African American Studies

  • Digital Schomburg (Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library)
    “Relying on the expertise of distinguished curators and scholars, Digital Schomburg provides access to trusted information, interpretation, and scholarship on the global black experience 24/7. Users worldwide can find, in this virtual Schomburg Center, exhibitions, books, articles, photographs, prints, audio and video streams, and selected external links for research in the history and cultures of the peoples of Africa and the African Diaspora.”
    Note: Not all materials are open, but many are in the public domain. Users can filter by “public domain only” or can link to copyrighted materials in the digital collection using a permalink. 
  • An Introduction to African and Afro-Diasporic Peoples and Influences in British Literature and Culture before the Industrial Revolution, by Jonathan Elmore and Jenni Halpin, University System of Georgia (2022). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Funded by the University System of Georgia’s “Affordable Learning Georgia” initiative, An Introduction to African and Afro-Diasporic Peoples and Influences in British Literature and Culture before the Industrial Revolution corrects, expands, and celebrates the presence of the African Diaspora in the study of British Literature, undoing some of the anti-Black history of British studies.”


  • Explorations: An Open Invitation to Biological Anthropology, by Beth Shook, Katie Nelson, Kelsie Aguilera, and Lara Braff, Eds (2019). License: CC BY-NC
    “The first comprehensive, peer-reviewed open access textbook for biological anthropology courses.”
  • The History of Our Tribe: Hominini, by Barbara Welker, OpenSUNY (2017). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “The book explores the field of paleoanthropology past and present. Beginning over 65 million years ago, Welker traces the evolution of our species, the environments and selective forces that shaped our ancestors, their physical and cultural adaptations, and the people and places involved with their discovery and study. It is designed as a textbook for a course on Human Evolution but can also serve as an introductory text for relevant sections of courses in Biological or General Anthropology or general interest.”
  • Introduction to Anthropology, by Jennifer Hasty, David G. Lewis, and Marjorie M. Snipes, OpenStax (2022). License: CC BY
    “Designed to meet the scope and sequence of your course, OpenStax Introduction to Anthropology is a four-field text integrating diverse voices, engaging field activities, and meaningful themes like Indigenous experiences and social inequality to engage students and enrich learning. The text showcases the historical context of the discipline, with a strong focus on anthropology as a living and evolving field.”
  • Perspectives: An Open Invitation to Cultural Anthropology, edited by Nina Brown, Thomas McIlwraith, and Laura Tubelle, Society for Anthropology in Community Colleges (2020). License: CC BY-NC
    Open textbook covering essential topics in cultural anthropology. Each chapter written by a different anthropologist. Includes teaching resources from the Society for Anthropology in Community Colleges.
  • Teaching Autoethnography: Personal Writing in the Classroom, by Dr. Melissa Tombro, Milne Library Publishing at SUNY Geneseo (2016). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Teaching Autoethnography: Personal Writing in the Classroom is dedicated to the practice of immersive ethnographic and autoethnographic writing that encourages authors to participate in the communities about which they write. This book draws not only on critical qualitative inquiry methods such as interview and observation, but also on theories and sensibilities from creative writing and performance studies, which encourage self-reflection and narrative composition.
  • Native Peoples of North America, by Susan Stebbins, OpenSUNY (2019). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    Native Peoples of North America is intended to be an introductory text about the Native peoples of North America (primarily the United States and Canada) presented from an anthropological perspective. […]. Prehistoric, historic and contemporary information is presented. Each chapter begins with an example from the oral tradition that reflects the theme of the chapter. The text includes suggested readings, videos, and classroom activities.

Art History

  • The Bright Continent: African Art History, by Kathy Curnow, Cleveland State University (2018). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “This book aims to act as your map through the world of African art. As such, it will help you define the competencies you need to develop–visual analysis, research, noting what information is critical, asking questions, and writing down your observations–and provide opportunities for you to practice these skills until you are proficient. It will also expose you to new art forms and the worlds that produced them, enriching your understanding and appreciation.”
  • Film Appreciation, by Yelizaveta Moss and Candice Wilson, University of North Georgia (2021). License: CC BY
    “Since the early 1900s, filmmakers and theorists have argued over the question of what differentiates film from the other arts of literature, painting, theater and photography. Film, also known as cinema, or movies, refers not just to moving images and the telling of stories, but also to the celluloid or film stock upon which these moving images were printed. For well over a century, film has profoundly impacted our world and the ways in which we perceive ourselves and others.”

Biological Sciences

  • Concepts of Biology, by Samantha Fowler, Rebecca Roush, and James Wise, OpenStax (2021). License: CC BY
    Open textbook “designed for the typical introductory biology course for nonmajors, covering standard scope and sequence requirements. The text includes interesting applications and conveys the major themes of biology, with content that is meaningful and easy to understand. The book is designed to demonstrate biology concepts and to promote scientific literacy.”
  • Environmental Biology, by Matthew R. Fisher, Open Oregon Educational Resources (2019).
    Open textbook “designed for the typical introductory biology course for non-majors, covering standard scope and sequence requirements. The text includes interesting applications and conveys the major themes of biology, with content that is meaningful and easy to understand. The book is designed to demonstrate biology concepts and to promote scientific literacy.”
  • phET Biology Interactive Simulations, by University of Colorado Boulder. License: CC BY
  • Principles of Biology I & II Lab Manuals, by Dalton State College. License: CC BY-SA
  • Unfolding the Mystery of Life, Biology Lab Manual for Non-Science Majors, by Ellen Genovesi, Laura Blinderman, and Patrick Natale, Mercer County Community College (2019).
    “This laboratory manual is intended for use in a biology laboratory course taken by non-science majors, pre-biology, and pre-allied health majors. Laboratory exercises provide students with experience in basic laboratory skills, gathering and organizing data, measuring and calculating, hypothesis testing, analysis of data, writing, and laboratory safety.”


