Chapter 2

  1. Describe the techniques and solutions used to aid in the well-being of clients who were in distress.

Techniques and solutions used to aid the well-being of clients who were in distress have evolved drastically over the years. Before treatment plans and therapy the source of clients problems/behavior was thought to be caused my evil spirits. Techniques used to aid clients in distress included using a crude saw to remove disks of bone from the skull called trephining. it was thought that by doing so evil spirits would leave the body. Also institutions like insane asylums were founded that treated clients poorly.

  1. Describe the evolution of human well-being services, from the middle ages to present day by individuals, professionals and society.

Throughout the middle ages our understanding of human behavior was limited and thought to be caused by evil spirits. Although poverty and disease was high the government/society took on the responsibility to care for the mentally ill. This is when hospitals and insane asylums became major institutions. They housed and fed individuals in need. Now in present day more of an understanding for human behavior has been developed and a whole industry has risen.  Through the knowledge we’ve gained treatment plans, therapy and a better understanding of individuals in society has lead to promoting well-being.

  1. Describe how Obama-Care’s mission is to aid the well-being of Americans.

The mission of Obama-Care is to provide affordable health insurance to millions of Americans without it. Through the Affordable Care Act Millions of Americans are able to get insurance they wouldn’t be able to afford otherwise. With little to no cost to these individuals they are now able to seek the necessary aid they need instead of showing up to an emergency room when it too late. This act promotes well-being to Americans because they can now afford health care and wont hesitate to seek help when its needed or too late.

  1. Describe how social philosophies were promoted to aid in the well-being of clients/society.

Social philosophies such as individualism and social Darwinism were promoted to aid in the well-being of clients. These philosophies emphasized on the individual and promoted hard work as well as overcoming poverty. while laissez-faire promoted the responsibility of society to care for everyone as a whole rather than the individual.

  1. Describe how the mental health movement promoted the well-being of clients/society.

Because of the mental health movement well-being was promoted in clients/society. Free human service and treatment was available to aid mentally ill clients. Also clinical psychology was developed that gave a more effective treatment.

  1. Describe how the human service movement promoted the well-being of clients/society.

The human service movement promotes well-being in society and individual clients through proper training. Due to the upraise of problems in living institutions were no longer responsible for clients in need but the community took on the responsibility which made it possible to aid more clients.

  1. Describe how entitlement benefits (Medicare, Medicaid, Welfare) promote the well-being of individuals/society.

Medicare, Medicaid and welfare promote well-being in individuals as well as in society. because of these entitlement benefits individuals and families are able to use services within the medical field they wouldn’t otherwise be able to afford. Benefits such as Welfare aid individuals in the process of rehabilitation while they get jobs and rejoin society as productive individuals.

  1. Describe how legislation promotes the well-being of individuals/society.

Legislations promote well-being in individuals as well as in society because without them acts such as the prescription drug act wouldn’t exist and health care reforms wouldn’t aid clients. Through these legislations patients are offered coverage to seek the help they need and are able to get the necessary drugs they need to keep them well.


Thesis statement draft #1

When the topic of happiness comes up a million things can pop into your head. Happiness has millions of different meanings to the billions of people in the world and beyond. But what does it really mean to be happy ? Is it that new iPhone or those new shoes you just couldn’t live without ? Or is it that Sunday afternoon you get to share with your family after a long week? Or could it be that satisfaction that you are no longer facing a problem? Whether your ideal happiness is material or more sentimental, achieving such a thing has been proven to be difficult. Our society is awash with the ideal happiness. In an Op-Ed article from the L.A Times, How to buy happiness, Elizabeth Dunn and Michael Norton discuss that you can actually be happier by spending money on others than on yourself. It’s the memories you make that matter rather than the money you have on your own. While on the other hand people like David Brooks, from The New York Times in What suffering does, think that it’s suffering that shapes you to become a happier person. The lessons you learn from suffering make you make better choices or even help you help others that have been in your situation or dilemma.

Chapter 8 questions


1. Describe how the client empowerment model for change effectively impacts a client’s well-being status? Include what the professional would do to implement the model in the counseling session.

The client empowerment model for change effectively impacts a client’s well-being by developing the confidence in a client or someone in need that the power is in their hand and their voice should be heard. This model is used to support the client in developing their agenda, to support structure and plan for change. A human service professional would implement this model in a counseling session by asking clients questions then analyzing their responses and guiding them through the process but allowing them to figure it out on their own.

2. Describe how a community-based agency’s mission and goals promotes well-being and happiness for their clients.

A community-based agency’s mission and goals promotes well-being and happiness for their clients by clearly stating their purpose is helping the client and only have their well-being in mind.

