Week 14 – Capstone design: Documentation

Date 12/7


In-Class Discussion


  • Identify real-world problems that need to be solved using technological and engineering design.
  • Conduct design research to inform inventions and innovations that address specific needs and wants.
  • Develop a plan that incorporates knowledge from science, mathematics, and other disciplines to design or improve a technological product or system.
  • Use conceptual, graphical, virtual, mathematical, and physical modeling to demonstrate the design solution.
  • Develop design solutions using advanced technological tools to solve the identified problem.
  • Apply a broad range of making skills to their design process (not implemented)
  • Assess design solutions using design criteria and constraints.
  • Document the engineering design process using an online portfolio platform and share the final design to the public.

Thinking about Engineering Design

  • What is Engineering?
    • Koen (2003) mentioned the characteristics of engineering that include change, resource, best, and uncertainty. What kinds of characteristics have you experienced during your project?
    • Bucciarelli (2003) described engineering design is a social process. Did you find this feature?
    • Petrosky (2006) mentioned failure is a nature of engineering. Do you agree to this?
  • Position to Engineering
    • Engineering as Applied Science? (Hubka, 1983. p. 9)
    • Engineering as Problem Solving?
    • Engineering as Human Nature? (Ethnography)
  • Engineering Design Process
    • Conceptual Design (Clarkson & Eckert, 2004, p. 5)
    • Interactive Engineering Design Process (Cross, 2008)
    • Engineering Design as a Mental Process (Benami & Jin, 2002, p. 5)
    • Engineering Design in the Technology Classroom
      • Gagne’s Nine Instruction Events  (Gagne, Briggs,  & Wager,  1992)
      • Engineering Design Process Model (ITEEA,  2006)
      • Engineering Design Inquires (Sung,  2018)


  • What are the first thoughts about this overall project?
  • What did I learn?
  • Were my milestones and goals mostly met, and how much did I deviate from them if any?
  • What were some of my most challenging moments and what made them so?
  • How well did I and my team communicate overall?
  • How well did I and my team collaborate overall?
  • What would I do differently if I were to approach the same problem again?
  • What moments was I most proud of my efforts?
  • How can I better support and encourage my teammates on future projects?
  • How will I use what I’ve learned in the future?

Project Content for the final project

  • Do not need to include all chapters, but recommended
  • EDU 4480 Capstone Project Table of Content
  • Cover Page: Title, Team members and number, Course Name, Date
  • Table of Contents
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Problem Formulation
  • Impact of the Project
  • Analysis
  • Design Strategy (Include options considered, ones selected, and alternatives for risk reduction)
  • Division of tasks among team members
  • Timeline showing dependencies and major testable milestones
  • Cost (Show total cost and cost to project in separate columns if different, eg. because of borrowed or donated items)
  • Conclusion
  • Your reflection (Individual)
  • Appendices (eg. catalog copies, spec sheets, etc.)
  • References

Student Evaluation of Teaching

  • Emails will be sent from Scantron to student’s campus email address.
  • Emails will be sent from:
  • i. Sender Name: NYC College of Technology Course Evaluations
  • ii. Address:

Peer evaluation

Final Submission

  • Topic: Capstone design 5
  • In-class: Develop the selected solution
  • Project Final due Dec 7 11 pm
    • Individual submission.
    • Items
      • Solution model & demonstration.
      • Presentation PPTs (extended due at 5 pm on Dec 14)
      • Project document. Download from your Google doc and convert into the MS-Word format.
    • Submit through Blackboard – Principles of Engineering – Assignment – Final Project.
    • After submitting, you should upload your project document to your Open Portfolio.