Logo History Assignment
For this assignment we were required to write an essay on the history of a company logo of our choice. The essay would need to cover who had created the design and why some changes occurred as well as contain images of the logo and its changes. I had decided to choose the company Nestle because it is an old company with a rich history, likely to have many interesting changes to it’s logo.
NESTLE Company Logo History
Nestle was founded in 1866 by Heinrich Nestle, formerly known as Henri Nestle. The company had its breakthrough in 1867 when Heinrich Nestle created ‘farine lactee’, or flour with milk, with his medical knowledge as a pharmacist. This formula was created to combat high mortality rates among infants that could not be breastfed. At the moment the Nestle company sells a larger number of products such as bottled water, cereal, chocolate, coffee and much more.
The original logo for Nestle was based upon Henri Nestle’s family coat of arms. This original illustration contained a knight’s head, a shield, and a single bird in a nest. The nest is a direct relation to Henri Nestle’s last name which means “Nest” in German. Although this logo was personal to the Nestle family, it wasn’t to the public.
To better promote their products, such as their famous baby formula and create a recognizable symbol to the public the logo was changed. This new logo was an illustration of a mother bird feeding her three baby chicks. The three chicks are especially interesting because they represent the three original brothers of the Nestle family. The mother bird represents their original target market. Overall, this symbolized a nurturing company.
As successful as this logo was at communicating the company message, it was far too detailed and was missing the company name “Nestle”. The company name was added to the logo to unify all brands under the Nestle company. However, this text was added directly in front of the, now slightly lighter, illustration of the birds. Likely to improve legibility the text was moved below the illustration.
Despite these photos having detailed illustrations of the classic birds, some ads would focus on the silhouette of the birds during this time. Others would focus more on the nestle wordmark. Looking at the ads for the Nestle company through the years, you can see there are a number of wordmark and color variations depending on the product. This was likely done to give each product its own sense of identity while still connecting it to the company.
In the latest versions of the logo, there are only two birds instead of three. As the years pass the logo continues to simplify to adapt to new trends. Overall, the Nestle company logo was only slightly changed over the years because it so brilliantly connects the company to the consumer.