Response 7

What Does Bartleby Want?

I have read “Bartleby the Scrivener” multiple times, it is one of my favorite short stories. I even wrote an analysis paper on it in high school and I have barely thought about what Bartleby wants. At first, I thought that Bartleby was too flat of a character to want anything, he didn’t want any human connections, he didn’t want a particular job, he didn’t want to do any type of tasks he was given. I thought of Bartleby as this dead, emotionless character. I always interpreted Bartleby as a symbol for a dead human connection, the result of not having any interactions with anyone, the result of just being nothing. I then thought that maybe Bartleby wanted something close to a home and since the narrator has treated him differently than anyone else, Bartleby felt like the office might have been something that made him feel secure in a way.

However, after re-reading the story and really listening to the discussion we had in class about connections to other things we have read, I realized that Bartleby is not just a symbol for a dead human connection. I realized that Bartleby is a symbol for the power that all people posses, the ability to say no to something and the ability to have no regret about saying no to a request, an offer, or really any type of question that doesn’t suit them. After coming to this realization, I read a few pages of the story over, particularly pages 25 through 27 because this is the part of the story where Bartleby engages in the most dialogue with the narrator. After re-reading these pages, I figured out that Bartleby does not want a home at all, he doesn’t want somewhere to feel safe or anything of the sort. I realized that what Bartleby really wants is to keep his right to refuse to do certain things.

Bartleby finds peace in being able to refuse to do something, it makes him feel secure in who he his, even though it may not look like he is much of a person to the reader. In pages 25 through 27, Bartleby repeats to the narrator that he prefers not to make any change and he refuses to move from the office. This particular part of the story displays Bartleby’s habit of continuously saying no to something that he is offered, it shows that he is content with where he is and he does not want anyone changing or going against his right to refuse to change or any type of offer. Even after being put in jail, Bartleby still refuses to do things which is interesting because all of his freedom has been taken away from despite what the narrator tells him about how great the jail is. Bartleby stands by his opinion and he doesn’t allow anyone to take away his right to say “prefer not to,” he also doesn’t leave any room for people to convince him to change either.

What does Carmona want? Main Points?

Jose Carmona’s Article on police brutality was a very interesting read. Carmona made many valid and great points but I feel like Carmona’s main points were focused on how the brutality that is occurring today is very similar to the brutality that occurred in the 1960’s, it is also being handled in the same way with tear gas. I also feel like Carmona’s larger main point was really about how the reforms being put into place today such officers engaging with citizens in communities, officers wearing body cameras, and officers carrying “less than lethal” weapons are only enforcing how legit the officers are and allowing them more power over citizens.

Since Officers are engaging with citizens they will know their weaknesses and what they are most afraid of, as Carmona states. Carmona also states that the use of body cameras wont prevent less brutality because there is no way of promising that an officer will record an incident. These specific points are all aimed at granting the police more force over citizens who are not allowed to protect themselves against brutality. Another one of Carmona’s main points is the way in which the police taskforce expects citizens to comply with procedures and reforms set forth. This particular expectation seems a bit outrageous to me which I think is Carmona’s underlying point because the taskforce expects people to comply with reforms and procedures that are enforcing more power over the citizens, they are granting the officers permission to repress our right to say no to a certain request. if someone were to say no to an officer’s request it is more than guaranteed that that particular officer will use some type of external force to get that citizen to comply with the request they are setting forth and it is not guaranteed that this incident will be reported/recorded.

Based on Carmona’s three main points and underlying point of the taskforce expecting full compliance, I believe that Carmona wants people to recognize the patterns that are continuing throughout out history with police brutality. I believe that Carmona wants people to realize that yes, they do have the right to refuse to a certain request but at the same time that refusal will come with harsh consequences. I believe that Carmona wants peace but he also wants people to realize that sitting back and simply complying with procedures and reforms is not peace nor justice. I feel like what Carmona wants the most is for people to realize that these “new” reforms are not at all new, they are just being revived and they will surely die out again but this time leaving much more power to the police. Carmona wants justice along with peace, he wants people to realize that these reforms are not at all a form of justice or an end to our problem.

Comparison between both passages:

It was a little difficult for me to make the connection between these two passages because I felt like they were completely different from each other. However, I do realize that there is a very small comparison between the symbolism of Bartleby and one of the wants of Carmona. Bartleby symbolizes the power that every human being posses, which is the ability to refuse to do something or comply to a particular task. This symbolism relates to Carmona wanting people to realize that they do have the right and power not to comply with the reforms and procedures being set in front of them. People do have the right to be able to feel secure in their decision to comply or not comply with an officer’s request. The only difference is that Carmona is trying to convey to readers that their choice not to comply may come with difficult and harsh consequences.

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3/9 Agenda–Melville and Carmona

Melville and Carmona Agenda
1. Film: 2-2:30

2. Find a passage in Melville that you think is particularly relevant for the work that we have been doing in this class. Let us know what it is and how it connects to something specific from our work and readings. Share with the class.
3. Summarize what Carmona’s overall thesis is. (What is the purpose of the task force?). In groups. Each group report out.
4. Read page 268 from Mumford. 1. What is Mumford saying, essentially? If you were going to connect this page to Melville or Carmona, which one would it be and how would you do so? Independently–each person goes.

5. What is wrong with the reforms Carmona explains in the second paragraph on page 2, according to Carmona?
6. What are Carmona’s arguments against body worn cameras?

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Response 7–due Friday, 3/12

I got this post up a little late, so I’m going to give you until Friday midnight, 3/12, to get this done. Make sure, however, that you have the reading done before class.

After you read the story, I’d like you to think through the story, and attempt to answer this question: What does Bartleby want? Work with that question for a while. Attempt various answers. What does Bartleby want? You’re going to take educated guesses here, but try to back them up from your reading of the story. A few paragraphs.

Then, I’d like you to discuss what Carmona wants in “The Liberal Solution to Police Violence.” What is Carmona’s main point? What do you understand Carmona to want?

I’d like to then to write a paragraph where you compare and contrast what Bartleby wants to what Carmona wants. Tell us how they are alike (if at all) and different. Be as specific as you can.

Again, make sure to get the reading done. And also leave your comments for the exploratory papers before class.

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Exploratory Paper

Police brutality according to Thelawdictionary

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EXploratory Paper Submission

Exploratory Paper

Three topics:

  1. Deforestation
  2. Drug addiction within teens in rural/urban areas
  3. Embedded Journalism

While writing this paper, I experinced many difficulties. I feel like this was the most frustsrating thing I have had to do over my weekend, due to the difficulty of sticking to my topics, trying to find the correct and vaild sources, and also trying to choose one speficic topic to pursue. I was also preoccupied with my other work from my other classes so it felt a little overwhelming to research three different topics, isolate Sources, and then construct an introduction, body, and conclsuon out of my findings. Nonetheless I did fine some very interesting infromation within my frustarted research using JSTOR and EBSCO, along with the lirbray database. I learned many newthings about my topics. However, I have chosen to pursue the topic about drug addcition because it is a topic that I am familir with and I feel like I can write a good paper on it.


  1. Deforestation

-Lindsey, Rebecca. “Tropical Deforestation : Feature Articles.” Tropical Deforestation : Feature Articles. EOS Project Science Office(NASA), 30 Mar. 2007. Web. 07 Mar. 2016.

Schweiger, Larry J. “Sustaining the World’s Forests.” Natiional Wildlife (World Edition) 50.2 (2012): n. pag. MAS Ultra – School Edition. Feb.-Mar. 2012. Web. 6 Mar. 2016.

2. Drug Addiction within teens in rural/urban areas

Abramovitz, Melissa. “ADDICTION.” Current Helath 2 26.1 (SEP.1999): 26. EBSCO. Web. 6 Mar. 2016.

-Das, Veena, and Shalini Randeria. “Politics of the Urban Poor: Aesthetics, Ethics, Volatility, Precarity.” Current Anthropology56.S11 (2015): S1-S14. JSTOR [JSTOR]. Web. 7 Mar. 2016

3. Embedded Journalism

-Scott-Moncrieff, Chole. “LIVING ON THE FRONT LINE.” Geographical (Campion Interactive Publishing) 76.4 (Apr. 2004): 71-74. EBSCO. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.

The War You Don’t See. Dir. John Pilger. University of Lincoln, 2011. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.

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Exploratory Paper

Social Issue Paper

My process consisted of writing out about a basic guideline of my paper with a intro, body and conclusion. For majority of my sources I used the JSTOR database. My three topics are environmental justice/racism, transgender in schools, and abortion: TRAP laws. My biggest challenge was the overall searching for sources. It took a long time for me to find sources I wanted to fit all my topics. If I could do it all over again, as soon as I received the assignment I would have researched for my sources as soon as possible. I also feel like all the readings  we did for class helped with the reading and understanding of the sources I  used in my paper.

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Social Justice Paper

social justice paper. Simone

These are the topics that I settled on writing my social justice paper.

  1. Feminism: The Sexual Revolution’s Effects on Women
  2. Body Image: The Media’s Impact on Male Body Image and Self Esteem
  3. Rape: The Sexualization of Girls and Male Sexual Violence

This essay was overall easy to write once my thoughts were down on the paper but the researching and taking notes was strenuous and tiring. My first task involved finding sources that were interesting and that i felt comfortable discussing in this paper. The second and most time consuming task was reading and rereading through articles and finally the last step which was putting the words on paper and editing. The only issue I had with this paper was not being able to get into a clear state of thinking from the start while writing. I debated with the topic I would want to write about in my issue paper but I finally decided after considering the impact of the topic to talk about rape: the sexualization of girls and male sexual violence. The only thing I could say I wanted to do differently in general was to manage my time for the essay better so I had a clear line of focus to move the writing along faster.

Here is a list of all the sources I used in my paper:

• Graglia, F. Carolyn. “The Sexual Revolution Has Harmed Women.” Domestic Tranquility. Rpt. in Feminism. Ed. Jennifer A. Hurley. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2001. Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 2 Mar. 2016.

• Barber, Nigel. “Sexual Liberation: Whose Sexuality Is Liberated, Men’s or Women’s?” Psychology Today. N.p., 14 Apr. 2009. Web. 02 Mar. 2016.

• Godsey, Chris. “Male Body Stereotypes.” Body Image. Ed. Auriana Ojeda. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2003. Teen Decisions. Rpt. from “How Does It Feel?”

• Cruz, Jamie Santa. “Body-Image Pressure Increasingly Affects Boys.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, n.d. Web. 02 Mar. 2016.2000. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 2 Mar. 2016.

• Bell, Rachel. “Sexualization of Girls Teaches Boys to Be Sexually Violent.” Is Childhood Becoming Too Sexualized. Ed. Olivia Ferguson and Hayley Mitchell Haugen. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2010. At Issue. Rpt. from “Our Sexual Obsession Damages Boys as Well as Girls.” Independent 15 July 2008. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 3 Mar. 2016.

• “The Sexualisation of Women and Girls.” Women Leading Change. N.p., 13 Mar. 2014. Web. 02 Mar. 2016.

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Issue Paper–Due April 4

Get started on this project right away.

Your job:

You need to have six to eight sources for this paper. They should be a mix of expert sources, peer review articles, journalistic essays (but be selective here—get substantial think pieces). You may also use US government documents as well as Corporation documents. If you can find documentary films related to your issue, you can include those as well.

Method & Organization

As you will see below, you have three jobs. I can see your paper starting with any one of them, with the exploitation, with the discussion of the corporations, or even with the dream-solution (“Imagine a world where. . . .”), and then coming back to that world in the end.

Think strategically about how you are going to organize your piece. It needs to have an intellectual AND emotional impact on your reader. In the end, you want your reader to believe your new world can be done with enough support. (The Zapatista slogan: “A new world is possible”).

I would suggest that you compartmentalize your work so that it is easy to accomplish for yourself. Each section—money, exploitation, and solution—should be broken down into subtopics. Make sure you do this. Make sure that each paragraph you write is about one specific subtopic that goes into that larger section.

I suggest using subheadings and separating each section from the others. This will help you organize.

Write the introduction last. Use the introduction to hook and entice your reader to read on.

Follow the money.  Around half of the the sources should discuss the financial side of the issue. Your job should reveal who is making money from the status quo and other related questions. How big is the industry? Who are the major players, what stakes do they have invested in the industry? How powerful are they? Who else is implicated that is not immediately apparent? If you take drug trafficking, for instance, you might discover that that various governments are implicated and benefit from the drug trade. Do these corporations or cartels have lobbyists? How is the government influenced by those who have power?  Or, alternatively, does the government contract out work to private industries? Commonly known as “outsourcing,” how are specific groups and the common good spoiled by these contracts? Private for-profit government contractors are in every industry, from private prisons to NSA contractors to the defense industry to health insurance to petroleum to chemicals to telecommunications to just about everything. In fact, read this article, which discusses how private contracts in LA lead to systematic child abuse.

  • Private prisons
  • The NSA contractors concerning the issue of privacy (think Snowden who was working with Booz-Allen)
  • Defense spending on private military contractors and makers of weapons, planes, vehicles, etc. (the numbers of overall defense spending compared to the overall budget is staggering.)
  • Health insurance
  • For more, see this list.

Follow the exploitation: The second part should document who is suffering from this social justice issue. Let me borrow a quote from a former student, Michael, that he had in his paper. He is drawn, as are you, to the “systematic exclusion of certain groups of people from the global economy.” Perhaps your project does not concern itself with the “global economy,” but, as we’ve learned, the global economy is behind much of the social ills that persist today. Your paper needs to go into detail and provides ample examples of people who are suffering. Tell us their stories, let us see how the economy manifests itself through exploitation of groups. Document your stories with research and citations.

Solution: I want you to address the issue of what can be done to change things. Now, here, you’re going to have to speculate, and I want you to think creatively, get out of the way things are done and imagine alternatives. Don’t bother thinking about typical avenues that are within the system, calling your legislators or writing letters or any of that. Those things should be done, that’s a given. But rather, I want you to address the issue from the bottom up. Think about the Zapatistas. Think about Occupy. Think about building something from the ground up. Think about destroying something that creates this system of exploitation or think about creating something that offers an alternative. I want you to use your IMAGINATION here. I will be looking very closely at this section. I want you to speculate, invent, imagine, even dream. But don’t dream of the result. In other words, don’t dream about how the world should be. We know how it should be. Invent, create something that helps us get there. Is it through art? Through protest? By hacking? By breaking the law? By performing on the subway? By dismantling a machine? What can be done? Be SPECIFIC about your  STRATEGY & use your IMAGINATION.


It is very important that you be detailed and specific in your discussion. Each paragraph should have a main point. Just one.

Quoting: avoid long quotes. I want your words primarily. When you quote, which should not be very often, tag your quote. (Tyler Jonson underscores this idea when he writes “ . . .”; Frank argues against this notion when she writes “. . .”)

Bring your research into your discussion. As we discussed in class. Use names and page numbers. Make sure to cite everything you use and make sure to have a correct and completed Works Cited.

You need to use all your sources in specific ways in your piece. That’s what I mean about details. We want to see specifics and those specifics need to be cited. Before you write your paper, go through all your sources and locate the specific things that you want to use in your paper. Understand why you want each one. When you write your paper, get it in there. As we read through, we should see very clearly that this is a research paper and that you are drawing from all of these sources and citing them. We should see names and citations, with primarily paraphrasing and a few powerful quotes.

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Updated Reading Schedule

Here is the promised updated reading schedule

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Social Justice Exploratory Project


The three issues I’ve decided to speak on were:

  1. The Causes of Violence in Urban Communities
  2. The Social Construct of Race/Racism
  3. The Rate of Poverty in America and Its Effect on Children

I have to admit that writing this paper was very challenging and tedious for many reasons. One of the main reasons was I felt as though I wouldn’t be able to provide an adequate amount of information without writing an excessively long paper. There was also an overwhelming amount of information coupled with the fact that I also wanted to provide a lot of information from my personal stance. Despite wanting to provide more of my own insight, I tried my best to stay on track and tackle the issue at hand.  I’ve also encountered writer’s block at the very beginning of this paper. When writing, one of my main problems is knowing where to start. I usually gain momentum after I’ve gathered my thoughts. Before I discussed the information my sources provided, I made sure to introduce each topic and the general idea (be it true or false) about that specific issue. For each issue, I read the supporting sources and picked out pertinent information to provide the reader and myself some insight. I also separated each source into paragraphs, as each source provided different perspectives on a particular issue. If I could do this paper differently, I would definitely compress my information into the most salient points and leave room for me to add more of my personal interpretation of each source of information.

As for my sources, I’ve used the packet we’ve been reading from in class and the JSTOR online search engine for the majority of my sources. The sources I’ve pulled information from are:

Richardson, Joseph and Christopher St. Vil. “Putting in Work: Black Male Youth Joblessness, Violence, Crime, and the Code of the Street.” Spectrum: A Journal on Black Men 3.2 (2015): 71-98. JSTOR. Web.

Phillips, Julie A. “White, Black, and Latino Homicide Rates: Why the Difference?” Social Problems 49.3 (2002): 349-373. JSTOR. Web.

Jeffers, Chike. “The Cultural Theory of Race: Yet Another Look at Du Bois’s “The Conservation of Races”*.” Ethics 123.3 (2013): 403-426. JSTOR. Web.

Powers, Nick. “White Anxiety: Rachel Dolezal, Dylann Roof, and the Future of Race in America.” Indypendent 207 (2015). 06 June 2015. Web.

Hoynes, Hilary, Marianne Page, and Ann Stevens. “Poverty in America: Trends and Explanations.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 20.1 (2006): 47-68. Web.

Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, and Greg J. Duncan. “The Effects of Poverty on Children.” The Future of Children 7.2 (1997): 55-68. Web.

