Professor Montgomery

Final reflection

How important is the relationship between materials, structure, and design to you? How will you implement these relationships in the design studio?


the relationship is very important because understanding materials can help create a structure that you maybe not thought it was possible. As I’m creating my abstract design I will always now consider the structures skeleton as the shell so I can have a greater relation with my design.

Reflection 5&6

What do you appreciate about the different materials and how they work in structural systems?


we can appreciate that different materials can be useful for many things . Like for intense having  to have the option to choose what type of matirial you use for columns, beams , and girder.  And the all have different pro and cons but I appreciate that we can have that option.
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Reflection 4

Why is it important to understand the way exterior walls are put together? Why is there so much complexity with many different components?


it is very important because what goes inside a wall is what allows a structure to physically stand. Wall support the loads that are put on it because it can contain columns ,beams, girder, and what goes inside walls is very important to keeps us safe from heat,water, and wind.

Reflection 3

Why is masonry such an appealing material for construction?

masonry is appealing material because you can do so much with it and some masonry can be polish to be beautiful. Also masonry has much benefits we can gain in today’s construction, like helping to safe green house gasses maintain in the inner part of structures. most masonry materials are very durable because they deal with compression and tension very good.

Reflection 2

How will you integrate egress into your design work? What are the most important elements to consider when designing safe egress?

Integrating egress into my work will probably have a safe and easy access to it and more than one egress  by following the proper protocols. The most important elements I would take into consideration are safety protocols and to be able to have enough room for multiply people to go by. Also to make sure it exist to the Main Street where there’s space for people.

Reflection 1

What differentiates architecture from construction is that architecture are structures that have some type of art , and personal integration design, as for construction are the details of what a structure is made from. We can tell the difference from how a structure uniqueness  shows from other structures. How someone’s idea of how a living space should be that makes architecture different from construction.

How important is material, structure and design

How important is the relationship between materials, structure, and design to you?

How will you implement these relationships in the design studio?

For material to exist there has to be a user or a consumer, for a design to be viable, there must be a market or appreciative masses for design to thrive.

Among the three It might be useful to consider the masses, the profane man who thrives for perfection but is short when what is received was not anticipated. Primarily it helps to design for man who can be very fickle and violent if not given into wishes. Second the  aspect of material is of importance since, if a man/woman wishes a palace to be built but the stones are sold across a mountain or far flung locations, the design suffers.

The ideal condition would be man material design to be within reach and cost effective, But it is never the case.  Practicality would force one to consider,  material and client to be more effective and that simply means as a designer or as a drafter one is at the mercy of either political (man) and or economic( materials) reasons.

This is where as¬† a service industry which does not mean negative, for designers can sole problems abnormally if not in the most ingenious ways; this is where design becomes¬† poignant meaningful.¬† For when you begin to see that design is more the mediation/ mitigating factor between political woes and scheming bankers, then it makes design a better “concept”

To design then one has to consider the client/benefactor and the availability of material, to which when a design is drafted it has to be surveyed lightly if the materials are cost effective and found nearby. After thorough changes and considerations with any client , the material aspect has to be considered fully.

Occupants would then be considered as the primary objective of a design (without sacrificing vision), placing Material use, its economics as the secondary objective and lastly the mediation between the first two , any design involved.


Reading 5+6: What do you appreciate about the different materials

What do you appreciate about the different materials and how they work in structural systems?

The amount of materials and processes available allows any designer or architect even builder to consider  restrictions as solution generating rather than  problem generating. In a sense if a foundation wall cannot be built with continuous footing because the ground is unstable,  there is shoring or damming but takes considerable calculations. There is raking shore(s) or trenching.

But the main point for having a varied range, not just a singular set of components is that if the issue can be broken down into components x,y and z forces together with material science, it can make building problem easier.

Then there is the  aspect of material science where if the  study is taken up, it helps greatly in understanding how certain materials behave in certain conditions, not just that but also the opposite can happen , if you have the problem parameters then you simply find the  material that is most susceptible to .

For structural and building processes, it may give one greater appreciation for building materials if three things can be considered, nature of the site, nature of the basic components of¬† the material themselves, and the mentality of the contractors. In which case the problem is not with the availability of materials but the people who actually¬† “peruse” instead of¬† “use” any material due to payrolls.


Reading 2: Egress Ingress

How will you integrate egress into your design work?

What are the most important elements to consider when designing  safe egress

Exit stairs and pathways are important¬† due to post occupation evaluation be it be 1980 or¬† 2016. But the¬† initial rules on egress as of¬† New York City’s¬† stair code and maybe the entire North America, maybe not, were imposed around early 1860,¬† when stairs had to be fire resistant because the stairs themselves disintegrated and left the dwellers trapped or dead.¬† Some forms of early regulations for north America and the U.S. primarily, 1860,- egress stairs, 1911- triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, 1942-Cocoanut Grove fire.

The result of tested incidents lead building authorities to define fire proof stairs, exits to be safe and non suffocating for anyone escaping away from the fire, The idea of a safety exit, allowing the stairwell to control and deter fires, standpipes to be more useful than a hindrance to firefighting.

The basic stair requirements according to Ching’s building construction:

¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† “Stairway Width¬† 44″¬† minimum, 36” for stairways max load 49 or less

¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†“Handrails be at 4′- 1/2″ into required width”

¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†“Landings- wide as staircase, minimum, length¬† equal to stair width “,¬† Open doors must not intrude into¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†required width by 7″ greater”

¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† “Handrails on both sides of the stairs”

When integrating staircase, circulation paths, stairs/ramps into design consider at least how the adjustments will work to the over all design. If the code requirement  does not mesh with a design then a mediation must be made. If your design is a narrow slender arcade, gallery and the requirement creates a horrible disjoint to  then a mediation space must be made or a complete redo of the design.

For a design to incorporate codes, consider small spaces potential, since dead space can somewhat be revived if not completely redesigned.

In a design egress should be the primary objective, since your house or building cannot exist without any occupants, otherwise your design is not for people.



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