Examples of Exceptional Demonstrations
Ariz Flores, United Palace
The City Performs: An Architectural History of Theater in New York, (ArcGIS Story Map)
ArcGIS Story Map of all known theaters in New York City from the colonial period to 2000.
Theatre Database, Art and Theatre Institute, Prague
Eurocentric, but ever-expanding. Includes examples of buildings in North America, Asia and South America, as well as historical images and plans of theatrer no longer standing.
Spotlight on Broadway
Architectural and production histories of Broadway theaters.
NYPL, Digital Image Archive
Click on “Show Public Domain Items” on upper left to sort. If a desired image doesn’t appear this way, unclick and do a search. Most digital images at NYPL are usable without license if downloaded as low-resolution image 760px. Make sure you provide credit for use. NYPL generates citations for you.
Low-resolution images. NYPL allows free use of low-res images from their archive. Searchable database by geographic region down to the city block and year of photograph.
Museum of the City of New York Digital Collection
Researchers may use, free of charge, copies of low-resolution images from the Collections Portal for non-commercial use, such as illustrating a school paper or website, or for study. Each image must be accompanied by the following credit line: [Name of creator] / Museum of the City of New York. [Accession number]. If the image will be posted online, please provide a link back to the catalog record in the Collections Portal.
Search the Wiki Commons Database for license-free use. Remember to cite information provided at the bottom of the page below the image. Also record the Creative Commons license provided for the image.
Creative Commons Search
All content is CC licensed.
Digital Public Library of America
Searchable database of open source material. Remember to always give credit for images used in presentations.
Public Domain Image Repositories
Guidelines for using images and a list of repositories. Always remember to credit source, even if open source.
History of the Public Theater at Astor Library, Dan Dalyrimple
Digital Theatre +
A subscription database for undergraduate students. Includes histories, theory, interviews, and productions.
OER, Copyright, and Fair Use
Copyright and Fair Use Prezi, Nora Almeida
MLA Formatting Guidelines, Purdue
Image Copyright Guidelines, Boston College
Adamson, John, ed. The Princely Courts of Europe: Ritual, Politics and Culture under the Ancien Regime, 1500-1750. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1999
Allen, John J. The Reconstruction of a Spanish Golden Age Playhouse: El Corral del Principe, 1583-1844. University Presses of Florida, 1983.
Amine, Khalid. “Crossing Borders, Al-halqa Performance in Morocco from the Open Space to the Theatre Building.” TDR/The Drama Review 45.2 (Summer 2001): 55-69.
Appia, Adolphe. “A New Art-Material ,” in Twentieth-Century Theatre: A Sourcebook, ed. Richard Drain (14-15). Routledge, 1995.
Aronson, Arnold. Looking into the Abyss: Essays on Scenography. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005.
Aronson, Arnold, ed. The Routledge Companion to Scenography. New York: Routledge, 2017.
Baugh, Christopher. “Brecht and Stage Design: The Bühnenbildner and the Bühnenbauer,” in Theatre and Performance Design: A Reader in Scenography, eds. Collins and Nisbet (188-203). Routledge, 2010.
Bieber, Margarete. The History of the Greek and Roman Theater. Princeton University Press, 1961.
Birringer, Johannes. “Contemporary Performance/Technology”. Theatre Journal 51.4, (Dec., 1999): 361-81.
Blaise, Petra. Inside Outside. NAi Publishers, 2007.
Boonstra SN. “Negotiating Heritage: Wayang Puppet Theatre and the Dynamics of Heritage Formation.” In Halbertsma, Van Stipriaan, Van Ulzen, editors, The Heritage Theatre. Globalisation and Cultural Heritage (27-48). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011.
Botto, Louis and Robert Viagas. At This Theatre: 10 Years of Broadway Shows, Stories, and Stars. New York: Playbill, 2010.
Bowery Boys. West Side Story: The Making of Lincoln Center. (2016) http://www.boweryboyshistory.com/tag/lincoln-center
Brockett, Mitchell, and Hardberger. Making the Scene: A History of Stage Design and Technology in Europe and the United States. Tobin Theatre Arts Fund, 2010.
Brook, Peter. The Empty Space. New York: Touchstone Book. 1996.