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Social justice paper


I spent most of the time looking for sources that best relate to what i was talking about. I did Death penalty, Censorship and Human trafficking. The hardest part was knowing when to put the source information into the paragraph so it made the most sense. If i did the project again i would most likely  do what i did before since for me the way i wrote it felt the most comfortable.

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Submission of Social Justice Exploratory Project

Monday before class, post your assignment as an attachment. In the blog post, please write (mandatory) an explanation of the process that you went through. Make sure to include here the three issues you chose to discuss, the sources you drew from, the biggest challenges you had, and what you would have done differently if you were to complete the same project again.

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Response 6

First I apologize for the lateness of my post I’ve been working hard on looking for sources and lacking sleep.
So far I’ve decided on three topic areas
1. Feminism – How the sexual revolution has harmed women
2. Body Image- How media and images affect male body image.
3. Rape- How the over sexualization of girls teaches men to be sexually violent.

Currently I have gathered and researched  sources and began typing an overview of information under each topic. In the beginning, I started with general topic areas and then used library databases such as Opposing Viewpoints (Gale) and Academic Search Complete (EBSCO) to find specific subtopics under the main topics I selected. After searching and reading through many articles I found something I felt confident discussing. Once I found two articles I read through the articles carefully writing down the main points. As I begin writing my essay I will go back over the articles to see if there were any specific things that I missed. Then, I will begin writing the body paragraphs for each of the topics. Honestly, I believe that I have narrowed down the topic I want to continue exploring in my issue paper but my opinions will be subject to change depending on my continued research on the topics I chose.

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Response #6 – Discussion on Social Justice Exploratory Project

Social Justice Exploratory Project
For the structure of my paper I will begin with an abstract stating the three topics I will be writing about. The topics are environmental racism, Transgenders laws,  and Abortion. I will begin by writing a brief introduction, some background information about each subject and my knowledge about each topic before I start exploring the problems of the social issues. Afterwards I plan to discuss the two sources I found for each topic. Followed by my thoughts and understanding of the research I did. Once I finish with all three subjects, my conclusion will include a recap of what I wrote and my thoughts and feeling about overall social issues. After that I will lead in with what topic I have decided to choose for the next project which is the Issue paper. Most importantly I will show all the sources I referenced in the paper and do it correctly in MLA format.

So far I have written out on a piece of paper a guideline of how I want to write out my paper. For environmentalism racism I’m thinking about discussing not only flint, Michigan, but other states that are experiencing this same issue. For the transgender topic I was leaning towards discussing certain laws, and maybe talking about the effects that occurs like suicides that happens within that community. My last topic which is on abortion, I think i’m going to write about the TRAP laws that are associated with this topic and I might bring up some news articles I have recently read, and the latest developments on abortion in America. I’ve searched JSTOR, ProjectMuse, Ebsco, and the Ursula C. Schwerin Library academic databases for my sources on all three topics. I know there are other databases I could search, but as of right now those academic databases are providing a lot of information on my topics which I haven’t fully looked through yet. I came across many peer-reviewed journals, and I am still deciding which are the best sources for each topic. I’m also figuring out how i’m going to arrange the order of my topics in my paper. I have read the exploratory paper of George Gordon to get an idea of how to tackle this paper, and what stood out for me was how orderly he was throughout his entire paper. He did all the requirements and showed that he understood all the sources he used and expressed his feelings well. Even though my paper is unfinished, I have an idea which topic I will pick for my issue paper, which will probably be on environmental racism. While I was researching for sources on that topic, I noticed there were a lot of information about this subject outside of the united states which gave me an idea of how I am going to purpose the issue paper.

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Response 6

This post is a current overview of the direction of my paper and I believe my topics are not set in stone just yet.

I have decided on the following three topics. However, I have not started my issue paper as I want to thoroughly explore these areas of social injustice in order to deliver a well-composed, profound paper.

Three Current Topics:

  1. Habitat Destruction-Deforestation of rain forests for resources
  2. Addiction/drug abuse in urban communities and how it affects youth who witness addiction/drug abuse
  3. Embedded journalism in the military and in our news rooms

I am positive that my topics will change however, I am unsure of which topic I would like to stick with and write an entire paper on yet. I plan to keep an open mind while exploring these topics because I may find different subject areas or social issues I am interested in. I have found different sources such as academic journals and periodicals written by environmentalists about deforestation of rain forests. I obtained these sources through the database EBSCO. I have not begun to research for sources on my two remaining topics because I have been preoccupied with my work from other classes. I do plan to continue my research later on tonight after dealing with work from other classes, and over the weekend. I plan on using EBSCO, JSTOR, and the Library database because it has helped me with my previous research papers.

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Response 6

In my project i am currently gathering information for all three of my topic and creating a outline for each topic.

1. Police brutality
2. Racism
3. The difference between women and Men and why they get paid differently ( subject to change)

So far I’m researching pass events that led me to write about each topic so i can relate and discuss them. In Police brutality and racism, i feel both can be related, which can be a problem for me writing an essay about each topics. All because racism plays some role of police brutality. But in all conclusion my main concern is for myself write a well constructed essay, that can be easily read and understood. The sources i started using were good, and also the library is a great source to get my information

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Response 5

According to “Learn From Las Vegas” by Andrew Boyd had many key points in his essay. He elaborated what the true meaning of a “Spectacle” to him was and the meaning of taboo. He explains the “spectacle” as “It is a way of making and argument. Not enough appeals to reason, rationality, and self- evident truth, but instead through myth and story, imagination and fantasy.” He is explaining that a spectacle creates a dream on display. He connects Progressive with spectacle by explaining in is essay that “we need to acknowledge that politics-even our own politics- is about persuasion, and that one of most effective ways to persuade people and affect change, is to tap into their dreams.” Without “spectacle” it will be hard convince anyone, because you would be selling them a fantasy. He also spoke about taboo elaborating what it was. taboos are restriction, prohibitive laws laid down by society to ensure stability. Lippmann used the word “taboo” in a more liberal sense, by considering it a way to “abolish human instincts” in effort to bring social change. This meant that, they would find any ways to bring negative ways and acts towards a positive view. Meaning if they allow bad acts to become a norm, then to everyone eyes, they bad act wouldn’t be viewed as a bad act anymore.Towards the end of the chapter on page 48, it clearly states that Las vegas is a “spectacle”, because although everything around seems so realistic and fun, but in reality it all a painted picture to fulfill your fantasy or dream.

Some of the social issue that will be included in my project would be
1.Police Brutality
3.Inequality In pay wages, how man get paid more then woman

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Response 6

This blog post discusses the current direction of my exploratory project. This overview is subject to change.

As of right now, my three topics are as follows:

  1. Gun Violence in Urban Communities
  2. The Social Construct of Race/Racism (I may or may not change this topic to Institutionalized Racism or even a different topic altogether)
  3. Poverty in America and Its Effect on Children

I have also gathered my sources and they are mostly journals written by professors of major universities. I retrieved my sources online by utilizing the database on JSTOR and came up with several articles and journals on my topics. Some of the articles for the social justice issues varied in their aspects of the topic at hand. With that in mind, I’ve decided that I will use each topic as a “tree” and branch off into surrounding topics that share common links. For instance, for social issue number 3, I was going to focus solely on poverty in America, but then discovered another article on how children are affected by poverty. These topics mesh quite perfectly, and I would definitely find a way to connect the two. The same can be said for my other issues. For number 1, I wanted to focus on gun violence , but I have also decided to narrow it down to gun violence in specific areas (urban communities). This gives me a better chance at focusing on the main topic at hand and creating an in-depth view on the links and association between the two sources. As of right now, this is where I am with my project. I’ve basically mapped out how I’m going to use my sources and how I will relate them to each topic while providing connections between the sources. Aside from the typography, (Times New Roman, 12-inch font, 1.5 spacing, etc.) I’m still figuring out my format. I do believe I will introduce each topic and then separate them into paragraphs which preface the sources and how each of them relate to the issue being discussed.

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Response 6–Discuss Social Justice Exploratory Project

On Wed, March 2 write a blog post where you discuss your exploratory project in detail. Give us an overview of the project and how its coming along. Provide as much detail as you can.

Don’t forget to leave 4 comments to Response 5 for your peers.

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Response 5

“Learn from Las Vegas” Stephen Duncombe

In the passage “Learn from Las Vegas”, Duncombe relates the glitz and glamour of Las Vegas to politics and the ideas of Progressives. Duncombe uses Las Vegas as an example of how the architects took into account the use of the buildings and people’s desires and values. He argued that politics should do the same thing taking into account peoples’ values and desires even if they are irrational, this is where Duncombe uses the word “taboo”. A taboo is defined as ” restrictions, prohibitive laws laid down by society to ensure stability “. Basically a taboo restricts people’s irrational desires, in politics if people don’t play the role assigned to them it is the progressives job to keep them from these evil desires. Duncombe argues that ” instead of tabooing our desires we must redirect them”. Duncombe also recognized that redirection could be used not only on human desires but to widen the thinking about making politics more responsive to all human desires. This can be related to Neil Postman’s “The Medium  is the Metaphor” because Las Vegas is a metaphor for human desires, and the medium or message that should be taken from it is that all human desires can be redirected into something productive in society.

Thomas Frank “Why Johnny Can’t Resist”

In the passage “Why Johnny Can’t Resist” Thomas Frank discusses corporations and the people that rebel against them. Frank’s argument was that the people that rebel against corporations are becoming corporations themselves. this can be related to Lewis Mumford’s The Automation of Knowledge” because Mumford argued that people are losing the ability to think deeper and function on their own without machines.

Plans for my essay

For my essay I plan to narrow down my choices to three main topics then, gather sources on each topic. In my essay structure there will be a paragraph or two to explain each topic using the sources I collected. Then I will write a paragraph explaining which topic I have chosen to continue writing about in my issue paper. Finally, I will write a conclusion explaining my thoughts on all three topics.

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Response 5

Learn from Las Vegas: Spectacular Vernacular” by Stephen Duncombe

When I first started to read this particular essay, I didn’t really understand the point that Duncombe was trying to convey. After re-reading the essay, I began to come to a realization that made me think about Postman’s “The medium is the metaphor,” when he begins to discuss McLuhan’s “The medium is the message” and explains that the way a message is conveyed n the most important thing rather than what the actual message is. When I read “Learn from Las Vegas,” I began to see connections between Duncombe’s concept of “Spectacle” to a form of communicating a certain message. Using a particular spectacle in order to convey a message is what matters to the people obtaining the message. On page 45, Duncombe gives an example of this when he quotes Andrew Boyd describing the “Billionaires for Bush club.” Boyd describes two different types of protesters: a group of protesters who were supporting the club, dressed in tuxedos, top hats, and formal attire, giving the illusion of sophistication and money. These protesters handed out printed pamphlets supporting the message they were trying to convey and they were allowed next to people at the fundraiser who were dressed in a similar way. The other group of protesters were dressed differently and relaying their message differently from the first group described. This group of protesters were not wearing matching attire like the first group, there messages were hand written on signs rather than printed out. These protesters were quarantined to a particular spot away from the fundraiser they were protesting against, unlike the first group. This example displays that the way people appear to be conveying their message (their medium) makes their message much more significant; like Postman explains the medium of the message is the most important part of getting a message out to the people. Therefore, Duncombe’s piece about Las Vegas using spectacle to attract more people relates to postman’s concept about the medium being the most important thing about a message because the medium creates an illusion or distraction which is why people are so fascinated by it rather than the message itself.

“Why Johnny Can’t Dissent”-Thomas Frank

While reading this piece, I saw many connections to the world and society in which I currently live in, which was both very interesting and scary. The most interesting concept in the essay was Frank’s explanation about how capitalism has changed in the same way that people and society has changed. Capitalism is no longer forcing society to conform to its products, it realizes that the more they force society to conform the more they will rebel therefore, they make products that influence the people’s rebellion by making people feeling like they need those particular products. This concept made me think about the film The Corporation because the film discusses the mindset of corporate America and the way in which they use the ides of guerrilla advertising in order to make a profit off of society. This essay also made realize certain connections to Postman’s essay “Technopoly,” because as society has began to change and rebel instead of conform, the corporate business has also began to change and rebel in their own ideology. The products that the corporation produces in comparison with their new ideology, also changes the ideology of the individual who buys their product or particular technology because that product has the ability is to change an individual’s choices, thoughts, and way of living especially if its a technological advancement. Therefore, in Postman’s terms, the technology and products that are manufactured are changing society’s perspective and their ideology in the same way that new technologies changed the ideologies of a tool-using culture and a technocracy.

Direction for Exploratory paper:

For my exploratory paper, I have picked my three different topics and I am still searching for good sources that support my specific topics. After finding all of my sources correctly, I will then think about the topic that I am the most invested in, the topic that I feel that I can write profoundly about. After choosing that particular topic, I will do more research on it to make sure that I have all of the correct information and knowledge about my social issue. I will continue to find valid sources that inform me of different solutions to my social issue and elimination any sources that do not pertain to the concept that I want to discuss in my paper. After completing my extensive research, I will then gather all of the necessary information in order to start drafting my paper, rewriting and revising, and finally coming up with the final product.


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I made a connection with both Stephen Duncombe’s “Learn from Las Vegas” and Thomas Frank’s “Why Johnny Can’t Dissent” to Neil Postman’s “The Judgement of Thamus.” Postman discusses the conception of winners and losers. There are three quotes that I connect to both readings. When Postman talks about technology he explains how the use of computers has influence a society. When talking about the winners who are considered the elite and who have the power to control and manipulate the use of technology especially in the lives of the general public he says, “The computer has increased the power of large-scale organizations liked the armed forces or airline companies or banks or tax-collecting agencies” Postman goes on to say for the losers “They are easy targets for advertising agencies and political organizations.” lastly the third quote  Postman says, “This is the sort of change Thamus had in mind when he warned that writers will come to rely on external signs instead of their own internal resources, and that they will receive quantities of information without proper instruction. He meant that new technologies change what we mean by “Knowing and truth; they alter those deeply embedded habits of thought which give to a culture its sense of what the world is like— a sense of what is the natural order of things, of what is reasonable, of what is necessary, of what is inevitable, of what is real.”

All three quotes connects to Duncombe because it shows how with certain technology in this case television,  can have the power to put on a spectacle like what the bush administration did to show case their so called “accomplishment” in Iraq. Since television has been made as a media that tells and displays the “truth.” The bush administration fits the criteria of being a winner; they were in a position of being in politics which means having power and having money which allows them to stage a spectacle which they show what regardless if was the truth or not.  The losers in this case would be the general public and the few people in society that actually believe what the administration was trying to show. With the use of television, architecture, or some other technology, it could be used to put on a spectacle and convey any message regardless if it’s the truth or not. The message being conveyed will also depend on who is in control, who is the “winner” in society.

The connection I made for Thomas Frank’s,  “Why Johnny Can’t Dissent” I used Postman explanation of  how the winners encourages the losers into technologies by promoting or advertising things that they think the public want or need in their lives. In the case of Thomas Frank’s essay which questions how one draws the line between being rebellious to make strides in a society or being rebellious to only be marketable. In the 1950s and 1960s, the corporations which can be considered the winners, they controlled the public by forcing images and behaviors of how a family in America should be.  The losers were the people who just simply went along with what they were told. Even after the 1950s suburban type of images was over, being a rebel and go against the grain was beneficial in the 1960s. The corporations are still the winners because they took that rebellious idea and made it marketable. The corporations are still doing business as usual and instead of white picket fences it’s promotes individuality .The people are still losers because they still going along with what the corporations.

Exploratory Paper

For my exploratory paper, I plan on focusing on subjects that are currently taking place in the world today. I would like to write about environmental racism, transgender rights and abortions. I have to think about how I’m going to narrow these topics, especially the abortion issue. I think I’m going research the latest legislation for these social issues, and take it from there.

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Response 5

“Learn from Las Vegas: Spectacular Vernacular”, by Stephen Duncombe

The connection I made is with “The Medium is the Metaphor”, by Neil Postman, I found that Las Vegas can count as a medium just like Postman talks about. “Las Vegas was an architecture of bold communication commercial persuasion which scorched the cool theories of respectable design,” communication is a major medium of culture and Las Vegas is a boiling pot of culture, there are many form of mediums that have led to many different outcomes. Like Postman talks about in his essay communication was what gave birth to culture so Las Vegas trying to present its self with having bold communication is an appeal to all cultures to come and enjoy a place that was built with entertainment of all in mind.

“Why Johnny Can’t Dissent”, by Thomas Frank

I connect this with “The automation of knowledge” by Lewis Mumford. The machine is the man and the man is the machine, An idea that is behind  Lewis Mumford’s essay. People very easily  now accept what they are told. “Why Johnny can’t dissent” talks about how society tell you to be an individual while at the same time making sure you conform to the norm. “In television commercials, through which the new american businessman presents his vision and self-understanding to the public, perpetual revolution and the gospel of rule-breaking are the orthodoxy of the day”  this talks about how society tries to feed you what you need to know based on what it thinks is right, “The automation of knowledge” also talks about how we are trying to improve, but then, we start to think there are certain ways to go about certain things. We conform to ideas the way we conform to ideas of technology. We are making the human mind obsolete with the way society tell us trough TV what we should be thinking.

What I am doing for the exploratory paper is going to take the sources that I have, and the more I will to try get, to make a paper that allows anyone who reads it to understand each issue individually. The paper will have a flow from issue to issue so it does not seem overwhelming. The sources will help to allow people to understand the deeper meaning of each issue and understand that each one is something that is relevant.

