Walter Gropius discusses how artists have been trained by schools and how it isolates and restrains them to just a set of ideas taught to them. By staying in school and focusing only on those techniques they are cut off by society, and design is suppose to interact with the public making it a contradiction. An artists needs to go out and interact with the world and the people around them, they need to see reactions and how things function and how the public connects certain things. Every object and form has a meaning and an association and the artist needs to interact with them to feel it as well and to gain new ideas and because work based only on principles taught in class can be meaningless.
László Moholy-Nagy and Herbert Bayer bring up the importance of typography will bring new techniques and ideas for art and design. Typography constantly grows and evolves much like other mediums in art like film and photography. It is a form of technology itself and artists need to be aware of its integration especially for print. Print, typography, photography and new technology should be integrated into an artists work as it develops new techniques and makes the artist more innovative in adding components and arrangement.
These text bring up how typography and technology will continue to grow and develop, and encourages artists to be aware of them as they will affect art and design. Beyer specifically mentions how there will barriers between people because as technology evolves we will be interacting more with those people. And how new methods of design will focus on how to get the message across despite the language barrier. Beyer brings up how technology will replace print, how there will be less people reading and this is still a topic debated about today. He suggests that designers keep in mind that methods evolve and to not use the same old techniques.