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Roman structures


When the famous amphitheater by the name of the Colosseum was built in ancient Rome, it measured at 620 by 523 feet in area ‚Äď making it the largest amphitheater of its time. The construction of the largest and most popular ancient Roman monument was started during the reign of Emperor Vespasian in 72 AD.

St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest churches in the world, built on the burial site of St. Peter, one of Christ’s apostles, on Vatican Hill in Vatican City. The first St. Peter’s Basilica was built in the fourth century by Emperor Constantine, but by the 1400s it was almost in ruins.


Both f these structures are old testimony of how great roman architecture was. They both were the biggest structures for the reason they served. The saint Peter’s cathedral being the biggest cathedral of its time . while the colosseum was the biggest amphitheatre of its time .this goes to show how big the Roman architecture is and was as these structures are still as of today some of the most attracting places on earth.

Neolithic and Paleolithic era comparasent

The Paleolithic age is a prehistoric period of human distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools and covers roughly 95% of human technological prehistory It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools, probably by homo habilis initially, 2.6 million years ago, to the end of the pleistocene around 10,000
The Paleolithic era is followed by the mesolithic . The date of the Paleolithic‚ÄďMesolithic boundary may vary by locality as much as several thousand years.
During the Paleolithic period, humans grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and fishing, hunting or scavenging wild animals] The Paleolithic is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time humans also used wood and bone tools. Other organic commodities were adapted for use as tools, including leather and vegetable fibers; however, due to their nature, these have not been preserved to any great degree.
About 50,000 years ago, there was a marked increase in the diversity of artifacts. In Africa, bone artifacts and the first art appear in the archaeological record. The first evidence of human fishing is also noted, from artifacts in places such as blombos cave in south africa . Archaeologists classify artifacts of the last 50,000 years into many different categories, such as projectile points, engraving tools, knife blades, and drilling and piercing tools. The new technology generated a population explosion of modern humans which is believed to have led to the extinction of neanderthals
Humankind gradually evolved from early members of the genus homo‚ÄĒsuch as Homo habilis, who used simple stone tools‚ÄĒinto fully behaviorally and anatomically modern humans during the Paleolithic era. During the Paleolithic period, humans grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and fishing, hunting or scavenging wild animals. The Paleolithic is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time humans also used wood and bone tools.

Neolithic era was was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC. Neolithic. Neolithic (New Stone Age) Period in human cultural development following the Palaeolithic. The Neolithic began c.8000 bc in w Asia and c.4000 bc in Europe. During this period people first lived in settled villages, domesticated animals, cultivated cereal crops, and ground stone and flint. neolithic




comparacent between early egypt strcture and mesopotemia Kristian Lugja

Mesopotamia and early Egypt were two eras that brought a lot of improvement civilizations and one was certainly the building improvement and style. One type of building that the mesopotamia era brought was the ziggurat.The ziggurats were built of sun baked bricks with facings of fired bricks on the outside. The tradition of building a ziggurat was started by the Sumerians, but other civilizations of Mesopotamia such as the Akkadians, Babylonians and the Assyrians also built the ziggurat. While on the other hand the early Egypt era brought a slightly different style of building. The earliest inhabitants of Egypt lived in huts made from papyrus reeds. However, it was soon discovered that the mud left behind after the annual flooding of the Nile (inundation) could be made into bricks which could be used for building. Bricks were made by mixing mud and straw and leaving them to dry in the sun. This system brought building to life in Egypt one structure that came from this era is the famous pyramids. The difference between these two structures is the way they were built. The ziggurats have the long path ways of coming to the top while the pyramids are made of big stones from all sides which could work as steps at times.


Ziggurats were a form of temple common to the Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians of ancient Mesopotamia.The earliest examples of the ziggurat date from the end of the third millennium BCE and the latest date from the 6th century BCE.

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the giza pyramid complex bordering what is nowel giza Egypt. It is the oldest of the seven wonders of the world, and the only one to remain largely intact.
Based on a mark in an interior chamber naming the work gang and a reference to fourth dynasty Egypt .Pyramid was built as a tomb over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at 146.5 metres (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest manmade structure in the world for more than 3,800 years. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories about the Great Pyramid’s construction techniques. Most accepted construction hypotheses are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.