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Response 5

“Learn from Las Vegas: Spectacular Vernacular”, by Stephen Duncombe

Connection: While reading this piece, I’ve made a connection to “The Medium Is the Metaphor”, by Neil Postman. There was a quote by Postman that stated that, “Each medium like language itself, makes possible a unique mode of discourse by providing a new orientation for thought, for expression, for sensibility”. I chose this piece and this quote specifically, because Duncombe uses Las Vegas as a “metaphor” for a place that appeals to our desires and fears. When he mentions Vegas, he isn’t speaking literally about the physical land and the architecture, but what mood it puts its visitors in, what it represents, and how it appeals to their senses. He calls Vegas a spectacle, and mentions that spectacle is nothing more than “a dream on display”, which, when you go back to Postman’s essay, ties in to the notion of people creating their own definitions (or recreating an existing one) based on their perceptions. These perceptions–or biases come from mediums which are tools used to transmit information. On page 42, Duncombe says that people enjoy Vegas, even though they understand that it’s a spectacle. He goes on to describe the various sightings and imitations of popular monument like the Eiffel Tower, Brooklyn Bridge and even the pyramids of Egypt. People enjoy Vegas because they understand that Vegas is not trying to manipulate them, but rather that it’s a place they can go to temporarily escape the harsh realities of their day-to-day lives. They enjoy Vegas for the temporary freedom and caters to the things we desire (traveling, money and even promiscuity). As I mentioned in the quote by Postman, Vegas is a place that physically IS one thing, but sensually represents another.

“Why Johnny Can’t Dissent”, by Thomas Frank

Connection: I have to be brutally honest, this is probably one of the only readings that I’ve found this interesting so far. Why? Because it relates so much to the modern cultures and sub-cultures that exist within society. As I began reading this essay, right away I felt a connection to Lewis Mumford’s “The Automation of Knowledge”. I’d like to refer to a quote from Mumford’s essay on page 269, where he says “The proper name for automation is organized impotence”. Well, let’s break down what the terms “impotence” and “automation” mean. Impotence is the inability to perform or weakness, whereas automation is a technique or a method that controls processes. With the definitions of these terms being established, we can assume that Mumford was saying that complete autonomy (in his case he meant technology) only leads to the breakdown of society and a delay in progress. Let’s a take a look at Frank’s essay. On page 317, Frank states that, “It (capitalism) holds that the paramount ailment of our society is conformity, a malady that has variously been described as over-organization, bureaucracy, homogeneity, hierarchy, logocentrism, technocracy, the Combine, the Apollonian.” Once again, Frank believes that this idea of a monolithic culture (in his case he meant large corporations and capitalism) is a “malady” as he calls it; a malady is a disorder or some type of affliction. I believe his overall point was that complete control over anything can cause society to crumble. He even describes how everyone is so interested in fighting against the grain, that they too, become the very same corporations that they are rebelling against. To me, this means that there will never be any everlasting changes or disassociation from large corporations, but only a shift in who will be holding the power.


Thoughts On My Exploratory Paper:

For my exploratory paper, I have gathered my sources and I plan on discussing each topic thoroughly and using my sources to support my ideas. I will produce an introductory paragraph where I introduce three all of my topics, and then in the body paragraphs I will introduce each topic separately with each of their supporting sources. I’ll be sure to include my thoughts about the sources by providing my own opinions. My paper will be coherent, consistent and complete. Lastly, I will chose the most interesting issue for my issue paper and include a conclusion that will tie all of my thoughts and information together.

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Response 5, Due 2/29

For response 5, explain to us how the Duncombe and the Frank piece connect to one of the pieces that we’ve already read for class so far this semester. Feel free to pick any of the previous reading to make the connection. How you connect them is up to you, but make sure to be clear about the points you are making.

Also, make sure to explain your thoughts concerning the direction you plan on taking for your exploratory paper.

Don’t forget to leave your comments for response 4.

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Tech-Lit Narrative – Final

Meet My New Roommate, Technology

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Response 4

                              “For although culture is a creation of speech, it is recreated anew by every                                          medium of communication- from painting hieroglyphics to the alphabet to television”

Literally:  Our culture is formed by our speech but then altered by different forms of communication from then on. Therefore, our culture can be possibly changed by our access to certain technology and modes of communication. These different modes of communication are not exact copies of speech or exact records of documentation of events, they are an interpretation of speech and events.

Intellectually:This quote makes me reflect upon the idea expressed by Postman in an earlier text that writing could change an intended meaning. If that is true then an intended meaning of spoken word can be farther altered by the time it makes it to the television because the major focus of television is to entertain. That is what I believe Postman is referring to when he states that “we are on the verge of amusing ourselves to death”. We are concentrating so hard on entertaining the audience that we are not focusing on content.

Emotionally:I believe that Postman is completely right in his claim, television can wrongly interpret and even falsifies information and mislead the public as a result. Other cultures outside our own should not be able to make assumptions about our culture based on what they view on television. We have to build up the idea that everything we see in media may not be true and stop looking to be constantly entertained to pay attention.

Relationally: In the saying that the “media is the metaphor” I believe Postman is trying to say that the media or television is affecting the way we think and therefore changing all aspects our society (culture, education, news, politics and religion); its forcing us to  compare unlike things and see them as one in the same just as a metaphor does. In other words, making us lazy so we don’t take the time to define things individually for exact content. 

“The Corporation”

The thing that bothered me most about the documentary was how it portrayed the corporations absolute disregard for human impact in relation to gaining profit. Corporations will do anything for the personal benefit of their clients and gains of profit. These things include shipping productions overseas and not paying workers an adequate wage for their work. Also exposing them to harmful chemicals that can cause birth defects and mutations in the form of pesticides, hormone injections in the livestock and exposure to harmful chemicals in water supplies. Then when the cost to produce in a disadvantaged country gets too high the corporations desert the operation leaving behind the damage. The thing that was most disgusting to see was the use of the 14th amendment by corporations to identify as a person so legally they are entitled to life and liberty to continue to do what they want. The corporation is completely unfeeling and could be defined as having the characteristics of a psychopathic behavior.

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Response 4

Neil Postman, “The Medium is the Metaphor”

“The shape of a man’s body is largely irrelevant to the shape of his ideas when he is addressing a public in writing or on radio, or for that matter, in smoke signals. But it is quite relevant on television.” – Page 7

Literally: In this specific quote, Postman is trying to explain to the reader that a person’s physical appearance does not matter if the person is giving a speech in such a form where no one else is seeing that person, mostly because people are only seeing the person for the things that they are proposing, the way they are presenting themselves through how well they are communicating their ideas, and not for the things that they are wearing, how much they weigh, or even how big their nose is. However, this perspective of seeing someone for how well they communicate their ideas changes significantly when this person is broadcasting their speech on television because the entire country, even world is actually seeing what they look like. In this case, people tend to become so distracted by the person’s physical appearance that they begin to judge them for it due to the standards that television has set for society. Television has convinced people that the only thing that matters about an individual is the way they look which is why if a person is addressing someone over the radio or through a letter, the rules of television does not apply.

Intellectually: I specifically chose this quote because of the things that I thought about after I first read it. After reading this quote many things came to my mind especially things concerning our current society. In our society, it seems that most people are only concerned with the physical appearance of others. The things that we see on television are mostly commercials full of people who are wearing pounds of make up and expensive clothing. Commercials are full of models who are just as thin as a stick and in return people in our society see that as the only acceptable image. If a person who were the complete opposite of these models starred in a commercial, people would take it as a joke or even make jokes about that person’s physical appearance. This specific quote also made me think about just how deeply rooted television is in our brains because the things on television affect the way we not only view other people but also view ourselves. It makes me think about just how manipulative and corrupt television can be.

Emotionally:  This quote also made me feel many different emotions about the society in which I live in and also about the way television works. I am torn between feeling angry and fearful. I’m mostly angry with how much society values a person’s physical appearance, I’m almost angry at how this idea of physical appearance and television go hand in hand, which has become apart of our epistemology and so many people are too stubborn to realize it. My fear stems from the idea of television being deeply rooted in our subconscious. I’m afraid that we will never be able to reverse the effects that television has had on our collective unconscious as a society and social paradigms as individuals.

Relationally: This quote fits into the overall chapter because Postman’s main point of the entire chapter is to argue that media is the medium of the message and this medium is specifically affecting our epistemology in more ways than one. Television is one of the biggest effects on our epistemology because it has been around for so long, it is our only way of being informed excluding newspapers and the internet. Society relies on television, on the media to keep us informed and entertained. It is the only way that the message can get to the people and if television is sending us the wrong message we wouldn’t even know because what really is the right message? Therefore, this quote fits into the chapter and demonstrates a part of it’s key concept well.

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Neil Postman’s, “The Medium is the Metaphor”

“Physical reality seems to recede in proportion as man’s symbolic activity advances. Instead of dealing with the things themselves man is in a sense constantly conversing with himself. He has so enveloped himself in linguistic forms, in artistic images, in mythical symbols or religious rites that he cannot see or know anything except by the interposition of [an] artificial medium” (Page 10)

Literally: This is a quote from the German philosopher Ernst Cassirer.  Postman suggest McLuhan’s aphorism should be change from the medium is the message to his version of the medium is the metaphor. He disagrees with McLuhan because saying a medium is the message implies any form of medium is a specific statement that is believed. To support his argument Postman references Cassirer by using one of his quotes to describes what he means.

Intellectually:  This quote reminds me of the discussion we had in class about time and the invention of the mechanical clock. The idea of the clock shifted from religious purposes to “controlling the actions of men” (Postman) and putting a value on time.

Emotionally:  This passage makes me feel sad and it makes me question what I believe is really important in my life and not what society says it should be. I never thought about time they way we have discussed it in class before and I found it to be very insightful to break down the concept of time.

Relationally:  This quote fits into the overall essay because it describes Postman’s argument that the mediums we create shapes and controls the society we live in because we believe its valuable, but once you remove that value then it appears to be unimportant. Ernst Cassirer words are more expressive than Postman’s title, “The Medium is the Metaphor.”


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Tech-Lit Narrative(Final Draft)

ENG1710-Tech-Lit narrative-Final draft

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Response 4

Neil Post, “The Medium Is the Metaphor” (Page 10)

“A message denotes a specific, concrete statement about the world. But the forms of our media, including symbols through which they permit conversation, do not make such statements. They are rather like metaphors, working by unobtrusive but powerful implication to enforce their special definitions of reality. Whether we are experiencing the world through the lens of speech or the printed word, or the television camera, our media-metaphors classify the world for us, sequence it, frame it, enlarge it, reduce it, color it, argue a case for what the world is like.”

Literally: I believe this passage is saying that while messages are “specific” and “concrete” statements about the world, but the medium in which they are transferred almost embodies its own true meaning of that message. The mediums may sometimes take on the responsibility for what we later determine is reality. Postman describes these mediums (media and symbols) as metaphors. We know that metaphors are not always literal representations of the things they stand in for. They are merely used to highlight similarities between one or more objects, ideas, or people. Mediums are also given the power to manipulate and reduce or increase the seriousness of a message.

Intellectually: This passage makes me think about a lot of things relative to our current media outlets. One of those things are our news outlets. Like Postman said, sometimes newscasters seem to be way too caught up in their appearances. They are wearing the latest fashions and are covered in makeup and fancy hairdos. While there is nothing wrong with this, in the context of news reporting, it almost takes away the seriousness of the messages attempting to be conveyed by these reporters. We may find ourselves more caught up in the “glitz and glam” of their appearances. Another example of how media may give off the wrong message about our world, is President Obama. Why do I choose Obama? Well, it’s simple. As much as I like Obama, when he is seen singing the latest lyrics to a hip-hop song, or emulating the latest dance craze, it clouds our judgement on who he is and his job title. He is the President of the United States, and unfortunately, the severity of his job title is reduced or increased, and not necessarily in a positive way.

Emotionally: How does this passage make me feel? Upset. Why? Well, it’s simple. Metaphoric representations of our cultures and societies, most of them time, do more bad than good. Let us revisit the Trayvon Martin case for instance. Trayvon Martin was primarily targeted for the way he was dressed and his skin color–at least this is what the media was trying to paint this scenario as. The only reason he was confronted was because there was a negative connotation surrounding people who wear hoodies and are black. You see it all the time on TV and in newspapers. Unfortunately, suspects of color that commit crimes are often represented as just that: a hoodie-wearing thug with bad intentions. It’s upsetting because this is not the reality of the black community at all. Don’t get me wrong, there are indeed people who dress like that who are up to no good, but not every person of color that does has bad intentions.

Relationally: This passage fits into the overall message of the essay, because Postman even stated on page 6 that, “Our attention here is on how forms of public discourse regulate and even dictate what kind of content can issue from such forms.” What I believe he means is that his purpose of writing this essay was to prove that various forms of media often ties in to what becomes reality to people within the same cultures and abroad. I also think he was trying to speak on the controversy that stems from these outlets and forums. Also, on page 10 Postman argues that, “Each medium, like language itself, makes a possible a unique mode of discourse by providing a new orientation for thought, for expression, for sensibility.” I think the overall point here is that various means of communication from outside sources often shape the way we view the world. It often determines whether we’ll be entertained, apathetic or drawn in with a certain seriousness.

Thoughts on The Corporation

Here are some of the most powerful moments that stuck with me:

  • Externality: Which was defined in the documentary as the effects of a transaction between two people and a third party who did not consent to the transaction. What externality is, is when a corporation makes enough profits to pay someone else to do the work and separates themselves from any type of labor.
  • Abuse of Power: Corporations go into third-world countries and exploit the citizens of these places. Unfortunately, these corporations are viewed as gods because they save many people from poverty and starvation. The citizens are payed less than a dollar an hour and are even exposed to harmful chemicals and dangerous working conditions.
  • Overuse of Antibiotics: The documentary talks about cows contracting an infection in their udders called mastitis from taking doses of Posilac (bovine somatotropin). The cows would then have to be treated with antibiotics. Unknowingly human beings would also be consuming these antibiotics which makes it difficult to treat other infections due to bacteria becoming resistant.
  • Psychopathy: Since corporations are considered “legal persons” under the law of the land, they can also be subjected to a “mental analysis.” They exhibit common signs of psychotic behavior such as lack of empathy/remorse, constant lying and an inability to maintain meaningful relationships.
  • The Best Things in Life Are Free: “What is wealth? Why isn’t clean water, fresh air and a safe environment considered wealth? Why is it only considered wealth when there’s a gate placed around it and it’s privatized?” People should not have to pay for “luxuries”, when there are several luxuries existing within nature.

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Final Tech- Lit Narritive

Final tech lit narrative

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Tech-Lit Narrative (Project 1) Revised


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Response 4

Neil Postman “The Medium is the Metaphor”

“For although culture is a creation of speech, it is recreated anew by every medium of communication”

Literally:  This quote talks about how culture is something that was created when humans started to communicate with each other. Culture is something that is unique to the location and people that are communicating. The medium of the culture can be changed when a new medium of communications is introduced.

Intellectually: The quote makes me think about how culture came into being. How what people say is their culture could have changed many times before it got to what they have now. Culture is not static it is ever changing, based on what the society does, makes and who they interact with.

Emotionally:  This quote makes me feel that we take what we have for granted. The mediums of a culture will one day change, and if you do not take the time to understand the mediums that control what the culture will be like, you will not even realize the change. You have to stop and think about why do we do certain actions, why do we trust certain technologies to be right, like Socrates, we have to ask questions.

Relationally: This quote fits in with the essay by conveying what Postman is trying to say about the mediums of communication that shape our culture. The technologies we have are constantly changing and while speech gave birth to culture, the mediums that we have or create are what remakes our culture to fit the new medium.

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Tech Lit narrative

tech lit narrattive josh

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Revision plan

I plan to go over what I have written paragraph  by paragraph. I will take into consideration the comments Professor Leston left on my draft. When I check what I have written I will try to see if I cam able to better explain or expand the ideas that I had. When revising I will make sure the whole essay flows the way I intended it too.

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Revision Plan

For my Tech-Lit Narrative paper, I plan to elaborate and give more examples of how the dynamics changed among my family. I stated that it changed, but I didn’t say how. I would like to incorporate some of the readings we discussed in class, and I’m also going to take into consideration the comments that was given on my paper. I plan on revising the paragraph about my childhood, and I want to talk more about social media. I am going to proof reading and make sure there are no grammatical errors and all my thoughts flow and makes sense.

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My Revision Plan

For my essay I plan to first finish and answer all questions according to the original assignment. Then I will take into consideration Prof. Leston’s suggestions and try to address any issues. After that I plan to read over the essay and make sure all my thoughts are clearly expressed. Then I will begin the editing process and correct grammatical and organizational errors so that my thoughts flow in a way that makes sense. Finally, I will read it over again looking back on the original assignment and correcting any last minute issues or errors before submitting my essay as a blog post.

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My revision plans

I have many aspects of my narrative that I need to revise before giving in my final product on Wednesday. My plans for revision start with thoroughly re-reading my draft and noting the things that I have to improve in specificity and the things that I have to remove from the essay in order to communicate my ideas and main points clearly to the reader. I also plan to do a little more freewriting in order to let my ideas flow and allow my ideas to lead me into broader and more in-depth concepts. Taking the comments made on my draft into consideration, I plan to incorporate a sense of orality along with one or two readings that relate to my personal experiences and my relationship with literature and technology, which will aid my ideas and concepts into a better understanding.

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My Revision Plan

  • I plan on making sure my paragraphs are coherent, consistent and that each paragraph leads into each other logically and accurately.
  • While describing events in my childhood, in terms of growing activities I engaged in, I plan to be more elaborate and provide more details.
  • I will add an more precise abstract that will detail exactly what it is I will be speaking about in the narrative.
  • During revision, I hope to discover new ways to convey my message and learn more about myself in the process.
  • While revising, I plan to approach my work with an open and positive mind while constantly remind myself that I didn’t fail at a task. I merely attempted to convey my message in one of several possible ways
  • I have to make sure that the overall message of my narrative is clear and that it’s delivered appropriately to my audience.
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Response #3

Neil Postman’s, “Media as Epistemology

                                  ” Changes in the symbolic environment are like changes in the                                                     natural environment; they are both gradual and additive at first,                                  and then all at once, a crucial mass is achieved”(pg.27)

Literally: By the words “symbolic environment” Postman is referring to the situation in which everything relating to our culture is changing. Like the natural environment when changes like this occur the symptoms show slowly but surely until a specific point is reached. Postman believes that the point has been reached and our culture, information, ideas and epistemology have gone from bring transmitted through printed text to the television.

