Contrary from their Society. Comparing the misfits from Brave New World and 1984.

From the start of the book, 1984, Winston seems a lot like Bernard from Brave New World, in that both characters are misfits in their respective books, not satisfied with¬†the society they are in. ¬†Winston, before he came home, bought a blank book to write in as a diary. ¬†Despite the world in 1984¬†claiming that there are no “laws”, Winslow’s actions is punishable by death if discovered. ¬†He is doing something that could potentially get him killed by the Thought Police. ¬†Winslow also hides in a blind spot of a metal plaque so that he could hide what he is doing while writing in his diary. ¬†These actions are similar to how Bernard likes to¬†take delight in doing things that, though not punishable by death, is contrary from what he is supposed to do like every other Alpha in the New World, such as doing things by himself,¬†not participating in group sports, and not taking soma when upset.

Another thing that Winston and Bernard has in common is that they share opposing thoughts to the rest of their respective societies. ¬†Bernard, in¬†Brave New World, dislikes several things about the New World like how he’s treated poorly compared to others despite he, like many others, being conditioned to believe that everything is great.¬† Winston, in 1984, dislikes Big Brother and the oppressing society he is in where his actions and speech is constantly monitored. ¬†During the Two Minute Hate, where everyone was writhing in hate towards a man in the television screen named Goldstein, Winston’s hate turned from him towards Big Brother, the Party, and the Thought Police. ¬†This contrasts everyone else’s feeling around him as everyone booed and hissed at Goldstein and calmed down the moment Big Brother’s face came on screen and even chanted his initials near the end. ¬†Winston, however, is unable to resist doing what everyone else was doing and was booing and hissing like everyone else during specific intervals. ¬†Even like how Bernard has Helmholtz who seem to share similar opinions, Winston seems to have O’Brien as, during his attendance to the Two Minutes Hate, the moment he caught a glimpse of O’Brien’s eye, he saw that O’Brien shared the same thoughts as him towards Big Brother. ¬†Winston’s hatred towards the¬†society he lives in¬†is especially known as during the time¬†Winston was recalling the last Two Minutes Hate, he unconsciously wrote in his book repeatedly “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER”.

After The End

I find it interesting that in There Will Come Soft Rains, the house is treated as the protagonist. ¬†The house is the main and, besides the dog, only character. ¬†In 9 and a half years in the future, a nuke strikes the house, destroying everybody around it including the residents inside. ¬†However, despite all this, the house still acts out its daily routine as if ii’s its own way of coping, its own way to preserve what’s left of humanity after the end.

When the house starts up, it began its morning routine where it would announce¬†the time and date 3 times, but¬†“no doors slammed, no carpets took the soft tread of rubber heels”(Bradbury, page 1). ¬†Despite the house being empty, it still tries to act as it someone is still there to keep going as if everything is normal. ¬†The house pretends that people are still living inside to give it a reason to keep up its routine, despite it being pointless. ¬†Even as it makes breakfast for no one to eat and “the eggs were shriveled and the toast was like stone”(Bradbury, page 1), the house kept going and simply clean up the mess it made afterwards. ¬†This quote is one of many that shows how pointless the routines the house is performing.¬† The house is the only remainder of human’s existence and lifestyle, for¬†“the house stood alone in a city of rubble and ashes”(Bradbury, page 1), making it the only ‘survivor’ in the city. ¬†This quote also means that something has happened that caused the whole city, except for the house, to be destroyed in such a way that very little hints of humanity is left. ¬†Even the residents that used to live in the house are gone. ¬†The house, like a survivor of an apocalypse, is also paranoid of everything around it, even though it means no harm. ¬†When animals like birds, cats, and foxes approach the house, it¬†“shut up its windows and drawn shades in an old maidenly preoccupation with self-protection which bordered on a mechanical paranoia”(Bradbury, page 2). ¬†The house is afraid that something or someone would come and destroy the house like the other building that once stood in the remains of the city. ¬†Since the house is the only one left, it does all that it can to protect itself before it falls as well. ¬†Also, this quote gives the house a personality like a human. ¬†It describes the house as someone who is paranoid while at the same time, trying to cope with the end of the world as it keeps up its routine so that it doesn’t go insane. ¬†Interestly, the house seems to be somewhat aware of its situation, or maybe just humanity’s situation, as on page 3 of the story, the house read off a poem which describes how even if humanity is at war or is snuffed out, the world would not care and move on. ¬†This also fits the house as, even in the end when the house falls down in a fire (Bradbury, page 4), dawn will still come and go, and the world will still move on with or without it.

