A City Tech OpenLab Project Site

Author: Johanna Espinal

References

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Climate

Greece is a part of the Mediterranean along with other countries surrounding them. The Mediterranean region consists of Spain, Italy, and Turkey (Taylor, 2022). Mediterranean climate-type regions are temperate, wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers (Urdiales-Flores et al., 2023). In the Mediterranean, climate changes from warm to hot, to moderate rainy winters. The Mediterranean dry summer climate consists of temperatures varying from 64° Fahrenheit in their coolest months and 80-89° Fahrenheit during their hottest months. With Winters ranging from 30-65° Fahrenheit (Mediterranean, 2022). The temperature changes depending on which season and country it is in the Mediterranean.

Greece changes temperature depending on the season which impacts the weather conditions. In January-March, 55-60° Fahrenheit, April-June, 68-86° Fahrenheit, July-September, 91-83° Fahrenheit, October-December, 73-55° Fahrenheit (Regula, 2022). Greece has moderate to hot temperatures due to being part of the Mediterranean. During the winter it is mild and rainy, with cold air masses from northern Europe, or when the temperature drops in mild areas which can lead to snow in northern plains (Greece,2022). Summer in Greece is hot and during the dry season, there is minimal rain (Baker, 2023). Greece’s temperature is mainly hot with other weather conditions such as wet or dry weather.

Figure 4: Climate of Greece

Import/Export Trade Policies and Practices

Imports

Greece does have restrictions on importing goods and imports with various countries. Greece law states a company that imports goods into Greece from a country with a lower tax rate must repay the 26% withholding tax (Trade barriers, 2022). To import to and from a registered trade license is required as per the business and be enlisted in the Trade and Company Register of the country (Import to Greece, 2022). Greece imports from various countries, being part of the European Union (EU), 57% come from EU Member States, Germany 12%, and Italy 9%, while outside the EU 8% from China and 6% from Russia (Greece). Greece has a relationship with countries inside and outside of Europe. Greece has a few import policies to be able to do business with them.

Exports

Greece has certain export policies and trade with several countries. To export to and from Greece a taxpayer needs to be enlisted with the Greece Tax Agency with a registered license as per the business that will take part in the trade (How to export from Greece, 2022). Greece shipped $57.4 billion worth of products around the globe in 2022, with the overall value of exports increasing by 21.5% resulting in $47.2 billion (Workman, 2023). Fifty percent of its exports were within the EU, with Italy and Germany being major partner contributors. Outside of the EU, Turkey is 4%, and the United States 4% (Greece- EU member country profile, 2023). Greece has a relationship with countries inside and outside of Europe to export various goods.

Our company will be exporting the Chemise overseas to the United States. It will be sold in local shops such as Etsy and other small businesses. The garment is sold in countries surrounding Greece such as Spain, Germany, Italy, and France. The product will get to the United States by cargo planes as needed to be sold in stores. It will be sold by exporting and the product will be shipped to the United States, exchanged for money.

Culture

Greek has many dishes, two would be Baklava and Pastitsio, Baklava contains nuts and butter with sugar, and after baking sweet syrup is poured over it so that it can be absorbed by the layers of phyllo, which is a very thin dough without a rising agent such as yeast. Pastitsio is a baked pasta dish that includes ground beef and bechamel sauce usually eaten with mixed greens, wine vinegar, and extra virgin olive oil (White, 2023). These foods are just a small example of the many delicious dishes Grecians create.

Figure 5: Baklava

Figure 6: Pastitsio

Greece has a mixture of cultures with various ethnicities and religions. Ethnic groups in Greece include Albanians, Romans, Aromanians, Macedonians, and Turks (Chepkemoi, 2019). Greek is the main language spoken in Greece but other languages are spoken as well as Armenian, Albanian, Macedonian Slavic, Romani, Turkish, and Bulgarian. Foreign languages are also spoken, mainly English with 48%, but also German, French, and Italian (Sawe, 2019). In Greece, 98% of Greeks are Christian Orthodox, and the rest of the population are Muslims, Roman Catholics, and Jewish (Greek Culture). There is a mixture of different cultures with multiple ethnic groups, languages, and religions happening in Greece.  

Dress in Greece is known for draped clothing in ancient times. The two most common garments that were worn by women were the Peplos and the Chiton. Both garments are long tunics, and the Chiton is a lighter outfit made of linen or lighter wool that was a folded large rectangle and was half draped in the front and back (Ancient Greek and Roman Clothing). Even though Greeks wore draped clothing it was made of light material due to the hot summers since Greece is part of the Mediterranean. Greeks wear modern-style clothing daily but wear traditional regional costumes for festivals and national holidays (Jaracz). Greeks have progressed with their clothing like any other country and now wear modern clothing, but they wear draped clothing to festivals to express their culture. From marble sculptures, the public assumes Greeks wore mainly white garments, but their clothing used many colors such as yellow, red, light green, gray, and violet, and the fabric of their tunics was held with girdles, pins, and buttons (Polyzoidou, 2021). Ancient Greek clothing is known for having drapes and being only white but the clothing is worn with several colors.

Figure: 8 Peplos and Chiton Garments