  • Chem Collective
    “The ChemCollective is a collection of virtual labs, scenario-based learning activities, tutorials, and concept tests. Teachers can use our content for pre-labs, for alternatives to textbook homework, and for in-class activities for individuals or teams. Students can review and learn chemistry concepts using our virtual labs, simulations, and tutorials. The ChemCollective is organized by a group of faculty and staff at Carnegie Mellon who are interested in using, assessing, and creating engaging online activities for chemistry education.”
  • Chemistry LibreText Library
    “This Living Library is a principal hub of the LibreTexts project, which is a multi-institutional collaborative venture to develop the next generation of open-access texts to improve postsecondary education at all levels of higher learning. The LibreTexts approach is highly collaborative where an Open Access textbook environment is under constant revision by students, faculty, and outside experts to supplant conventional paper-based books.”
  • Chemistry Open Textbooks from BCcampus OpenEd.
    A list of six open textbooks on the basics of chemistry, organic chemistry, and analytical chemistry.
  • Chemistry OpenStax Ancillaries & Community Hub
    “Access, develop and share resources created by the OpenStax community that align with OpenStax Chemistry.”
  • phET Chemistry Interactive Simulations by University of Colorado Boulder. License: CC BY
    “PhET provides fun, free, interactive, research-based science and mathematics simulations. We extensively test and evaluate each simulation to ensure educational effectiveness. These tests include student interviews and observation of simulation use in classrooms. The simulations are written in Java, Flash or HTML5, and can be run online or downloaded to your computer. All simulations are open source (see our source code).”


  • Communication in the Real World: An Introduction to Communication Studies, University of Minnesota (2016). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    Open textbook that covers “conceptual foundations of the field, while incorporating the latest research and cutting-edge applications of these basics. Each chapter will include timely, concrete, and real-life examples of communication concepts in action.”
  • Effective Professional Communication: A Rhetorical Approach, by Rebekah Bennetch, Corey Owen, and Zachary Keesey, University of Saskatchewan (2022). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Our goal in this text is to break down the communication process in professional environments so you can maximize your chance to get hired and retain your job once you graduate from university. We will do this by looking at communication through political, rhetorical, ethical, and interpersonal lenses and applying this knowledge to your future career.”
  • Intercultural Communication, by Shannon Ahrndt, University of Missouri-St. Louis (2020). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Intercultural Communication examines culture as a variable in interpersonal and collective communication. It explores the opportunities and problems arising from similarities and differences in communication patterns, processes, and codes among various cultural groups.”
  • Media, Culture, Society, and You, by Mark Poepsel, Southern Illinois University – Edwardsville (2017). License: CC BY
    “An approachable introductory Mass Communication text that covers major mass communication terms and concepts including ‘digital culture.’ It discusses various media platforms and how they are evolving as Information and Communication Technologies change.”
  • Speak Out, Call In: Public Speaking as Advocacy, by Meggie Mapes, University of Kansas Libraries (2019). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “[A] contemporary, interdisciplinary public speaking textbook that fuses rhetoric, critical/cultural studies, and performance to offer an up-to-date resource for students. With a focus on advocacy, this textbook invites students to consider public speaking as a political, purposeful form of information-sharing.”
  • Start Here, Speak Anywhere!: Empowering Our Voices for a Global Audience, by the Faculty of the Department of Speech, Communication, and Theatre Arts of the Borough of Manhattan Community College, edited by Angela Elbanna and Joe Hutcheson, CUNY PressBooks (2022). License: CC BY-NC
    A text on public speaking “with a purpose of ‘advancing equity and the intellectual and personal growth of students’ and strengthening ‘a culture of care inside and outside the classroom.”
  • Understanding Media and Culture: An Introduction to Mass Communication, University of Minnesota (2016). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    An open textbook focused on media technology and mass communication.


  • CORE Economics
    “An open-access platform for anyone who wants to understand the economics of innovation, inequality, environmental sustainability, and more.”
  • Economy, Society, and Public Policy (CORE)
    “[This book] has been created specifically for students from social science, public policy, business and management, engineering, biology, and other disciplines, who are not economics majors. If you are one of these students, we want to engage, challenge, and empower you with an understanding of economics. The book is also being used successfully in courses for economics, business, and public policy majors, as well as in economics modules for Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE), and masters’ courses in Public Policy.”
  • Principles of Microeconomics, by Steven A. Greenlaw and David Shapiro, OpenStax (2021). License: CC BY
    “Principles of Microeconomics 2e covers the scope and sequence of most introductory microeconomics courses. The text includes many current examples, which are handled in a politically equitable way. The outcome is a balanced approach to the theory and application of economics concepts”
  • Principles of Microeconomics, by Dr. Emma Hutchinson, University of Victoria (2017). License: CC BY
    “This book is an adaptation of Principles of Microeconomics originally published by OpenStax. This adapted version has been reorganized into eight topics and expanded to include over 200 multiple choice questions, examples, eight case studies including questions and solutions, and over 200 editable figures.”
  • Principles of Microeconomics, by Terianne Brown, Cynthia Foreman, Thomas Scheiding, and Openstax, University of Hawai’i (2019). License: CC BY
    A revised version of OpenStax’s Principles of Microeconomics 2e.


  • Introduction to College Research, by Walter D. Butler, Aloha Sargent, and Kelsey Smith (2021). License: CC BY
    “This book acknowledges the changing information landscape, covering key concepts in information literacy to support a research process with intention. It starts by critically examining the online environment, looking at algorithms, the attention economy, information disorder and cynicism, information hygiene, and fact-checking. It then explores information source types, meaningful research topics, keyword choices, effective search strategies, library resources, Web search considerations, the ethical use of information, and citation.”
  • Mathematics for Elementary Teachers, by Michelle Manes, University of Hawaii (2017). License: CC BY-SA
  • Student Success, by Mary Shier, College of the Rockies (2020). License: CC BY
    “This book offers study skills and practices for college and university students to help them make a positive transition to post-secondary education, learn how to be a successful student, and make the most of their learning experience.”
  • Trauma Informed Behaviour Support: A Practical Guide to Developing Resilient Learners, by Kay Ayre, Edith Cowan University (2020). License: CC BY-SA
    “If we want to impact the world of children who have experienced trauma then we must change not only ourselves and our classroom, but we must change our schools, our organisations, and our systems of care for children. […] If you stay engaged with this book and with a child who has experienced trauma then you will learn new understandings, new ideas and new ways to reach the mind, the heart and the soul of young people who need our support and our love.”


