Bibliography SECOND + THIRD Annotation

Annotation 2:


  1. Bardhan, Indranil, and Mark F. Thouin. “Health Information Technology and Its Impact on the Quality and Cost of Healthcare Delivery.” Decision Support Systems, vol. 55, no. 2, 2013, pp. 438–49, doi:10.1016/j.dss.2012.10.003.
  2. i. The authors R. Bardhan, Indranil, and Mark F. Thouin’s research article was based upon the thesis that health information technology impacts the quality and cost of healthcare delivery. This article was accessed on 17th April 2021. The authors have researched the role of health information technology systems in developing and ensuring an overall healthcare service delivery system that results in maximum customer care, service delivery, and hospital performance. These HIT systems can be applied in various healthcare facilities, such as the clinical information system, scheduling system, and financial system, to name a few. However, for research purposes, the authors have specified four main health conditions that have unique and certain healthcare processes; this was done to study how the various kinds of hospital IT systems influence the cost and quality of such processes.  
  3. They arrived at the aforementioned thesis by using resource-based theory to study the influence of the benefits associated with healthcare information technology in ensuring good quality patient care, particularly with regards to four health conditions that they have specified for their research. The possible costs and risks of the healthcare processes were kept under consideration, and certain controls and limitations were also defined in the study to refine further and enhance the thesis. 

iii. They have used three different methods to base their research upon. Firstly, they gathered secondary data regarding the usage of IT in hospitals from the Dorenfest Institute for Health Information Technology Research database. Secondly, they gathered secondary data from the US Department of HHS Hospital Compare Program regarding the measures taken to assess the quality of hospital processes taking place around the clock. Thirdly, data relating to hospital operating expenses were obtained from the US Center for Medicare and Medicaid.. 

  1. After extensive research, the authors have concluded that IT, and health IT, in particular, does, in fact, have a precious role to play in the healthcare sector specifically. IT application at any or all levels of the healthcare process has proven to be highly beneficial and fruitful in ensuring the delivery of the best quality of healthcare service. With the help of these systems, patient records are stored, managed, and retrieved better; guidelines for patients and their caretakers are also conveyed more effectively, and clinical information is more readily available and accessible to healthcare workers. 

Similarly, considering the financial aspect of IT application, resource allocation and utilization becomes prompter and more accurate with the help of an IT-enabled financial system for a hospital. This helps in managing and also reducing costs incurred, especially during times of crisis. Overall, IT-enabled systems have proven to be vital in meeting the increasing demand for healthcare services. 

  1. I most certainly agree with the thesis and findings of this research article since it is evident how incorporating technology into the healthcare system can better the processes and, consequently, enable healthcare services to be more effective and efficient. It makes all necessary data easily accessible for the concerned individuals and guarantees the smooth flow of the processes. 
  2. i. Indranil Bardhan has a Ph. D in Management Science and Information Systems. Being an associate professor at the University of Texas, his main focus remains on the role of technology and IT, in particular, to address problems about productivity in the healthcare sector. Mark F. Thouin has a Ph. D from Texas Tech University, and the focal point of his work mainly revolves around the use of information technology in the healthcare sector.
  3. The writing style is quite formal and to the point with a lot of vital information.

iii. The purpose was to signify and explore the impact of health IT on the expenses and value of the healthcare delivery, and whether technology has an important role to play in this scenario or not. 

  1. Both the authors are highly credible, especially pertaining to the topic of their research since both are highly educated and experienced in the field. 
  2. It is a research-based journal article that is normally considered a very authentic and credible source for any information about the topic at hand. It is the best fit for this type of information since the study was conducted on a significantly large scale with responsible authorities. 
  3. Information technologies used in healthcare have the potential to improve both the quality and effectiveness of healthcare providers.”

This quote reflects the possibility of a macro level change and positive outcome of using technology in important aspects of life such as health. 

Annotation 3: 


Deb, Sagarmay. “Information Technology, Its Impact on Society and Its Future.” Advances in Computing, vol. 4, no. 1, 2014, pp. 25–29, doi:10.5923/

  1. i. The author’s thesis in this article is to study and analyze the pros and cons of technology and the future prospects it holds for the world. The article titled “Information technology, its impact on society and its future” was accessed on 17th April 2021. 
  2. The author’s approach is quite similar to mine pertaining to the impact of technology in our lives. His inclination is more towards the merits of technology and how it has simplified our lives, also talking about what the future possibly has in store for us. 

iii. He author has based his article primarily on secondary information obtained from various articles, journals and researches to validate his stance. 

  1. The author has concluded that after going through all the merits and demerits of technology, the good ones most certainly overshadow the bad ones because IT has helped human beings in more ways than one. IT has not only modified our personal lives but have also changed the game on an industrial level with major alterations in industries, businesses, and even in the way countries are governed. 
  2. I agree with the author’s perspective in general. Still, the arguments put forward in the article seem slightly weak because quite often, the author overlooks the negative aspect of technology that go side by side. Justifying the stance in favor of technology can be done through solid and logical proofs. Moreover, addressing the problems with the negative side of IT can also help increase the value of the information provided in the source. 
  3. i. The author is an associate professor in Central Queensland University and has a deep association with technology. 
  4. The writing style of the author seems informal due to the conversational tone that is being reflected in the article. 

iii. The purpose was to explore the good and bad side of technology in order to conclude which side is stronger. 

  1. Despite the knowledge the author has on the topic at hand, the author does not appear to be as credible as the other authors mainly due to the language being used in the article and the writing methodology employed to articulate his findings. 
  2. The genre of this source is a scholarly article based on secondary research. Its significance can be said to have moderate value. 
  3. It is popular wisdom that people today suffer information overload.”

This is an important quote in the article since it highlights an important aspect of technology which comes from its excessive use. 

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