Concrete Wall (Research)

Concrete Walls can be constructed from precast concrete, poured concrete, concrete block, stucco concrete, stamped concrete and colored concrete. Precast walls can be  reinforced with steel ribs. Poured concrete walls can be used for a foundation or as a retaining wall. Concrete block walls can also be used in a foundation or as a retaining/decorative wall. Stucco walls serve more as texture. It is made of a thin concrete layer that is used over an existing wall. Stamped walls are similarly created to poured concrete walls in the way it is molded. Colored concrete walls also are created by poured concrete techniques.

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/795870565369065360/

muiling.com – concrete wall detail

 

http://www.lifeofanarchitect.com/graphic-standards-part-2/

http://www.yourhome.gov.au/materials/precast-concrete

Retaining Wall Footing Design Retaining Wall Basement Google Search Detail Pinterest Photos – Home Interior Decorating Ideas

http://www.greenbuildingadvisor.com/blogs/dept/musings/foam-under-footings

 

https://gopelling.net/precast-concrete-curtain-wall-detail/

Stainless Steel Paneling and Curtain Wall Connections

After our research we noticed a few corrections we should make:

 

*  Head architect : Frank Fusaro Jacqueline Ho

Frank Fusaro is only the partner and the company is Handel Architects.

Her project website is:

jacquelineho.com

 

  • The pool looks like this:
pool top view
pool in between the two other structures in the building

  • And if you’re interested what it’s like to stay in one of these rooms in the hotel it would look like this:

Click here to take a virtual tour of the room!

Stainless Steel Paneling

The dream hotel uses a perforated aluminum paneling system developed by Zahner┬ácalled ZIRAÔäó. Zahner has developed systems like Zira, Imagewall, inverted seam, and ZEPPS to combat the difficulties of complex steel geometry many buildings require. It allows architects to develop useful and quick prefabricated materials for buildings that need steel systems.

Zahner is very knowledgeable in the use of many materials and espcially zinc, steel, and aluminum.

Stainless Steel

According to Zahner, Stainless is:

“Stainless steels are naturally reflective. Oxidation does not develop very rapidly and the surface remains very smooth. Having a tight, smooth surface enhances the corrosion resistance of stainless steel. The more the surface is polished, the better the long-term performance.

During the production of stainless steels, the mill surface of the thick plate is cleaned of scale using strong acids. This process, known as pickling, dissolves the heavy oxides and free iron carbides that rise to the surface of the hot plate.

Further reduction of the stainless-steel thickness is performed on cold semi-polished rolls. These rolls impart a smooth, reflective sheen on the surface of the metal…┬áAnnealing the stainless steel in a controlled atmosphere will create a mirrorlike surface known as Bright Annealed…The reflective character of the various stainless-steel finishes can be divided into three categories … The Reflective Finishes can be described as those that reflect light similar to a mirror.

Disturbing the even reflective surfaces with minute surface fractures or indentations, which scatter the reflected light slightly, produces the Diffused Reflective Finishes. Because these finishes are typically applied over the Reflective Finishes, they possess a brightness, an almost glowing behavior when in strong light.

The Low Reflective Finishes possess a dull reflection. Light is effectively scattered by the rough surface. and these surfaces appear flat in most light.

Because of its chrome content stainless steel reflects 49 percent of the visible wavelength of light. It is much more heavily weighted toward the blue wavelength and captures well the tone of the sky. On cloudy days, stainless steel will appear with very little luster. This is due in part to the scattering effect of the clouds, which reduces the blue segment of the wavelength of light reaching the stainless-steel surface.

Because of the specular nature of stainless steel surfaces, slight variations in plane can affect the relative color. Moving around the surface changes the angle of view from one surface of a plate or panel relative to another. The more direct the reflection, the lighter the color. The panel that is slightly askew will appear darker in strong light. A stainless-steel surface can look dark from one angle of view, then light in color from a different angle of view. The difference can be only a few degrees out of plane. This faceted reflection is common in stainless steel thin-plate surfaces. This is also why “oil-canning” tendencies are greater in reflective metals such as stainless steel. The relative high and low points in a stainless-steel surface reflect light back to the viewer at varying angles, which create apparent visual distortions in the surface.

When fabricated and installed correctly, the reflection is not distorted by the undulating surface. Light washes over the diffused reflective surface in straight lines. The mirror reflective surfaces show straight lines as straight images and not curved images.”

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The Zira technlogy is an advanced version of the imagewall technlogy used by Zahner. They even have an app that anyone can order a metal panel with the image they desire and is prefabricated and shipped to you. Below is some images explaining the process and how it is connected.”

image wall
Image wall technlogy

development process

 

https://www.imagewall.com/features
https://www.imagewall.com/features
image wall connection with simple screws and back plates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We also noticed that in the Dream Hotel, behind the aluminum paneling there is a glass curtain wall beneath the skin of the building. On other sides of the building is another type of facade system that might be a dry wall that is blanketed by a steel panel with portholes cut out. On our investigation we found some images that might give us that kind of information.

http://www.jacquelineho.com/dream/njn3lv40ipfvbg8cp62mr7huoedgeg
south east and west facade details

We’ve also found more research on the construction and development of this building.

Construction and precedence
http://www.jacquelineho.com/dream/njn3lv40ipfvbg8cp62mr7huoedgeg
construction
http://www.jacquelineho.com/dream/njn3lv40ipfvbg8cp62mr7huoedgeg

According to the managing architect this is the porthole design that is in the building.

http://www.jacquelineho.com/dream/sm0qfof1n212qpdj8qyktxc0ps6rbv
port hole exploded
http://www.jacquelineho.com/dream/sm0qfof1n212qpdj8qyktxc0ps6rbv
Another version of the porthole design that is larger

For the sill of the windows it might look like this.

glass

Aluminum Panel Connections

We’ve also found some information on different systems of aluminum panel connections, in our building it is a rain screen aluminum panel that allows water in, however these are other methods of having aluminum panels.

wet seal
wet seal

dry seal
Dry seal

 

 

paneling
paneling connections section
glass curtain wall with steel paneling
Another possible system


wall connection




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