  • Write Here, Right Now: An Interactive Introduction to Academic Writing and Research, by Aaron Tucker and Paul Chafe, Ryerson University (2018). License: CC BY
    “This book utilizes PressBooks to create and host a writing e-textbook for first year university students that would effectively integrate into the flipped classroom model.”
  • Writing in College: From Competence to Excellence, by Amy Guptill, Milne Library Publishing at SUNY Geneseo (2016). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Writing in College is designed for students who have largely mastered high-school level conventions of formal academic writing and are now moving beyond the five-paragraph essay to more advanced engagement with text. It is well suited to composition courses or first-year seminars and valuable as a supplemental or recommended text in other writing-intensive classes.”
  • Compact Anthology of World Literature, by Laura Getty and Kyounghye Kwon, University of North Georgia Press (2016). License: CC BY-SA
    Broad-ranging anthology of world literature in six parts from ancient to contemporary times.
  • An Introduction to African and Afro-Diasporic Peoples and Influences in British Literature and Culture before the Industrial Revolution, by Jonathan Elmore and Jenni Halpin, University System of Georgia (2022). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Funded by the University System of Georgia’s “Affordable Learning Georgia” initiative, An Introduction to African and Afro-Diasporic Peoples and Influences in British Literature and Culture before the Industrial Revolution corrects, expands, and celebrates the presence of the African Diaspora in the study of British Literature, undoing some of the anti-Black history of British studies.”
  • Naming the Unnameable: An Approach to Poetry for New Generations, by Michelle Bonczek Evory, Open SUNY Textbooks (2018). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “With consideration to the psychology of invention, Bonczek Evory provides students with exercises aimed to make writing in its early stages a form of play that gives way to more enriching insights through revision, embracing the writing of poetry as both a love of language and a tool that enables us to explore ourselves and better understand the world.”
  • A Writer’s Guide to Mindful Reading, by Ellen C. Carillo, WAC Clearinghouse (2017). License: CC BY-NC-ND
    “Offering a comprehensive approach to literacy instruction by focusing on reading and writing, A Writer’s Guide to Mindful Reading supports students as they become more reflective, deliberate, and mindful readers and writers by working within a metacognitive framework.”
  • Writing the Nation: A Concise Introduction to American Literature 1865 to Present, by Amy Berke, Robert Bleil, and Jordan Cofer, University of North Georgia Press (2015). License: CC BY-SA
    This text “surveys key literary movements and the American authors associated with the movement. Topics include late romanticism, realism, naturalism, modernism, and modern literature.”

Gender and Sexuality Studies

  • Gendered Lives: Global Issues, by Nadine T. Fernandez and Katie Nelson, Milne Open Textbooks (2021). License: CC BY
    “Gendered Lives takes a regional approach to examine gender issues from an anthropological perspective with a focus on globalization and intersectionality. Chapters present contributors’ ethnographic research, contextualizing their findings within four geographic regions: Latin America, the Caribbean, South Asia, and the Global North.”


  • If It Were My Home
    “ is your gateway to understanding life outside your home. Use our country comparison tool to compare living conditions in your own country to those of another. Start by selecting a region to compare on the map to the right, and begin your exploration.”
  • National Geologic Map Database by U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
    “Developing a distributed archive of standardized geoscience information for the nation.”
  • Physical Geography, by Jeremy Patrich, College of the Canyons (2020). License: CC BY
    This open textbook covers a variety of introductory geography topics, including earth’s grid system, rivers, oceans, deserts, basic geology, and cartography.
  • World Regional Geography, by Caitlin Finlayson, University of Mary Washington (2019). License: CC BY-NC-SA


  • American Government (Independence Hall Association)
    “[D]esigned to meet the scope and sequence requirements of the single-semester American government course.”
  • Attenuated Democracy: A Critical Introduction to U.S. Government and Politics, by David Hubert, Salt Lake Community College (2020). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “The U.S. political system suffers from endemic design flaws and is notable for the way that a small subset of Americans—whose interests often don’t align with those of the vast majority of the population—wields disproportionate power. Absent organized and persistent action on the part of ordinary Americans, the system tends to serve the already powerful. That’s why this text is called Attenuated Democracy.
  • Human Security in World Affairs: Problems and Opportunities (2nd edition), by Alexander Lautensach and Sabina Lautensach (Eds.), University of Northern British Columbia (2020). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “This first and only university textbook of human security, intended as an introductory text from senior undergraduate level up, and includes chapters by 24 authors that encompass the full spectrum of disciplines contributing to the human security field.”
  • State and Local Government and Politics: Prospects for Sustainability, Oregon State University (2018). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “[This] book represents a unique opportunity for three generations of scholars to reflect upon and collectively consider their decades’ long research, and the meaning of that research to both the broader society and to students of contemporary politics.”


  • American History textbook (Independence Hall Association)
    American History from Pre-Columbian times to the 2000s.
  • The American LGBTQ Rights Movement: An Introduction, by Kyle Morgan and Meg Rodriguez, Humboldt State University (2020). License: CC BY-SA
    “The American LGBTQ Rights Movement: An Introduction is a peer-reviewed chronological survey of the LGBTQ fight for equal rights from the turn of the 20th century to the early 21st century. Illustrated with historical photographs, the book beautifully reveals the heroic people and key events that shaped the American LGBTQ rights movement.”
  • The American YAWP: A Massively Collaborative Open U.S. History Textbook
    An ongoing and “collaboratively built” American history textbook with text, documents, media, and primary source guides.
  • History in the Making: A History of the People of the United States of America to 1877, by Catherine Locks, Sarah Mergel, Pamela Roseman, Tamara Spike, University of North Georgia (2013). License: CC BY-SA
    “This textbook examines U.S. History from before European Contact through Reconstruction, while focusing on the people and their history.”
  • Keys to Understanding the Middle East, by Alam Payind and Melinda McClimans, The Ohio State University (2022). License: CC BY-SA
    “…for readers who have never studied the Middle East, or experts who may wish to fill gaps in their knowledge of the region from other disciplines. The languages, cultural, religious and sectarian communities of the region, and selected turning points and influential people in history are starting points for gaining an understanding of the diverse contexts of the region.”
  • Modern World History, by Dan Allosso and Tom Williford, Minnesota Libraries Publishing Project (2021). License: CC BY-NC-SA.
    This textbook was created for a standard undergraduate modern world history survey course, and includes history ranging from Columbus to the Cold War and significant events in between.
  • The Political Imagination: Introduction to American Government, by Peter KoloziJames E. Freeman; Contributors: Isa Vasquez (2022). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “…a realistic, critical analysis as well as a hopeful, engagement-oriented narrative that encourages students to understand the important role they can play in the political system and in crafting a society in which they want to live. The Political Imagination draws on social and political theory and history offering an analytical as well as normative framework to think about the substance of politics, the procedures and institutions of government, and a dynamic, socially contingent definition of political power.”
  • World History: Cultures, States, and Societies to 1500, by Eugene Berger, University of North Georgia Press (2016). License: CC BY-SA
    “World History: Cultures, States, and Societies to 1500 offers a comprehensive introduction to the history of humankind from prehistory to 1500. It covers such cultures, states, and societies as Ancient Mesopotamia, Ancient Israel, Dynastic Egypt, India’s Classical Age, the Dynasties of China, Archaic Greece, the Roman Empire, Islam, Medieval Africa, the Americas, and the Khanates of Central Asia. It includes 350 high-quality images and maps, chronologies, and learning questions to help guide student learning.”