Class Notes for 3/2/17

Review of Last Week:

  • Discussion Soma (uses/purposes)
    • Gateway Drug
    • Cure-all
    • Put into many things
    • Many forms(pill, gass, ice cream, etc…)
  • Solidarity
    • Togetherness/Orgy/Mandatory
  • Family
    • How “Family”, “Parent”, and “Birth” is treated as porn.
    • Destabilize
    • Promiscuity(sexually open)
  • Individuality/Freedom
    • Conditioning to predestined fate
    • Not comprehensible to “civilization”

 

Definitions

  • Enclave: Enclosed Space
  • Utopian Enclave: An utopia in enclosed pocket/space that is cut off from the world.
  • Intentional Community: movement where people come together¬†to create a community separate from society.
  • Eponymous: Name; named after something.
  • Referent: Refers to something.
  • Acculturation: Adopting the cultural traits or social patterns of another group (acculturation)

 

  • How can a community be unintentional?
    • Ex: Students signing up for a class coming together and being forced to interact with each other.

Utopia is conceived as isolated.  In the original story, the utopia had a large moat surrounding it and cutting it off from the outside world.

  • Reservation name
    • New Mexico Reservation (the reservation Bernard and Linda went to(mentioned by Lina in page 63))
    • Malpais (page 102) (translated as “Bad Place” or “Bad Lands”)

 

  • Savages
    • Natives to the reservation
    • Uncivilized
    • Barbaric/Rude
    • Seen as bad
  • Civilized
    • Well-Educated
    • Polite
    • Seen as good

Description of the¬†“Indians” of the reservation

  • Speak in¬†extinct (not used) languages
  • ‘Monstrous’ Superstitions

Lenina, as she enters the reservation, tries to makes sense of it by comparing it to what she knows, such as comparing the top of the mesa to the Charing-T Tower(page 104).

Linda

  • Linda fell into the reservation after getting lost and injured.
  • Linda is similar to Lenina.
    • Lenina is Linda if she had gotten stuck in the reservation.
  • Linda is partially deconditioned after being in the reservation for a long time.
  • Despite following the “drill”, she still became pregnant and gave birth to John.
    • The “drill” is the anti-pregnancy pills.
  • Is stout (big/fat/hefty) when first seen in chapter 7, page 112.
  • Through Lenina’s eyes, Linda is seen as disgusting from appearance to her age.
  • Felt thrilled when she saw Lenina and Bernard like she is rescued.
  • Is treated as an outsider by the “Indians” of the reservation, due to her different appearance, ideas, and values, which is seen as ‘wrong’ to them while seem ‘normal’ to people from the World State.
  • Nature vs. Nurture: Linda is born and preconditioned to do things such as sleeping with several men and consider it normal. ¬†The “Indians” considers this wrong, and thus treats her badly. ¬†Linda is forced to adapt as she lives with them.

John

  • Both parents are from World State, but is born, not decanted, in the reservation.
  • Has¬†light skin with blonde hair while everyone else in the reservation has dark hair and skin
  • Only one, besides his mother, who can read.
  • Idealistic, inspired by Shakespeare
  • Considered an outsider in the reservation (others would keep him out of things such as the coming of age ritual for those who turned 16 (page 127) and by the World State (citizens of the World Stat sees him as a “savage” since he’s born from the reservation).
  • Punished for his mother’s actions.