Intellectually: In looking at this quote I have to say that I agree with Postman’s claim, in the world today it seems as if printed text has taken a backseat to television and other forms of technology. A person can find out nearly everything they need to know about anything without having to crack open a book. It seems as though printed word is on its way out and soon not even schools will be able to preserve it.

Emotionally: It saddens me to see television and other technologies are taking the place of written word.  Future generations probably won’t get to experience the feeling of accomplishment to have learned something from actually sitting down and reading a book. They wont to experience reading a sentence and finding a connection to real life or past experiences and having those words reside with them and later remembering them randomly in the future. There will be nothing but pictures on a tv screen or words on a computer screen thinking for us which will be gone the moment we change the channel or click the button.

Relationally: Postman’s argument our epistemology is being affected and changed by the mode in which we have access to it. Television and other technologies are transmitting our ideas, culture and technology and even changing our values and what we view to be the truth. Postman basically questioning of the trade-offs are worth it, we may be gaining many things in this change that is occurring but are the things we are losing worth it? This quote fits in the text because it brings the reader to the main point of Postman’s argument it is the transition from talking about the course of history from oral culture to print text and finally to television.

Donald Murray, “Internal Revision”

                      “The terror of the empty page is real, because you simply do not                           know what you are going to say before you say it or in indeed if you will have anything to say”(pg.80)

Literally: The quote is explaining the difficulty in being a writer from the moment that a blank page is present in front of us. All writer’s do not have everything their going to say clearly in their minds,  that’s why it is so hard to start at times you may not have any idea what you want to say or how to express it. Sometimes you may go to write and feel as if you have nothing to say or everything has been said already and any comment you make may be redundant. This quote expresses what it’s like when a person has writer’s block.

Intellectually:  Honestly, I agree with Murray entirely on his belief, as writers people automatically assume that we have all the answers and writing and publishing is just a matter of putting pen to paper. When we write our first drafts half the time the things we write can make absolutely no sense to anyone else but ourselves. The real writing begins when we have time to go over, reflect and revise what you have written then the real text begins to take shape.

Emotionally:  I feel like its a relief to not be held to this idea that as a writer I must know everything and be able to express it effectively. Writer’s have the most difficult jobs because it involves a lot of time and effort thinking, revising and communicating to an audience.
Relationally: This quote was appropriate for this text because it related to Murray’s main point revision is an important part of writing and it involves two individual phases. Internal revision when the writer begins to discover and understand what it is that their writing themselves and External revising when the writer then has to relay the message to the audience. Internal revision is a writer’s battle to sort out ideas in a way that makes sense.

Lewis Mumford, “The Automation of Knowledge”

                                “The new machine was man-but only a fictional man writ                                                         large. The new man was the machine- or what was left of the machine-writ small”(pg.265)

Literally: The quote is referring to the machine as becoming like a person that no longer requires man to operate or control it and man as becoming like the early machines dependent on the “new man” to function and control them.

Intellectually: When reflecting upon this quote I feel as if it is completely correct, man is developing the inability to function or think for himself without the use of machines or technology. In this I begin to wonder if mankind will ever get back to being self-reliant investing the effort to do things and gain knowledge on their own without the assistance of machines.

Emotionally: I feel that machines have taken control of human beings leaving us dazed and amazed by the accuracy and rapidity in which we are able to complete tasks. We as humans are willingly giving up the functions and other things that make us worth anything to machines. Soon human life will be looked at as having lesser value and being more of a hassle than involving a machine to do the same work.

Relationally: The quote fits well with the passage because it gives the reader a sense of the bigger picture in the text. Machines are dominating our civilizations in every way shape and form. It controls the information we have access to and even our knowledge to the point where man is dependent on machines, not the other way around.

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2/22 Agenda & My Responses to Project 1 Drafts & Response 4


  • After reading my comments and the Murray piece, write a blog post in class where you explain your revision plan for Wed. Think about how you might draw upon some of the readings that you’ve read since you wrote that draft.
  • Presentation sign-ups.
  • Review Project 2 Social Justice Exploratory Project (Due 3/07)
    • Feel free to look at projects from past students. You can see links to the students from Fall 2015 on the blogroll on the right. (Recommended: George Gordon’s project)
  • The Corporation

My Responses to Project 1 Drafts

Below you can find my comment concerning your piece. Keep in mind, that these comments are not the only concerns that you need to keep in mind for getting a high grade. In fact, my comments are not designed or concerned with assessment or evaluation. They are concerned with helping you develop your piece, in writing and in thought.

If you skipped some requirement of the project, such as not including sources, an abstract, or some other requirement, I may not have mentioned it in my comments. That’s your responsibility to make sure you’ve got the bases covered.

I’ve also included the rubric I’ll be using to grade the piece.








Response 4

We have two one reading for Wed.

  1. Make sure that you leave at least four comments to Response 3 before class.
  2. For your response, follow the same format that you did for Response 3. Choose one quote from the Postman essay and respond to it in the same way. We’re going to put off the McLuhan piece.
  3. After you finish watching The Corporation, tell us some of the most powerful moments that stuck with you. Give us a few to think about that you thought were important.
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Response #3

Neil Postman. “Media as Epistemology”

“A similar paradox exist in Universities, and with roughly the same distribution of resonances; that is to say, there are few residual traditions based on the notion that speech is the primary carrier of truth.” (pg.20)

Literally: This quote means how there is a paradox of how we use speech and rhetoric, as ways to convey the truth. There are many ways to convey truth, mostly we consider truth to be what is written down but there are some societies that still think truth can be conveyed through speech. Speech was the way all information was passed on before and there was many different cultures that made speech the primary way to convey truth.

Intellectually: The quote makes me think about how we think that truth is what is written down in books. There were many ways to get information around at that time and the way that was the most used was, oral speech. Rhetoric was used as more than just ways to give proverbs, they were ways to tell people what you really wanted to convey.

Emotionally: I can kind of  understand what Postman is talking about. The societies of the modern era do not consider speech to be the main way to convey truth. I prefer to give a speech or talk to give information rather than, write it down. When I speak about it, it  gives more insight into what the person is trying to convey.

Relationally: This quote relates to the essay based on how it talks about how societies use mediums and technology to convey truth. People like Socrates for example, would have used speech and even proverbs to convey what he wanted to say, because that is how societies at the time used proverbs as a medium of truth. Not all truths are equal, but instead are given more importance over another based on what the societies at the time has as its mediums and the technology to convey information.

Lewis Mumford, “Automation of Man”

“The scientific ideology that made possible these colossal benefits, we now find, can not be easy attached to other valid and purposeful human ends.”(pg.263)

 Literally: This quote talks about how the ideas that were used to create some of humanities greatest inventions can not be used for all aspects of human life. An idea that is used to create something can not be used for the creation of another. There are ideologies that help us to come to a conclusion to solve our need.

Intellectually: The quote makes me think that science and the ideas that it produces are able to help us create the technology that we need to solve  our needs, but it will not always lead to the outcome that we desire. Some ideas can be intertwined while others can only fit a certain mold.

Emotionally:  I feel this quote creates a feeling of caution for the way we use scientific ideologies to find the means of solving our human desires. I think that ideas that were created to give birth to some technology can not be universal. There are not many valid ideas that are able to find a means to a end, that is why scientific ideologies are constantly changing, it is hard to find a single universal idea that can solve all our problems.

Relationally: This quote relates to this essay based on how we keep striving to improve our technology and trying to create the next evolution of automation. The desire to create things that better our life and can do things we can not, is also hurting us cause it means that we are making the human mind obsolete. The role of man and machine have switched, the new machine was man, but just a small part, while the man was the machine but was left over from the machine.

Donald Murray, “Internal Revision”

” The writing process is too experimental and exploratory to be contained in a rigid definition”

 Literally: This quote means that the writing process is not just for only writing an essay for example, but can be made out to be many more forms of expression, the writing process is put into steps but even the steps can be played around with and even switched around, there should not be a stiff definition of how the writing process should be used.

Intellectually: This quote provokes ideas on how to write, but also encourages writing in new ways. Following a rigid system does not always help when it come to expressing your ideas. You should try to write in a way that helps the ideas flow onto the page and skip around on the writing process to better help your work.

Emotionally: This quote made me think about what the essay said on how we can better our selves when it comes to writing by learning what the process and each aspect of it really means. Revision is not just ” you failed and now have to fix it” it is more than that. I think that revision means more about looking at the ideas you have and expanding on them.

Relationally: This quote relates to the essay by confirming the points that are made by “Donald Murray”. The revision aspect alone can be broken into two forms, proving that the writing process that we use it too rigid and not giving room for more experimenting with writing. The writing process’s end goal is to help you convey what you want to say on paper but that does not mean that you have to follow it to the letter. You can experiment and explore your writing to make sure the ideas you have are more flushed out and written in a way that your targeted audience can best read it and understand what you have conveyed.

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Response 3

Neal Postman, “Media as Epistemology”

“Truth does not, and never has, come unadorned, It must appear in its proper clothing or it is not acknowledged, which is a way of saying that the “truth” is a kind of cultural prejudice.” -page 22-23

Literally: This passage is discussing a very important point that Postman makes throughout the essay. The passage is describing the way our society and culture sees an accepts truth. The passage is saying that we value truth as something that can only be delivered in one way, if it is not delivered in that specific form then it is not correct and is immediately forced to be believed as a lie. Giving this particular aesthetic to the “truth only proves that our view of the word is a form of cultural prejudice because our idea of truth is a preconceived idea. We don’t know where the idea came from, we just know that it is what we have been taught and so we follow it without question, without reason. Therefore, the truth is a preconceived idea that we have not learned for ourselves because we believe what we have been taught is completely true.

Intellectually: This passage makes me think of many different things. The passage makes think about where the idea of truth originated, it makes me think about how just one five lettered word could mean so many different things, not only to different individuals but also different cultures. This passage makes me think of some other points that Postman makes throughout the essay such as; how different cultures express the truth, how different cultures use proverbs and sayings in order to settle serious disputes, and the ironically funny examples that postman uses when comparing the way our culture handles different scenarios involving the truth.

Emotionally: This passage makes me feel many different ways, it makes me feel confused about what truth really is, it makes me feel like I have been lied to about how much power my words may have when they are written and when they are actually said aloud. It also makes me curious about the things I have been taught and where this preconceived idea of truth actually originated from.

Relationally: This passage fits into the overall essay because I feel like it is a main point that is present throughout the entire essay. Throughout the essay, Postman is describing and discussing how different things influence the way that the truth is communicated. Postman’s main point is that the way the truth is communicated can change what the truth actually is, which is a confusing but true point. For example, in our society we are informed and updated on different things that are happening around the city r the world through the media, through television. We cannot know for sure that these things are actually true because we are not at the exact place where those things are happening. Therefore, we rely on what is being said on the television and we assume that it si all true because we really have no choice. The meaning of the truth is constantly altered and changed as society changes and people just accept and adapt to the constantly changing definitions of truth without any reason or question.

Lewis Mumford, “Automation of Man”

“Not only do they look forward-as all reasonable men should-to the transference of much burdensome, servile labor to the machine, but they are equally eager to turn as many other human functions as possible over to, machines, fascinated, indeed abjectly hypnotized, by their superior accuracy, their fantastic rapidity, their staggering productivity. In other words, many of us have now come to regard automation as the climax stage of human culture.”-page 264

Literally: This particular passage is discussing the mindset of men who look forward to the advancement in mechanical technology. The passage is discussing how they look forward and are fascinated by all of the things that machines can do for them because it would make their job seem much easier. Men would most likely not have to work because of all of the things and characteristics that machines have, they are blinded by the fascinating things machines can do which is why they cannot see how negatively the advancement of mechanical technology would be.

Intellectually: This passage makes me think of many different things. The first thing I think of is the power that technological machines have even before being introduced into our society. It makes me think about how our minds are controlled by the fantasy of technology making our lives easier; taking on the role of being more efficient in the areas where we fail to perform our bests. People see the power of technology and automation as a positive thing only because they are blinded by all of the things they can do to make our jobs less stressful. People are accepting technology as if it is a part of our society and culture.

Emotionally:  This particular passage makes me feel two different kinds of emotions, it makes me fearful and it makes me feel a little naïve. Both emotions go hand in hand because the passage makes me feel like since I am a part of this society where technology and automation is accepted so easily, without questions of any kind I cannot do anything about it because I am just one person which is why I feel a little fearful about technology but, I also feel naïve because I use technology, I accept technology into my life just as easily as anyone else being blinded by all of the things it can do for me. This passage makes feel like I need to realize that although I may think that I am not hypnotized by the dazzling features of technology, in reality I actually am hypnotized in the same exact way as everyone else.

Relationally: This passage fits into the overall essay because I feel like it is a point that Mumford is trying to make throughout the essay. I feel like he is trying to inform the reader through discussing the purpose of automation, how automation is deceiving us, how we are allowing it to become a part of who we are as people and as a society. Mumford is trying to communicate to the reader that although technology has its benefits, it also has hidden deficits that we may not see because we are so focused on allowing automation and technology to make everything easier and many people are not aware of the way we surrendering ourselves automation.

Donald Murray, “Internal Revision”

“We should realize that there may be fewer discoveries in form and voice as a writer repeats a subject or continues work in a genre which he or she has explored earlier and become proficient with. This lack of discovery-this excessive professionalism or slickness, the absence of discovery-is the greatest fear of mature, successful writers. They know too much too early in the writing process.” -page 84

Literally: This particular passage is discussing a realization that the author wants his readers to understand and be aware of, which is that after a writer continues to work in the same field with the same concepts, they become very elite in their particular field; they know everything they need to know and everything they did not know when they first entered that particular field. After repeatedly working in a specific subject or genre of writing, a writer acquires all of the skills they need in order to excel in their subject or genre. Focusing on perfecting these skills will cause writers to leave little to no room for discovering new things about themselves and who they are as a writer. The main point of this passage is that if a writer only focuses on becoming skillful in a certain subject or genre of writing it will cause a writer to burn out and have nothing to learn. Discovering new things, gaining new knowledge, and adapting to different kinds of subjects and genres of writing allows you to learn and broaden your writing personality, which is the most important thing.

Intellectually: This passage makes me think about many things involving who I am as a writer and what the concept of the entire essay is. On one hand, this passage makes me weigh the benefits and deficits of the writing process. Although the benefits are not specifically stated in this specific passage, it makes me think of the many benefits the writing process has such as the example that the author discusses throughout the essay, the process of discovery. The author puts emphasis on how the writing process does not just generate ideas, it also brings a significant amount of discovery to the writer and the piece they working on. I have never personally thought of the writing process as a journey of discovery until I read this essay, which holds a very interesting concept. With this passage, I realized that the writing process has many benefits but the amount of benefits could never sum up to the value of its one deficit, which is the lack of discovery, the lack of motivation after knowing too much too early. This passage makes me consider who I am as a writer; it allows me to reflect and to remember that not knowing absolutely everything is completely okay.

Emotionally: This particular passage makes me feel several different ways about myself as a writer. The most prominent emotion is fear. While the passage does make me feel some reassurance about not knowing everything it also makes me fear that I will or do know everything. I am afraid of knowing everything because writing is something that I am very passionate about and sometimes I feel like I am too passionate about it, which leads me to fear that I will burn out and have nothing left to learn from my writing in order to better myself and broaden my experiences as a writer. Therefore, this is passage makes me feel reassured but also fearsome of my future with writing and gaining knowledge about my writing and the writing process; it makes me feel like I need to be aware of my intentions for writing.

Relationally: This passage fits into the overall essay because it really sums up the importance of discovery that the author emphasizes through out the entire essay. The author starts the essay with the concept of rewriting and then moves into breaking down the writing process. The way he describes the writing process is very interesting because as he describes the process, he is also initiating the process while writing the essay. He discusses on page 78 that as he wrote this particular essay, he was surprised by certain ideas, concepts, and words that ended up on his paper. This surprise allowed him to discover the process of revision, it allowed him to understand this process, and understand that the writing process is never straightforward and is full of discoveries, surprises, mistakes, and a significant amount of revision. This passage sums up the writing process’ beauty because it displays just how important understanding the writing process and its discoveries is because if the author had known absolutely everything, he wouldn’t be writing about how many times he used trial and error in his writing or how the other famous authors who agreed with is his writing process theory, he really wouldn’t be writing the essay at all.

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Neil Postman. “Media as Epistemology”

                   “The concept of truth is intimately linked to the biases of forms of expression.” (Page 22)


Literally: This quote means depending on what type of communication that is used in a culture, that type will be used to convey the truth as well as proves the validity of that particular truth. In an oral culture where is no such thing as writing, the truth is conveyed by proverbs and sayings, whereas a written culture relies on written documents or putting something in writing as a form of a truth.  Each culture view of how to express the truth of something is connected to their form of communication resulting in a bias towards any other way form of expression of stating the truth.

Intellectually:  I think Postman made a great argument about the concept of the truth being linked to different forms of expression. He supported this point well by using the African tribe and the court room as an example. Since the African tribe use proverbs and saying to convey truths, to use them in a modern day court room to prove the innocence of a person will not work.

Emotionally:  I understand Postman’s point as the media changes it affects our epistemologies. It makes me think about how we view the truth. In today’s world our new media is the internet, and people rely on it to get facts about an assortment of subjects. Since the internet gives such quick access to information,  people are quick to believe what they read on the internet and believes it to be truth, but its known that not all the information on the internet is not reliable whether it’s on a website like Wikipedia or on a social network site like Facebook.