  • Reframing Digital Humanities, by Julian Chambliss (2021). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Defining digital humanities is a unique academic challenge. In this volume, Julian Chambliss, Professor of English at Michigan State University, explores the meaning, practice, and implication of digital humanities by talking to scholars deeply engaged with digital methods and the promise they hold for the humanities”


  • Business Math I, by OER Lab at Ontario Tech University, Ontario Tech University (2020). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Business Math I is aimed at university business students as an introduction to the mathematics required for the field of business. This textbook covers the fundamentals of business precalculus, finance, as well as the applications to general business management, human resources and the economy, marketing and accounting.”
  • Data Analysis, by Paul Grinder, Okanagan College (2020). License: CC-BY
    “This resource covers the following learning objectives: explain the uses and misuses of statistics; demonstrate an understanding of mean, median, mode, range, quartiles, percentiles, standard deviation, the normal curve, z scores, sampling error, and confidence intervals; graphically present data in the form of frequency tables, line graphs, bar graphs, and stem and leaf plots; and design and conduct a statistics project, analyze the data and communicate your observations about the data.”
  • Mathematical Reasoning: Writing and Proof, by Ted Sundstrom, Grand Valley State University (2014). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “[D]esigned to be a text for the first course in the college mathematics curriculum that introduces students to the processes of constructing and writing proofs and focuses on the formal development of mathematics.
  • Math in Society, from Washington State Community College (2017). License: CC BY-SA
    “Math in Society is a free, open textbook that surveys contemporary mathematical topics, most non-algebraic, appropriate for a college-level quantitative literacy topics course for liberal arts majors. The text is designed so that most chapters are independent, allowing the instructor to choose a selection of topics to be covered. Emphasis is placed on the applicability of the mathematics.”
  • Math Textbooks from OpenStax
    List of OpenStax Math textbooks covering a variety of levels of Pre-Algebra, Algebra, Trigonometry, Pre-Calculus, Calculus, and Statistics.
  • College Algebra through Problem Solving, by Danielle Cifone, Karan Puri, Debra Masklanko, Ewa Dabkowska, Queensborough Community College (2018).
    “This is a self-contained, open educational resource (OER) textbook for college algebra. Students can use the book to learn concepts and work in the book themselves. Instructors can adapt the book for use in any college algebra course to facilitate active learning through problem solving. Additional resources such as classroom assessments and online/printable homework is available from the authors.”


  • The Basic Elements of Music, by Catherine Schmidt-Jones (2013). License: CC-BY
    Open book that covers “time elements,” “pitch elements,” and “combining time and pitch”.
  • Introduction to Music Appreciation, by Bethanie Hansen, David Whitehouse, and Cathy Silverman, APUS ePress (2014). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    This book “is about listening, appreciating, understanding, and discussing music. It explores the history, aesthetics, and criticism of Western music for an enhanced understanding of the topic.
  • Open Music Theory x CUNY, York College, City University of New York. License: CC BY-SA
    A free, open-source, online textbook remixed from Open Music Theory. The resources in this edition have been designed to support music theory courses at York College/CUNY.
  • A Practical Approach to Understanding Music Theory, by Charles Brooks, University of North Alabama (2022). License: CC BY-NC
    “…a textbook designed for the non-music performance major or music business/audio engineer who needs to professionally interface with musicians without needing to write or compose music. The material is designed around a spiral learning model in which a very simple straightforward concept is introduced, defined and explained.”
  • Understanding Basic Music Theory, by Catherine Schmidt-Jones, OpenStax CNX (2013). License: CC-BY
    Open book that covers the “bare essentials of music theory.”
  • Understanding Music: Past and Present, by Alan Clark, Thomas Heflin, Jeffery Kluball, and Elizabeth Kramer, University of North Georgia Press (2015). License: CC BY-SA
    “An open Music Appreciation textbook co-authored by music faculty across Georgia. The text covers the fundamentals of music and the physics of sound, an exploration of music from the Middle Ages to the present day, and a final chapter on popular music in the United States.”


