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Author: Professor Sean Scanlan (Page 1 of 2)

Reminders for Next Week

Hi Class,

  1. Make sure to work on your presentations for next week. Don’t leave it until the last minute! Reread your assignment sheet and post your image(s) to OpenLab. Here is the line up for presentations:











2. Homework: Finish The Woman in Black and write Journal 5: 300 words in which you explore the end of the novel in terms of one (or more) of these ideas: the uncanny, the sublime, redemption.

Have a fine and productive weekend,

Prof. Scanlan


Extra Credit Opportunity


Tonight is the annual Literary Arts Festival, from 5:30 – 7:30 in Voorhees Theater. If you attend, I will grant the opportunity to get some extra credit (10 points, the same as one journal). To get these points, you need to attend the Literary Arts Festival and then write a 250 word summary of what you think were the highlights. I will be there for the entire event — as I will be helping with awards.

The theater is small and it fills up quickly. So, I recommend that you get there early if you want a seat. Also, please do not use flash photography or call or text during the performances, it ruins the experience of those around you. Take photos though! We can post some of them on our site. If you do so, please turn down the volume so that the “shutter” is silent.


Prof. Scanlan

Notes on the Sublime

Hi Class,

The sublime is a very useful concept for understanding what makes something gothic. And it can be usefully compared to the uncanny.

The first century Greek writer Longinus defined the sublime as language that “transports” the reader, that “shatters the reader’s composure,” that dominates him or her. The source of the sublime can loftiness of thought and strong and inspired passion.

Edmund Burke wrote Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (1757) in which he stated that the sublime consists of those things that are “terrible” and that “excite the ideas of pain, and danger” provided that the reader is safe from danger and can thus experience the painful terror as a “delightful horror.” Burke thought certain features such as obscurity, immense power, and vastness of space could provoke this feeling.

Immanuel Kant thought the sublime could be divided into two categories in his Critique of Judgement (1790). The mathematical sublime encompasses the sublime of magnitude—of vastness in size or limitlessness or infinitude in number. The dynamic sublime encompasses the objects conducive to terror at our seeming helplessness before the overwhelming power of nature, provided that the terror is rendered pleasurable by the safety of observer.


(from A Glossary of Literary Terms, 10th ed.)

Spring Break Homework

Hi Class,


Today was not easy, but I think it is helpful to wrestle with these difficult terms as we move into the next areas.

Homework for spring break:

1. Print and read the Johns Hopkins guide to Queer Theory and gender  (8 pages on OpenLab).

2. Print and read the Christina Rossetti poem “Goblin Market” (OpenLab)

3. Write a 300 word journal in which you identify sexual imagery, instances of unequal power, and instances of exclusion.


Prof. Scanlan

Helpful definitions for unit on Queer Theory and Sexuality

Hi class,

These terms are not simple, and a lot of work has been done on them. Don’t think that my summaries are all there is to know…seek out more information on your own.


Discourse (as conceived by Michel Foucault (1926-1984)): is written and spoken communication. Often this term is used to specify a particular language type or field of knowledge, such as the discourse of science or legal discourse. More specifically, discourse is the sequence of signs that make up a language, the context of the conversations about the language, the conversations that take place within the language, the conversations about how the language works, and the external conversations that touch on the boundaries of a specific language. It is helpful to note that discourse alters a person’s perceptions and it is tied to power and exclusion. For example, in psychology, the definitions of sanity, normality, and mental health become the sources for how people perceive human behavior, even if these definitions change over time or vary across national borders. If a person seems to fit a definition of insanity, that person can be excluded from society and stigmatized. In this way, discourse can be seen as helping to define a person’s perception of reality.


Repression: First it is important to note that current theories of psychology place doubt on the existence of repression. Second, this term was made famous by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), who thought this concept was the cornerstone of psychoanalysis. To Freud, repression was the mechanism that directed one’s desires for pleasure into hiding by subduing them in the unconscious. Freud wanted his patients to work to remember the repressed memories and move past this defense mechanism.

Essay 1 Details Are Up

Hi Class,

Hope you enjoyed reading Irving and Hawthorne. We will need to address the context of the Revolutionary War and  Puritanism (and the Salem Witch Trials).

Sorry to post this so late. Essay 1 details are in the “Assignments” menu tab.


Prof. Scanlan

Quiz prep

Hi class,

Here is the schedule of Daily Goth presentations:

Feb 21: Bryan and Genesis

Feb 23: Aslan and Vladimir and Daniela

Feb 28: Daoud and Kelvin

Mar 2: Santos and Mohammed

Mar 7: LJ and Jared

Mar 9: Paul and Deloris and Katie


For Thursday’s quiz:

  • be able to define irony, especially literary irony (this is sometimes called dramatic irony)
  • read and be able to answer questions about chapters 6 and 7 in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde


Prof. Scanlan

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