This reading focuses mainly on the structures of stairs and safety precautions such as egress stairs. When designing a building the main focus should be safety, making sure there’s a direct passage way to an exit (exit access), a safe public space and a fire rated staircase (exit discharge). It’s important to pay attention to proportions of the riser and tread when designing stairs, because this will determine the comfort level of steps also add to the safety factor. Proper guardrails and handrails can also ensure safety. Same concept also applies for ramps, because there’s a maximum slope they can have and they also must have handrails on both sides just like stairs.