3. Describe how an agency’s organizational chart promotes well-being through the chain of command.

An agency’s organization chart promotes well-being by clearly showing the flow of professionals, departments and individuals. As well stating what departments or individuals work closely together and provide certain services.

4. Describe how the referral process is utilized in relation to the clients well-being.

The referral process is utilized in relation to the clients well-being because during this process a human service professional must pair a client with the proper facility. During this process a professional must make sure the agency they are referring their client to offers the service they need and they are eligible to receive their services. As well as within the clients reach.

5. Describe how an informal network can aid in the referral and well-being goals.

An informal network can aid the referral when a professional’s agency might not have the adequate help a client needs but the professional themselves know someone who can aid the client. this informal network can be within the professional’s social circle or family.

6. Describe how documentation and paperwork requirements aid in the well-being of the client.

Documentation and paperwork requirements aid in the clients well-being in the case they the professional working with a client has to refer the client to a different agency or a different professional they are able to read the clients file and understand the need of that individual.

7. Describe how stress and “burnout” of the worker can impact the clients well-being?

Stress and “burnout” of a human service professional effects the clients well-being. The human service professional no longer has the ability to properly aid a client in need. They begin to lack basic values such as tolerance and acceptance. Once the client realizes the professional lacks these values they no longer see the professional in a positive light and no longer feel safe with them. therefor their well-being is at stake.



8. Describe how professional development activities can impact the well-being of the worker. Describe how it also impacts service delivery to the client.

When a professional is experiencing encapsulation, burnout and vicarious trauma developing activities aid the worker and the service delivery to the client. By developing new skills and knowledge about clients they worker not only aids themselves but the client as well. New information is always available in the human service field so the service delivery is more effective with new knowledge.

9. Describe how a human service worker can utilize client empowerment as a tool in the well-being of client.

Utilizing empowerment as a tool aid the client by developing their confidence which in the long run sets them up for success. When they feel empowered they have the ability to figure out their lives and have skills to help other in their lives and their communities.



Chapter 9

1 .Describe how the Human Services Code of Ethics initiates guides and promotes a clinical arena for professional and client well-being.

The human service code of Ethics serves to promote a clinical arena for professionals. It sets in place boundaries and guidelines on do’s and don’ts of a client and helpers relationship. As well as a professionals role and responsibilities to the client as well as society. With this code both the professional and the client’s well-being is put first and no confusion can occur on ones duties or role.

2. Describe how the human service professional’s responsibility to clients promotes well-being.

A Human service professional’s responsibility to client’s well-being is promoted when the professional shows that they understand what is important to the client. They check up on their clients, making sure that their well-being isn’t being compromised or that they aren’t in any danger, to themselves or others. Also by following the Human Service Code of Ethics, helping and fulfilling the clients wants and needs. As well as being aware of their clients cultures and environment.

3. Describe how the human service professional’s responsibility to the community and society promotes well-being.

A Human Service professional’s responsibility to the community and society’s well-being is demonstrated in the work they do with those who are in need of help. Whether its help with a drug issue or an adolescent’s problem a human service professional uses their skills to help improve these people’s lives. And rehabilitate them back into society and the community.

4. Describe how the human service professional’s responsibility to colleagues promotes well-being for the client.

A Human service professional’s responsibility to colleagues is shown in the manner that they lend a helping hand. Every professional should be well connected and communicate for the well-being of the client. If there is any question in a client’s treatment plan another professional’s input or advice can be asked for and taken into consideration. Good communication should also be demonstrated when a professionals ethics are questioned. As colleagues one should feel safe approaching another to discuss their behavior. And in the event that their behavior doesn’t improve then a supervisor had to be told. Also when it comes to getting specific help for your client one of your colleagues might have the right person to call or can set up meetings to help the clients well-being.

5. Describe how the human service professional’s responsibility to the profession promotes well-being for the clients.

As a human service professional you have the responsibility to the profession to have the proper academic training, the dedication and commitment to help a client develop their best well-being, and a good work ethic. Their work with clients should demonstrate that they care and have a good relationship the clients well-being should be first above anything else. Any decision made should be in the client’s best interest and sensitive to their specific needs. They should also be open for improvement and suggestions.


6. Describe how the human service professional’s responsibility to employers promotes well-being for the client.

The human service professional’s responsibility to the employer promotes well-being to the client when both professionals have a good relationship and communicate well. The employer makes sure that the human service professional is doing their job properly and is up holding the code of ethics. As well as making sure that neither the professional or the client is in any danger or isn’t being care for properly.