Brown, Thomas. A History of New York Stage from First Performance in 1732 to 1901. New York, 1903. Digitized by Google: https://archive.org/details/ahistorynewyork04browgoog
Carlson, Marvin. Places of Performance: The Semiotics of Theatre Architecture. Cornell University Press, 1993.
Chach, Maryann. Shuberts Present: One Hundred Years of Great American Theater. New York: The Shubert Archive, 2001.
Chaudhuri, Una and Eleanor Fuchs, eds. Land/Scape/Theater. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002.
Ching, Francis and Steven P. Juroszek. Design Drawing. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
Collins and Nisbet, eds. Theatre and Performance Design: A Reader in Scenography. Routledge, 2010.
Colomina, Beatriz. “The Split Wall: Domestic Voyeurism” in Sexuality & Space, ed. Beatriz Colomina, (72-80). Princeton Architectural, 1992.
Davidson, John. “Theatrical Production,” in A Companion to Greek Tragedy, ed. Justina Gregory (194-211). Oxford University Press, 2015.
Di Benedetto, Stephen. “Concepts in Spatial Dynamics: Robert Wilson’s Dramaturgical Mechanics and the Visible Stage,” in Space and the Postmodern Stage, eds. Eynat-Confino and Sormovam (62-70). Prague: 2000.
Dixon, Steve. Digital Performance: A History of New Media in Theater, Dance, Performance Art, and Installation. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 2007.
Dwyre, Catherine and Chris Perry. Performance and Architecture: A Special Issue. PAJ 109 (2015).
Eyrat-Confino, Irene and Eva Šormová, eds. Space and the Postmodern Stage. Prague: Divadelní ústav, 2000.
Fair, Alistair, ed. Setting the Scene: Perspectives on Twentieth-Century Theatre Architecture. Surrey: Ashgate Fair, 2015.
Fenollosa, Ernest, Ezra Pound. The Classic Noh Theatre of Japan. New York: New Directions Books, 1959.
Fox, Michael, ed. Interactive Architecture: Adaptive World. Princeton Architectural Press, 2016.
Giannachi, Gabriella, ed. Virtual Theatres: An Introduction. London: Routledge, 2004.
Giedon, Siegfried. Space, Time and Architecture: The Growth of a New Tradition. Harvard University Press, 1969.
Gertsman, Elina. “The Loci of Performance: Art, Theater, Memory,” Mediaevalia 28 (2007): 119-35.
Goldberg, Rose Lee. “Dancing about Architecture,” in Scanning: The Aberrant Architectures of Diller and Scofidio, ed. Aaron Betsky. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 2003.
Goldblatt, Stephen. Will in the World: How Shakespeare Became Shakespeare. WW. Norton Press, 2006.
Henderson, Mary C. The City and the Theatre: The History of New York Playhouses: a 250 Year Journey from Bowling Green to Times Square. New York: Back Stage Books, 2004.
Huntington, John. “Bridging Art and State-of-the-Art,” Theatre Design and Technology (Summer 2019): 32-41.
__________. “Show Technology Comes of Age,” Lighting and Sound America (Sept. 2019): 70-81.
Hyman, Isabelle and Marvin Trachtenberg. Architecture: From Prehistory to Post-modernism: The Western Tradition. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1986.
Izenour, George C. Roofed Theaters of Classical Antiquity. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
__________. Theater Technology. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.
Kaye, Nick. Site-Specific Art: Performance, Place and Documentation. London: Routledge, 2000.
Kern, Stephen. The Culture of Time and Space: 1880-1918. Harvard University Press, 2003.
Kershaw, Baz. Theatre Ecology: Environments and Performance Events. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Khan, Omar and Dorita Hanna. “Performance/Architecture: An Interview with Bernard Tschumi.” Journal of Architectural Education (2008): 52-58.
Kilde, Jeanne Halgren. When Church Became Theatre: The Transformation of Evangelical Architecture and Worship in Nineteenth-Century America. Oxford University Press, 2002.
King, Elaine L. “Into the Light: A Conversation with James Turrell.” Sculpture 21.9 (2002).
Kolarevic, Branko. “Towards the Performative in Architecture” in Performative Architecture: Beyond Instrumentality, eds. Branko Kolarevic and Ali Malkawi, (204-13). New York: Spon, 2005.
