foolish or untrue words or ideas

(SOURCE- http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hokum)

While reading the ‘City Limits’ the word caught my attention. “History books and public television documentaries are always trying to tell you all sort of ‘facts’ about New York….It’s all hokum.”

By the word the writer meant that all the facts are made up. They are not what represents this city.

Project 1: Phase 3: Develop and Phase:4 Deliver


Project 1 was very interesting. I really enjoyed this project. I realized the beauty in things. There are arts all around us. In this project I have learn the difference between ambious and stable. I believe that it will help me do much better things for the next project. I made a lot of mistakes on my sketches. I didn’t understood the difference between stable and ambious therefore most of my sketches turned out to be stable. But as the project went from one step to another I had a better understanding and therefore my project improved along the way.IMG_3615IMG_3614


  • adjective
  • completely unwilling to change : very stubborn
  •  Merriam-Webster’s dictionary
  • Int’l conf. calls for sanctions on Israel to change intransigent policies (http://www.kuna.net.kw/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=2459199&Language=en)
  • Without knowing the meaning of the world I was completely confused about what the author had to say. I couldn’t tell if it’s a good thing or bad thing. After I learned the definition I was more comfortable and confident about reading rest of the article




Urban Artifacts Compositions: Discover

The object that I found was a newspaper, a Tropicana juice bottle and a knife wrapper. I decided to use the newspaper and the bottle. Since the newspaper has a lot of papers I took out two pages and turned them into two different shaped objects. The first objects is a geometric shape. It’s a circle. I crumbled up a paper into a ball. The second in the frame is a bottle which is also a geometric shape. The last object is a paper airplane made out of a sheet of the newspaper.

The relationship between these objects can be very simple and very complicated at the same time. The paper objects and the bottles are both geometric shapes but the root of their origin varies. Paper comes from tree but the bottle was made out of plastic. The newspaper and the bottle was found right next to each other. They were on the street next to a building that was under construction. Some construction workers might have left both the newspaper and the bottle there. He had the juice with his breakfast while reading the newspaper.


Stable IMG_3042 IMG_3041 IMG_3040 IMG_3036 IMG_3033



Ambiguous IMG_3044 IMG_3039 IMG_3038 IMG_3037 IMG_3034



  • Verb
  • to cause people to become so excited or concerned about an issue, idea, etc., that they want to do something about it.
  • http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/galvanize
  • haunting image of 3-year-old Alan Kurdi dead on the beach after he, his brother and mother drowned attempting to cross from Turkey to Greece has galvanized many in the GTA when it comes to the Syrian refugee crisis.(thestar.com/immigration, http://www.thestar.com/news/immigration/2015/09/03/lifeline-syria-flooded-with-calls-as-toronto-galvanized-by-refugee-crisis.html)
  • After the death of the three years old Syrian refugee people are very upset. They really want things to change for these refugee. They are getting together to do their best to help out these people that are without a place to go. People wants change and instead of sitting down and complaining about the problem they’re being part of the change that they demand.