Monthly Archives: December 2017

Compare 2 Buildings

David Andrade

Professor Zagaroli

Compare 2 Buildings

The two buildings I will be comparing is an older building with new insides, and a modern condo. One is called Wythe Hotel it used to be an old textile factory that was converted into a modern-day hotel but still has the façade of the original building. I believe it is one of the more interesting buildings in the Williamsburg area because it still has the old charm of the area’s past which was mainly industrial.  The building its self has a very balanced layout. There is a lot of symmetry going on with the building and has those quirky industrial style windows form the late 1800s/ early 1900s.behind that old exterior is a modern structure that inhabits the old building. It gives a sense of preservation because the developer could’ve easily bulldozed the factory and build a new building completely but choose to incorporate the two together giving it nice blend of old and new. 320 Kent Avenue is a recent structure built in the Williamsburg area. It is one of the more interesting developments to go up in recent years because of its unique design. The lower quarter of the building is composed of copper plating meanwhile the upper part in covered in zinc plating showing a strong division. The front elevation of the building has a square hole right through the center giving it some individualistic charm it towards the rear of the building is descends in a stair case-like fashion. Along the balcony’s you can see small gardens promoting an eco-friendly type of view. The last floor line of windows reminds me a barcode and it’s also part of the old domino factory zone that is currently being redeveloped for a modern day Brooklyn.

Comparing Era’s

David Andrade

Professor Zagaroli

Comparing Era’s


Paleolithic architecture is extremely old. They mainly lived in pit houses that where common in eastern Europe. They featured a oval like shape and has a central post hole indicating the existence of a roof. Its constructed by digging out some soil and surround it with mammoth bones for support. Paleolithic peoples mainly used stone tools for hunting and construction. They also constructed huts using animal hide and their respective bones along with tree branches.

Mesolithic architecture was more advanced as humans began domesticating animals and creating farms for food. Many of the buildings constructed during this time where made using post-and-lintel systems where timber was the roof that spanned the room and the post supported the structure. The post where usually filled with mud and woven branches that would create and sturdy structure. In northern Europe some of the structures where created using masonry and those have survived the elements until today. The buildings are made up of flat stones stacked up but they do not have mortar but sloped slightly to lock in place.

With the Neolithic age stone ceremonial structures began to appear. Those include Stonehenge and the menhir alignment in Britain and France respectively. These structures are also called megaliths. Another megalithic structure would be the various tombs around Europe such as the Newgrange tomb site in Ireland that has some of the most complex system of graves known today. The burial chambers are made of large rocks that create and a round space. The construction rocks where engraved with designs of circles and spirals. There are many narrow passages that lead to the graves. Stonehenge is made of a post-and-lintel system that creates and circle surrounded by a ditch inside the circle is another group of stones that form a horseshoe type shape.

Overall the three periods I choose to discuss highlight how human advancements in either choice of tools or new engineering feats building new structures advanced their civilization. Also, it demonstrates the changes in materials used going from animal hides to mud and wood to stone. These designs affected how its respective peoples lived and ability to survive. And contribute to the advancement of humanity from their time.

Parthenon Sale

David Andrade

Professor Zagaroli

Parthenon Sale


Today we have a historical sale going on. You can purchase one of the wonders of the world for the highest bid! The Parthenon! The legendary building from Greece constructed under Iktino’s and Callicrate’s watchful eye who created this masterpiece along with the sculptor Phidias who helped design this magnificent structure. We will be doing a bid style sale starting at 10 million USD to start things off after I explain a bit of its history of course. After suffering extreme damage from a bombardment during a war the structure still stands proving how resilient it truly is. The historical landmark is also a show of engineering during the Greek empire and proves how much wealth and knowledge they had at the time.

Roman structures


When the famous amphitheater by the name of the Colosseum was built in ancient Rome, it measured at 620 by 523 feet in area – making it the largest amphitheater of its time. The construction of the largest and most popular ancient Roman monument was started during the reign of Emperor Vespasian in 72 AD.

St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest churches in the world, built on the burial site of St. Peter, one of Christ’s apostles, on Vatican Hill in Vatican City. The first St. Peter’s Basilica was built in the fourth century by Emperor Constantine, but by the 1400s it was almost in ruins.


Both f these structures are old testimony of how great roman architecture was. They both were the biggest structures for the reason they served. The saint Peter’s cathedral being the biggest cathedral of its time . while the colosseum was the biggest amphitheatre of its time .this goes to show how big the Roman architecture is and was as these structures are still as of today some of the most attracting places on earth.

