Hi Everyone!

On this page you will find some material about Lesson 19.  Read through the material below, watch the videos, and follow up with your instructor if you have questions.

Lesson 19: Multiplication of Radicals

Resources

In this section you will find some important information about the specific resources related to this lesson:

  • the learning outcomes,
  • the section in the textbook,
  • the WeBWorK homework sets,
  • a link to the pdf of the lesson notes,
  • a link to a video lesson.

Learning Outcomes.

  • Multiply radicals expressions.
  • Simplify radical expressions.

Topic. This lesson covers Section 6.5: Multiplication of Radicals.

WeBWorK. There is one WeBWorK assignment on today’s material:

MultiplyRadicals

Lesson Notes.  

Video Lesson.

Video Lesson 19 (based on Lesson 19 Notes)

Warmup Questions

These are questions on fundamental concepts that you need to know before you can embark on this lesson. Don’t skip them! Take your time to do them, and check your answer by clicking on the “Show Answer” tab.

Warmup Question 1

Expand (x+2y)^2.

Show Answer 1

    \[(x+2y)^2=(x+2y)(x+2y)\]

    \[= x^2+2xy+2xy+4y^2=x^2+4xy+4y^2\]

Warmup Question 2

Simplify -3\sqrt{12}+3\sqrt{3}+3\sqrt{20}.

Show Answer 2

    \[-3\sqrt{12}+3\sqrt{3}+3\sqrt{20} = -3\sqrt{4\cdot 3}+3\sqrt{3}+3\sqrt{4\cdot 5}\]

    \[=-3\cdot 2\sqrt{ 3}+3\sqrt{3}+3\cdot 2\sqrt{5}=-6\sqrt{ 3}+3\sqrt{3}+6\sqrt{5}\]

    \[= -3\sqrt{3}+6\sqrt{5}\]

Review

If you are not comfortable with the Warmup Questions, don’t give up! Click on the indicated lesson for a quick catchup. A brief review will help you boost your confidence to start the new lesson, and that’s perfectly fine.

Need a review? Check Lesson 17 and Lesson 18.

Quick Intro

This is like a mini-lesson with an overview of the main objects of study. It will often contain a list of key words, definitions and properties – all that is new in this lesson. We will use this opportunity to make connections with other concepts. It can be also used as a review of the lesson.

A Quick Intro to Multiplication of Radicals

Key Words. Radicals, multiplication of radicals, simplified form.

Recall the multiplication property from Lesson 18.

    \[\sqrt[n]{ab}=\sqrt[n] a\cdot\sqrt[n] b.\]

This property is used to simplify multiplication of radicals.

Video Lesson

Many times the mini-lesson will not be enough for you to start working on the problems. You need to see someone explaining the material to you. In the video you will find a variety of examples, solved step-by-step – starting from a simple one to a more complex one. Feel free to play them as many times as you need. Pause, rewind, replay, stop… follow your pace!

Video Lesson

A video lesson on the Multiplication of Radicals [9:59]

A description of the video

In the video you will see the following radical expressions.

  • \sqrt 3(2\sqrt 3-1)
  • \sqrt 3(\sqrt 5-1)
  • (3\sqrt 5+1)(-2\sqrt 5-1)
  • (3\sqrt 5-1)(-2\sqrt 7-1)
  • (\sqrt 5-2\sqrt 3)(\sqrt 5+2\sqrt 3)

Try Questions

Now that you have read the material and watched the video, it is your turn to put in practice what you have learned. We encourage you to try the Try Questions on your own. When you are done, click on the “Show answer” tab to see if you got the correct answer.

Try Question 1

Simplify (3\sqrt{5})(2\sqrt{10}).

Show Answer 1

    \[(3\sqrt{5})(2\sqrt{10})=3\cdot 2 \sqrt{5\cdot 10} = 6\sqrt{50}\]

    \[=6\sqrt{25\cdot 2}= 6\sqrt{25}\sqrt{2} = 6\cdot 5 \sqrt 2= 30\sqrt 2\]

Try Question 2

Simplify (\sqrt 3+5)(\sqrt 3+3).

Show Answer 2

    \[(\sqrt 3+5)(\sqrt 3+3) = (\sqrt 3)^2+3\sqrt 3 +5\sqrt 3+15\]

    \[=3+8\sqrt 3 +15= 18+8\sqrt 3\]

Try Question 3

Simplify (\sqrt{3} -2\sqrt{6})^2.

Show Answer 3

    \[$(\sqrt{3} -2\sqrt{6})^2=(\sqrt{3} -2\sqrt{6})(\sqrt{3} -2\sqrt{6})\]

    \[=(\sqrt 3)^2-4\sqrt{3}\sqrt{18}+(-2\sqrt 6)^2 = 3-4\sqrt{54}+24\]

    \[=27-4\sqrt{9\cdot 6} = 27-4\cdot 3\sqrt 6 = 27-12\sqrt 6\]

WeBWorK

You should now be ready to start working on the WeBWorK problems. Doing the homework is an essential part of learning. It will help you practice the lesson and reinforce your knowledge.

WeBWork

It is time to do the homework on WeBWork:

MultiplyRadicals

When you are done, come back to this page for the Exit Questions.

Exit Questions

After doing the WeBWorK problems, come back to this page. The Exit Questions include vocabulary checking and conceptual questions. Knowing the vocabulary accurately is important for us to communicate. You will also find one last problem. All these questions will give you an idea as to whether or not you have mastered the material. Remember: the “Show Answer” tab is there for you to check your work!

Exit Questions

  • Based on the definition of \sqrt{x}, why is (\sqrt{x})^2=x
  • If we write the \sqrt using rational exponents, what property of exponents is this equality related to?

\bigstar Simplify (2\sqrt a-\sqrt{ab})^2.

Show Answer

Using the identity (x-y)^2 = x^2-2xy+y^2 with x=2\sqrt a and y=\sqrt{ab}, we obtain:

    \[(2\sqrt a-\sqrt{ab})^2 = (2\sqrt a)^2-2\cdot 2\sqrt a\sqrt{ab}+(\sqrt{ab})^2 \]

    \[=4a-4\sqrt{a^2b}+ab = 4a-4a\sqrt{b}+ab\]

Need more help?

Don’t wait too long to do the following.

  • Watch the additional video resources.
Additional video resources on Simplifying Rational Exponents and Radicals (Multiplication and Division)
  • Talk to your instructor.
  • Form a study group.
  • Visit a tutor. For more information, check the tutoring page.