Relationally:  This quote fits into the overall essay because Postman is trying to explain how medias influences our epistemologies. It has an effect on how we use language, how we view religion, how we behave and how we explain and control what we considered the truth.  Postman use the topic of economics as an example. He goes on to state the only way we could explain and discuss economics is through the use of numbers. Any other could be possible but it will only be accepted as the truth because of the media that was created which is numbers makes it a fact.


Lewis Mumford, “The Automation of Knowledge”

                                                                                                                                                                                 “Most of our fellow citizens, unless they are threatened with the loss of their jobs, are not ready to question the inevitability of eventual total automation. Not only do they look forward—as all reasonable men should—to the transference of much burdensome, servile labor to the machine, but they are equally eager to turn as many other human functions as possible over to machines, fascinated, indeed abjectly hypnotized, by their superior accuracy, their fantastic rapidity, their staggering productivity.” (Page 264)

Literally: This passage expresses the convenience of automation in today’s world and the general public’s lack of interest in questioning it. Because the public only focused on satisfying their short term interests, such as their phones, tablets and other gadgets, they do not think about the impact their lives will have if total automation is achieved some day in a society. The future could possibly mean a life where they can lose their job to a machine that is faster, better and more efficient than they are, but it’s not until it affects them directly will they finally take notice.

Intellectually: This passage makes me think about the study of Artificial Intelligence. Whether it’s a computer, machine, or software there are engineers, scientists, and researchers who want things to be control by artificial intelligence technology because of its accuracy. I recently read an article about radiologist using artificial Intelligence technology to help them find and correct any problems they were unable to identify. The technology is being encouraged because so many patients get misdiagnosed because of human error. In this sense it’s obvious that technology would be welcomed and be used, but then I think and raise the questions, will we get to a point where a patient won’t have to see a doctor as much? How much work will a doctor actually have? How far engineers, scientists, and researchers are willing to go when it comes to technology? Since a machine can do it better.

Emotionally:  This passage makes me think about my own actions. When I have to write a paper I don’t use a physically paper back dictionary, thesaurus, or encyclopedia any more. I don’t take out books from the library unless it’s required in a school assignment. I do all of this because of the convenience the internet. I have my phone which I can use a map, a calculator, or a camera. Since everything is at my fingertips, I don’t learn an important or useful skill by using my devices. I do feel like the convenience is making me lazy. It’s not something myself or anyone planned to do it’s just the results of things being convenient.

Relationally: This passage relates to the overall essay because it summons up Mumford’s argument that as a society we are so focused on everything being automatic. We are forgetting to look at the bigger picture on how it’s affecting how we learn, how we obtain information, how we behave and its affecting our livelihood. Everything that makes us human is being suppressed because we are relying so heavily on all the technology that is around us, and something needs to be done before it gets out of control,


Donald Murray, “Internal Revision”

“Discovery, however, can be a frightening process. The terror of the empty page is real, because you simply do not know what you are going to say before you say it or if indeed you will have anything to say” (Page 80)

Literally:  In this passage Murray is trying to explain when you’re in the discovery part of your writing process, and trying to figure out the meaning behind your words. It can be a very daunting task. It feels this way because you’re trying to write and you are not quite sure what to say or how to begin. You’re also questioning if what you have to say is even important.  As a writer, you dread having an empty page because it just adds to your frustration.

Intellectually:  This passage makes me think about all the times I just stared at a blank piece of paper or the blank screen. I would get frustrated because I know I should be writing, but I just can’t. I’ll be sitting in a chair trying to figure out what I’m going to say. I always want to make sure what I write makes sense, but also displays that I took the time and effort to put forth a meaningful piece of work.

Emotionally:  The first sentence of this passage describes how I feel sometimes when I write. When I first read that part, I thought immediately about how I feel and how I get discourage because I have an idea of what I want to say, but I don’t know how to arrange it and put it on paper.

Relationally: This quote does not relate to the overall essay because Donald Murray is explaining how rewriting is a very important skill, and it’s a skill that students should be encouraged to do more and the same goes for expert writers as well. Because he believes so strongly about multiple revisions of ones work, throughout the essay, he creates and categorizes terms for a new way of doing the writing process which he puts doing revisions as the main points of writing. He categorizes them as internal and external revision. The quote I used was said to describe how a writer can feel when, in what he refers as the discovery stage, a stage in a writer’s work where they are trying to figure the meaning of their work. He reexamines the thought of the writing process like I mentioned before, but his version of the writing process is consist of writing through prevision, vision, and revision.

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Response 3

Neil Postman, “Media as Epistemology” (Page 17)

“Epistemology is a complex and usually opaque subject concerned with the origins and nature of knowledge. The part of its subject matter that is relevant here is the interest it takes in definitions of truth and the sources from which such definitions come. In particular, I want to show that definitions of truth are derived, at least in part, from character of the media of communication through which information is conveyed. I want to discuss how media are implicated in our epistemologies.”

Literally: Epistemology is the knowledge that belongs to a society or culture. What I believe this passage is saying, is that truth can be derived from various sources where epistemology is concerned. Ways of communication such as writing, oral traditions, television, newspapers and other kinds of media, all have different approaches on how they display information and how their audiences will interpret that information as truth. Different sources of media that spread information are not always received with the same seriousness as some of their counterparts. Television, for example, is not treated with the same seriousness, or given the same credibility as written texts.

Intellectually: This passage makes me think about the society we  live in today. We live in a world where people are constantly searching for validation and instant gratification. As Postman stated in his essay, “From Technocracy to Technopoly” when he referred to Frederick W. Taylor, human beings have started to show skepticism in their fellow man, and putting most of their trust in technology. This is somewhat similar to what Postman described in this essay, except he’s describing the many sources of information and what and how people decide to put their trust into the information, depending on the outlet.

Emotionally: To be perfectly honest, I feel a bit torn on this subject matter. On the one hand, human beings were created in such a complex and intricate way, that I feel we are capable of anything. We are filled with emotions, extreme thought-processing and amazing intellect. We were blessed with the ability to love one another and share unbreakable bonds. This is where my feelings of being torn comes in. In a way I understand why people would be trusting of technology and not their fellow man, because as I described, we are complex beings. On the other side, this is the exact reason why people may put their full trust in technology, and more specifically, certain aspects of it in the media. Technology was created, perfectly, to do exactly what it was set out to do. There are no ulterior movies, nor are there complicated thought processes that goes into the computation. With that being said, I feel a bit saddened by this realization, but I also feel as though there should be a healthy balance of incorporating more humanized deals alongside technology.

Relationally: This passage fits into the overall message of the essay because I truly believe that it addresses the entirety of the point Postman is trying to convey. In the essay, he goes on to describe several ways that information is given, one being from the oral traditions of western Africa where spoken word was the law of the land, to  to the Greeks who had a strong appreciation for people who spoke in public forums. The Greeks saw public speaking as “spoken writing.” According to the essay, “Though it always implied oral performance, its power to reveal the truth resided in the written word’s power to display arguments in an orderly progression.” People have a tendency to believe the written word over spoken word and even television, because they felt as though writing required a lot of thought, whereas people speaking may casually say something that isn’t relevant to a topic, thus leading the audience to take their words and intentions out of context. It was also said that written texts have a tendency to live on and even outlive oral traditions, which gives it credibility and allows it to stand as a source of reference.

Lewis Mumford, “The Automation of Knowledge” (Page 263)

“The scientific ideology that made possible these colossal benefits, we now find, cannot be easily attached to other valid and purposeful human ends. In order to enjoy all these abundant goods, one must strictly conform to the dominant system, faithfully consuming all that it produces, meekly accepting its quantitative scale of values, never once demanding the most essential of all human goods, an ever more meaningful life, for that is precisely what automation, by its very nature and on its own strict premises, is utterly impotent to produce.”

Literally: This passage is describing how automation was created to “allegedly” give us human beings a more meaningful and and purposeful life. It also describes the benefits of automation as “colossal”, however it goes on to address the downside of our acceptance of it. In order for us to fully enjoy the perks of automation, we must submit, basically, to the demands of it. We must assimilate and abandon the very thing that makes us human, which is complex thought and fellowship. Mumford believes that we do not stand up to automation and we need take back our lives, the very lives that automation “promised” to improve and enhance.

Intellectually: There is a sense of familiarity in what Mumford is explaining in this essay. In reference to the modern society, I do agree with what he said. Due to the abundance of technology, I think that the quality of human life has depleted significantly. We lead a more sedentary lifestyle where people do not take the time to live in the moment, nor do they acknowledge the world around them. We are more focused on instant gratification and ways we can take advantage of an opportunity, as an opposed to appreciating the steps we have to take to get there. On page 265, there was a passage that stated, “Machines were taking on more of the attributes of living organisms”, and also “Man, on the other hand, was adapting himself, with absurd docility, to the limitations of the machine. In short, the man and the machine were merely exchanging roles.” It’s almost as though man are striving for excellence, perfection and to be correct all the time, when it was machines that were created for this exact same thing.

Emotionally: As I stated before in regards to Postman’s essay, coming to the realization of a lot of the things these men stated in their essays, I get a feeling of sadness. Human beings are very complex creatures and bound for greatness, but are slowly but surely becoming dependent on the very thing they created. As Mumford stated, machines and man are exchanging roles, and it’s only a matter of time, before man is forced to keep up with, or at least reach the same level of perfection and correctness as the machines they created. We are now striving to get back our lives and even find a way to struggle with that. Qualities that are innate are disappearing and it seems as though the only way to get them back, is to break down automation while focusing on the rebuilding of the human race.

Relationally:  I would like to refer to another passage in Mumford’s essay that explains why this passage fits into the overall essay. On page 273, Mumford says, “Unless you have the power to stop an automatic process, you had better not start it. To spare ourselves humiliation over our failure to control automation, we now pretend that the automaton’s purpose is our own.” The central focus, I believe, is Mumford alerting people to the ever-growing influence technology has on mankind, and not necessarily in a good way. Society is basically moving backwards, where machines once depended on the intellect of man and currently, man is depending on machine to guide him through life. We are becoming empty shells filled with information pumped from automatons, which at one point, we pumped into them.

Donald Murray, “Internal Revision” (Pages 76-77)

“My main concern in this chapter is revision. But to be able to understand what I consider the most important task in the revision process, we have to appreciate the fact that writers much of the time don’t know what they are going to write or even possibly what they have written. Writers use language as a tool of exploration to see beyond what they know.”

Literally: I believe the passage is stating that revision shouldn’t be looked upon as a failure (Murray says this on page 75), or that the writer is incompetent, but an endless journey to learning, discovery, and information. He says that writers use that experience to explore beyond what is physically written on their paper, or whatever tools/methods they use to write. Revision basically gives a writer endless opportunities to convey their message, or the central idea of their texts in numerous ways. There is no right or wrong way to convey as message, especially since audiences tend to grasp and interpret information differently.

Intellectually: This passage makes me think about when I started taking words seriously. As Murray said, most people get away with just submitting their first-draft copies, and are never even introduced to, or think of doing a complete revision of their work. I have written several free-form writing pieces, and often immediately give them to a friend or associate to review. During my own “internal revision”, everything seems perfect and exactly the way I wanted it to be, but an associate (external revision) may find several different ways for me to convey my central idea in a way that they would understand. I truly feel as though delivery may not be as important, as long as the general concept is grasped. It’s like ordering a pizza. Whether it was delivered in a truck, helicopter or boat, as long as it’s exactly what you ordered (the writer’s intention), then the method of delivery should not matter.

Emotionally: I felt comforted while reading this passage. As a person who wants to pursue writing as a part of their livelihood, it’s a great feeling when you’re reminded that it’s okay to revise and discover new ideas and methods you may not have seen before. It definitely boosts your confidence levels when you understand that there are several ways to get a point across. Just because you discovered one of the many ways, doesn’t make you a failure. Murray even stated that his students are often pleased to know how long it takes him to finish a writing. I am content with that piece of information.

Relationally: This passage relates to the overall message of the essay because I strongly believe that this was Murray’s main point. Revision is the most important area to focus on when striving to be a good writer. Most writers, at first glance, are not really concerned about the science behind or the technicalities of their writings, but the message and if the message is clear enough to them and possibly from the viewpoint of their audience. He looks at revision as if it’s research, an opportunity to learn and discovery just as the passage says.  He admits that he doesn’t always know everything, doesn’t always know what to write and doesn’t always remember everything, but what he does know is that revision is an eternal learning process granting writers and readers the opportunity to discover all aspects of literature.

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Lit-Tech Narrative

Draft of My Lit-tech narrative

ENG1710-Lit-tech narrative

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Tech-Lit Narrative

Meet My New Roomate, Technology


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Tech-Lit Draft

This is a draft it is not finished. I am sorry i didnt submit it before class.

 tech lit narrative. SimoneH

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Response 3 (due Monday 2/22 before class)

I’m adding a short reading to the other two that we have going on for Monday. This short piece is about the process of revision and will help you considerably for the submission of your final drafts of your tech-lit narrative that is due Wed, the 24th. That will give us three short essays to read for class on Monday.

Here’s what I’d like you to do. For each essay, please select a section of text, some substantial quote that you think is important to the piece and do the following:

1. Let us know the title of the piece you are working from.
2. Quote the passage and include the page number. Center align the quote.
3. Below the passage, left-align, double space and respond to it in the following ways:
Literally–tell us what the passage is saying in your own words.
Intellectually–tell us what the passage makes you think about.
Emotionally–tell us what the passage makes you feel.
Relationally–tell us how this passage fits into the overall essay. Make sure to show here that you’ve read and understood the whole essay.

Make sure to break each of these up so you write a short paragraph for each. Bold each heading so that it’s clear to navigate. It should like

Lewis Mumford, “Automation of Man”

Your quote is here, a few sentences long

Literally: Your text here, a few sentences.

Intellectually: Your text here, a few sentences.

Emotionally:  Your text here, a few sentences.

Relationally: Your text here, a few sentences.

4. Do this for Postman “Media as Epistemology,” Mumford “Automation of Man,” and Murray “Internal Revision.”

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Technical Literature Narrative ( Project 1)

Technology can be considered one of the greatest inventions of all time. It allows us to do things at record speed and obtain information from various sources in the matter of minutes. Technology allows us to be in contact not only easily, but now connected with hundreds of people. Though filled with pros, technology has many cons. Some may even say as the advancement of technology evolves, we as human beings regress. Before being consumed by technology such as cellular phones and computers I remember a time where things were done the “old fashion” way. School projects required several trips to the public library. Pen and paper was the modern day iPad, and communicating with someone far away was not as easy or quick, as it is now. As much as I love technology, I am glad to have grown up during a time where I was able to enjoy and appreciate the value of literacy. I appreciate the hands-on experiences that seem to be slowly stripping away and turning into virtual hands-on experiences.
My parents immigrated to the United States in hopes of a better future for themselves and their children. Though aware of the challenges they faced, it was quite difficult living in New York City mainly because they were unable to speak English. Learning English, for them was a necessity and they had to learn. Finally, my parents learned how to speak, read, and write in English. This was not an easy task, during this learning experience my parents understood the importance of literacy, and language, and they did their best to ensure my siblings and I understood the importance as well. When I was a child I had a vivid imagination, I would create stories with almost anything I came across. Unable to write yet, my mother always handed me paper and crayons so I can draw the colorful stories that came to mind. Finally, at the age of 7 years old, I began to read and write.
Although my reading skills weren’t too good, the idea and thought of reading was really exciting. I began reading everything I came across, juice labels, snacks in the supermarket, and the signs on the streets. Reading was not the only task that perked my interest, but also writing. I was so excited when I was learning to write, because I was now able to write actual stories for all the stories I created. I was excited about writing, however I was mesmerized when I saw my older sister writing in script, and I began imitating and creating my own version of script until I finally learned how to correctly write in cursive.
As I got older, I realized reading and writing became somewhat of a talent show. The way you read or write determined many things about a person. For instance, if you were in school, you were expected to read at grade level. Your teacher would call on you to read out loud in class. During these moments, one would put all their efforts forward so they won’t make a mistake. Unable to properly read aloud would result in snickers and laughs by the other students in class. Some students were able to read out loud with no hesitation and other students weren’t too enthusiastic about reading in front of the classroom. Reading in your room, alone, was extremely different than reading aloud in the presence of other people. In one scenario you had the ability to read at your own pace alone with no one judging you on your competence level, and the other, you are in a room of other people listening and waiting for your mistake.
My mother had the concept that television wasn’t the most effective way for a child to learn or express their creativity. She would always bring me to the library and request a book report after every book I’d read. Although my parents weren’t big fans on television, they were key on education. Television played a minor role in my life; every day before school my mom would allow me to watch PBS kids, which was considered the “educational channel” for children of young age. This tool helped me learn to read and write the alphabet due to the pictures, colors, and animation that was going on.
Growing up there were many technological gadgets that were popular. Game consoles such as PlayStation, Xbox and Gameboys were in high demands. These gadgets were advertised everywhere. Every child wanted either a game console or a handheld, they would’ve done anything to receive a gadget. If I wanted a Gameboy I would’ve had to do well in school to receive this technological gift. Due to the fact that many of my peers had recent consoles and I didn’t, it made everything seem as I was the only person living in the stone-age with my old device. I would constantly ask my mom for a new gadget.
There are some funny things on technology that I’ve come across. Technology is always changing, corporation are always bringing out new gadget out every year to force customers into buying phones, games, or even cars. One example especially, would be the iPhone, made by Apple. I won’t disagree that Apple makes one of the greatest devices but they are constantly changing their phone every year.
Technology is becoming so demanding that Apple has the ability to control your phone forcing you to get the latest IPhone. For example, customers who had the iPhone 4 or 5 would soon be force to get the latest iPhone because Apple releases a software update, which enables you to update your iPhone. If you do not update your phones there’s a chance all your apps would not be able to work. We have come to the realization that technology is ruling our world as well as social media.
Everyone wants to be up to date; where ever you go people has Facebook, Snap Chat, Instagram and more. One of the first social media I signed up with was Sconex. This site was made for high school students and you would be able to befriend another student from other high schools. Social media controls everything we do and it consumes us as human beings. We don’t communicate intellectually and effectively anymore. While I was at work, I met an executive banker who was fed up with his IPhone and decided to downgrade to an old Nokia phone. I asked him why he would leave his iPhone for an out-of-date Nokia phone. His response came to no surprise to me. He explained, he was tired of the constant attachment he had to his smartphone. He was constantly in contact with people, checking emails, and on the Internet. He said he felt chained to his phone. He also disclosed that the interns at his branch are incompetent. They do not know how to effectively communicate or write with a degree of sophistication. He was fed up with reading sentences and words that made no sense to him.
Technology, which is embedded into our everyday lives is becoming almost impossible to get away from. Living in such advanced times, literacy has not lost its value. We are expected to know how to read, write, and speak correctly. Though we have technology capable of writing everything that we say, to actually know how to competently read and write is still valued in society. I, like my parents would like to pass on the art of drawing on paper with a box full of crayons to my children. I would like their hands to get dirty with their art, rather than printing out a picture they did on their devices. That maybe a fleeting hope, and may never happen, however I will still reveal the importance of literacy, and that can be thought through the use of technology.

