Chapter 4

Chapter 4
1. Describe the three models of service delivery in terms of how each
impact well-being to either individuals, families and /or communities.
a. Medical. B. Public Health c. Human Services
Medical means that that mental disorders are diseases so they are treated as such with medication, therapies and laboratory studies. This focuses more on the individual.

Public health focuses on groups of people who are facing some of the same problems. Problems they have in common because of where they live, the environment they’re in. This model sees mental disorders as pressures created by society. They educate the population to prevent them.

Human Services focuses on the relationship between a person and their environment, they believe they’re needs to be a balance, failure to do so results in mental disorders. This model helps both the individual and environment.

2. Describe how Philippe Pinel impacted the well-being of those
with mental illness.
Pinel is credited with the introduction of the medical model. It is because of Pinel that patients were treated better and with the care they needed. Before an insane person was believed to be a danger to people, and should be locked up away and forgotten. Pinel made it known that the disorders people had could be treated with medical treatment, their problems had origins that medicine could help with.

3. Describe how the psychodynamic model promoted the well-being
of the human service profession.
The psychodynamic involved a lot of communication between the patient and the therapist. This involved a lot of time. The patient had to share all thoughts with their therapist than the therapist would determine from that information why the patient was experiencing the problems and repressions. This put a lot of responsibility on the human service professional. And was just another way they could help people.

4. Describe how medications promoted the well-being of those with
mental illnesses.
Medication is a method used more widespread. It has many different options. Many feel there are many type of medications that can help a lot of people. For example psychiatric drugs act on the brain, these are mainly used for mental disorders. There are four main groups antipsychotic, antidepressant, anxiety and narcotic pain. Each help with a different mental illness such as depression, relieve anxiety, fear, psychotic disorders and used to relieve chronic pain.

5. Describe how electroshock treatment can promote the well-being
of a person with severe depression, catatonic states.
Electroshock memory involves giving a person a shock of about 70-130 volts to the brain. This therapy was helpful to a person with severe depression because as a result of this therapy a person would experience confusion and memory loss, this helped the professional help the individual because it was as if they could help mold them back to a individual with a well-being.

6. Describe how the “strengths based” model approach promotes the
well-being of clients/society.
In this model approach the person is encouraged to think about problems they had before , what steps they took to resolve them and see that they do have the power it takes to resolve problems on their own. This promotes well-being because it helps the individual feel confident about themselves, reassuring them of their strengths and abilities.