7. Describe how the human service professional’s responsibility to self promotes well-being for the clients.

As a human service professional your responsibility to self promotes well-being for the client become as a human service professional their training and education has prepared them for what’s ahead. The professional has a general idea of client’s situations and is confident to aid a client. Their well-being is acknowledged and is but first.

8. Describe how the human service professional’s responsibility to educators promotes well-being for the client.

As a human service professional one should be aware and informed of the code of ethics in their education. As an educator one’s personal views and opinions shouldn’t interfere with students and should be open to others views without judgment.

9. Describe the four stages of ethical decision making. Indicate how it strives to promote well-being to the client/society.

When making a decision the human service professional should take into consideration the four steps that prompt well-being. The four steps include identifying the problem, consulting with fellow colleagues, identifying and exploring solutions, and choosing a course of action and actually doing it. When ones identifies the problem an in-depth conversation should be conducted and once should keep in mind the code of ethics as well as the client’s environment. When consulting with colleague’s evidence that one has acted in good faith is shown and that the proper solution has been determined. While coming up with a decision and exploring options brain storming and having plenty of options is crucial. When a course of action is determined it should be explained and a way of actually doing so should be identified. This process promoted well-being to the client and society because the decision making wasn’t just made on a whim. Time and energy was actually demonstrated and the proper solution for both the client and the professional was identified and can now be conducted.

a tale of two cities, or not

In Bill De Blasio’s primary victory speech his family plays a huge part. De Blasio’s daughter ,Chiara, started of the speech. She talks about her admiration for her father and highlighting three crucial factors of his success , including family. De Blasio uses pathos then when referring to 9/11 ” the worst days of the city’s history” 18:25. He says although tragedy struck on that day “we saw a united city” 10:28 and that “the values we saw on that day are the values we must rededicate ourselves to” 10:57. He also starts introducing his main focuses stop and frisk, taxes, and education. De Blasio uses a ” tale of two cities” to show the separation among the wealthy and people on the brink of the poverty line. De Blasio highlights equality and that like in 9/11 no one should be left behind. De Blasio also points out the injustice of police brutality and how stop and frisk ” makes communities and police less safe” 16:38. He states that although there are doubt of his ambition ” we are New Yorker…..thinking big isn’t new to us…it is why this place id great”15:10. He believes that we ” shouldn’t settle for the status quo”.

In Joe Lhota’s speech he briefly thanks his family and mentions his parents struggle in his up bringing. He mentions his family’s role in the community as fire fighters, police men ect. But his main focuses were his support for stop and frisk, education and his experience. He states that Bill De Blasios ” a tale of two cities” is dividing our city and that “although we are five boroughs we are one city” 6:32. Unlike De Blasio, Lhota believes that thanks to stop and frisk our streets are safer ” I support the NYPD and believe that stop, question and frisk should continue” 8:58. Lhota also touches on his plan to reduce taxes and help small businesses grow. he continues with his determination to improve the school systems to give ” we need high standards that are balanced with great teachers and teacher training…..more than just teaching for a test” 11:38.

Both candidates touch on the areas that need improvement and that have caused a great deal of controversy. Stop and frisk has become one of the most talked about policies. Debates on whether its effective or just degrading have rose over the years with plenty of deaths and major lawsuits the bad have overcome the good intentions of the policy. Also the crucial topic if education was brought up and the lack of it. As Lhota stated we need higher stand but with that come better teacher training and better schools. Although both men have different visions of the city’s well-being they both have the same intentions with different outcomes

An order of happiness please

Dr. Sonja Lyubomirsky’s article, how to buy happiness, demonstrates another side of being rich. She speaks of a wealthy plastic surgeon and his achievements mainly economical. For a person who owns vacation homes and yachts he actually appears to be miserable. With his wealth came a price to pay of the love of this profession. He even says how difficult it is to get out of the bed in the morning and emphasizes on his lack of motivation. She also explains that as long as our basic needs are met all the other things we decide to buy have no significance to our over all happiness. Lyubomirsky identifies that our happiness comes from the way we chose to spend our money on others and the satisfaction it bring rather than on material thing we store away to collect dust and replace as soon as we can.

Lyubomirsky asks a few wealthy individuals to list their feeling from the pervious day some couldn’t even recall being happy that day. With the wealth they have acquired through the years a lot of work had gone into it aswell. With the wealth they acquired they have probably sacrificed a few birthdays or little league games that in the long run create memories for a life time. At the price of missed memories the wealth isn’t as important to me.

Having memories is something that can’t be taken from you. It can’t be put in a nice gift bag but it’s something you can always cherish. With your memories and experiences not comparing them or being jealous of others , unlike material things, causes them to even be greater.