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Carr Supplement

Here’s a supplement to the reading that we’ve done today. Nicholas Carr’s famous Is Google Making Us Stupid?


Notes Nick Carr “Vital Paths”

1. What is the point of the story about Nietzsche?
2. What was the old assumption regarding the structure of the brain? (2)
3. How does Carr use the word plastic? (2)
4. What did William James say about the brain and what did he mean by using the term “vital paths”? (3)
5. How did the industrial age shape the metaphor of how the brain was discussed? (3)
6. What was Descarte’s conception of mind vs. brain? (3)
7. Carr writes: “As reason became the new religion of the enlightenment. . .” Read this with Postman in mind. What, do you think, technological development do you think was one of the causes as to why reason replaced religion? (3)
8. What did Norman Doidge mean by “neurological nihilism”? (4)
9. Why was Merzenich’s experiments with monkeys such a big breakthrough? (4) What is the word that Merzenich uses to describe the event of the monkeys’ brains reorganizing their neuronal structure? (neuroplasticity)
10. How did experimental theraphy help the man who had a stroke and lost mobility in the left side of his body? (5)
11. How did tools such as rakes and pliers affect the brain maps of animals? (7)
12. What did the study of the taxi drivers reveal concerning the proporortion of brain space to different activities? (7)
13. What does Doidge say is the “paradox of neuroplasticity”? (8)
14. How can we apply what we learn here to the ways new technologies are changing our brains?

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Nietzsche’s Writing Ball & McLuhan-Mailer Debate

Here is a video of the Malling-Hansen Writing Ball, the first commercially available typewriter that Nicholas Carr discusses. Check it out. It’s pretty awesome.

Here’s the McLuhan – Mailer debate that Carr discusses from 1968.

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tech lit narrative

tech lit narrattive josh

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Tech-Lit Narrative


Digital technology is important in my life. My work explains my different experiences I have with technology as a kid and now. Throughout the years I have discovered why technology is important. I have compared my writing to a movie I watched in class. I have compared my thoughts on the story Technopoly I read in class. I discuss how music played a role in my life. My work has writings on how my parents feels towards technology.

My Thoughts on Language and Technology

When I was a kid I remember writing in elementary school. I remember the handouts the teacher would give me to practice my writing. My memories using crayons would be in art class. I would always try to draw in the picture that the coloring had. When I write I would try to write inside of the lines of the paper. Before I learned to read and write I would always watch television. When I would see kids on television going to school I would tell my mom I want to go to school. I would ask my mom what do kids do in school.

I feel the people that are primarily oral would be the pastors at my church. They have good speech and communicate very well. I don’t see them write from a paper to speak in front of everyone. They don’t write books to get their message across they just come to church all the time and express their thoughts. There oral language consisted of positive words and things from there life experiences.

The reason we have speech is to be able to communicate. Having good speech can get you far in life. You can get a good job helping people like a speech pathologist or you can be a business professional giving speeches about real estate and finance. I feel learning how to write can make someone able to stand up a say a good speech . Speaking clear is part of having good speech. Using the write vocabulary can help with writing and your speech. Reading can help improve writing and speech because you would have so much knowledge to write about and also talk about.

Learning to read and write is important especially when you want to get a high education. I learned to read and write as a kid in school with many other people that were willing to learn. When the teacher would give me things to read I would go home and make my mom help me with my homework. My mom would make me read for thirty minutes a day and the words I don’t understand I would write down to later look them up in the dictionary. When I learn to write was in elementary school. Once I started writing I would keep a journal and diary. For my own purpose I would read in the summer when there were no school. I would go to the library and get picture books as a kid. My mom’s attitude towards literacy would be positive. She helped me learn to read and write. She woke me up every morning to go to school. She even paid for a tutor for me to be able to excel.

Reading in school was very different from reading at home because in school everyone had turns reading parts of a textbook, article or your homework. At home you read all the textbook reading the teacher gives on your own. At home reading can be hard because the people in your house is very loud or because the television is on and your more into what’s on the screen then in the book. I never really read a book with a friend I’m usually reading on my own also I don’t think I’m into what my friends read.

The early technological devices that I remember would be beepers. That how most people were able to stay in touch. Also cassette tapes were an early technological device that you can listen to music or transfer music from the radio on. Another way that technological device was used was by your therapist who would give you a cassette to listen to words of encouragement to relax you. The cassette tape was very popular and you can even record stories. Having great speech was important the time cassette tapes were popular because that’s how stories were passed along.

I feel the role of television when I was a kid was to watch when I was I was finish my homework. It was a great way to learn especially from the kids channels like Barney and Elmo’s world. It was also great for when there were rainy days I would stay home and laugh by watching comedy channels or shows. The way television played an important part of my life would be that it helped me see what was happening all around the world. Some channels that helped me to see what was happening all around the world was the news channels and discovery channel. As a kid I mostly watched cooking shows to see what different nationalities eat. Watching cooking shows gave me ideas for my own cooking.

Music played an important role in my childhood because be I got to hear my mother’s favorite music as a kid. I also get to hear different music in different languages and learn new words. I would watch music videos and saw the latest technology like telephones and mp3 players or headphones. When mp3 players came out I feel change the ways we listen to music. The oldest technology to listen to music was from a boom box. The boom box would be very loud and every one in your building can hear your music. I like the headphones that when your listen to music on your mp3 no one can hear what you are listening to I think its called noise cancellation headphones.

I started using digital technology when I bought my nook. I started downloading digital books. Also when I got my phone I stop using an analog watch to tell time. And the popular gadgets growing up was the watches that showed the numbers instead of with the arrows to tell the time. I was exposed to those types of watches by my grandma because that’s what she would give me and my siblings for Christmas. I was manipulated by digital technologies like the television because it was on in my house all the time. Other people influence me because all I hear or see on Youtube is the Macbook and how great it is and it made me want to get one. Getting into a writing program made me want to get the best gadget to do my homework on.

Some technologies I can’t stand would be the hover board because it’s always getting on fire when you charge it over night and it’s also illegal. I don’t like no illegal technology. I do like the sewing machines that can monogram your name. My grandma uses one and I like when she monograms my pillow cases. When watching the The Corporation they were talking about the different countries with factory workers I don’t think they have those types of those machines because does companies don’t spend money on their workers. I don’t think does companies paying low wages would invest in nice machines. I also like the cable box I feel that’s a great technology because when televisions were first invented there weren’t many channels. Now you have over one hundred channels with a cable box.

The most important technology that is going to be used in the future would be the computer. It’s important for students to know how to use the computer because most assignment the teachers give you need to do on the computer. In the reading “Technopoly” the author writes “there is no disputing that the computer has increased the power of large-scale organization like armed forces, or airline companies or banks or tax-collecting agencies.” This means knowing how to use the computer can help you with your career or help you with your business.

The relationship between writing and digital technology would be that your writing can be publish on the web. It can be sold on digital devices like the Kindle or Nook. Digital technology made it easy for self publishing. Writing and getting your thoughts on paper can be no easy task. Coming up with new technology can be no easy task and takes a lot of research. Writing can get someone in a lot of trouble like if you wrote the wrong thing on your social media page. On social media I don’t write anything I just post pictures and like other people’s pages or pictures. I don’t write anything on social media because I don’t want to offend anyone or get into trouble for gossiping and stating false information. I never seen it happen to anyone I know but I know you can get in trouble from what you write on social media.

My experience with language and technology is different from someone else. Some people can relate to my experiences and some people can’t relate. Everybody have their unique story about language and technology. Some people are into new technology and so people are just old fashioned and aren’t in new technology. I like to learn about technology and new gadgets.

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Tech-Lit Narrative (Project 1)

Tech-Lit Narrative (Project 1)

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Tech Lit Narrative (Project 1)

Here’s the assignment. Tech-Lit Narrative

Drafts are due Wed, the 17th posted to the blog. Please post these as a Word attachement. (If you don’t know how, click the “Add Media” button above the text dialoge box and then insert into post. Make sure to give your project an interesting title. Shoot for around 4-5 pages.

Remember, if you have questions, email me.

Also, make sure to get the reading done that is due then as well. Nicholas Carr’s “Vital Paths” in the packet. Be prepared to discuss both Carr and your draft.

Have a good day off on Monday. See you Wed.

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Response 2

In chapter 2 “From Tools to Technocracy” Postman speaks about the science of cultures on their relation on technology, in other words connecting technological conditions to symbolic life. In this chapter Postman explains the timeline on technology has changed over time. In the 16th century tools were hands and eyes , then next came Technocracy which was dealing with machinery and mechanism, and last but not the least was technopoly, which was electronic automation. Something Postman said in his chapter that helped me understand this complete chapter was ” The name “tool- using culture” derives from the relationship in a given culture betweens tools and the belief system or ideology. The tools are not intruders.” In that particular culture “tool-using culture” were used for a specific reasons for instance solving a particular issue or to serve symbolic world arts such as science, math,religion, and rituals. This also meant meant that culture actually formed tools.

Although i had to reread this chapter, i ended enjoying reading the chapter. This chapter tell the history line of how technology have involved over time. What i found interesting in this chapter was the way postman explain how technology change through a timeline. Postman related back to Thamus in this chapter to make his point clear on technology.

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Response 2

In Postman’s second chapter From Tools to Technocracy he goes deeper into the idea that technology changes culture and the way people see the world. The progression of this idea is broken up into three classifications tool-using culture, technocracies and technopolies. In chapter two Postman explains tool-using culture and technocracy in detail. During the tool-using age, tools were not created to attack the integrity and dignity of the culture in which it was introduced, but instead to aid in the development of the culture. It had two main functions: to solve specific urgent problems in physical life and to serve the symbolic world of art, politics, myth, ritual and religion. In other words, the introduction of technology didn’t stop people from believing in their traditions, their God, their method’s of education or the legitimacy of their social organization. Slowly this began to change, instead of aiding a culture or serving its purposes technology/tools started to battle with tradition, social mores, myth, politics, ritual and religion to become the culture. For example, the creation of the telescope challenged the beliefs of medieval time. Instead of looking for answers about the world, nature and our existence from heaven by going to church, science and astronomy gave birth to ideas such as the earth being round, revolving around the sun and not being the center of the universe but a planet among many in a galaxy. The church lost a lot of the authority they once had over the medieval society because of the introduction of science that now explained everything. But technology also left the reason for existence as an open question.

After reading the chapter, I felt as a reader I was overloaded with examples of Postman’s claim and counterclaim which made it difficult to decipher the main idea. However, Postman did have a a valid point in saying that technology is altering culture and how people define their morals, traditions and values. Even simple inventions like apps have redefined how we view our privacy, as far as, what we think should be public for the world to see and what should stay private. Things like how we are raising our children, issues in our household and personal lives which was once something sacred, only known to a few privileged people are now published on apps like Facebook and Instagram as if we need the recognition and acknowledgement of others to validate the things we know to be real and true in our daily lives. It is a sad fact that, the lines between the pieces of us that we should be keeping for ourselves and those close to us and the things that we choose to make public are becoming more and more blurred as new technology becomes available. It’s becoming almost as if we are selling ourselves online for free as the apps we get from the apple or google play store. Our culture is becoming more and more about what’s new online rather then what’s physically in front of us.
Continue reading

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Response 2

In “From Tools to Technocracy,” Neil Postman once again begins the chapter with the work of another author, Karl Marx, to establish his argument that technology can be a catalyst to determine how certain events develop within a society. It is because of those events that the physical life of that society or the structure of their belief system is affected. To prove that technology is a catalyst, Postman classifies three types of societies. They are tool-using, technocracies, and technopolies cultures. The tool-using and technocracies cultures are the two that are analyzed throughout this chapter. Postman emphasizes it’s the way in which the technology is use and its purpose that determines whether that society has a tool-using or technocracies culture.

What I found interesting in this chapter was the description of Francis Bacon, who Postman described as the first man of the technocratic age. I found his story to be interesting because he had a very modern way of thinking along with strong beliefs about the philosophy of science during the 16th century. Bacon was right in believing invention and science could have major effects on the progression of mankind. Because of certain technologies such as the microscope, the stethoscope, and the x-ray machine and many others, it has allowed the medical field to advance in ways no body from the 16th century every imagined the field of science would.

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Response 2

In the postman essay he talks a lot about how technology can affect the cultures of society. He brings to light how many societies were tool driven with a emphasis on tools solving a urgent problem that would either make a job easier or preform a task humans couldn’t. There are points on cultures having rules or guidelines for there tools and with new technology some of these rules either get distorted or get removed altogether . His ideas state that tools are not to interfere with a societies culture, or their belief in there ideology or culture only help. Technocracies are what happen when tools take on more than just a simple way to solve a problem

I Think that this essay explains a lot about how we have values on the things we hold dear, like our tools. These values can be held on for dear life but at the same time can be tossed out quite easily for something new. When he talks about how the mills and how prostitutes used to use them for their trade but at the same time after they would have copulation they would always light a fire. This act made it a public event cause they had to go get firewood that was let to start it so everyone would see who did it with who, but the inventions of matches caused that to be tossed aside quite quickly and prostitution then became even more of a secret act people preformed. technology and tools can have values at one point but eventually they either get replaced or tossed aside for the new way cause we human have a desire for the new even if that means leaving behind what we have now.

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Response 2

In Postman’s second chapter “From Tools to Technocracy” of his essay “Technopoly,” Postman is beginning to go in depth about his views on technology and the effect technology has had on different types of societies. Postman describes and discusses three types of societies and their culture. He starts with the oldest society, the tool-using culture, then moves onto technocracies, and technopolies. Postman describes and explains each culture through various examples. To explain the tool using culture, postman refers back to the mechanical clock in chapter one, he also uses the example of waterpower. Postman refers to these examples specifically because they display the characteristic that all tool using cultures share, the ability to use tools to fix their physical problems and to serve as symbolism to art, politics, rituals, or religions. Throughout this chapter, postman makes many valid points which, not only refer to the previous chapter but lead into his main argument. I believe that Postman’s main argument is the evolution of the three previously mentioned societies, and the way in which all three have surrendered their culture in order to accept technology into their society. Postman made it clear throughout the chapter that between the three societies there was a reoccurring technological boom. The way in which these societies handled this boom was to accept the new technology; by finally allowing it to alter their perception and reality.

This chapter was very interesting for me to read because it allowed me insight into the history of the three societies. I found it very interesting to read the history of the tool using culture and watch it evolve through the different examples that Postman used to emphasize his main point of people surrendering to technology. The evolution of the cultures really relates to where we are now. It displays the gradual change of being completely conscious of our societal, political, and physical issues and taking it upon ourselves to use the resources/tools we have to fix them. Whereas now we are in this sate of complete unconsciousness, we are selectively unaware of our environment and our issues. We don’t rely on ourselves or our tools or resources to help us fix the growing societal, political, and physical issues; we are relying on technology. No matter how much people may think they are against technology, it still plays a significant role in their lives, it influences them in some type of way. People have surrendered their beliefs, traditions, and morals to technological and our society is completely unaware of it.

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response 2

In chapter two Postman talks about different scientist. He talks about why science is important. In the story the author talks about the three stages of development technology. Postman writes about characteristics of culture and the tools that symbolize culture. A new military was created. This was created to fight on horses. The author writes about modern technocracies and the inventions that were created that time.

I feel that the author mentioned good inventors like Galileo who invented the telescope. In todays world the telescope is still used by many people. I feel science is part of todays world of technology. Science is important because knowing science can help create lots of new inventions. When the author talked about the horses in the military, I feel fighting on horses was a thing of the past.

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Response 2

In Postman’s essay, he begins by introducing three types of societies/cultures. The first one is the tool-using culture, the second is considered a technocracy and the third is called a technopoly. He goes on to say that each type of society can be found somewhere on our planet in the present time, but one must look a little deeper to find the tool-using culture, as it is beginning to fade. The central idea I believe that Postman focuses on, is that technology’s effect on many cultures vary, despite its intentions and the significant ways it intrudes on systematic beliefs and world views. For example, in the tool-using cultures, many people used their tools for of of two things:  solving urgent problems of physical life or to serve the symbolic world of art, politics and religion. Tools were not, under any circumstances, to interfere with man’s appreciation and integrity for his culture.  Technocracies came after which slowly but surely started to impede on the spread of tradition and religious views. These societies in particular, started to eventually break away from the traditional values set in place by its predecessors and became more driven to invent and create, therefore depending more on technology. People even started to discredit the ideas of their fellow man, and found more validity and credibility in technology.  Technopolies came in last and can simply be described as being a “totalitarian technocracy,” meaning,  not only does this society impeded on traditional values, but it redefines them and in some cases, eradicates them.

