According to ching reading, we know about a building need plank, beams, slab,bearing wall and braced frame. The rigid frame is a frame with rigid joints capable of resisting changes in angular relationships. The shear wall is transferred lateral loads to foundation. Braced for diagonal members.The vertical span may be provided by load-bearing walls or columns and beams.This way buildings can withstand wind and earthquake or more disasters.These structures can be made of wood, cement, reinforced concrete, stone, etc.
This is a good start to the summary. How about the other sections of the reading: Structural spans, structural units, structural patterns?