There are many things that artists have thought the past lacked and what the future holds. In olden times, the artists and designers did the vast majority of their work by hand. As many of these authors discuss, the invention of mechanical machinery aided them in their day which was not done before. Herbert Bayer felt that this trend of newfound machinery will consume the future of design and the vast majority of designers would be using it in mass supply. He figured that most books would become microfilm, and we would form a much simpler communication electronically that made reading less important. In a sense, he was right as today we have the digital age where we talk through electronic devices using simplistic emojis and short hand to speak to each other.
Laslo Baggy also felt the same way about technology of the future, that the majority of designers will rely on a trend of technological advancements. In this case, that advancement is typo photography which he believed would be that the future would utilize without end.
As for what an academy should teach designers, Walter Gropius felt that these schools were too conventional and never let the designer experience true design. He felt that schools were taught to be about boring paper work, and something like design requires an inner touch and expression that can only come out if inspired rather than as an assignment. To this extent, I agree that something as visual and creative as design should not be seen as boring, mundane work. Today, we still have some assignments here and there that are more straightforward I’ll say, but we do have a lot more freedom in our assignments than perhaps the designers of the past.