  • Introduction to Philosophy, by Philip A. Pecorino, Queensborough Community College. License: CC BY-NC-ND
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Aesthetic Theory and Practice, edited by Valery Vino, The Rebus Community (2021). License: CC BY
    Aesthetic Theory and Practice offers fresh perspectives on canonical and emerging topics in aesthetics, and also brings attention to a number of culturally sensitive topics that are customarily silenced in introductions to philosophical aesthetics. The papers are heterogeneous in terms of length and degrees of difficulty, inviting the reader into the study of contemporary aesthetics, which spans a lifetime.”
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Ethics, Rebus Community (2019). License: CC-BY
    “We often make judgments about good and bad, right and wrong. Philosophical ethics is the critical examination of these and other concepts central to how we evaluate our own and each others’ behavior and choices. This text examines some of the main threads of discussion on these topics that have developed over the last couple of millenia, mostly within the Western cultural tradition.”
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Religion, by Beau Branson and Christina Hendricks (2020). License: CC BY
    “Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Religion introduces some of the major traditional arguments for and against the existence of God, as well as some less well-known, but thought-provoking arguments for the existence of God, and one of the most important new challenges to religious belief from the Cognitive Science of Religion. An introductory chapter traces the connection between philosophy and religion throughout Western history, and a final chapter addresses the place of non-Western and non-monotheistic religions within contemporary philosophy of religion.”
  • Words of Wisdom: Intro to Philosophy, by Jody Ondich, Lake Superior College (2018). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Words of Wisdom can come from anyone. In this text we discuss topics ranging from “Are Humans good by nature?” to “Is there a God?” to “Do I have the right to my own opinion?” Philosophy is the study of wisdom, and can emerge in our conversations in social media, in school, around the family dinner table, and even in the car. The text uses materials that are 2,500 years old, and materials that were in the news this year. Wise people come in all shapes and types, and from every culture on earth. We have poetry and folktales, sacred writings and letters. Dialogues and interviews, news columns, Ted Talks, You Tube recordings and even comedy are all a part of the content in this text.”


  • College Physics Textbook, by Paul Peter Urone, Roger Hinrichs, and Kim Dirks, OpenStax (2012). License: CC BY
    “College Physics meets standard scope and sequence requirements for a two-semester introductory algebra-based physics course. The text is grounded in real-world examples to help students grasp fundamental physics concepts. It requires knowledge of algebra and some trigonometry, but not calculus. College Physics includes learning objectives, concept questions, links to labs and simulations, and ample practice opportunities for traditional physics application problems.”
  • Fundamentals of Physics I and II, Open Yale Courses
    Two courses from Open Yale, including lectures and syllabus.
  • phET Physics Interactive Simulations
    “PhET provides fun, free, interactive, research-based science and mathematics simulations. We extensively test and evaluate each simulation to ensure educational effectiveness. These tests include student interviews and observation of simulation use in classrooms. The simulations are written in Java, Flash or HTML5, and can be run online or downloaded to your computer.”
  • Physics LibreTexts Library
    Hub of open physics materials maintained and revised by faculty, students, and outside experts. Resources include textbooks, homework exercises, visualizations, reference materials, demos, and more.
  • Relativity for Poets, by Ben Crowell (2016). License: CC BY-SA
    A 195-page textbook that takes a non-mathematical approach to physics. From the website: “This is a set of lecture notes for my course Relativity for Poets at Fullerton College. It’s a nonmathematical presentation of Einstein’s theories of special and general relativity, including a brief treatment of cosmology.”
  • The Story of Earth: An Observational Guide, by Daniel Hauptvogel and Virginia Sisson, University of Houston (2021). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Our goal in creating the material for this lab manual was to focus heavily on students making observations of geologic data, whether rocks, minerals, fossils, maps, graphs, and other things. We want students to look at things and wonder why, how, and when. The exercises and examples used in this book are scattered throughout the world. We wanted to make sure that one region of the world was not the sole focus of this work.”

Professional and Technical Writing

  • Professional and Technical Writing, by Suzie Baker (2019). License: CC BY-NC
    “This textbook for professional and technical communication is a compilation of several Open Resource materials. The purpose in its design is to provide a wide variety of materials on subjects in professional and technical communication, and to offer several different perspectives and delivery modes of those materials.”
  • Technical Writing Essentials, by Suzan Last, University of Victoria (2019). License: CC-BY
    “This open textbook is designed to introduce readers to the basics of technical communication: audience and task analysis in workplace contexts, clear and concise communications style, effective document design, teamwork and collaboration, and fundamental research skills.”
  • Technical Writing, by Annemarie Hamlin, Chris Rubio, Central Oregon Community College (2016). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “This open textbook offers students of technical writing an introduction to the processes and products involved in professional, workplace, and technical writing. The text is broken up into sections reflecting key components of researching, developing, and producing a technical report. Readers will also learn about other professional communication, designing documents, and creating and integrating graphics. Written especially for an academic setting, this book provides readers with guidance on information literacy and documenting sources.”


  • Answering questions with data: Introductory Statistics for Psychology Students, by Matthew J. C. Crump (2018). License: CC BY-SA
    “This is a mildly opinionated, non-traditional introduction to statistics. It acknowledges some of the major ideas from traditional frequentist approaches, and some Bayesian approaches. Much of the conceptual foundation is rooted in simulations that can be conducted in R. We use some formulas, but mostly explain things without formulas.”
  • Culture and Psychology, by L.D. Worthy,T. Lavigne, and F. Romero, Maricopa Community Colleges (2020). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Culture is one of the most powerful forces in the world. It shapes how we make sense of our world, how we express ourselves and how we understand and relate to others. In this textbook we introduce cultural universals and culturally specific constructs in psychology. This textbook was created for an undergraduate course that appeals to psychology majors and non-majors because it meets several general education and transfer credit requirements.”
  • Introduction to Psychology, by Charles Stangor and Jennifer Walinga, BCcampus (2014). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “This book is designed to help students organize their thinking about psychology at a conceptual level. The focus on behaviour and empiricism has produced a text that is better organized, has fewer chapters, and is somewhat shorter than many of the leading books.”
  • Language and Culture in Context: A Primer on Intercultural Communication, by Robert Godwin-Jones, Virginia Commonwealth University (2021). License: CC BY-NC
     “The text introduces some of the key concepts in intercultural communication as traditionally presented in (North American) courses and textbooks, namely the study of differences between cultures, as represented in the works and theories of Edward Hall (1959) and Geert Hofstede (1980). Common to these approaches is the prominence of context, leading to a view of human interactions as dynamic and changeable, given the complexity of language and culture, as human agents interact with their environments. […] There is an attempt throughout the text to incorporate views on intercultural communication from a geographically diverse array of scholars, supplementing the author’s North American perspective.”
  • Principles of Abnormal Psychology, by Michael Miguel, NOBA Project.
  • Principles of Social Psychology, by Charles Stangor, BCcampus (2014). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “The first International edition of this textbook provides students with an introduction to the basic concepts and principles of social psychology from an interactionist perspective. The presentation of classic studies and theories are balanced with insights from cutting-edge, contemporary research. An emphasis on real world examples and applications is intended to guide students to critically analyze their situations and social interactions in order to put their knowledge to effective use.”
  • Psychology, by Rose M. Spielman, William J. Jenkins, Marilyn D. Lovett, OpenStax (2021). License: CC-BY
    Psychology is designed to meet scope and sequence requirements for the single-semester introduction to psychology course. The book offers a comprehensive treatment of core concepts, grounded in both classic studies and current and emerging research. The text also includes coverage of the DSM-5 in examinations of psychological disorders. Psychology incorporates discussions that reflect the diversity within the discipline, as well as the diversity of cultures and communities across the globe.”


