noun juxtaposition

the act or an instance of placing two or more things side by side; also :聽 the state of being so placed

“-such juxtapositions include old and new, residential and commercial, historic and replaceable, natural and man-made, constructed and under-construction, well maintained and in disrepair, celebrated and forgotten, etc.”

my first thought of this word was that it probably meant arrangement of some kind.

source: Merriam-webster.com



the use of individually distinct functional units, as in assembling an electronic or mechanical system.

i found this word in the reading聽Universe Strikes Back by Helen Armstrong in the first paragraph i didn’t know what she meant by the word modularity and after reading it over then looking up the definition of the word i now understand what she meant by what she said.



  • to enhance or try to enhance the price, value, or status of聽by organized and usually governmental action
  • to assign value or merit to

Source:聽 Merriam-Webster

I found this word while reading a part of the Universe Strikes Back by Ellen Lupton. It can be found on the first page of the reading where it says, “Modernism sought a common language built on systems and modularity in contrast, the post-modernists valorized the special idioms and dialects of cultures and subcultures.” To me this shows how the post-modernists gave value to the idioms and dialects of other cultures.



Impossible to separate

Closely joined or relate

Source: Merriam-Webster

I came across this word from the reading expert “Universe Strikes” Back by Ellen Lupton. I picked up this word because it stood out from the sentence that I read, “A cosmopolitan place such as New York or Paris or Kumasi draws its energy from a mix of persons inextricably connected with a larger world who have the right to participate in a world discourse”. Meaning that energy from the places all around the world mixes to together to form a bigger picture that can speak against the world. This word is something that connects individual to form unity, that brings our differences together. I also picked this word, because of the upcoming election. I wanted to share this word and how we have to realize that Barnie Sanders knows more than other voters; what is better for the people and the country.



a person who is an expert on theology

  • More in detail on theology:聽the study of religious faith, practice, and experience : the study of God and God’s relation to the world.


I’ve come across this word in the reading excerpt “Univers Strikes Back”. This word can be found in the sentence “No longer satisfied by the cult of cultures, philosophers, theologians, journalists, and artists around the world are recovering the universal ideas embedded in their particular religious, national, or communal orientations…”. From learning who the theologians were, I understand that in the previous sentence they’re a group of people that have been placed in their own category of great minds. To me I think the sentence is referring to The Renaissance era. The Renaissance was an era of which these amazing thinkers came about and expressed their ideas to the world.聽The sentence is exclaiming聽that the world no longer has a great influence from these amazing thinkers.


adjective homogeneous

made up of the same kind of people or things.

“In a small village just twenty miles away, the population is more ethnically homogeneous, but the culture is nonetheless connected to the world.” – Universe strikes back.

Knowing the聽definition helped me understand what the rest of the third paragraph meant.


noun / cosmopolitan

the ideology that all human beings belong to a single community, based on a shared morality.

(SOURCE – Wikipedia)

This word was found in the聽reading聽Univers Strikes Back, 鈥渢he Princeton philosopher and ethicist born and raised in Ghana, has questioned the values of multiculturalism in the name of a new 鈥cosmopolitanism,鈥 literally, 鈥渨orld citizenship.鈥 聽Now I understand that this word means a thought that all human had same by sharing morality.


noun ho路mo路ge路ne路i路ty \藢h艒-m蓹-j蓹-藞n膿-蓹-t膿, -藞n膩- also 梅-藞n墨-; especially British 藢h盲-\
Definition of HOMOGENEITY

1: the quality or state of being homogeneous
2: the state of having identical cumulative distribution function or values

I found this word in the reading for the week聽Universe Strikes Back by Ellen Lupton and I’m thinking she means the second definition where there are identical functions someone can have within them selves.



a system in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and countries within its orbit by which government-suppressed literature was clandestinely printed and distributed; also:聽 such literature

(source- Merriam-Webster)

I found this word in the reading “Now In Production”聽by Andrew Blauvelt and Ellen Lupton. The word is found聽in this sentence, “During the same year that Clowes published his seminal work of cultural samizdat, a major point of passage occurred in the field of graphic design.” Without knowing the definition of this word, I couldn’t understand what that major point is. But now I understand that it means聽the clandestine copying and distribution of literature.