Group Members: Tinin, Christian, Zoey and Citlalli

I Utopian Elements of Modernism

A. Definition of modernism 

B. Break with past in architectural form 

C. Serving needs of the common people 

D. Form follows function // modernism follows utopian

E. Cities must be rebuilt to provide housing/services for the common people and growing population

F. Accommodate new transportation technologies – Model T. 

II The Impact of the Automobile

A. Ford Model-T and Assembly Line revolutionizes mobility and transportation 

B. Economic Expansion of the 1920s increased demand for cars and improved roads 

C. Regional Plan relating to the vehicles 

III Modernist Vision: The World Fair of 1939 and the Futurama Exhibit

A.Rationale for the World’s Fair: Post-Depression, success of the New Deal 

B. Description of the Futurama Exhibit 

C. Influence of Modernism and Le Corbusier in Futurama 

D. 1928 Regional Plan of New York and its Environs 

E. Influence of General Motors (Shell Oil City) and Automobile Industry 

IV Creating the Utopian/Futuristic Vision, the Futurama Exhibit, Urban Renewal and Highways

A. Urban Renewal Urbanism 

B. Dominance of the automobile in the modern future 

-Societal order 

-Skyscrapers; towers 

-No slums 



V Urban Renewal, the Cross Bronx Expressway and Dystopia

A. Destruction of neighborhoods 

B. Displacement: overcrowding 

C. Redlining; insurance fraud; fires; crime(Corruption) 

D. Isolation 

E. Loss of social support 

F. Ostracism/Demonization of the community

VI. Community Restoration

A. Community activism

B. Artistic Creativity

C. Birth of Hip Hop and other influences

D. Gentrification