• adjective
  • completely unwilling to change : very stubborn
  •  Merriam-Webster’s dictionary
  • Int’l conf. calls for sanctions on Israel to change intransigent policies (
  • Without knowing the meaning of the world I was completely confused about what the author had to say. I couldn’t tell if it’s a good thing or bad thing. After I learned the definition I was more comfortable and confident about reading rest of the article






1. to move in one direction and then back again many times

2. to keep changing from one belief, feeling, condition, etc., to an opposite one

3. to change in strength or direction regularly

Source: Merriam-Webster

I’ve come across this word from the reading expert Wind, Sand and Stars “The Tool” by Antonie de Saint -Exupéry. I picked up this word from this sentence, “The indicators that oscillated on the instrument panel warned us of a thousand dangers.” Because it connects to our graphic design principle and our every day life. To achieve, we have to put our efforts in. Just like drawing, drafting will take hours to reach its final completion. The key, to this sentence is to start with something simple which you will go back and change. It takes you another step closer to the finish line.




one that propels; especially : a device that consists of a central hub with radiating blades placed and twisted so that each forms part of a helical surface and that is used to propel a vehicle (as a ship or airplane)

I encountered this word from the following reading “The Tool”. It appear on the line said “Under the dizzying whirl of the scythe-like propellers……”. I now understand a propeller basically means the whirl device on a ship or airplane.


Verb officially make (someone) a minister, priest, rabbi, etc. officially establish or order (something)


I’ve come across this word in the reading excerpt “The Tool”. This word can be found in the sentence “It is as if there were a natural law which ordained that to achieve this end…”. The use of ordain in this case is to order. As the sentence continues ” to refine the curve of a piece of furniture, or a ship’s keel, or the fuselage of an airplane, until gradually it partakes of the elementary purity of the curve of ‘a human breast or shoulder…”, I see that there are elements that are necessary to make an object function to achieve its purpose based from understanding what ordained meant. For example, the fuselage is needed to  make the airplane function properly in order to make the plane fly. The fuselage is part of the natural law towards the airplane’s ability to achieve its purpose which is flight.



Sources –


  1. loose material (as rock fragments or organic particles) that results directly from disintegrations
  2. a : a product of disintegration, destruction, or wearing away : debris

b : miscellaneous remnants : odds and ends <sifting through the detritus of his childhood — Michael Tomasky>


This word was being talked about in Graphic design principles 1/COMD 1100. In class we couldn’t really even pronounce the word let alone define it but now i know that we were aiming for he first definition that it basically means left over debris.


  • Verb
  • to cause people to become so excited or concerned about an issue, idea, etc., that they want to do something about it.
  • haunting image of 3-year-old Alan Kurdi dead on the beach after he, his brother and mother drowned attempting to cross from Turkey to Greece has galvanized many in the GTA when it comes to the Syrian refugee crisis.(,
  • After the death of the three years old Syrian refugee people are very upset. They really want things to change for these refugee. They are getting together to do their best to help out these people that are without a place to go. People wants change and instead of sitting down and complaining about the problem they’re being part of the change that they demand.


a set of principles underlying and guiding the work of a particular artist or artistic movement.
(SOURCE- Google dictionary)
I encountered this word while reading the task for Project #1 on September 4th, 2015. “Include in your bio a description of what you are passionate about, what you see as your design aesthetic,”
Now by knowing what aesthetic means I now understand that it is asking me about what I see as my design style and how I go about creating my works.
[Glossary Entry 1]