Sandra Cheng is an associate professor of art history at New York City College of Technology, City University of New York. She has been the recipient of the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Jane and Morgan Whitney Fellowship and the Swann Foundation for Caricature and Cartoon Fellowship from the Library of Congress. Recent publications include, “Ridiculous Portraits: Comic Ugliness and Early Modern Caricature” in Rire en images à la Renaissance, eds. Francesca Alberti and Diane Bodart (Brepols, 2018) and “The Monstrous Portrait: Caricature, Physiognomy, and Monsters in Early Modern Italy,” Preternature: Critical and Historical Studies on the Preternatural (2012). She is currently preparing a book-length study on early modern caricature. Her research interests include seventeenth-century art and theory, scientific practice, and automata in early modern Europe, and ephemeral art.