I thoroughly enjoyed reading this piece because it tells the tale of the current world we live in. A point that jumped out to me was when Postman started explaining the fact that people were beginning to have more faith in machines than in their fellow man. He describes that Taylor’s book The Principles of Scientific Management, explains that human labor and thought is efficiency, but also that technical calculations are far more superior to human judgement. Taylor felt this way because humans are imperfect and subject to error. He felt that human  judgement can be clouded by a lot of biases, vagueness and unnecessary complexity. I agree 100% with this view, because in the world as we know it, people oftentimes come second to technology. For instance, when taking a math test, one may know for a fact 2 plus 2 equals 4, but just for confirmation, no matter how simple the problem was, a person may use a calculator to be certain that there is no error. During a conversation, a person may make a brazen proclamation, but there will always be naysayers who fill probably do a Google search to verify such statements or assumptions. Technology, in a way, has become our masters even though that was never the intent. With that in mind, Postman did say that technology was unpredictable. It’s truly sad and unfortunate that the creator has become the student, and the creation has become the teacher. If we only truly understood the depths of our mind and regain control, we can successfully integrate technology and still have full trust in our fellow man.

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Response 2

Title your post “Response 2”.  We’re going to write another summary-response to the second reading. This should be two paragraphs long. The first paragraph should summarize what you consider to be the main argument that Postman is making in the essay. The second paragraph should be your response to it. Here, you should describe your thoughts and feelings concerning the essay you’ve read. Feel free to relate what he is saying to your observations about the world we live in today.

Don’t forget to leave at least 4 comments to Response 1 from your peers.

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Response #1

The first chapter of Technopoly by Neil Postman talks about a king named Thamus and a god named Theuth. Theuth was the inventor of geometry, astronomy, calculation and writing.  He believed that writing wasn’t a main source for wisdom but only a source for “recollection.” In this chapter it is argued back and forth why writing has been an essential tool within our generation but also a disadvantage. Technology was one of the argued factors on how writing has affected our source of learning. Postman discusses two types of people–“technophiles” and “technophobes.” Technophiles love technology and always see positives in it. Technophobes are not to fond of technology. The chapter goes on to explain that just because a person may write down notes, it is not completely necessary that the person is actually gaining knowledge.

I honestly thought both sides had a valid point, but in my opinion its based on the learner. In some cases many people may find writing down notes can be a simpler way of maintaining knowledge and remembering what needs to remembered. But there are other types of learners who rather hands-on learning. They may feel that speaking on the topic brings more clarification on the topic because everything is being explained and its a constant conversation. I believe when it comes to technology, its a constant change but it makes things much simpler, but yet hurts us because it makes us lazy. There was a statement in the chapter saying that “we are slaves to our own tools”. Due to the fact that technology is always changing words are also in a constant change, so one word can mean so many things.

In The first part of the film “The Corporation”, it speaks on major corporation who seeks ways to gain more money and how business are built to expand wealth. As i was watching the film, they explained what corporation do to increase profit in the most unfairly way. Corporation goes to country who needs the most financial help and give them work to do for barely any money. A famous name brand such as Nike would go to the poorest country, and have them make their products for close to nothing, and Nike would sell their products for almost 5 times the amount they paid the workers to make their product. I was also surprised to acknowledge how CEO’s ended making their corporation become a living being, who deserved rights just to protect their wealth as well as exclude them from any laws.

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Response 1

In the first chapter of Neil Postman’s Technopoly he gives a background into what he means behind the term. The first chapter contains a story called The Judgement of Thamus found in Plato’s Phaedrus. Thamus is a king of a great city in Upper Egypt and entertains the god Theuth, who is an inventor. Theuth invents many things including writing, he presents his inventions to Thamus because he wants them to be available for use to all Egyptians. Thamus listens to Theuth explaining his approval and disapproval of all the inventions, when Theuth gets to writing he says “it is a great accomplishment that will improve the memory and wisdom of the people”. On this Thamus disagrees he believed that writing would do more harm then good to the Egyptian people. He says that people would become forgetful relying on writing to remember things, they would receive information without proper instruction and it would create false knowledge. Overall the use of writing would be a burden to the society and nothing but that. Postman argues that Thamus although he does make valid points is not completely right on the matter, he failed to see what benefits writing could bring. According to Postman every technology has its blessings and burdens, but after a new technology is introduced the world and society surrounding is forever changed whether people realize what’s happening or not. This is what Postman calls “Technopoly”

After reading Postman’s first chapter I have to admit my opinions about technology were deeply changed. I began to see how much technology controls nearly everything having to do with an individual even down to judging a person’s progress in learning by giving grades. Basically technology has become a necessity in a world where people seemed to function just fine before certain things became available for their personal use. Television and the computer have influenced how people live there lives down to what they wear, what they eat, how they express their emotions and even how they make their money. Technology has become one of the largest money making industries in the world and continued growth will make all old technology obsolete. Soon the things that we view as familiar and real will change as time moves forward, every new generation will see the world differently depending on how technology shapes the future.

Watching the film The Corporation in class I was honestly disturbed by what I saw. The purpose of a corporation was defined as a way of devouring profit at any cost. By the words “any cost” the film showed corporations exploiting desperate people for ridiculously  low wages that in no way reflect the work they had done or even supported their families and when the cost to employ gets to high they move on. The corporations were originally meant to serve the people but instead they sacrifice their morals to protect the interests of their investors. Probably the most appalling thing that was explained in the film was that corporations use the 14th amendment claiming to be a person that by law can not be denied life and liberty. The corporations claim to be a person behind the law but act like leeches feeding off people to make their profits.

There are many similarities between the film The Corporation and Neil Postman’s Technopoly. It seems that they are alike in the fact that they go hand in hand. With advancements in technology, materials related to or sold by technology will need to be mass produced to be dispersed to customers who “need” them . This production will take place outside the United States in countries where corporations that are paid to mass produce products then they will pay workers less than a fraction of their earnings they receive in exchange for low wage labor. In other words the issues of new technology changing society and corporations doing anything for profit are the same because either way new technology will become available then money will be exchanged to gather the materials needed and whatever knowledge is published is what people will take as the truth.

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Hello i am Joshua Vega, i am a Computer Systems Technology major. I chose this class because it seemed interesting to me, i hope to get along with everyone in the class. I plan to create Video games as a career, I am a social person so if anyone wishes to talk feel free to. I hope this class will be very interesting and I hope to learn much. I like reading a lot there are many types of genres i like to read. I enjoy reading works of people that create there own stories and I have my own  stories that are still in very early stages of work. I hope we will all be able to work together and this will be a enjoyable semester

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Response #1

In the first chapter of Neil Postman’s “Technopoly,” Postman uses references from one of Plato’s written stories known as Phaedrus, in order to prove an important point. Postman uses the reference of a character named Thamus who is the king of a city in Upper Egypt. Theauth is a Greek god who is the inventor of many things such as calculation and astronomy. Postman focuses on one specific creation, writing. Throughout the essay, Postman analyzes and constantly refers back to the Judgement of Thamus and his perception of writing. Thamus’ judgement was that he believed writing would be a burden to society and nothing more than a burden. Postman uses different examples such as Sigmund Freud, Henry Innis, Galileo, Marshall McLuhan, Karl Marx, and many other works to prove that Thamus’ judgement of the creation of writing was not entirely true but also not entirely false. Postman believes that Writing, a form of technology, is indeed a burden but, it is not only a burden. Postman believes that writing or any form of technology does not have just one effect, it cannot be positive or negative, it must be both positive and negative in some ways. I admit that there are a good amount of valid points made throughout the essay but Postman’s main point is not revealed until the end of chapter one. Postman says at the end of chapter one that new technologies alter everything about people; It alters our areas of interests, our language, and our sense of community. Technology changes and controls what we do, what think about, and the way we speak. Postman ends the chapter with introducing this movement that he calls “technopoly” and how people may be completely unaware of it, which is another main point of his.

After reading Postman’s essay and understanding his main points of technology controlling and altering our perception. I agree with the points that Postman is making throughout his essay. I believe that it is more than true that technology has the ability and the power to change, alter, or even trick us into thinking a certain way or behaving a certain way. I also believe that many people are completely unaware of the effects that technology has on them. As I read the essay, the points that Postman made were sort of a realization for my surroundings and me. For example, on pages 18 and 19 Postman talks about how the introduction of television into America changed the culture of our society. He writes, “The United States was not America plus television; television gave a new coloration to every political campaign, to every home. . .” Television has changed our perceptions of information and reality because it is our biggest form of media and communication. Television is our only way of knowing the social issues, political issues, and other issues happening in our society besides the internet. Since television is our only way of knowing these things, we are allowing this form of technology to manipulate our minds and the way we process our information. We are allowing the winners to “dazzle” us with the things that we think we would like to have or hear. This also leads into the movement of technology replacing the culture of orality or “tool-using” cultures. I believe that it obvious that technology is clearly altering and replacing our important and different aspects of our culture.

In the film “The Corporation,” produced and co-directed by Mark Akbar exposes and examines different aspects of capitalism and the corporate business environment such as the nature, impact, and evolution of the business. As the film began to explain, what a corporation is and what the purpose of the corporation is, it was a little surprising to me to realize just how cruel the corporate business can be. It was surprising for me to realize that a corporation is vital to a society because without it, society would be unsuccessful but without society, the corporation will surely fail. I realized that this statement is very true because society relies on the corporate business to produce the products that they buy and the corporate business relies on the people to buy into their products and technology in order for them to flourish. While reading “Technopoly,” I did see an abundance of similarities and connections to film “The Corporation.” One connection I made from Postman’s essay to Akbar’s film was on page 9 when Postman describes how the benefits and negativities of technology separate into two different categories: winners and losers. The winners are considered the people or businesses who are successful, who depend on the losers to make their own profit. The winners in “the corporation” would be the corporate business because the corporation is classified as an actual being, an actual person. The corporate business works hard to tell the people, their consumers, that they need the new and latest technology because it will make the things they do everyday such as writing checks, paying bills, and communicating with others much easier than if they did not have this specific technology. Postman says specifically that the winners “dazzle” the losers with all of these wondrous features that the technology can offer them. In return, the losers cannot say no because they feel like buying the technology will make them smarter or closer to being more of a winner. This happens every day in our current society. People feel like need the new and latest technology because they feel like it has the possibility to make them more successful and smarter.

Postman also describes the conspiracy theory that is occurring between the people who have control over a particular technology and gain power over the people who have limited access to the same technology or specialized knowledge. This relates to “The Corporation” because as I stated before the winners have an advantage over the losers. The winners have access to better and new technology and this means that they will use this technology to manipulate the losers, their consumers to believe that the things they are selling and saying are completely true. I believe that this is a very large part of our producer and consumer relationship in our current society. I also believe that this type of relationship is one of the main points that Neil Postman is continuing to make in his Essay.



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response #1

The main argument Postman is making is that technology is important to children’s lives. The Postman thinks technology alters the things we think about. He feels new technology doesn’t change anything in the world and how we live. He asks questions on how computer would effect children’s speech. He talks about two technologies like print and television and how children in schools are effected. He feels their learning has been affected.

Postman has some real points like television and children at school. Post man states “children come to school having been deeply conditioned by the biases of television” I think this means children think television is their world. It is all about what is happening on television to the kids. I feel the world we live in today is affected  by what is seen on television. The world is all about new technology and people want to keep up.

My thoughts on the first part of the movie Corporation is that it’s about making business people look good. The Corporation talks about how businesses have changed. The movie talks about how corporations run and how they have affected peoples lives. The movie talks about how the business community influence our lives. I don’t see any connection with the reading and the movie. I feel that there are totally different because both the reading and the movie talk about opposite things. The article is mostly about technology and the Corporation is about business.


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Response# 1

In “the Judgement of Thamus,” Neil Postman uses Plato’s written work about King Thamus, as groundwork to break down how technological advances impacts a society, and how it alters that society on a social and intellectual way. The narrative is between King Thamus and The God Theuth illustrating their views which are on the opposite’s ends of the spectrum. Theuth believes once the Egyptians know how to write, it will absolutely improve their wisdom and memory. Whereas Thamus believes it will only be problematic. Postman disagrees with the views of both characters saying the impact of any technology will not be so one sided. Postman does use examples of events from both past and present to explain that Thamus’ is right, but only to a certain degree. Postman explains that it is a given, that technological changes will always be beneficial and harmful to a society. It’s how the people in that society use that technology as a distraction to cover up their true intentions. He analyzes how technical advances change the way people get treated, how old conceptions begin to conflict with new conceptions, and how technology is unpredictable and uncontrollable.

I like how Postman took apart Thamus’ point of view, and applied it to how we live today. I agree with him that in today’s world, technology has changed the way we do certain things. I believe he made a great point talking about Technology being a distraction. He used the issue of whether a student will learn better if they were taught using a textbook or a computer. This proves no one is focusing the student. The bigger picture is making sure the student comprehends what is being taught to them regardless of what tools are being used. Everyone is aware things should not be this way, but everyone has decided to accept that’s how life is now. As a society there is a focus more on wanting the latest gadget or the need to make things easier. I feel people are quick to accept this way of doing things because it doesn’t affect them directly. Technology has become a distraction in various ways in our lives whether it’s deciding between textbooks or computers or physical distraction in a car. I believe with anything you have to try and find the balance of it.

My thoughts on the film are it shows how something can start off with good intentions, but once certain factors gets involved it can alter things immensely. In the beginning, corporations were formed to benefit the general public in some way. Then it shifted from that to how much money the corporation can make in return. What stood out for me was the corporations were able to obtain the same legal rights as an individual person. It also displays what happens when you have such an old institution, and the law is used in a way to be beneficial towards their needs.

The connections I saw between the film and the reading was Postman’s argument about the winners and the losers in a society. In the film the winners are the corporation. They use their resources to get cheap labor and sell their products for an obscene amount of money, and lie about their overall dealings of their business. The losers are the people in the developing countries, who have to make the garments, and not be well compensated for. The consumers are also considered the losers for believing in the corporation claims. Which are the proceeds of their products goes where it supposed to be.

Another connection I noticed was Postman states how technology is something you cannot control and therefore can’t determine when and where it will occur. The development of the mechanical clock in the monasteries was used as his example. The monks created a technology made for their own religious purposes, and its uses were then transformed into how a society keeps track of themselves. The same things occur in the film, when showing how modern day corporations were formed. It all began because an Englishman had a specific goal of building an apparatus which would allow him to obtain more gold out of his mines. In the film, it was said it was productivity during the industrial age that lead to what we know now as the modern day corporation.

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Response 1

While reading Postman’s essay, I’ve discovered several key points in his argument that creates his stance, and, what I believe to be his center of discussion. Postman uses the story of Thamus (a king from Upper Egypt), to disprove that there is no concrete rule on the good, bad and the ugly of technology. He goes on to describe how Thamus’ statements are lacking in true understanding. Postman announces that Thamus has failed to acknowledge the benefits of technology, and that in any perspective, it shouldn’t be looked at with tunnel vision. Thamus strongly believed that technology, specifically writing, would make people ignorant and give them a false sense of superiority and wisdom. He went on to argue that it is not how much information a man is given that makes him wise, but his use of “internal resources”, which I assume to be life experiences and innate intelligence. I do believe that while Postman may have had personal opinions about the advancement of technology, one thing seemed to be constant in his argument: technology was neither all good or all bad, nor could it be predicted and foreseen.

My ideas about the essay are quite similar to that of Postman, but I honestly see more of my stance in Thamus’ argument. We currently live in a world where we have an abundance of information. So much so, that we truly do not know what to do with it. We do not see how important, nor do we care to utilize most of the information for good. It’s just there for us to use at our own leisure, or when it’s absolutely necessary. It’s no longer a way of life as it was years ago. For example, one may not know a thing about the political processes or about the government. However, with the simple click of a button, a person can log onto a computer and spend maybe a day or two catching up on information, and then find themselves in the middle of a passionate and informational debate. On the other hand, a person could’ve studied politics for years, and may have even put in a lot more work and research. This work could’ve been accomplished through speaking with politicians, writing a book, attending functions and more. In an instant, this person’s wisdom will unfortunately be compared to someone who merely spent 48 hours researching their information on the internet and solely retained the information for the debate. It gives people a false sense of pride, superiority and wisdom.

While watching the first part of The Corporation, a point that stood out to me was when society was compared to the story of Frankenstein. This analogy was perfectly suited for the world we live in today. A society where we have created our own “monster”. The Corporation discusses the monopolization of  businesses in the modern world and the things they do to remain on top. I was actually saddened by the lust, for lack of a better word, that human beings have for superiority and control. The exploitation of peoples of other cultures truly disgusted me, especially how disposable they seemed to all be. The Corporation, which is recognized as a mortal person, was made to out to be a heartless person whose sole focus is leeching off of the backs of the less fortunate and self-preservation.

I’ve noticed quite a few comparisons between the documentary and Postman’s essay. As I stated above, in The Corporation, society and their monopolies were compared to the story of Frankenstein. It was described as a society that created its own “monster”. Thamus’ argument was that people will use the discovery as writing as a way to propel themselves into an entitled and undeserving sense of wisdom and superiority. This will create people who are not truly wise, but people who have simply retained or “recollected” information for application when necessary, which he thought was “ignorant”.  In The Corporation, society has developed somewhat of a lack of humanity when it comes to propelling their businesses into mega entities. Everyone is disposable, and their main focus is making money and making sure those that work for them are doing the same. It gives them a false sense of power, when in reality, they truly don’t know what it takes to become powerful outside of riding the backs of innocent people.

