feels as though this proposal does not hold police officers accountable for their actions and is simply a way to get people to comply with orders while sweeping unnecessary abuse and mistreatment of citizens under the rug. Where are the orders for police officers to stop harming and killing unarmed people of color? This what I believe Carmona wants to know. Some of¬†reformation proposals set forth by the Task Force on page 2, includes putting police officers through training, having them wear body cams, and using “less than lethal” weapons. Not once did any of these reformations command police officers to stop harassing innocent citizens and even killing them. Carmona also mentions, that no one even bothers to discuss why there is a mistrust in police officers in the first place, especially from Latinos and Black people (also on page 2). ¬†The Task Force wants the trust between police officers and citizens to be established, without a clear explanation of how this should be accomplished. This is what Carmona refers to as compliance. The Task Force simply wants to wrap police officers up in the proverbial “pretty packaging and bows” (equipping them with better technology, “training,” and less than lethal weapons) without delving into the real problem: unnecessary harassment and abuse of people of color. This proposal doesn’t seem to set officers out to gain the trust of people color, but simply establishing it for them by “legitimizing” and hoping for compliance.

Comparisons between both readings?

I would say that there are subtle similarities in each reading. Both pieces are very different, but if you look a little closer, you will find similarities. For instance, in the story about Bartleby, his boss (and the narrator) attempts to “legitimize” Bartleby by viewing him in a more humanistic way. Remember, Bartleby came off as a mechanical whirlwind entity who worked rapidly and proficiently. The narrator tries to do this without criticizing Bartleby for who he is, while painting an image of who he thinks he is in his mind. This made it easier for the boss to establish a connection between the employee and himself. He then realized that Bartleby was more than just an excellent worker, but he was still a person with whom the narrator can have a connection with. In my opinion, this relates to Carmona’s piece because as I stated previously, the Task Force set out to legitimize the police force, not really to gain trust from citizens of color, but to get compliance by appearing more authoritative. This will allow citizens to view the police force as trustworthy simply because they appear to be more trusting without actually have to build it. It’s truly a game of smoke and mirrors.



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Response 7

“Bartleby, The Scrivener” by Herman Melville, What does Bartleby want?

In the passage by Herman Melville ” Bartleby, the Scrivener”, Bartleby is a copier that continues to reply ” i prefer not to” when asked to do various tasks by his boss. Despite all this Bartleby’s boss demonstrates incredible kindness towards Bartleby even after he decides to stop copying all together. In the beginning the narrator( Bartleby’s boss) hires Bartleby to be the calm personality among the other employees Turkey and Nippers, because they are opposites of each other. Turkey is productive in the morning but drunk in the afternoon while Nippers is irritable in the morning but mellows out by the afternoon. Bartleby seems to function as a part of the bigger machine with the narrator as the head of the company. After a while Bartleby stops copying and only replies “i prefer not to” when asked to do certain things. It seems that Bartleby doesn’t want to participate as part of the machine anymore. Bartleby’s entire life even before working for the narrator seemed to be filled with nothing but his work at the Dead Letter Office . Even though Bartleby was physically a living breathing person it was like he was inhuman like a machine who’s only purpose was his work. Finally, he decided his purpose in life would no longer be his work, he stopped copying and vowed never to go back to it.

“The Liberal Solution to Police Violence: Restoring Trust Will Ensure Obedience” by Jose Carmona. What is Carmona’s main point? What do you understand Carmona to want?

In the passage by Jose Carmona, the author discusses how the government specifically the government program the Task Force on 21st Century Policing actually handles police ¬†brutality against the public. Carmona’s main point seems to be that the Task Force is misguided in believing that the issue of police brutality will be solved by building trust and nurturing legitimacy on both sides. In other words, people will be more likely to obey the commands of police if they believe the police are an institution worthy of respect. Throughout the passage Carmona seems to goo back and forth with what the Task Force’s solution does and what it should be doing. For instance Carmona writes “Yet it cannot ask what the roots of this lack of legitimacy among Black and Hispanic people might be, because its guiding principle is to increase legitimacy across the board, not to investigate racism underlying the system that police power maintains”. It seems that Carmona wants the Task Force to investigate the real issues within the Police Dept. find out what is the cause of the recent incidents between police and the public and try to solve that. Legitimizing the police is aimed to make people obey not solve the issues between the police and the citizens. Carmona wants to feel as if a real sense of justice is taking place not just a procedural fix.

Bartleby and Carmona’s wants seem to be nothing alike but in fact they are. Like Bartleby’s job and the idea of the police dept. they all work as a part of a larger machine or corporation. Bartleby was a part of a larger company because his job and the jobs of the other employees contributed to his boss’s business. The police dept is an extension of the government controlling the public, therefore they are a a part of a bigger machine or corporation. Both Bartleby and Carmona want either not to take part in the corporation at all or for the corporation to change the manner in which it deals with the public. Bartleby and Carmona’s wants are alike in the way they center around the focus of a corporation to make sure work gets done, whether that means working for a company or making sure the public follows the law.

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