  • Arab Media Systems, edited by Carola Richter and Claudia Kozman (2021). License: CC BY
    “This volume provides a comparative analysis of media systems in the Arab world, based on criteria informed by the historical, political, social, and economic factors influencing a country’s media. Reaching beyond classical western media system typologies, Arab Media Systems brings together contributions from experts in the field of media in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) to provide valuable insights into the heterogeneity of this region’s media systems. It focuses on trends in government stances towards media, media ownership models, technological innovation, and the role of transnational mobility in shaping media structure and practices.”
  • Classical Sociological Theory and Foundations of American Sociology, by Allison L. Hurst, Oregon State University (2018). License: CC BY-SA
    “…this textbook is more than just a bunch of outdated ideas from some nineteenth century Dead White Guys. It is a living and breathing repository of concepts and approaches that still to this day guide the conduct of all sociologists. “
  • Introduction to Sociology 3e, by Heather Griffiths, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, et at., OpenStax (2021). License: CC-BY
    “Introduction to Sociology 2e adheres to the scope and sequence of a typical, one-semester introductory sociology course. It offers comprehensive coverage of core concepts, foundational scholars, and emerging theories. The textbook presents section reviews with rich questions, discussions that help students apply their knowledge, and features that draw learners into the discipline in meaningful ways.”
  • Showing Theory to Know Theory: Understanding social science concepts through illustrative vignettes, by Patricia Ballamingie and David Szanto, Showing Theory Press (2022). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “A collaborative, open educational resource, Showing Theory brings together a collection of short pedagogical texts that help new learners understand complex theoretical concepts and disciplinary jargon from the critical social sciences. Each entry “shows” an element of theory using an “illustrative vignette”—a short, evocative story, visual or infographic, poem, described photograph, or other audio-visual material.”
  • Social Problems: Continuity and Change, by University of Minnesota Libraries (2016). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Social Problems: Continuity and Change is a realistic but motivating look at the many issues that are facing our society today. As this book’s subtitle, Continuity and Change, implies, social problems are persistent, but they have also improved in the past and can be improved in the present and future, provided that our nation has the wisdom and will to address them.”
  • Sociology of the Family Textbook, by Amy Traber, Queensborough Community College (2022). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “This OER textbook provides students with a brief introduction to: the perspective, methods, and theories that constitute the sociology of the family; research on patterns and processes of dating/mating, cohabitation/marriage, parenting. divorce/remarriage, and family stressors/strengths in the United States. It was created through the integration of various OER texts, including OpenStax, Sociology Wikibooks, and many more.”


  • HowlRound
    “HowlRound is a free and open platform for theatremakers worldwide that amplifies progressive, disruptive ideas about the art form and facilitates connection between diverse practitioners.”
  • Theatrical Worlds (beta version), edited by Charlie Mitchell, University of Florida (2014). License: CC BY-NC-ND
  • Intro to Theater – Learning Resources, by Theater Students of Cleveland State University, Lisa Bernd, and Heather Caprette, Cleveland State University (2017). License: CC BY
  • An Introduction to Technical Theater, by Tal Sanders, Pacific University Press (2018).
    “Intended as a resource for both secondary and post-secondary theatre courses, this text provides a comprehensive overview of technical theatre, including terminology and general practices.”
  • Folger Shakespeare Library Collections, Folger Shakespeare Library, OER Commons (2016). License: CC BY-NC
    A selection of open educational materials from the Folger.

World Languages

American Sign Language

  • American Sign Language 1 (ASL 121), from Washington State Board for Community & Technical Colleges (2013). License: CC BY
    “ASL I is an introduction to the naturally existing language widely used by Deaf people in North America. Since ASL is a visual-gestural language, students will need to develop unique communication skills. These consist of using the hands, body, face, eyes and space. In order to achieve progress in this class, it is important to become comfortable communicating with your whole body and listening with your eyes. Materials include the full course, including readings, syllabus, and assessment.”
  • American Sign Language 2 (ASL 122), from Washington State Board for Community & Technical Colleges (2013). License: CC BY
    “ASL II is a sequential course following ASL I, which continues to build knowledge of the naturally existing language widely used by Deaf people in North America. Since ASL is a visual-gestural language, students will need to continue to develop unique communication skills. These consist of using the hands, body, face, eyes and space. In order to achieve progress in this class, it is important to become comfortable communicating with your whole body and listening with your eyes. Materials include the full course, including readings, syllabus, and assessment.”
  • American Sign Language 3 (ASL 123), from Washington State Board for Community & Technical Colleges (2013). License: CC BY
    “ASL III is the third quarter of the first year study of American Sign Language (ASL) and the people who use it. ASL III will enhance the use of ASL grammar and consist of concentrated efforts to develop the students expressive and receptive skills. The course will continue to provide insights into Deaf Cultural values, attitudes and the Deaf community. Now learning more abstract concepts of the language, ASL III students will be able to: narrate events that occurred in the past, ask for solutions to everyday problems, tell about life events, and describe objects. Students will also be able to: demonstrate intermediate finger spelling competency, generate complex ASL structures with intermediate vocabulary knowledge, execute a wide variety of grammatical principles, including classifiers and inflections, adapt to different sign language registers, dialects and accents, and create opportunities to interact with members of the Deaf community. Materials include the full course, including readings, syllabus, and assessment.”