Linda tries to teach John about the New World, but is limited due to her own limited view in the New World, so she can’t teach him everything. ¬†She later gave John a book called ¬†Shakespeare to practice his reading skilled. ¬†When John first reads Shakespeare, he feels inspired. ¬†He felt like he had words to put his feelings of hatred of the Pope.

“O’ Brave New World”

  • The quote originated from¬†“The Tempest”.
  • When first used, John was excited and hopeful of going to the World State. (which John had thought of as an Utopia)
  • When used the second time, John was shocked, angry, and disgusted of the World State (after his mom died and saw the delta clones)
  • When used the third time, John hopes to change the World State from a horrible place to something better.

World State / Malpais

  • They are 2 cultures
  • If one from one culture is placed in the other, they’ll experience culture shock.
  • Acculturation

 

No homework is due for tuesday.

March 16th is Mid-terms.  An essay given next week will be due by this time.  The essay will be 4 to 5 pages.

Mandatory Meet-ups needs to be scheduled with the Professor.

Extra Credit

  • Attend¬†the Literacy Roundtable and type a 500 blog in response.
  • Watch either the 1998 version or the 1980 version of the movie of “Brave New World” and type a 500 word¬†blog comparing it to the novel and analysing both of them.

Event: the deadline for Literary Arts Festival Competition is March 7th.

 

Bibliography

  • ¬†‚Äúacculturation‚ÄĚ, Dictionary.com,¬†Website Publisher, 2017. 2017.

A crushed Utopia

In Brave New World, a person from outside of civilization, John, is introduced to the civilized world of London. ¬†From the beginning, his views of this civilized world is painted by his mother. ¬†His mother at times would tell him about the “Other Place” where “everybody is happy and no one ever sad or angry, and every one belonging to every one else”(Hitchens, page 120). ¬†Already, from this section of the quote from the book, Linda has painted a fanatical point of view of how the civilized world for her son to imagine which raises his expectations to be very high. ¬†When he goes to bed, John would “think of ¬†Heaven and London and Our Lady of Acoma and the rows and rows if babies in clean bottles and Jesus flying up and Linda flying up and the great Director of World hatcheries and Awonawilona”(Hitchens, page 120). ¬†John daydreams of a paradise, a Utopia, by thinking of London, where his mother was from, together with Heaven, a¬†happy place people go once they die. ¬†Also, from this quote, John also imagining Linda flying up with being happy as she’s flying up with Jesus, similar to angels. ¬†Finally, the rows of babies in bottles John imagines along with religious figures shows that he’s mixing both his idea of civilization, a paradise, and his culture’s religious figures together while imagining a happier place. ¬†He imagines London to be more of an amazing place than it actually is.

However,¬†as John was able to get to London, later on he encountered conflictions from what he understands which for him is horrifying. ¬†Lenina, a girl that John had a crush on and viewed as very beautiful, approached him, but not understanding his shyness towards her, tried to push herself onto him, for in page 171 in the book, Lenina had also fallen for him to the point she was obsessed with him. ¬†Unfortunately, her forwardness turn, in John’s eyes, herself from something like an angel to something wicked like a succubus.

Mass Production, Caste, and Conditioning in this Brave New World

Reading Brave New World, the first few chapters introduces a world that is strange compared to our reality.   This book seems to show a world where society mass produces humans, separates them into castes, and condition said humans to their predestined roles.

In the beginning¬†chapters, it shows that humans, rather being born the traditional way, are ‘decanted’. ¬†In their reality, humans are created in¬†bottles using eggs from donated ovaries and sperm¬†on a conveyor belt, conditioning the fertilized egg to its predestined fate until it can be ‘decanted’. ¬†The babies then are conditionalized even more depending on its caste and predestined roles they have. ¬†In addition, fertilized eggs of lower caste are treated so that each egg can produce as many as 96 identical humans. ¬† This shows a desire to have as many humans as possible, especially as many of the lower caste as possible. ¬†This is likely because, like a pyramid, there is always more space on the lowest of the triangle compared to the top. ¬†The book they goes on to show how society in the book is structured based on how the fertilized eggs are treated.

