Terms to know for exam

General theater terms
proscenium (end stage)
apron
thrust stage
amphitheater
arena staging
environmental staging
backstage
upstage
downstage
stage right and left
audience right and left
rigging
fly space
wings
flat
fourth wall
cyclorama
backdrop
properties (props)
orchestra pit
trap door
lift (elevator)
counterweight
orchestra, mezzanine, balcony, box seats
raked auditorium
front of house
marquee

Architectural terms
Single point and multipoint perspective
facade
section, elevation, plan
semiotics
architectural program

Lighting and Sound
Natural light, candles, oil lamp, gas lamp/table, electricity. How did lighting technology shape or affect the style of performance?
footlights
sound clouds
Acoustics: reflection, absorption, diffusions
relationship between the size of a space and the quality of sound

Greek Amphitheater and Dionysian Festival.
Dionysus (god of what?)
Dithyramb
Thespis
Choregos
Festival Dionysus (basic form, contest):  1x a year. 5 days. Began with procession into the city center, ending in the amphitheater. The play festival consisted of 3 tetralogies (each tetralogy consisted of 3 tragedies, 1 comedy). 1 playwright would compose 4 plays and compete against the other two playwrights. Play contest judged by everyday people representing their tribe. Number of Athenians in attendance: 15,000 approximately. Playwright would often perform in their own plays. 
Chorus (2 main purposes – entertainment, representing the community)
Masks (purpose)
Orchestra
Skene
Proskenion
Epidaurus
Theatron
Paradoi
Deus ex machina
Tragedy (tragic flaw of protagonist, arch of fortune to misfortune, “goat song”)
Antigone (basic plot and characters)
Democracy (polity) and Traditional Religion (the gods): tensions, transition, power, gender

Outdoor Public Playhouse, Elizabethan
Protestant Reformation (Martin Luther)
Iconoclasm
Elizabethan theatre
Globe, Swan, the “Theatre”
Tiring house
Pit
Groundlings
Gallery
My Lord’s Room
Discovery space
Balcony
Commercial, professional theater
Connection between the world and stage in Elizabethan England
Shareholder
Patron
Lord Chamberlain’s Men/King James’ Men
Henry V, by William Shakespeare

Noh Theater
Shinto
Buddhism
Ka’nami and Zeami
Sarugaku
Noh plays
Shogun
Kagami-no-ma
Hon-butai
Hashigakari
Kagami-ita
Dojoji (plot and video) – [your discussion board work will help you with this topic on the exam]
Shite
Kyogen

17th and 18th century theatre
Prince’s perspective
Intermezzi and opera
Torelli’s Chariot and Pole system (wagon, capstan, counterweights, flats, rigging, pulley, trap doors, elevators, cloud machines)
Scena per angelo

Minstrelsy, Vaudeville, Burlesque
Variety entertainment
Burlesque
Vaudeville
Tony Pastor’s Union Square Theatre
Minstrelsy
Blackface or “corking up”
Bert Williams

History of Theatre in NYC
Park Theatre
Steele Mackay’s Madison Square Theatre
The Schuberts
The Syndicate
Long Acre Square (Times Square)
The Public Theater (NYC)

Harlem Renaissance
The Cotton Club (commercial entertainment: jazz, dance, drinking)
Lafayette Theater
Lafayette Players
Anita Bush
Harlem NYC Public Library/135 St
Krigwa Players
Harlem Experimental Theater
Harlem Suitcase Theater
Regina Anderson
WEB Du Bois
Langston Hughes
Zora Neil Hurston
Mulatto: A Tragedy of the Deep South

Melodrama/Naturalism/Realism
Wagner’s Festspielhaus
Melodrama
Little Theatre Movement (alternative spaces, nonprofit, avant garde, social issues)
Federal Theatre Project
Voodoo Macbeth
It Can’t Happen Here
Moscow Arts Theatre: Stanislavsky and Chekhov
Realism (the movement)
Social Realism and Ibsen

Avant-Garde and Modernism
Symbolism (the movement)
Adolph Appia
Festspielhaus at Hellerau
Expressionism
Constructivism
Brecht and his theory of theater (Epic Theatre)
Marxism and ideology
Alienation effect

Performative Architecture
Voyeur
Bernard Tschumi: “event” architecture
Three definitions from Kolarevic: geometric (event), structural performance, environmental performance
DS&R: The High Line and Lincoln Center
Gropius’ Total Theatre

Bauhaus – Design school (Germany, 1919 – 1933) that integrated the teaching of the full-range of design and fine arts and crafts into a common core that had as its overarching goal the reimagining of daily objects and architecture to:

              -be affordable for the people

              -fully utilize industry output

              -take abstraction and minimalist geometry as the main design driver