  • Arabic – ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ, provided by Wikibooks. License: CC BY-SA
    This wikibook aims to teach Modern Standard Arabic, and the authors are looking for contributors to expand on the book. It includes lessons for teaching the alphabet, pronunciation, parts of speech, feminine and masculine nouns, numbers, and common phrases.
  • Arabic Collections Online, provided by NYU Abu Dhabi and NYU New York. License: Content is in the Public Domain
    “Established by NYU Abu Dhabi, the grant-funded ‘Arabic Collections Online (ACO) is a publicly available digital library of public domain Arabic language content. ACO currently provides digital access to 10,042 volumes across 6,265 subjects drawn from rich Arabic collections of distinguished research libraries.’”
  • Elementary Arabic, by Ayman Mohamed and Sadam Issa, Michigan State University. Accessed August 26, 2021. License: CC BY
    “This is an open textbook on Elementary Arabic for undergraduate students who are taking Arabic in their second semester. It addresses language structures in theme-based modules that cover the four language skills. The book can be used as a self-study resource or as the main textbook in beginning Arabic classes.”
  • From MSA to CA: A Beginner’s Guide for Transitioning into Colloquial Arabic, by Lina Gomaa, Portland State University (2019). License:CC BY-NC
    “This book is for students who have studied Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) for one year or more and would like to learn colloquial Arabic basics. It aims at transitioning learners from Novice Mid level to Intermediate Low through presenting situations useful for living in an Arab country. The book has several features including hyperlinks, practice dialogues with open answers, cultural tips, and more.”


  • Beginning Chinese, by Lin Hong, Central Oregon Community College (2019). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Textbook for a year-long Beginning Chinese course. Chapters are available in Word and PDF files.”
  • Chinese 1, by Chinese Virtual Learning in partnership with Kennesaw State University and the Confucius Institute (2021). License: CC BY NC-SA
    In this comprehensive, vocabulary-based course students are introduced to six “characters,’ who teach Chinese through dialog. Students listen to recordings, watch videos, and incorporate keywords into conversations. Sixteen modules include introductory topics such as greetings, names, age, family, time, numbers and money. 
  • Chinese 2, by Chinese Virtual Learning in partnership with Kennesaw State University and the Confucius Institute (2021). License: CC BY NC-SA
    In this comprehensive, vocabulary-based course students learn Chinese by listening to recordings, watching videos, and incorporating keywords into conversations. Fifteen modules include topics such as school, work, sports, and vacation.
  • Chinese 3, by Chinese Virtual Learning in partnership with Kennesaw State University and the Confucius Institute (2021). License: CC BY NC-SA
    In this comprehensive, vocabulary-based course students learn Chinese by listening to recordings, watching videos, and incorporating keywords into conversations. Fifteen modules include topics such as letters, emails and texts, resumes, invitations, and news.
  • Chinese 4, by Chinese Virtual Learning in partnership with Kennesaw State University and the Confucius Institute (2021). License: CC BY NC-SA
    In this comprehensive, vocabulary-based course students learn Chinese by listening to recordings, watching videos, and incorporating keywords into conversations. Fifteen modules include topics about types of writing such as narrative, expositive, and argumentative writing, essays, fables, and novels.
  • Gateway to Chinese, by Wen-Hua Teng and Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning (COERLL), University of Texas at Austin. Accessed August 26, 2021. License: CC BY NC-SA
    “This site offers a collection of free interactive language learning resources for beginning Mandarin Chinese. Students now have the option to practice pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, listening, and reading skills at their own convenience.”


  • Français interactif, by Carl Blyth, Karen Kelton, Nancy Guilloteau, University of Texas at Austin (2019). License: CC BY
    Award-winning 1st-year French curriculum…Students explore French language and culture by following the lives of real students… The online curriculum includes over 320 videos, vocabulary and phonetics audio, online grammar reference with self-correcting exercises and audio dialogues, verb conjugation and practice tools, internet activities, and a textbook of classroom exercises.”
  • French I (French 121), provided by Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges (SBCTC) (2013). License: CC BY
    “In this course, you will learn the basics of French, including reading, writing, listening, and speaking. At the end…you will know how to introduce yourself and volunteer basic information, and how to ask questions of others. You will also have some knowledge of French and Francophone cultures and protocols.” Relies on Français interactif and Tex’s French Grammar.
  • French II (French 122), provided by Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges (SBCTC) (2013). License: CC BY
    This course follows French I (French 121). You will continue to read, write, listen, and speak in French. Relies on Français interactif and Tex’s French Grammar.
  • French III (French 123), provided by Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges (SBCTC) (2013). License: CC BY
    “As in French I and II, in this course, you will learn the basics of French, including reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Relies on Français interactif and Tex’s French Grammar.
  • Liberté: A first-year French Textbook, by Gretchen Angelo, California State University, Los Angeles (2019). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    Liberté is a first-year college French textbook with a true communicative approach. Clearly defined objectives in communication, culture, and grammar are given at the start of each chapter, and summary exercises at the end allow students to measure their mastery of these objectives.
  • Tex’s French Grammar, by Carl Blyth, Karen Kelton et al, The University of Texas at Austin. License: CC BY
    A user friendly-online French language grammar guide “that combines authoritative grammar explanations, self-correcting exercises and online audio with surreal dialogues and cartoon images.Tex’s French Grammar is arranged like many other traditional reference guides with the parts of speech (nouns, verbs, etc.) used to categorize specific grammar items (gender of nouns, irregular verbs). Individual grammar items are carefully explained in English and then exemplified in a dialogue.