The fertilized eggs are examined and separated into a caste system of Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Epsilons; where Alphas are the highest caste and the lower caste, Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons are mass produced. ¬†This shows that the higher officials decides who is¬†born to be of a higher caste and predestine those they decide more inferior before the fertilized egg even develop into a baby. ¬†It also shows that, in the book, people are not all born, and thus are placed in predetermined roles. ¬†Also, they create¬†the lower castes to be¬†dumb animals, to even a point of trying to develop Epsilons to physically and mentally mature as fast as possible to perform the lowest of manual ¬†labor. ¬†This can be especially be seen in the first chapter where they deprive oxygen and treat the bottles containing the lower of the 3 caste systems, with the lowest cast getting the least oxygen, so that they’ll be smaller in size and intelligence. ¬†This is also seen in chapter 2, where nurses condition Delta babies to hate books and flowers, so that¬†it is driven into their brain beyond adulthood to hate books and flowers, and thus are discouraged to read. ¬†This especially shows that society is interested in created stupid workers that stay to their job instead of trying to attempt a job or challenge higher caste systems.

After the first chapter, the book shows how humans are conditioned, from decantation, to accept their roles in society. ¬†The book shows babies of the Delta caste introduced to flowers and books, and then being both subjected to loud alarms and electric shocks. ¬†Though inhumane to us, in the book, it was explain as normal as it is done 200 times to that the Delta babies will grow up hating flowers and books, discouraging them to read or enjoy nature. ¬†The treatment to condition babies to their caste and roles is even seen in the higher class Beltas as they sleep with repeating ¬†messages, known as hypnopaedia, ¬†reinforcing the caste so that they don’t interact with the lower caste while being happy and not challenging the higher caste. ¬†Hypnopaedia was also used to make the babies happy with future roles they will receive. ¬†This book shows that humans from birth are shaped and molded from birth to their roles like gears shaped for machines.

Dystopia and Religion in Metropolis

Watching Metropolis, I’ve noticed 2¬†major things that come up¬†throughout the movie; the use of both utopia and dystopia side by side¬†as well as them being references to the christian bible by using names such as Babel. ¬†This constantly pops up throughout the movie.

In the beginning of the movie, it first shows the workers entering the workplace within the depths.  It shows how droning and depressing the depths are before showing everything above a few minutes later.  This helps immediately show the contrast between the setting of the depth and the setting in the surface.  The surface, especially the Eternal Gardens and the surface cities that the new Tower of Babel towers above, seems pleasant and amazing.  The high streets and planes flying around on the surface indicates that technology, for the time when the movie was made, was very advanced that people above enjoyed many luxuries.  The depth, observed from when Freder traveled to the depths, were hellish.  People in the depths constantly worked to the point where, even though the machine overheated and blown away many workers in the steam, more workers came to replace the injured or possibly dead to keep working while the others where were blown away and injured were carried off.  The machines, run by the workers in the depths, are what makes the surface run as comfortably as it does as utopia, while down below, the depths shows how much of a dystopia it is.  The surface is held up by the overworking and pressure of many people in the depths to make and keep the machines work like slaves working for their slavemasters.  This is especially cemented as, when the workers gathered in the catacombs, the lady that Freder falls for talks about Babel and compares the one in the bible with the one in the movie; while the minds who came up with the tower and those with high status sees it as a great thing, the ones building it up and maintaining it sees it as a horrid building.  This leads to another thing

In the beginning after showing the depths, it shows the surface and one of the first areas the movie introduces, after the depth, was the Eternal Gardens.  Even though it has a different name, it seems to share similarities to the Garden of Eden due to how both of them depicts paradise where, especially in the Eternal Gardens, people play about without worry.  Another reference to the bible the new tower of Babel, whose name comes from the Tower of Babel in the bible.  The movie even makes the connection even more by telling the story as how the tower was built to reach the stars, its as built by hands of many people, and how the tower was left for abandon in the end.  This seems to be forewarning as the tower of Babel in the bible was abandon in the end that this may happen to the new Tower of Babel in the movie.  After Freder left the catacombs, he enters an area which statues representing 7 deadly sins and tells them to stay away from him and his crush.  Throughout the movie, it makes use of religious symbols as it appears throughout the movie with meanings attached to them.