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Introduction to class

Hello classmates,

My name is Briana Roldan, I am currently majoring in Technical and professional writing much like some  of you. I love writing and reading. I prefer to write during most of my free time and read during my commute to the college. I am not a very social person but being at city tech is changing that. Writing has always been a interesting hobby of mine, I enjoy any type of writing whether it be essay writing, personal writing, or creative writing. I enjoy being able to clear my mind with writing, it allows me to be able to display my emotions and perspectives on many different things at once. I feel like writing is a very important skill that everyone should always continue to develop because it is vital to any type of career or lifestyle. With this course, I hope to continue to build and develop my writing and communicating skills in a very articulate and effective way

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Intro to Language and Technology


My name is Simone Haylett, I prefer to be called by my first name only . This is my first year in City Tech. When I started at City Tech,  I was a Liberal Arts and Sciences major but I was very interested in the Professional and Technical Writing . So this year I jumped into this major with full force. I have always been one of the best writers among my peers and have often been asked to edit and help others with their writing. Over the years I’ve written poems, short stories, essays and basically have always been a strong writer and speaker. In the future I want to be a published author and poet but I also hope to be a motivational speaker. In this class I hope to further my love for words, language and knowledge. I want to be able to express my thoughts and ideas effectively because I truly feel that is what I am meant to do and will do my best at.

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Introduction to Language and Technology

Hello! My name is Abigale Morris, but my family and close friends call me Abby. I’m also an Aries (if it counts). I was born and raised in Brooklyn, NY and I have family from South America and the Caribbean. I’ve been at City Tech for a while. I started a few years ago and completed my associates degree in Liberal Arts. At the time, I was undecided and ended up going with Liberal Arts. Now, I have finally found something I have a genuine interest in: reading and writing. I love animals and when I was younger I wanted to be a veterinarian. I have a 2 year-old cat named Berlin and she is the most amusing cat I’ve ever seen. In my spare time, I enjoy reading, writing, watching movies, socializing with friends, traveling and cooking. In the future, I hope to gain knowledge and build my skills from this course and throughout this curriculum.

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My name is Jean Naubert, i am a current student in the PTW program. I am real excited and willing to learn different ways and terms on how to communicate ; whether it may be through technology. Last semester I took Prof. Corbett’s class and learned a lot, although the work amount was quite hefty, it was worth the learning experience. Now that I’m taken prof. Leston’s class, i feel that i have another semester of hard working to do, which will be interesting.

I am a person who loves being active. Some of my favorite hobbies are playing the drums, playing basketball and reading. The genre of books i love to read are usually action and mythological, they seem to keep me occupied till the book is completed. I am open to learning and experience new challenges that can help benefit me mentally and physically.

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Response #1 Spring 2016

Welcome everyone. Glad you are hear. If you haven’t done so already, make sure to write your intro blog post, you can call it “intro post” or something along those lines. In  your post, let us know who you are, what you’re interested in, why you’re taking this class, etc. Include your impression of the syllabus and the course packet. Which parts of the class are you looking forward to? What questions do you have concerning the class.

There are three parts to Response 1.

Part 1. Title your post “Response 1”. Go on to write a summary-response to the first reading. This should be two paragraphs long. The first paragraph should summarize what you consider to be the main argument that Postman is making in the essay. The second paragraph should be your response to it. Here, you should describe your thoughts and feelings concerning the essay you’ve read. Feel free to relate what he is saying to your observations about the world we live in today.

Part 2. Write another paragraph where you go on to explain your thoughts and reactions to the first part of The Corporation (you can watch it again here) that we watched in class.

Part 3. Do you see any connection between the reading and film? Explain any way you see they are connected and elaborate as best you can.

This work is due before class on Monday. Have a good weekend. See you then.

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My first semester at City Tech

My name is Winifred Durandys. I have my associate in applied science in retail merchandising from Kingsborough Community College. I came to City Tech to learn how to do some technical writing. This is my first semester.


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Intro to Language & Technology

Hello, My name is Kimberly Jones. This is my first semester taking this course. This is not my first time at City Tech. I have received my Associates degree in Liberal Arts & Arts from City Tech as well. I am currently getting a Bachelor’s degree in Professional & Technical Writing. I’m taking three other classes. They are Intro to professional & Technology Writing, Specialized communications for Technology Students, and Research & Documentation in the Information Age.

I come from a large family of all girls, and I’m the baby of the family. I enjoy sewing, dancing, and listening to all different genres of music. Especially Jazz, Reggae, Soca, and Oldies. I have a love of watching black & white films. My favorite actors from that era are Rita Hayworth, Edwin G. Robinson, Glenn Ford, Humphrey Bogart of course and Dan Duryea just to name a few. I also enjoy watching Korean Dramas which I started in 2009. Currently I’m watching a series called “the Six Flying Dragons.” Another interest of mine is I love classic muscle cars and basically any car made before 1975. One day I hope to restore a 1968 Mustang Fastback with a manual transmission. I want an emerald paint job, but I haven’t decided if that is the color I truly want. Like I said before I love to dance and going to carnival. In the future, I plan to go to all the carnivals in Trinidad & Tobago, Barbados, Toronto, London, and any where else. My favorite thing about carnival is going to J’ouvert. I love the throwing of the paint, powder, mud, and oil. Lastly I have a pet Turtle named Jamal who at the time I didn’t know was not a male but a female. I’ve had my turtle since the second grade. It was my oldest sister who brought the turtle to cheer me up because my pet fish had died.  Everyone who sees  my turtle falls in love with her. I hope to live to 96 and My pet turtle will be right there with me.

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Hi my name is Jess. This is my first blog post for Introduction to Language and Technology.  Can’t wait to explore the different ideas this class has to offer.

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Final Reflective Paper

ENG1710_Course Reflection

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Reflective Paper


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Reflection Paper

Reflection Paper

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Reflective Paper

Reflective Paper

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Final Paper- A letter to the Professor

The final paper, in form of a letter to Professor Leston,

1710_Final Course Reflection_spezzolanti

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Final Reflective Paper

Final Reflective Paper

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Reflective Paper

reflective paper

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Final Reflective Paper

Final Reflective Paper

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GMO Project My Comments and Revisions–Due Wed 12/23 Midnight

Hi Folks,

My comments are attached to the file. I would like revisions.

You have done good work but you have not presented it in a way that reflects the good work you have done. At the stage that it is in now, it is not complete.

The changes are not huge. It’s largely about presentation, not quality. The first section needs the most work.

Please pay particular attention to my comments. I have made a lot of them.

I expect that you address every comment.

I will need a revision complete by midnight Wednesday, the 23rd, which is the last day of uniform finals. Earlier would be fine, but most important is the work be complete.

Two major concerns.

1. You do not have in text citations or a bibliography that corresponds with your citations. This is a huge problem. Please get together and fix all of that. The info you provide on GMO’s needs to be verified. These claims about what employees are told are particularly disturbing without having evidence. In addition, all the “facts” about GMO’s need documentation, the attitudes of  Americans, and other sourced information need documentation that comes from high quality sources. You must have in-text citations in the body and a corresponding bibliography with those citations.

2.  Proofreading. The language at times does not use complete sentences or uses sentences that are not clear or correct. Particularly disturbing is the Vision Statement. When you have something that is the first thing that an audience will read, the language needs to be completely solid, if not inspirational. The last line in the Vision Statement is clumsy. But there are problems throughout the whole document. You all need to go over with a fine tooth comb and make sure that every single sentence is constructed carefully.

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The GMO Project

The GMO Project_ENG 1710_Fall2015

For more information on our project visit our site here.

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Creative Detournement Final Product





Nike “slave” labor


The picture compares the working conditions to that of the Jewish prisoners in work camps during WWII. I felt this was an important topic because these people tend to be forgotten often. People buy the products without thinking about the conditions under which it was made. I chose Nike over some other companies for a few reasons. They use more sweat shop labor than almost any other company, they try their absolute best to hide what goes on in their factories, and thirdly, they are a huge company with insane profit margins.

Bleeding Edge Tech


My disdain for Comcast, is a long standing one. The image is speaking about hoe Comcast claims to a company that is on the bleeding edge of new technologies, but they’re really stuck in the past on copper in most places. The image itself is of an early generation IBM pc, implying that a Comcast server might look like that. Why I feel that this is such a huge issue, is that tax payer dollars go towards so many ISP’s Comcast included, and they claim they use the funds to upgrade their servers, which is often not the case. They sit on the money and pocket it. Just about no companies in the world make the profits that ISP’s do, In many cases, they make more profit than drug dealers.

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Response 14

Stephen Duncombe’s 3rd chapter of Dream: Reimagining Progressive Politics in an Age of Fantasy discusses why we play violent video games such as Grand Theft Auto San Andreas (GTA). According to Duncombe, although GTA allows us to kill and steal as much as we want, we play it because it allows us to identify with something we aren’t, “an action-packing [black] stereotype… the mythic gangbanger of a thousand and one rap songs which glorify thug life (Duncombe 55).

It allows us to embrace difference, to understand and feel how other races and culture interact in a fictional world. Playing violent video games such as GTA also feeds our hidden desire to rebel, to stick it to the man through crime and violence.

I disagree and agree with Duncombe’s assessment on why we play video games such as GTA. I believe that game designer Greg Costikyan is correct in saying that these games are successful because of their “open-ended well-realized world” (Duncombe 64) and gameplay. We don’t play these games to become a black stereotype. In fact there are many games that allows the player to become a character that quite possibly no one wants to be. For example, in Lester The Unlikely, the player controls a stereotypical teen nerd complete with big glasses and face acne. Other games have the main character trapped in a creepy house with a murder loose.

The story of a game is also quite important, however I believe we stay for the gameplay and not anything else. I once played a zombie video game in where the story was not done well and I didn’t really know who I was playing as, nor did I care. however I enjoyed the gameplay and kept playing because of it.

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Response 14-The quenching of innate desires as Duncombe explains

Duncombe’s Dream: Reimagining Progressive Politics in an Age of Fantasy is a book which I am enjoying reading far more than any of the other readings for our class. The chapters that we have read so far are about identifying with your audience’s emotions, hopes, and dreams. Not looking at them as the other, but as someone who is you and you are them. While reading these portions of the book, I came to realize why I actually like this book so much. I feel as though Duncombe is speaking to me. I am the public. I am the citizen who wants to make a change in the world, create greater possibilities and a beautiful world for all that I share it with. I also want to enjoy nightly cruises on a six-cylinder car and eat lavishly at restaurants which serve animals cruelly farmed to tend to its customers’ appetite; me.

Duncombe does not antagonize me for my innate desires which are so often acted out due to the acceptance and strategic marketing of these desires by mainstream media. People gravitate towards acceptance. Someone who makes you feel like you belong and that you are cared for, even if that someone is a money-hungry corporate power.

I feel that the spectacle put on by the Billionaires for Bush was absolutely brilliant. Given the chance, it excites me endlessly on the possibilities of creating/starting something with the brilliant minds which are at work in our class. The hope is not to suppress the viewers’ (hopefully participants as well) innate desires, but to appeal to and utilize those desires to benefit us all!

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Response 14

I think the most interesting part of the 3rd chapter in Duncombes book is when he speaks about the relation that GTA has to middle aged white men such as himself. He’s taken out of his normal world of being a middle class man and thrown into a space where he controls a poor young black man. That everyone has a side of themselves that is out of the norm, that wants to cause some type of chaos and be different. And the virtual world of GTA can give them exactly that. People in the news or in politics view the games as nonsensical violence simulators, when they could be looking at it as just an escape from your regular life. He speaks about another game he played called Wolfenstein, where you take on numerous nazis before finally facing off with Hitler himself. The author talks about having dreams of the game after playing it, but in these dreams he wasn’t murdering people or firing guns but simply walking through the corridors of the castle. I think the major point he’s making is that through these games you don’t have to be tied down by who you are in the world. In this virtual landscape you can be whoever it is you want to be and not have to worry about repercussions.

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Tactical Media Project–Due Friday December 18 Midnight

As a group, you will design a campaign for a day of action concerning your elected issue. You may do more than this, such as set up an organization with future directives (highly encouraged), but you are required to at least design a project for a day of action concerning the issue.

Here are some tools to help you think about this project. Feel free to add other tools in the comments section below.

The Info Activism How-to Guide

Beautiful Trouble

Strategic Effectiveness Overview

For the guidelines listed below, I drew from the Strategic Effectiveness Overview. There are helpful readings and videos that can be found here. For your project you will need to do the following.

  1. Define Yourself–As an organization, you will need to first set broad goals concerning the values and beliefs of your members that incorporate your mission and purpose. You should also choose a name for your organization.
  2. Create a Vision–A narrative along with a timeline that shows what tasks and activities will take place leading up to the day of action. When will it occur during the day? Where will it occur? Are these choices strategic? Why? Identify the date for the day of action.
  3. Map the Terrain–An explanation of the social, political, cultural relationships, institutions and structures – where the “battle” or “party” will be fought or played.
  4. Explore Tactics–Here you explore different possibilities of tactics for the day of action.
  5. Plan for the Action–This step of the Strategic Effectiveness Method assists participants to create a plan to take action for implementing their strategic goals to help realize their long-term vision. All the work done in the previous exercises comes together to develop a plan to take action to move a strategic goal forward. This is how participants will take a step toward making their vision a reality.
  6. Develop a prototype for a poster or flyer or some other media artifact related to promoting the day of action.


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Response 14

Duncombe helps to create a terrific visualization of a world in which many of us look to escape to. Often times our internal desires for sex or death are what triggers us to conform to playing such video games like Grand Theft Auto. This is in order to play out those desires that we would otherwise not be able to carry out in the real world due to the many limitations and restrictions placed on our society. Grand Theft Auto is a immensely popular game since it provides the player with a fully manipulatable avatar placed in a 3-dimensional world where he/she can do whatever they want, however they want. The character (CJ) can be changed in terms of being obese or buff and can even get a haircut or a tattoo but his skin color can never change. “CJ isn`t a real black man; he is an action-packing stereotype”(55). The need to keep this character as a black man stems from the need to allow character identification. In order to fulfill the desire to identify with what we are not. This allows the player to understand the character that they are playing and form alliances that would not have been possible in another setting. It also allows the player to embrace difference and recognize the “Other” in an action of empathy. Through playing this game, it allows the player to view a world which is not his/her own and reflect on the views of others, only then may the barrier of stereotypes diminish.

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Final Reflective Paper–Due 12/21

This final paper will take the form of a letter that you address to me. I’d like you to post it to the blog AS A WORD FILE.

In your letter, I would like you to explain in detail how you believe you have changed—as a writer, as a reader, as a student, and as a citizen over the course of the semester. To do so, I want you to turn back and reflect on your blog posts, your projects, the readings, and the works of your peers.

I’m going to leave it up to you, for the most part, which items you choose to discuss, but I want you to draw from each of the four categories. When you do, please go into some detail concerning how each  item has impacted your development and growth.

The length of the project is up to you. But I will say that the point of the assignment is so that I can get a sense of how you perceive and understand your own learning. The more detail you provide and the more items you explore will give me a stronger sense of understanding your growth.

I would be particularly interested in hearing your reactions, perhaps to a reading or a film that we watched, and how those things influenced you, what they made you think and feel; and how they might have impacted your actions. I’d be interested in hearing you discuss how you felt and responded to the blog post assignments or how you changed your approach to writing the responses. I’d be interested in understanding how you felt yourself changing over the course of the semester, how you’ve become attuned to your environment differently. I’d be interested in a reflection of your issue presentation or to those of your peers. Your anxieties concerning the writing projects and how you might have overcome them. In short, anything that we’ve done in class is food for thought. What I hope is that you write a narrative that tells me of the process of change you’ve gone through over the course of the semester and how  you have changed as a reader, writer, learner, and citizen.

These are due Monday, 12/21, posted to the blog as an attachment.

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Response 14

Duncombe has definitely written a provocative article about the game, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas.  He analyzes Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas as  rebellious, participatory, open-ended, and fun.  He essentially gives the pros and cons of the game in a  fashion that engages his readers and may even illicit a desire to actually play the game especially for male readers or male lovers of video games.  He explains that the game brings out the vilest desires of the male gender through the character names CJ which involve dominance, sex, freedom and exhilarate the minds but there is a negative aspect to all of it. Duncombe has no problem with letting his readers know that it may be worthwhile to experience the game for themselves rather than listening to the opinions of other. After all, it is just a game and is meant to be fun. However, most people who read his book are able to distinguish reality from fantasy even if they are playing the game.  The real problem lies for those who can’t establish those boundaries.  The question now becomes, how do we deal with children and teens or any adult who is playing Grand Theft Auto and want to portray or mimic what they view or act out through their character in the video game?

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Response #14

Duncombe’s point about Grand Theft Auto and our inner deviant is a relatively valid one. The game is one we could learn from, not so much for its actions or “missions” but because it allows you to reprise a roll that society doesn’t. When you play this game or any role playing game, like sims for instance, you’re not tied to your real life persona. You don’t have be a student, a doctor or a reserved wallflower, you’re able to let loose and be whomever you want to be. Whether that be a weapon totting gangster or a notorious pimp, the game doesn’t know you in real life and nobody in real life knows you in the game. It promotes ultimate freedom, creativity and the ability to wear many masks.

We can learn several things from this, one people often feel compelled or forced to be a certain person around their peers or colleagues and are restricted in their creativity. Often they may feel a sense of rebellion but can’t act on it because of real life consequences, like loosing their job or legal ramifications. This article makes me think of those articles that roll through the media from time to time about people who lead secret lives. For instance the Dermatologist who sadly died of a drug overdose in Manhattan over the summer. She was a married woman with children and had a successful medical practice but she led a secret life, one filled with binge drinking and drug use. In no way is that sort of life style healthy or worthy of being condoned but it is an example of someone who suppressed their inner nature and feelings and stored them away in a dark corner of their lives.

I think that’s something Duncombe makes you ponder. Do all people have secret lives? Or want them? And if they do have secret lives what stops them from coming out with it? Is it because of the norms society has established or is it fear of being judged?

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