Terms to know for exam

General theater terms (know definitions)
proscenium (end stage)

apron
thrust stage
amphitheater
arena staging
environmental staging
backstage
upstage
downstage
stage right and left
audience right and left
rigging
fly space
wings
flat
fourth wall
cyclorama
backdrop
properties (props)
orchestra pit
trap door
lift (elevator)
counterweight
orchestra, mezzanine, balcony, box seats
raked auditorium
front of house
marquee

Architectural terms (know definitions)
facade
section, elevation, plan

Lighting and Sound
Natural light, candles, oil lamp, gas lamp/table, electricity

How did lighting technology shape or affect the style of performance?
What challenges do theater architects and sound designers face when managing acoustics in a performance space?
Acoustics: reflection, absorption, diffusions

Classical and Hellenistic Greece (know definitions)
Amphitheater
Dionysus (god of what?)
Dithyramb
Thespis
Choregos
Festival Dionysus
Chorus (2 main purposes – entertainment, representing the community)
Masks
Orchestra
Skene
Proskenion
Theatron
Paradoi
Epidaurus
Deus ex machina
Tragedy (tragic flaw of protagonist, arch of fortune to misfortune, “goat song”)
Antigone by Sophocles (basic plot, characters, themes)
Democracy (polity) and Traditional Religion (the gods): tensions, transition, power, gender

Noh Theater (short answer or essay question, incorporate terminology)
Shinto
Buddhism
Ka’nami and Zeami
Shogun
Kagami-no-ma
Hon-butai
Hashigakari
Kagami-ita
Dojoji (plot and video)
Shite
Kyogen

Wayang (know definitions)
Shadow puppetry
Gamelan
Intangible Cultural Heritage
Dalang

Medieval European Theatre (know definitions)
Gothic architecture
Romanesque architecture
Liturgical drama
Stations
Mansions

Outdoor Public Playhouse, Elizabethan (know definitions)
Protestant Reformation (Martin Luther): Iconoclasm and the end of biblical plays in England
The Globe and the Swan theaters
Tiring house
Pit
Groundlings
Gallery
My Lord’s Room
Discovery space
Balcony
Shareholder
Henry V, by William Shakespeare (basic plot and main characters, nationalistic themes)
Metatheatricality: metaphorical connection between the world and stage

Development of Opera: 17th – 20th centuries
Single point perspective (Prince’s perspective)

Intermezzi and opera
Giacomo Torelli: Chariot and Pole system (wagon, capstan, counterweights, pulley, trap doors, elevators, cloud machines)
Scena per angelo
Bayreuth Festspielhaus (Richard Wagner)

19th century theater the U.S. and the Birth of Broadway (short answer or essay question, incorporate names and terminology)
Variety
Burlesque
Vaudeville
Minstrelsy
Commercial theater in NYC: the relevance of the street Broadway and relationship between commercial entertainment and urban space
Park Theatre
Tony Pastor’s Union Square Theatre
Steele Mackay’s Madison Square Theatre
The Shubert Brothers
The Syndicate
Long Acre Square (Times Square)

The Little Theatre Movement in Europe and the U.S. (short answer or essay, incorporate names and terminology)
Naturalism 
Andre Antoine and Théâtre Libre
Social Realism and Henrik Ibsen: Doll’s House
Moscow Arts Theatre
and Constantin Stanislavski
Federal Theatre Project
Voodoo Macbeth
It Can’t Happen Here
Nonprofit theatre
The Public Theater and the New York Shakespeare Festival

Harlem Renaissance (short answer or essay, incorporate names and terminology)
The Cotton Club (commercial entertainment: jazz, dance, drinking)
Lafayette Theater
Lafayette Players
Anita Bush
Harlem NYC Public Library/135 St
Krigwa Players
Harlem Suitcase Theater
Regina Anderson
WEB Du Bois
Langston Hughes
Zora Neale Hurston
Mulatto: A Tragedy of the Deep South

Avant-Garde Theater (short answer or essay, incorporate names and terminology)
Symbolism
Adolph Appia
Festspielhaus at Hellerau
Expressionism
Constructivism
Bertolt Brecht
Epic Theatre
Marxism and ideology
Alienation effect
Bauhaus: Design school (Germany, 1919 – 1933) that integrated the teaching of the full-range of design and fine arts and crafts into a common core that had as its overarching goal the reimagining of daily objects and architecture to 1) be affordable for the people, 2) fully utilize industry output, and 3) take abstraction and minimalist geometry as the main design driver.
Gropius’ Total Theatre

Performative Architecture (short answer or essay question, incorporating terminology)
Voyeur
Bernard Tschumi and “event” architecture
DS&R: The High Line and Lincoln Center

Four definitions of “performative architecture”: 

1. Performance in respect to audiences and actors

  • The engagement and movement of the spectator (Tschumi’s original idea).
  • The architecture invites the spectator to become performer

    2. Architecture as performance (geometry and color and texture)
  • The image transforms as the subject moves around the object.
  • Architecture as performance art
  • Architecture takes the urban environment as a stage on which it literally and actively performs.
  • Surface digitization and projection.

    3. Structural performance: Kinetic effect of architecture — what work does it do?
  • Mechanization, moveable parts

4. Environmental performance.

  • Performance in respect to light, heat, energy, or sound.