About Aneita L. Torres

My name is Aneita L. Torres, I am a student of City Tech. ¬†My major is Mechanical Engineering, and I hope to specialize or at learn learn about robotics and build some cool machines. ¬†I have already earned my associates degree, so I’m working now for my bachelors. ¬†Once then, I then plan to transfer to City College to further my education as well as expand my horizons¬†into things City Tech doesn’t offer. ¬†The reason I choose Mechanical Engineering as my major is because of several reasons.¬†¬†One of them being that I was inspired by video games and all the neat machines and robots that could be useful in the future. ¬†Another is because, as I understand it, science is marching forward and the future is in machines, so if I take a job in that field, I can grantee having a stable well-paying job while helping people at the same time. ¬†Though, my main interest, despite choosing this major, isn’t machines and robots, but in art, atmosphere, and drawing.

I love drawing. ¬†I drew ever since I was 3 I believe, and I find it both fun and relaxing. ¬†I later joined an art website called Deviantart,¬†under the username “Minidragonfly”, which both exposed me to various artwork of various levels of media and skill and allowed me to share my art in hopes to show off my art and to improve myself. ¬†Despite my interests in drawing, I did not take a major in anything relating to art due to my parents worrying about me not being able to support myself by simply drawing. ¬†I respected their wishes in the end, and chose a field that I was sure I would have a successful life in that was somewhat interesting to me. ¬†I wanted to go into Mechanical Engineering, specifically robotics, because I not only like drawing things on paper, but I also like making art in a sense;¬†this includes sewing, paper crafts, storytelling, and building things.

I like reading and telling stories more than writing them. ¬†While I enjoy creating stories in my head, fleshing out the characters, setting, and plot, I have difficulties capturing them and putting them on paper. ¬†That being said, I hate writing my stories; I hate writing in general. ¬†This is because, despite my love for telling stories verbally, ¬†I have been made to write so many reports and essays, that it has put writing in general a bad taste in my mouth. ¬†Even with the stories I share online, it’s in comic format out of spite of writing. ¬†When it comes to reading, my interests tends to revolve around fantasy, with various other aspects like horror, humor, and world building. ¬†When it comes to something like science fiction, it’s building a fantastical world close to ours with technology that we yet to have. ¬†It’s an interesting setting that may video games and cartoons capitalized on for telling their stories. ¬†This is why I chose Science Fiction to take as a course, as it’s easier for me to read books I am interested in.

My experiences in Science Fiction is mostly through video games and cartoons.  Many of the cartoons either have advance or futuristic technology or takes place in the future.  One of which I enjoyed that best fits the genre is Futurama, where it takes place in the year 3000 and, despite technology being so advanced, everything is treated mundanely and many of the issues we experience now they still experience too.  I just hope this class will go over things that are not just dystopian, horrible, or negative futures or settings.

The main thing I guess I can see between science fiction and my major is that they both deal with technology that will affect society, so it would be good to be mindful of the how technology could be negative so that we could either negate it or avoid it. ¬†I’m expecting to read classic science fiction novels as well as hoping to avoid reading anything Star Wars related as I do not like it and hopefully read or talk about a book that isn’t dystopian. ¬†Part of my hopes was already dashed when the 3 required books were all dystopian and I’m hoping not all science fiction books are dystopian books that says either technology is bad, all people on the top are evil and abusive, or that our leaders are¬†out to make us their slaves. ¬†I can not handle depressing topics very well without becoming depressed and moody, and to have this class to be that negative throughout sounds like hell to me. ¬†I do not look forward to a class about a dystopian hell.