But when it comes to spending money, spending it on others is the way to go. Because our happiness is influenced by others. In the study conducted by the University of British Colombia they found that althought some workers bonuses we cut and given to charity it was more fufilling to them to know that it went towards a positive thing rather that worrying about the size they were given.

Human Services Chapter 1

1- Describe problems in living and how individuals experience these problems in terms of their sense of well-being.

Problems in living include malnutrition, poor to no housing and no opportunities for development. With these issues on the rise individuals have a poor sense of well-being. There are people who have no idea on how to help themselves and about the help that is available to them. They face economic struggles as well as poor living conditions and little to no education.

2-Describe how can human service networking aid in the well-being of clients.

As a human service professional networking aids the client’s well-being by providing the proper help and guidance. As a human service professional your services can be limited but through networking and teaming you can find someone who can surpass your limitations and help the client. In areas in which you aren’t able to help with.

3-Describe how utilizing an interdisciplinary approach within the work of a human service professional can aid to the well-being of a client/society.

By using an interdisciplinary approach to aid a client/society you as a professional can put yourself in their situation and have a better idea of what they’re facing. By analyzing their behavior, society and culture you have a better understanding of why they face certain problems or have handled them the way they have. By doing so you can analyze and aid the individual properly to come up with an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.


4-Describe how social care, social control and rehabilitation contributes to the well-being of an individual? Society?

These three distinct functions of human services contributes to the well-being of an individual as well as society. With these three function it is easier to identify the type of help that an individual needs. Although all three function can occur in one individual. In society these functions serve as a way to help and guide people that fall under these categories and establish a treatment plan.

5-Describe how the relationship between the worker and client can be an integral part in the well-being of a client.

The relationship between a human service professional and a client is essential. Without a relationship both parties wouldn’t be able to accomplish their goals, whether to help or to be helped. An understanding or trust must be established between the worker and the client in order to have a productive session or talk. If the client doesn’t feel trust with the worker then lies and excuses may get in the way of progress and make the process difficult and truly pointless.

6-Describe the clinical/professional job tasks the human service professional performs in aiding the well-being goals of the client.

When aiding a client to accomplish his or her goals a human service professional must approach their clients and have an in depth conversation about his or her life. They must identify the issues that are preventing them in achieving well-being and offer their clients options to come out of their deficit.


7-Describe how being a generalist human service worker aids in the well-being of those they serve.

A generalist human service worker oversees and is in charge of all the processes their clients go through. They possess every fundamental skill in the field and specialize in group treatment. This benefits the client because they only have to interact with one human service professional that they’ve come to know and trust.

8-Describe how the clinical/professional may steer the client to be self-sufficient

When it comes to helping client become self-sufficient a human service professional gives the client tools in order to build up their self-esteem. Once they gain self-esteem they are able to help themselves. They become independent, financially, and gain control of their lives.     .

9-Describe how the human service delivery system provides Almeada with social care, social control, and rehabilitation in order to create a path of well-being in her life.

While Almeada was pregnant with baby Anne she was receiving social care from Ms. LaRosa. Almeada was unable to take care of herself and her parents. She wasn’t receiving the proper prenatal care and wasn’t attending school. Ms LaRosa was aiding Almeada with tools to continue her education while she was pregnant as well as after baby Anne was born. in addition to working with Alameda and her education Ms LaRosa would also take Almeada to a local clinic to receive prenatal care. Once Almeada moved to a new neighborhood and lost contact with Ms. LaRosa. Almeada needed help once again and received social control. Almeada had failed to use the tools and options Ms. LaRosa had previously given her and was now in a desperate situation. Almeada once again reached out to Ms.LaRosa and was able to provide her with a solution as to who could help her in her new neighborhood. Once Ms. LaRosa connected Almeada with Hernando Alvarez Almeada received rehabilitation. She slowly become more confident and worked on her life and baby Anne’s.

10-Describe how evidence based practice knowledge can be utilized by the professional to aid in the clients well-being.

When a professional uses evidence based practice knowledge they have somewhat of a guideline or reassurance to their service plan. They have an understanding of research on their case and are able to provide accurate toolkits in order to assure a client’s well-being.

