Chapter 4

Chapter 4

Describe the three models of service delivery in terms of how each impact well-being to either individuals, families, and/or communities.                              Medical model addresses to the individual as someone who has a disease or sickness. The elements of this system are: symptom-diagnosis-treatment-cure. This model helps to the wellbeing of the individual by helping them with any type of malfunction of their brain or body. It provides medicine such as: antidepressant, antipsychotic and anti anxiety drugs. These help to the well-being of the individual.

Public health addresses to the community as a whole in health aspects. There are three different approaches to define public health. One is to first know the history of the community: the failures, achievements and health successes. The second is to know what is the purpose of the community towards the promotion of mental and physical health, preventing injuries, diseases and disabilities. The third one is to focus explicitly on how to prevent all of the diseases. Public health helps to improve the well-being of the communities by focusing on a larger scale.

Human services addresses the individual, families and communities. In human services, it is determined that a problem of an individual is caused by their environment. This model helps the wellbeing of individuals by using the problem-solving method. In this method human service professionals are in charge of identifying what the problem is, help the individual identify their strengths to solve the problem, and teach them how to solve the problem on their own. It could be possible that this models works along with the other two because individuals could need help from them as well.

Describe how Philippe Pinel impacted the well-being of those with mental illness. Philippe Pinel helped those with mental illness by declaring that they were suffering from a disease and not from being possessed by demons. Pinel was appointed as physician by ideologues because he had connections with them. Therefore, by having connections with ideologues he was successful in his declarations. Since back in 1800s the church had a lot of influence in society. Moreover, he published three books that helped in different ways. One was for the classification of diseases, second was the foundation for modern psychiatry and third spread his methodology to the next generation.

Describe how the psychodynamic model promoted the well-being of the human service profession.                                                                                                       The psychodynamic model itself was developed by Sigmund Freud. In this method the clients would speak all of their thoughts and feelings to their therapists. This method is still used today in human services. Human service professionals ask many questions to clients and let them speak all of their thoughts and feelings in order to determine their problem. Eventually, once the problem is identified thanks to the client speaking all about their feelings and thoughts: the professional could think of a solution.

Describe how medications promoted the well-being of those with mental illnesses.                                                                                                                       There are medications that help to promote the wellbeing of individuals with mental illnesses. Some of these medications are: Antipsychotic, Antidepressant, and Antianxiety drugs. Antipsychotic helps individuals who have depressive psychosis, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder. This medicine controls certain behaviors such as hallucinations and impulsivity. Antidepressant alleviates depression. Antianxiety alleviates anxiety, fear or tension. All of these medications are for the well-being of the individuals with mental illnesses.

Describe how electroshock treatment can promote the well-being of a person with severe depression, catatonic states.                                                                    A person with severe depression could be treated with electric shocks of 70-130 volts on the brain. This treatment was used during the 1940s. The shocks would leave the patient unconscious or convulsing. The effects of the shocks would be confusion and memory loss but the problem of behavior would decrease after weeks of treatment.

Describe how the “strengths based” model approach promotes the well-being of clients/society.                                                                                                               The strengths-based approach consists of asking the client to think about situations and problems in the past. The purpose of this is so they could remember what were the skills that they used that helped them solve those problems. If the client remembers the skills that they used then they may be able to use those skills for their current problem. It is the same with society. We study the past so we don’t repeat the bad things in the present, and we remember the effective solutions that we used so we can use them again now.