1. Murray defines writing as is that it is the process of using language to discover meaning in experience and to communicate it. Murray defines writing as rewriting and that there are steps to writing. The three steps he talks about are: Prevision, Vision, and revision. Purpose of writing is to rewrite continuously to improve in the process and to discover the importance of revision.
  2. Discovery in Murray’s words suggests as the important step in the process of writing and language and that the most significant step is made in writing when one enters into the writing process and experiences the discovery of meaning through writing. He also states that discovery is using language to find out what you are going to say. However, Murray states that this step is not explored or discovered enough because it has not been experienced by non-writers or admitted so when it is experienced by writers in the less imaginative forms of writing and also because most people are uncomfortable thinking about these types of questions. Murray suggests that the concept of ignorance is those who do not understand the use of language in the discovery process and not actually spend time rewriting because they are focused too much on solely the finished work.
  3. The product, as mentioned, is when writers focus solely on the finished piece of writing and not the actual process in rewriting and discovery using language to convey one’s message that one is trying to state. In addition, he states that this concept of the product instead of the process leads to dangerous misconceptions of writing. There are multiple ways to the process including internal and external revision as examples.
  4.  Internal revision is when the audience is one person, the author themselves and is the idea that writers are not concerned with correctness in any exterior case. Instead, the writers read what they have written so that they can deal with the questions of the subject, of adequate information, of structure, of form, of language. Internal Revision is when writers also read their own works to help discover where their content, form, language, and voice have led them. External revision, is what writers do to communicate to a larger audience about what they have found from what they have written. These writers now pay more attention to the conventions of form and language, mechanics, and style. In addition, they keep an eye on their audience and choose to appeal to them and read as an outsider for revision.