Quiz study guide

Dear students,

For each set of readings/videos, focus on answering the following questions. If you can answer the questions based on the reading/video (and not on any other source of information), you will do very well on the quizzes. Nothing outside of these questions will be on quizzes.

 

Text/Videos

Read/watch in order listed

Study questions
  • Watch: Crash Course, Intro to Theatre (link)
  • Watch: Proscenium Arch (link)
  • Read: Weinstein, pp. 19-23 (PDF) 
What is ritual (Crash Course)? [SKIP Frazer and Cambridge Ritualists]
What was the functionalists definition of myth (Crash Course)?
What is the mimetic impulse (Crash Course)?
Why did Italian Renaissance designers use the proscenium frame for their productions (Proscenium Arch)?
What’s the difference between HOUSE right and left and STAGE right and left? (Proscenium Arch)
Where is upstage? Where is downstage? (Proscenium Arch)
How does Weinstein describe the continuity between the amphitheater and environment? (Weinstein)
  • Read: Ching, Design Drawing, pp. 135-137, 146-148, 162-163, 170-171 (PDF)
Be able to define plan, section, elevation
  • Watch: Crash Course, Greek Theatre (link)
  • Watch: Theatre at Epidaurus, Discovery Channel (link)
  • Read: Ancient Greek Theatres, Reed (link)
Be able to define sections of the Greek amphitheater: orchestra, theatron, parados, and skene. What occurred at the City Dionysia festival in Athens (other than the drama contest)? Why is the god Dionysus relevant for discussing Greek theater? What social purposes did the plays serve (in terms of citizenship)? Explain the acoustic engineering of the Epidaurus theater (describe at least two features). What direction did the theater of Epidaurus face? Why?
  • Watch: Roman Amphitheatre, Betapicts (start at 5:45) (link)
  • Watch: Roman Colosseum, PBS (link)
What evidence have historians used to determine that elevators were used in the Colloseum in Rome? What are the main structural differences between the Roman and Greek amphitheatres? What are the main differences between the Greek and Roman political systems?
  • Read: Trachtenberg, Early Christian Architecture (PDF)
  • Watch: Crash Course Liturgical Drama (link)
  • Read: Corpus Christi Play (link)
What is a Roman basilica? Why was it a useful model for the early Christian church? (Trachtenberg)

Why did early Christians disdain theater, before and after the fall of the Roman Empire? Describe the first theatrical scene to arise out of the Christian liturgy. What was the scene depicting? Where did it occur? What is a “mansion”? (Crash Course) 

What does “Corpus Christi” mean? Why was the Corpus Christi festival created? What was the role of trade guilds in the production of Corpus Christi plays?  (Corpus Christi play link) 

  • Watch: Crash Course: Shakespeare Tragedy (link)
  • Read: Leacroft, Bulls Bears (PDF)
  • Read: Wofford, Intro, pp. 6-14 (PDF)
Be able to define elements of the Elizabethan playhouse: My Lord’s Room, Heavens, tiring house, yard (or pit), galleries (or tiers). (Leacroft, Crash Course and Wofford)

What comprised a theater “company” in Elizabethan England? What does it mean to perform in “repertory”? (Crash Course)

According to Wofford, what is the staging arrangement of Elizabethan theater — proscenium, thrust, or in-the-round? Read the poem “On the Life of Man” carefully and know the theatrical metaphors for the following: Life, mother’s wombes, Heaven, graves. (Wofford)

  • Watch: Wayang Puppet Theater (link)
  • Read: Wayang (link)
  • Read: Ibn Danial (link)
  • Read: Karagoz (link)
In place of a quiz, your assignment is to bring in your homemade Wayang puppet (instructions in Assignments Folder). Print out one character using template onto thick paper. Cut out character. Decorate puppet with color. Attach limbs at joints with a clasp of some kind. Attach popsicle sticks or wire to each arm for manipulating the puppet. If your puppet works, you get a 100 on the quiz!
  • Read: Noh Theatre, Introduction (link) 
  • Read: Noh (Stage Structure, Performance Techniques) (link)
  • Watch: Crash Course, Noh Theatre (link)
Name of the person who wrote many of the original Noh plays, as well as theory about the performance form? What religious beliefs informed the content of the Noh plays? What are the main character types in Noh plays? (Crash Course)

Be able to define the following elements of the Noh stage: stage (hanbuti), pine tree on upstage wall (kagami ita), bridge (hashigakari), mirror room (kagami no ma). (Noh Stage Structure)

What is the purpose of masks in Noh? What is the meaning of movement/dance in Noh? (Noh Theater, Introduction)

  • Read: Stage Lighting (link) 
  • Read: A Brief Outline of the History of Stage Lighting (link)
Know the following about the different forms of theatrical lighting:

Candles: How were they maintained and by whom? How could their illumination be focused on the stage?