Money Cant buy you Happiness

Elizabeth Dunn and Michael Norton explain how the quality of our lives matter more than the quantity of things we have. In an article from the Los Angeles Times, How to buy happiness. Dunn and Norton start of by asking a simple question that has a million answers, what would you do if you found $1 million ? Everyone , at some point in their life, has wished for that amount of money. But out of all of us who would actually do something selfless and spend it on someone else? The first few items on our lists are something for ourselves. Its possible that our fifth item is for someone else. But even if you were selfless would those purchases create memories for a life time or would they be used for a few hours of pleasure ? Dunn and Norton even use most peoples first thought, to buy a house, as a bad example of spending your newfound wealth. They say that although “…most Americans continue to see as a central part of the American dream”  buying a house isn’t “.. a sensible investment”. They’ve came to the conclusion, with the help of generations of research, that “how we use our money may matter as much or more than how much of it we’ve got”. Meaning that it doesn’t always matter how much money you have if you don’t have the proper way to spend it towards your happiness. Money can’t buy happiness.

in my opinion Dunn and Norton have the right idea about how money affects happiness. for example you could be the richest person in the world but if you don’t have anyone to share this lavish life with what’s the point of it all? Renting out Disney Land for the day sound like an ideal day but running around and riding all of the rides alone, is nowhere near as much fun as having your closest friends come along and enjoy the day that you can remember for the rest of your lives. As Dunn and Norton explain ” we tend to watch our new televisions alone on the couch, but we rarely head to a wonderful restaurant or jet off to Thailand solo.”


In the experiment that was conducted at a university campus they proved that even with the simplest of gestures, buying someone a cup of coffee, you are defiantly happier than enjoying a cup on your own. On many occasions I’ve brought someone a cup of coffee and hung out in Starbucks for hours just talking. And I’m absolutely sure I’m not the only one who has done so. When it comes to the example they gave , about buying a home, I don’t completely agree. Yes, buying a home may take some a life time but in the long run you have something your family members can also enjoy or even have to fall back on. I don’t agree that you have to pass on that drink after a long day or that nice dinner once in a while. You should be able to have everything with moderation. Compromising on your spending shouldn’t have to interfere with your overall

Although making changes to your list can be difficult, with the help of this article, the outcome can be even more pleasurable than your original list if you’re even just a little less selfish. Through research and experiments Dunn and Norton have made an appealing case that “.. you can make yourself happier today.” just by switching to buying experiences rather than material things that only benefit yourself.

In this article from The New York Times , How Happy Are You? A Census Wants to Know by John Tierney the government of Somerville Massachusetts is putting a number on its citizens happiness. As the yearly census go out a few questions on their environment and life style have also been attached. The government of Somerville what’s to know on a scale from 1-10 how happy are you right now ? They feel the need to know how their 76,000 residents lives are affected by policies that can be changed to make their lives happier.

Although some residents think this is a good idea and even feel flattered by the city’s attention, I don’t believe that happiness should be measured and promoted by the government. But it is, throughout our daily lives we are constantly being told how to be happy and all the material things you need in order to do so. Although this experiment is meant to improve living conditions not everyone takes it serious and the results may be affected by the people who are unhappy by petty materialistic factors such as their looks and superficial needs. Things such as efforts by the city to improve should be taken into account and an overall services.

In regards to the communities well being I believe we need to focus on the public school systems, mass transit and health issues. Although Somerville seems like the “..perfect test tube for such an experiment” a more ideal place for such an experiment should be a larger city with a variety of incomes and needs. Although not everyone may agree on one specific solution or policy to community issues it is worth a try.

Hello everyone,

My name is Dulce Tepi, I am 18 years old but I’ll be turning 19 on November 19. I can be extremely shy at first but that fades away pretty quickly. I am the youngest of three. I have a pretty big, crazy and loving family including a beautiful white pitbull. I’ve lived in brooklyn most my life but I was born in a small town in Mexico. Some of my hobbies include reading, baking and spending time with the amazing people in my life.

My Pitbull, Piccolo

My Pitbull, Piccolo

Like anyone else I’ve changed my mind about a hundred times on what I want to do as a career. Since I was in middle school I decided that I wanted to be a pastry chef. Therefore when it was time to apply to high schools I chose a school in which I could make this possible. Thoughout my high school career I was already taught about the industry and given opportunities to hands on work. I worked as a pastry assistant for the last couple of summers in a catering company. Then went on to be a pastry intern at Union Square Cafe. I was offered a full time job but had to decline it since I wanted to focus on college. Although I wanted to become a pastry chef I figured I could always have that as a backup plan.

I got a preview of City Tech this summer so I’m pretty familiar to where everything is and where I can get help. My technology skills are pretty basic and almost non existing. Although I love to read my writing skills need a lot of improving. My biggest weakness in writing would probably be my digression as well as not transitioning well. If I had to rate my happiness like in the article right now I would probably be at a 7+. My expectations for this course are to improve my writing.