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City Of Angles

Owen Petersen



The city of Angles article by Sam Roberts, gave and insight to how Manhattan as we know it came to be. The start was with the commissioners plan of 1811. A rectangular grid was decided upon by placing a wire mesh for gravel screening over a map of Manhattan. Few parks were placed while a market and reservoir were implemented. Majority of the streets started at one river and ended at the other rather lower city to upper city. This was fine due to little activity being available north of 14st at that time, and the presumption both river sides would generate a great amount of traffic. The Avenues where placed on the spine of Manhattan. Figured out by a mathematician named  Charles Petzold. Calculating that the island was tilted 29 degrees from true north. To avoid traffic going to the rivers and instead go along the length of the island.



Owen Petersen


March 27, 2018

  • Cary Building, king & Kellum 1856-57
  • Roosevelt Building Richard Morris Hunt 1873-1874

*Columns do not descend to ground

*Capital has addition above it


Skyscraper Problems

→ Artistic Expression

→ Structure

→ Iron-cast & wrought

→ Masonry

→ Fireproofing


  • Second Empire Baroque 1855-1880
  • High Victorian Gothic 1860-1880
  • Other Styles
  • Stick (1862-1880)
  • East lake 1872-1890
  • Queen Ann 1875-1890 → Mash up of style
  • Shingle style 1880-1900


  • Romanesque Revival 1880-1895

(aka) Richardsonian Romanesque

→ Roman brick → Thick Elongated

→ Spanish tile roof


Romanesque Characteristics

  • Extensive use of masonry “Honest”
  • Variety of shapes and outlines
  • Use of natural polychrome (many colors)
  • Contrasting colors and textures
  • Round, broad arches framing windows


  • Long Island Hospital Therapeutic Nursey, originally Brooklyn Public Library William Tubby, 1887


  • Schermerhorn Building, Henry J. Hardenbergh 1888-1890


The Commissioner’s Plan of 1811

“Nothing is to be left unmolested which does not coincide with the street commissioner’s plummet and level,” Moore complained, saying the commissioners “are men who would have cut down the seven hills of Rome, on which are erected her triumphant monuments of beauty and magnificence, and have thrown them into the Tyber or the Pomptine marshes.”  said Clement Clarke Moore.

After inherited some land from my parents i certainly won’t accept  the government to take a away from me because the need to create more street , and not even creating street it was like executing somebody ideas and thinking that it will work and forget about the landowners whom would  be affected by this  decision.  but what can I say, the government do as they please . Moor thought it was a conspiracy designed to increase political patronage and appease the city’s working class. well  in fact it was kind of political patronage because Moor was force to pay  taxes for public works such as creating new streets, which he called “a tyranny no monarch in Europe would dare to exercise.  

Despite his protests, Moore eventually began to develop Chelsea, generating high revenues for himself by dividing it into lots along Ninth Avenue and selling them to well-heeled New Yorkers. He donated a large block of land to the Episcopal diocese for construction of a seminary, giving them an apple orchard consisting of 66 tracts.  well in america if you don’t want to work with government you will lose especially when they  want something for you, so i think Mr Moor was really smart and think about all of that to transform his lost into profit.