Monthly Archives: May 2018

City Of Angles

Owen Petersen



The city of Angles article by Sam Roberts, gave and insight to how Manhattan as we know it came to be. The start was with the commissioners plan of 1811. A rectangular grid was decided upon by placing a wire mesh for gravel screening over a map of Manhattan. Few parks were placed while a market and reservoir were implemented. Majority of the streets started at one river and ended at the other rather lower city to upper city. This was fine due to little activity being available north of 14st at that time, and the presumption both river sides would generate a great amount of traffic. The Avenues where placed on the spine of Manhattan. Figured out by a mathematician named  Charles Petzold. Calculating that the island was tilted 29 degrees from true north. To avoid traffic going to the rivers and instead go along the length of the island.



Owen Petersen


March 27, 2018

  • Cary Building, king & Kellum 1856-57
  • Roosevelt Building Richard Morris Hunt 1873-1874

*Columns do not descend to ground

*Capital has addition above it


Skyscraper Problems

→ Artistic Expression

→ Structure

→ Iron-cast & wrought

→ Masonry

→ Fireproofing


  • Second Empire Baroque 1855-1880
  • High Victorian Gothic 1860-1880
  • Other Styles
  • Stick (1862-1880)
  • East lake 1872-1890
  • Queen Ann 1875-1890 → Mash up of style
  • Shingle style 1880-1900


  • Romanesque Revival 1880-1895

(aka) Richardsonian Romanesque

→ Roman brick → Thick Elongated

→ Spanish tile roof


Romanesque Characteristics

  • Extensive use of masonry “Honest”
  • Variety of shapes and outlines
  • Use of natural polychrome (many colors)
  • Contrasting colors and textures
  • Round, broad arches framing windows


  • Long Island Hospital Therapeutic Nursey, originally Brooklyn Public Library William Tubby, 1887


  • Schermerhorn Building, Henry J. Hardenbergh 1888-1890