Gas: When was gas lighting introduced to theaters? What were the advantages of gas over oil and candle? What were the drawbacks of gas lighting?

Limelight: what were the advantages of limelight?

Electrical: How does an incandescent lamp work?

  • Read: Leacroft, Classical Rebirth and Perspective Scenery (PDF)
  • Read: Development of Stage Machinery (16th and 17th centuries) (link)
What were the three types of scenes described by Vitruvius? Serlio drew his scenic designs in one- or two-point perspective? Teatro Olimpico took what design elements from the classical Roman theater? (Leacroft)

What is a flying machine? (Development of Stage Machinery)

  • Read: Baroque Theatre, Bay (link)
  • Read: How a 17th century Naval (link)
  • Read: Theater Machines, Diderot Encyclopedia (link)
Take-home quiz. Torelli/Diderot (in Assignments Folder). Complete and bring to class on this day.
  • Watch: History of Ideas – Romanticism (link)
  • Read: “Wagner’s Festspeilhaus” (link)
No quiz.
  • Watch Crash Course, Zola and Realism (start at 4:50)
  • Watch Crash Course, More Realism (end at 6:45) (link)
  • Read: Daguerre’s Diorama (link)
In Crash Course 1. Understand how Dumas Fils quote (“Invention does not exist…”) relates to realism. Also understand Zola’s theory of Naturalism (a scientific approach to theater inspired by Darwin).

In Crash Course 2: Know Saxe Meinengen’s contributions to staging: props, costumes, and directing of crowd scenes. Also Antoine’s Theatre Libre: what was his “ultra-realism” method? Give examples.

Daguerre’s diorama: be able to explain how it works (very generally).

  • Read: Barnum’s American Museum (link)
  • Read: McNamara, “Popular Entertainment” (read Orientation and Vaudeville only) (library database) 
  • Read: Cohen, “Blackface Minstrelsy” (PDF)
Other than animals, be able to name two attractions in Barnum’s American Museum.

Describe the accomplishments of Bert Williams.

Be able to describe “variety entertainment” or “compartmented” shows (MacNamara, 380-381)

When did vaudeville become a fully-developed form, and how is it more developed than “variety”. (MacNamara, 391-92)

What’s the connection between the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin and blackface minstrel shows in the 19th century?

  • Read Taylor, Inventing Times Square, pp. 120-129 (PDF) 
Be able to describe how the Theatrical Syndicate operated and the economic battle between the “independent” theater producers and the Syndicate.
  • Read: Reactions to Naturalism (link)
  • Read: Influence of Appia (link)
  • Read: Appia, Reform Stage (PDF)
  • Read: Weinstein, pp. 24-26 (PDF)
No quiz.
  • Not-for-profit theatre, TCG (link)
  • Black box theatre, TDF (link)
  • Read: The Harlem Renaissance (database link)
Take-home quiz: complete R.E. Jones assignment (in Assignments folder) and post on OpenLab before class.
GIS Terminology Study these PowerPoint Slides and these terms:

Longitude

Operational layer

GIS (Geographic Information System)

Latitude

CSV File

Geospatial analysis

ArcGIS Online

Shape File

Basemap

Attribute Table

Symbology

  • Read and watch: study pack on non-profit theatre 
No quiz.
  • Read and watch: Bauhaus: German School of Design” (link)
  • Read: Kiesler, The Stage Explodes (link)
Bauhaus: Name at least four art forms taught and practiced at the school of design. Be able to describe the basic design aesthetic of the school (i.e., what were the main design principles that the artists followed)? How was the Bauhaus different from the way art was taught and practiced previously?

Kiesler: Read about his “Space Stage”: can you describe the audience/stage relationship?

  • Read: Spivy, Performance Art: Intro (link)
  • Watch: “Rhythm O” (link)
Since “performance art” can come in a very broad range of forms, it is not easy to define — other than to say it challenges traditional art and theater by breaking down barriers. For the quiz, 1) be able to list at least three different performance art events mentioned in the Spivy article (name of artist and description of event) and 2) be able to explain the connection between feminism and performance art.
  • Read and Watch: “Site Specific Theatre” (link)
  • Watch: What Would Jesus Buy? (link)
  • Read: Reverend Billy, Wikipedia (link)
  • Read: Journey to the Twilight Zone (link)

 

  • Read: Dixon, Digital Performance
  • Watch: “House/Lights” and “Hamlet” (links)
No quiz.
  • Watch: Liz Diller Plays with Architecture (link)
  • Read: Towards the Performative, Kolarevic (PDF)