• Social Explorer (Davit)
  • American Community Survey (Sabrina)
  • Atlantic Yards/Pacific Park Report (Mirna)
  • Future Demographics Resource (Sabrina)
    • Property value estimate
  • Science Direct(JP)
  • Sage Journals(JP)
  • Reason for changing Gehry’s Design (Davit)
  • Overview of Gehry’s original plan (Davit)


1) U.S. Census Bureau. “Population Density”, “Income”, and “Property Value.” Social Explorer. Web. November 27 13:58:03 EST 2018. (based on data from U.S. Census 2000)

The numbers below represent demographics for 2000 census which is when the project commenced; the data is collected via “Social Explorer”.

Based on the data found from Social Explorer, in 2000 approximate income is between $40,000 to $66,000 in 11217 area. In a census tract south of the site, towards Park Slope, income decreases as low as $18,000 to $26,000

In terms of property value, it varies from $350,000 to $450,000. On the other hand, nearby what is now Barclays Center, property value goes as high as  $500,000 in 2000.

Population density is another critical number, which varies 1,477 to 5,099 in 2000.

2) Tori Halligan, and Katy Saunders. “Atlantic Yards.” Atlantic Yards, 2008, courses.be.uw.edu/SDMasterStudio/wp-content/themes/gehl-studio/downloads/Autumn2008/Atlantic_Yards.pdf.

Atlantic yards, now called Pacific Park, is a proposed 22-care superblock development between Atlantic Avenue and Pacific Street. Atlantic yards is a project by Forest City Ratner Companies, which decided to bring New Jersey Nets back to Brooklyn after Dodgers left to LA. Frank Gehry served as the main architect while Laurie Olin designed the open spaces. The project would serve 6,430 units of market-rate condos and co-ops, rental apartments, and low-income properties stated to unfold in two phases. 1,730 market-rate condominiums 4,500 rental units. 50% of the units was to be for middle-income and low-income families. Target rents set at 30% of household income. At least 200 ownership units for low-income, moderate-income and middle-income individuals and families.

In addition to residential, the project would include commercial, retail, office space, and a hotel right in front of the arena. So in total there would be 17 building across 2 city blocks: 1 huge arena, a tall building with commercial residential and hotel spaces right in front of the arena and rest would be all residential buildings along Atlantic Avenue with street level retail spaces all around.


3) Bagli, Charles V. “Developer Scraps Gehry’s Design for Nets Arena.” New York Times (1923-Current file), Jun 05 2009, p.1. ProQuest. Web. 13 Oct. 2018.

All along the problems with local residents and business owners, Atlantic Yards developer and chief executive of Forest City Ratner Bruce C. Ratner scrapped Frank Gehry’s original plan which would cost him $1 billion just for glass-walled basketball arena for New Jersey Nets. as Ratner had determined, it would be too expensive for 22-acre Atlantic Yards development in Brooklyn. The reason for this step back could strongly be the fact that Ratner was borrowing money from city. But instead Ratner hired Ellerbe Becket and Shop architects, which would cost him $200 million less than Gehry’s original plan


4) Robbins, Liz. “In Brooklyn, Bracing for Hurricane Barclays.”New York Times (1923-Current file), Sep 23 2012, p. 3. ProQuest. Web. 20 Oct. 2018 .

This article from New York Times mostly talks about Ratner’s promises to people that they would get jobs and housing in exchange for subsides. Also they would get new subway terminal. Brooklyn would have a major professional team for the first time since the Dodgers left for LA. they would have their own glass arena designed by Frank Gehry, with a park on top of the arena roof that would connect to 60 story office building named Miss Brooklyn that would be better than Williamsburgh Savings Bank building as the tallest building in the borough.


5) “Atlantic Yards/Pacific Park Report.” Atlantic Yards/Pacific Park Graphic: What’s Built/What’s Coming FAQ (Pinned Post), atlanticyardsreport.blogspot.com/2017/08/atlantic-yardspacific-park-graphic.html.

This is a report about all the future plans in the Atlantic Yards. It shows all the new changes that happen in this area and it explains why they are doing these changes. This report has some diagrams and images that explain where the new projects will be located and how it will look like. It also shows a lot of details about the pace and the square footage of each project in the site. In addition to that this report provides a timeline of the Pacific Park project that shows the dates of all the change that happened and will happen in this area overtime. This report is very important because it shows a clear vision of the Atlantic Yards future.


6) Zillow, Inc. “11217 Home Prices & Home Values.” Mortgage Learning Center, 2006, www.zillow.com/new-york-ny-11217/home-values/.

Based on the realty market trend, it’s shown that values have gone down since the area’s peak in June 2017. The listing prices are predicted by Zillow, to fall another 3.5% over the next year (October 2019). Which leaves the median property value to be approximately $1,190,000 as opposed to the present listed prices of approximately $1,295,000. This forecast includes all home types including: single family homes, condos, and co-ops.

Rental condo prices are also on a down trend since October 2017. Average rent for the area is $3,300 which is above median rent cost in New York City, at an approximate $2,300.


7) “Median House Value, 2017.” Map. Social Explorer. Social Explorer, n.d. Web. Nov. 22 15:32:48 EST 2018. (based on data from American Community Survey 2017)

Our site is located in Brooklyn Community District-6-Park Slope, NY and has two neighboring districts of Brooklyn Community District-8-Crown Heights N & Prospect Heights, NY and Brooklyn Community District-2-Brooklyn Heights & Fort Greene, NY. The house values for each district varies. District-6 (which contains The Barclays Center) has a median value of $1,235,700. The districts juxtaposed the site have lower value rates of $915,600 in District-8 and $884,800 in District-2. Since the most current ACS data is from 2017, these numbers are a representation of its respective year.


8) “Total Population, 2017.” Map. Social Explorer. Social Explorer, n.d. Web. Nov. 22 15:32:48 EST 2018. (based on data from American Community Survey 2017)

Analogues to the “House Value” citation, we are dividing the population density into the three districts that surround the site. Starting with District-6 which holds the Barclays Center, has least of all three districts with a density of 116,209. The most dense district is District-8 with 141,735 persons. District-2 has the median of this group with a population of 135,444 persons.


9) “Average Household Income, 2017.” Map. Social Explorer. Social Explorer, n.d. Web. Nov. 22 15:32:48 EST 2018. (based on data from American Community Survey 2017)

Within the same categories as used before, we can see the differences, once again, between districts. The highest average is $176,945 in District-6, and the lowest average is in District-8 at $89,975. Since the District-8 holds what’s left of the Atlantic Yards and the affordable housing apartment building this may be a direct causation to the significantly lower average than that of District-6. The median of the districts is District-2 at $142,354.


10) Yancey, William L. “Architecture, Interaction, and Social Control: The Case of a Large-Scale Public Housing Project.” Environment and Behavior, vol. 3, no. 1, Mar. 1971, pp. 3–21, doi:10.1177/001391657100300101.

The paper takes a strong stance on large scale architecture and how it affects people socially. The article states that there “evidence which indicates that the physical environment in which families live, in particular the design and condition of units, has an effect on the manner in which they live.” This shows the relation that large scale architecture has on people’s lives and well being and can be applied no matter the project/location.


11) Davide Ponzini. “Large scale development projects and star architecture in the absence of democratic politics: The case of Abu Dhabi, UAE.”  Cities, ISSN: 0264-2751, Vol: 28, Issue: 3, Page: 251-259. Publication Year:  2011.

This article helps us to understand why certain architects are chosen for large scale projects and the social and economic impact it has on a global level and why city governments strive to get well known architects to increase the global value of the project in urban areas.