Neolithic and Paleolithic era comparasent

The Paleolithic age is a prehistoric period of human distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools and covers roughly 95% of human technological prehistory It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools, probably by homo habilis initially, 2.6 million years ago, to the end of the pleistocene around 10,000
The Paleolithic era is followed by the mesolithic . The date of the Paleolithic–Mesolithic boundary may vary by locality as much as several thousand years.
During the Paleolithic period, humans grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and fishing, hunting or scavenging wild animals] The Paleolithic is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time humans also used wood and bone tools. Other organic commodities were adapted for use as tools, including leather and vegetable fibers; however, due to their nature, these have not been preserved to any great degree.
About 50,000 years ago, there was a marked increase in the diversity of artifacts. In Africa, bone artifacts and the first art appear in the archaeological record. The first evidence of human fishing is also noted, from artifacts in places such as blombos cave in south africa . Archaeologists classify artifacts of the last 50,000 years into many different categories, such as projectile points, engraving tools, knife blades, and drilling and piercing tools. The new technology generated a population explosion of modern humans which is believed to have led to the extinction of neanderthals
Humankind gradually evolved from early members of the genus homo—such as Homo habilis, who used simple stone tools—into fully behaviorally and anatomically modern humans during the Paleolithic era. During the Paleolithic period, humans grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and fishing, hunting or scavenging wild animals. The Paleolithic is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time humans also used wood and bone tools.

Neolithic era was was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC. Neolithic. Neolithic (New Stone Age) Period in human cultural development following the Palaeolithic. The Neolithic began c.8000 bc in w Asia and c.4000 bc in Europe. During this period people first lived in settled villages, domesticated animals, cultivated cereal crops, and ground stone and flint. neolithic




comparacent between early egypt strcture and mesopotemia Kristian Lugja

Mesopotamia and early Egypt were two eras that brought a lot of improvement civilizations and one was certainly the building improvement and style. One type of building that the mesopotamia era brought was the ziggurat.The ziggurats were built of sun baked bricks with facings of fired bricks on the outside. The tradition of building a ziggurat was started by the Sumerians, but other civilizations of Mesopotamia such as the Akkadians, Babylonians and the Assyrians also built the ziggurat. While on the other hand the early Egypt era brought a slightly different style of building. The earliest inhabitants of Egypt lived in huts made from papyrus reeds. However, it was soon discovered that the mud left behind after the annual flooding of the Nile (inundation) could be made into bricks which could be used for building. Bricks were made by mixing mud and straw and leaving them to dry in the sun. This system brought building to life in Egypt one structure that came from this era is the famous pyramids. The difference between these two structures is the way they were built. The ziggurats have the long path ways of coming to the top while the pyramids are made of big stones from all sides which could work as steps at times.


Ziggurats were a form of temple common to the Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians of ancient Mesopotamia.The earliest examples of the ziggurat date from the end of the third millennium BCE and the latest date from the 6th century BCE.

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the giza pyramid complex bordering what is nowel giza Egypt. It is the oldest of the seven wonders of the world, and the only one to remain largely intact.
Based on a mark in an interior chamber naming the work gang and a reference to fourth dynasty Egypt .Pyramid was built as a tomb over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at 146.5 metres (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest manmade structure in the world for more than 3,800 years. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories about the Great Pyramid’s construction techniques. Most accepted construction hypotheses are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.


Sennon Jamal

Arch 1121

Professor Zagaroli

In-Class writing assignment


                                                           Parthenon Assignment


     What a view. The one and only Parthenon. It is a blessing to see you. When I am here in front of you I admire your columns and the size of you. When I see u I know that you are the first and one of a kind. Since 447 BC you have been here and yet you look more powerful than ever. You still being here let’s people know just how strong of a structure you are. 7. Introduce urselfto Parthenon


Jamal Sennon

ARCH 1121



Geometries of Churches Analysis


There are many Churches within history. From churches inspired by gothic architecture to the ones built around 500 to 1420 AD. these churches have had many changes which overtime improved designs of churches. Also within different times churches did things that were different in their designs. Some used structural elements such as flying buttresses for support as well as aesthetic purposes. One church in particular that uses this element is the notre dame cathedral. There are also structures which use stained glass to create these amazing areas of light which also tell a story through the glass. While going through lectures in class I noticed that a majority of the churches shown have an area in which at some point all attention points towards. Throughout time churches have done things that have made each individual structure stand out. From using structural elements as an aesthetic asset to pushing back the entrances to add a level of depth to a structure. Some churches had a radial setup or octagonal look with a center which had a dome above it. Also based off what the people of that church worshipped the shape of the structure would vary. This was something very interesting in my opinion. Some  churches represented something based off how they were built. If a church had a vast dimension with a lot of repetition it is viewed as powerful.


Sennon_Jamal_Pantheon for Sale_

Pantheon for Sale


      Attention all, the Pantheon known to be  Roman temple temple to all gods is now for sale. His outstanding work of art built in Rome, Italy made 126 AD can now be in your possession. This structure with a height of 142’ and an opening towards the center allows for the potential of many occupancies and purposes within the space. This would be just the spot for meetings or just having people come in to enjoy the view of the interior and be captured by the usage of light in the structure moving through the opening to create this wonderful experience. Without a doubt this would be the place to have for people to come to see. The usage of the patterns along the interior of the structure as well as its unique elements are somethings people would never forget . So you willing to attain the one and only Pantheon for yourself .

6. Pantheon