Lawrence, A.W. Greek Architecture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
Leacroft, Richard. The Development of the English Playhouse. Cornell University Press, 1973.
Leacroft, Richard and Helen Leacroft. Theatre and Playhouse: An Illustrated Survey of Theatre Building from Ancient Greece to the Present Day. London: Methuen, 1984.
Lefebvre, Henri. The Production of Space, trans. Donald Nicholson-Smith. Blackwell, 1991.
McAuley, Gay. Space in Performance: Making Meaning in the Theatre. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.
McKinney, Joslin and Scott Palmer, eds. Scenography Expanded: An Introduction to Contemporary Performance Design. London: Bloomsbury, 2017.
McKinven, John A. Stage Flying: 431 B.C. to Modern Times. Glennwood, Ill.: David Meyer, 2000.
Moussavi, Farshad. Function as Style. Aktar Press, 2015.
Morrison, William. Broadway Theatres: History and Architecture. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications, 1999.
Ogden, Dunbar. The Staging of Drama in the Medieval Church. University of Delaware Press, 2003.
Oosterhuis, Kas. Move that Body: Building Components are Actors in a Complex Adaptive System” in Theories of the Digital in Architecture, ed. Rivka Oxman. London: Routledge, 2014.
Orrell, John. The Human Stage: English Theatre Design, 1567–1640. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Pallasmaa, Juhani. The Eyes of the Skin. New York: Wiley, 2008.
Pang, Laikwan. The Distorting Mirror: Visual Modernity in China. University of Hawaii Press, 2007.
Pelkonen, Eva-Liisa. Achtung Architecktur! Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1996.
Prampolini, Ernesto. “Futurist Scenography ” in Twentieth-Century Theatre: A Sourcebook, ed. Richard Drain (23-24). Routledge, 1995.
Racière, Jacques. The Emancipated Spectator. London: Verso, 2009.
Rehm, Rush. The Play of Space: Spatial Transformation in Greek Tragedy. Princeton, 2002.
Rokem, Freddie. “Mimetic and non-Mimetic Aspects of Space in the Theatre: Some Reflections following Jindrich Honzl’s ‘Dynamics of the Sign in the Theater.’” Theatralia 02 (2004): 60-70.
Sachs, Edwin O. and Ernest A.E. Woodrow, Modern Opera Houses and Theatres, 3 vols. Benjamin Blom: 1968.
Saltz, David Z. “Live Media: Interactive Technology and Theatre.” Theatre Topics 2 (Sept. 2001): 107-30.
Schaefer, Brian. At What Point does Appreciation Become Appropriation? Dance Magazine (Aug. 19, 2019) https://www.dancemagazine.com/cultural-appropriation-in-dance-2639820032.html.
Simonson, Lee. “Forward to The Stage is Set,” in Theatre and Performance Design: A Reader in Scenography, eds. Jane Collins and Andrew Nisbet (171-77). Routledge, 2010.
Strindberg, August. “On the Staging of To Demascus and Dream Play,” in Naturalism and Symbolism in European Theatre: 1850-1918, ed. Claude Schumacher (316-22). Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Svoboda, Josef. The Secret of Theatrical Space: The Memoirs of Josef Svoboda, trans. and ed. J. M. Burian. Hal Leonard, 1995.
Swift, Christopher, “Robot Saints.” Preternature: Critical and Historical Studies on the Preternatural 4, no. 1 (2015): 52-77.
Swift, Christopher. “The City Performs: An Architectural History of New York City.” An ArcGIS Story Map, https://arcg.is/9L8vH (Feb. 2019).
Taylor, William, ed. Inventing Times Square: Commerce and Culture at the Crossroads of the World. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.
Trimingham, Melissa. The Theatre of the Bauhaus: The Modern and Postmodern Stage of Oskar Schlemmer. Routledge, 2011. [in Bookshelf app]
Tschumi, Bernard. Architecture and Disjunction. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1994.
van Hoogstraten, Nicholas. Lost Broadway Theatres. Princeton Architectural Press, 1997.
Wiles, David. A Short History of Western Performance Space. Cambridge University Press, 2003.