Pantheon For Sale

Fabian Chiqui
Pantheon For Sale
Huge announcement the Pantheon of Rome is for sale and for a limited time only. What is most interesting about this building is that it is was is known for its belief of the gods of Rome and Greece. The best part of this building is that is can be used as a museum. It can be best used to tour people inside of it as it creates a wonder on peoples view to see building of that design. Due to the huge middle section that is open to bring in the light. The walls are unique and kept well in tact. Corinthian style on top of the walls create a culture that can never be forgotten.

Assignment #1

ARCH 1121 Assign #1, City Tech CUNY, Fall 2017

Professor Zagaroli

Tristan Ramirez

The First building is The French Building located in Midtown Manhattan New York. It was first built in 1927 before the Great Depression. It is used primarily as an office building and also houses classrooms of Pace University.  The building is one of the better known projects of the real estate developer Fredrick Fillmore French. The architects that designed this structure were H. Douglas Ives and Sloan & Robertson. It was the tallest building on Fifth Avenue when completed, by the 1990s it underwent a complete restoration, subsequently earning the Building Owners and Managers Association 1994/1995 Historic Building of the Year Award. The National Register of Historic places listed the building in January 2004. At the top of the building it has a striking art deco that can easily attract someone’s eyes.

The second building is called the Safra National Bank Tower located in New York. It was in built in 1990 standing at 23 stories tall. It used as an office space while CompStak has 11 lease comps for this property, dating from 2007 to 2017. Safra National Bank of New York is affiliated with Banco Safra S.A., one of the largest private banks in Brazil   with approximately 100 branches throughout the world. The bank has a worldwide network of resources and products made available by the Safra Group of banks and financial institutions.

These two structures are similar in a way with the use of the building. They both are an office space, and as well as the height of each building. One thing that contrast between the two is they were built between two different time periods of the same century. The first building was built before the Great Depression and the second building was built in the late 20th century or as you can say the modern era of buildings.

Tristan Ramirez In-Class Writing #1

Tristan Ramirez                                                                                                                                               9/12/17

Architecture 1121

Professor Zagaroli

The most impacted event that will have me for this week is the 9/11 attacks. The reason is because my oldest brother was affected by the event the most. At the time my brother was attending High School of Economics and Finance and he witnessed all of it which is the worst that could happen because at a young as a student who is attending high school in the first week can traumatize anyone because you have the feeling that is this certain area safe or not. But impacts me as well because I feel the same affect my brother has, but It bothers me during this week because ever since that day my brother was never the same as he was before. One of the three events that will have the greatest impact is the homework that is due tomorrow. The only day I have off is Thursday during the week so if I had homework due next week or Friday I take the time on Thursdays to do my homework. Going to the school really helps me a lot because at home its harder to do homework and I focus more at the school. I always try to manage my time when deadlines are due especially for certain assignments that require a lot of work. The least important is the past events even though they are lessons in life but not as much what occurs currently in your life right now. The past is mostly what you have done already and you know what to do and what not to do because you learn from your mistakes and you have the time now in the present to fix that and get things done the right way.

Week 1 Homework Assignment



Professor Zagaroli

Introduction about Myself

My name is Tristan Ramirez and I was born on February 3rd, 1999. I was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York. I am 18 years old as of now. Before I attended City college of Technology, I graduated from High School of Art & Design in Manhattan. I also majored in Architecture so I know a little bit more about what the major deals with and the work that is put into projects. I mainly enjoy making models or drawing perspectives. In my high school we were given a class called Art History that talked about the past of what and how structures were formed and even not just structure wise, but paintings and drawings of medieval time periods and the colonization of America. On weekends for my freshman and sophomore year I signed up for Saturday classes at Cooper Union that offer free classes to learn and gain knowledge from students who attend that school and show other high school students what the studio classes are like. The challenges I have faced is when deadlines are due and I don’t seem to find the time to do certain assignments I get stressed because I don’t manage my time well enough. Most of the time I mostly just stay in the school and do homework because when I go homework it’s too many distractions. The things that I enjoy is playing sports or exploring the city or even go for a walk around my neighborhood and look up or around and admire some the buildings in the city and listen to music and hang-out with friends and family. In this class I am hopefully and willing to gain the knowledge this class offers so I can understand a little bit how structures were built in the past and use the knowledge and be innovative on projects that are due in the future.