Explain Goals for Performance*
Strategy: Providing explicit goals and criteria for performance
Objective: Prevent students from misinterpreting criteria or misunderstanding goals in what they need to do and learn
- Provide concrete or directive instructions:
- Recognize when a key concept is at issue
- Explain the key concept to solve problems or understand a process
- Explain the key concept to a particular audience
- Create a rubric and share it with students.
- Include the levels of the quality of work produced and
- Extend students’ knowledge of the qualities associated with good work
- Students gain an understanding of the exercise or activity as knowledge acquired and skill practiced. The performance goals are defined in terms of challenges for students to do
- Explanation of performance goals can lead to discussion of challenges that are normal, including understanding misconceptions
- Students’ understanding of performance goals leads to more concrete specifications that students can more easily interpret correctly
- Clearly specified performance criteria can help direct students’ practice and ultimately their learning (p. 129)
- Students’ performance can be monitored and measured (by instructors as well as students themselves), which enables the provision of feedback to help students refine their performance or learning (p. 129).
* Based on strategies suggested by Ambrose et al., 2010