  • Accesso, by Amy Rossomondo, The University of Kansas Open Language Resource Center, License: CC BY-NC
    “A complete, interactive online curriculum for intermediate-level learners of second year Spanish developed at the University of Kansas. These materials are supplemented by an online workbook built on the MySpanishLab platform of Pearson Education, Inc., as well as detailed lesson plans, rubrics for the evaluation of student work, and reliable instruments for measuring student progress and learning outcomes.”
  • Elementary Spanish 1, by Ana I. Serrano Martínez, Penn State (2016). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “This Spanish I book is intended for a first-year, college Elementary Spanish I level…[Each chapter Includes] clearly defined objectives in communication, culture, and grammar, as well as summary exercises. Many activities are provided in a practical context in which to practice.”
  • Elementary Spanish Heritage Speakers 2, by Evelyn Durán Urrea, Lehman College – CUNY (2018). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “This is a beginning course with emphasis on elements of grammatical structures and practice in reading, writing and oral exposition. Spanish 114 is the second level of a course designed for bilingual or Spanish heritage students to allow these students to obtain and develop the necessary skills to communicate in standard or academic Spanish. Spanish 114 is designed for students who have been reared in a Spanish-speaking environment and speak or understand some Spanish as a result of having heard it in the home and community by parents or grandparents, family, friends, and neighbors.”
  • Español Abierto / Open Spanish, by Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning, University of Texas at Austin. License: CC BY
    A repository for open Spanish resources.
  • Español para hablantes de herencia: Recursos OER / Spanish for Heritage Speakers: OER Resources, by Margarita Casas, Linn-Benton Community College. License: CC BY
    This curriculum includes materials for heritage speakers to “1) expand vocabulary and, in general, command of the language to discuss and analyze topics beyond daily life; 2) Strengthen the ability of students to use formal registers and distinguish them from colloquial ones; 3) Strengthen cultural identity; 4) Give opportunities to analyze and think critically; 4) Understand the differences between “Spanglish” and normative Spanish; 5) Learn about the linguistic and cultural diversity of Hispanic countries and arouse their curiosity; 5) improve the metalinguistic knowledge of students.”
  • ¡LIBRO LIBRE!, Erin Huebener, Spokane Community College (2018). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    A free textbook for introductory Spanish
  • Mi idioma, mi comunidad: español para bilingües, by Elena Foulis and Stacey Alex. License: CC BY-NC-ND
    This textbook for “Heritage Language Learners of Spanish…uses a project-based approach that outlines how students engage in real-life applications by exploring culturally relevant topics in language use, arts, festivals, food, ethnography, oral history, digital lives, and the university. Through…podcasts, videos, neighborhood maps, and music, we promote interactive exploration of culturally relevant content while supporting students’ language maintenance and growth.”
  • ¡Que viva la música! Repaso de conversación en español, by Norma Corrales-Martin, North Broad Press (2021). License: CC BY-NC
    “¡Qué viva la música! Repaso de conversación en español, or Long Live Music! Spanish Conversational Review is an open textbook intended for conversational review, typically a fourth-semester Spanish class. The textbook is organized around nine different songs that provide students opportunities to practice, aurally and orally, as well as in writing, the main communicative goals and key grammatical structures learned in previous classes.”
  • OER: Curso de Escritura en Español, by Emilia Illana-Mahiques and Alejandro Pérez Belda, University of Iowa (2020). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    This OER is designed for upper-level Spanish writing courses. The openly licensed website includes peer review training sessions, classroom activities, handouts to guide students’ writing processes, and peer review guidelines.
  • Saber es poder, by Vianey Cabrera, University of Southern California (2019). License:  CC BY-SA
    “The activities explore students’ perceptions of their heritage and linguistic strengths while raising consciousness about the presence of social varieties used throughout the Spanish-speaking world…Designed to address the experiences of heritage language learners of Spanish in the United States, they can be used as a project for heritage speakers in a mixed classroom or in a Spanish for heritage speakers course, either as an introductory unit to lay out basic concepts or integrated throughout the duration of such courses.”
  • Spanish and culture in perspective, by Sonia Balasch, Alexia D. Vikis, Lisa M. Rabin & Colleen A. Sweet. License: CC BY-NC-ND
    “This virtual space offers free access to nine original lessons aimed at teaching and enriching Spanish for intermediate-level students. Each lesson consists of readings written in Spanish and communicative activities. In their entirety, these materials – free access educational resources – invite critical reasoning on eight issues closely linked to the Spanish-American world.”
  • Spanish for Heritage Language Speakers, by Gabriela Zapata, Texas A&M (2020). License: CC BY-SA
    “This is a collection of instructional materials for the teaching of Spanish as a heritage language at the intermediate level, grounded in the tenets of the multiliteracies framework Learning by Design. The lessons are based on authentic materials produced by Latino writers and artists, and are organized in four instructional modules with a focus on topics relevant to heritage language learners: immigration, labor, family, and bicultural/bilingual identity.”
  • Spanish Grammar in Context, by Barbara E. Bullock, Almeida Jacqueline Toribio, University of Texas at Austin. License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “Spanish Grammar in Context is a unique website that provides detailed grammar explanations and examples of the Spanish language with accompanying practice questions. Unlike traditional reference grammars, each topic is explained using authentic video examples. These examples come from the Spanish in Texas project, which profiles Spanish as it is spoken throughout Texas today. Online practice quizzes are included for each grammar section.”
  • Spanish I: Beginning Spanish Language and Culture, by Matthew Dean, Humboldt State University (2020). License: CC BY-NC-SA
    “This peer-reviewed textbook is designed for the true beginner with U.S. college students in mind. It contains themed chapters, which are divided into 8 sections. Each section has its own set of learning objectives, and is further separated into three types of assignments, Para estudiar en casa (with detailed explanations), Para practicar en casa (homework exercises), and Para practicar en clase (paired and group classwork activities).”
  • Spanish Proficiency Exercises, by Orlando Kelm, University of Texas at Austin. License: CC-BY
    “Spanish Proficiency Exercises is a compilation of brief video clips in which native speakers of Spanish from various locations throughout Latin America and Spain demonstrate various language tasks. The objective of the exercises is to provide students of Spanish with the necessary tools to be able to talk about the same topics in Spanish.”
  • Yo puedo: para empezar, by Elizabeth Silvaggio-Adams and Rocío Vallejo-Alegre, SUNY Geneseo (2021). License: CC BY-N
    This introductory Spanish source includes “materials that take a new approach to learning a second language based upon the skills that we deem most useful and that will enable our students to confidently express themselves in Spanish.The text is designed for beginning Spanish language students. The pedagogical approach incorporates the flipped classroom methodology. The text is supplemented by various presentations and videos that are freely available at
  • Yo puedo: segundos pasos, by Elizabeth Silvaggio-Adams and Rocío Vallejo-Alegre, SUNY Geneseo (2021). License: CC BY-NC
    This book was designed with many types of learners in mind. The goals of this book are to help students communicate in written and spoken form. The authors sought to address a “common statement by students that may have previous experiences, be they from secondary school or another college that say, ‘I have studied Spanish for years and don’t know how to speak or write it.’” Materials take a new, flipped classroom model.The text is supplemented by various presentations and videos that are freely available at”
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