Chapter 4: Models of Service Delivery

Chapter 4

  1. Describe the three models of service delivery in terms of how each impact well-being to either individuals, families and/or communities.
  2. Medical, Public Health, Human Services

Medical model is for an individual that has a problem that is either a sickness or disease. These individuals depend on a physician to provide treatment or a cure for their sickness or disease. The medical model system consists of the symptom, diagnosis, treatment, and cure. It follows these steps in order to provide well-being to the individual.

Public health provides well-being for the entire community. Public health is defined in three ways. The first is by examining the history of the developments, the achievements, and the health successes. The second one is to achieve the mission of promoting physical and mental health to prevent any diseases, injuries, or disabilities. For instance, preventing epidemics being able to control the epidemic before the community is in danger. The third is to learn how to adapt to the circumstances of life. Learning how to handle problems in life in order to maintain physical and mental health to provide satisfaction in an individual’s life.

Human services is between the individual and the environment and balancing out the two of them. For example if a client has a mental illness it will affect their behavior. The human service model will treat this client by working with both the individual and the environment that is around him. In this model it is important to focus on the positive aspects of the client rather than the negatives.

  1. Describe how Philippe Pinel impacted the well-being of those with mental illness.

Philippe Pinel impacted the well-being of those with mental illness by arguing and practicing that individuals with mental illness should be treated with respect and with mental care not with punishments or with persecutions. Philippe Pinel combined his knowledge with Pussin’s principles and developed the moral method. The moral method says that mental illness is an imbalance that the patient has and could be treated with extensive observation and very detailed therapies. This impacted the well-being of mental illness because it benefits the client more rather than punishing them like before.

  1. Describe how the psychodynamic model promoted the well-being of the human services profession.

The psychodynamic model promoted the well-being of the human service profession because it made the clients talk about their thoughts and emotions with the professional. The professional analysis all the thoughts and emotions of the client and then comes up with a treatment plan that will help the client in the future.

  1. Describe how medications promoted the well-being of those with mental illnesses.

Medications promoted the well-being of those with mental illness because they provide the client medicine that helps them control their behavior, relieve depression, or ease pain. Resulting in the client to be able to control negative behaviors and to live a non-harmful life.

  1. Describe how electroshock treatment can promote the well-being of a person with severe depression, catatonic states.

Electroshock treatment can promote well-being of the client because it leaves the client unconscious. When the client starts to gain consciousness again they might experience memory loss or confusion. After several weeks the behavioral problem seems to leave.

  1. Describe how the “strength based” model approach promotes the well-being of the clients/society.

The strength based model approach promotes the well-being of the client because the professional tells the client to think about the problems or situations that were solved in the past. This promotes the well-being of the client because it helps the client realize their strength and the possibilities they have to deal with the problems they have and how to cope with them.