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Shemar final essay

Shemar Tyrell

ENG 3407

Professor Scanlan

Haunting Of The Hill House

Pointed arch, ribbed vault and flying buttress are just three of the many elements that makes a space gothic. Imagine being stuck in a place with these elements or even staying the night. An experience like that would surely drive a person mad or just change their personality and their interactions as a whole, wether its with people or themselves. We can see this in Shirly Jackson “the haunting of the hill house”.

The main protagonist Eleanor can be seen as someone influenced by a gothic space. When we were first introduced to her, she was stuck taking care of her mother for 11 years. After her mom passed she received an invitation to the hill house. At the very moment she arrived she senses evil coming from the house. Now when we talk about a gothic space informing a characters action, the hill house fits this perfectly. The house literally speaks to Eleanor like its alive. For example when there was mysterious writing on the wall written in blood. “Can you read it?” Luke asked softly, and the doctor, moving his flashlight, read slowly: HELP ELEANOR COME HOME. No. And Eleanor felt the words stop in her throat; she had seen her name as the doctor read it. It is me, she thought. It is my name standing out there so clearly; I should not be on the walls of this house. “Wipe it off, please ,”(6;5) . When Eleanor sees this she becomes more frightened then she did when she arrived. So how can a woman who fears this place so much would want to stay after everything? The house basically changed Eleanor from a fearful person ,who felt trapped all her life and looking for freedom, to a fearless and deranged person. “They waved back at her dutifully, standing still, watching her. They will watch me down the drive as far as they can see, she thought; it is only civil for them to look at me until I am out of sight; But I won’t go, she thought, and just by telling me to go away they can’t make me leave, not if Hill House means me to stay. “Go away, Eleanor,” she chanted aloud, “go away, Eleanor, we don’t want you any more, not inour Hill House, go away, Eleanor, you can’t stayhere ; but I can,” she sang, “but I can;they don’t make the rules aroundhere . They can’t turn me out or shut me out or laugh at me or hide from me; I won’t go, and Hill House belongs to me ” (9;9). Eleanor goes from fearing the house to not wanting to leave. whatever haunted the house basically changed her and attracted her to it.

The hill house is, without a doubt, haunted. Based on the wikipedia definition, A haunted house is a house where supernatural events are believed to take place. It can contain ghosts or spirits of dead people. Based on my opinion, I would say that the events that took place in the house was more marvelous and uncanny than anything else. “Hill House itself, not sane, stood against its hills, holding darkness within; it had stood so for eighty years and might stand for eighty more. Within, its walls continued upright, bricks met neatly, floors were firm, and doors were sensibly shut; silence lay steadily against the wood and stone of Hill House, and whatever walked there, walked alone” (9;9). This brief description of the home is a perfect representation of something uncanny. usually when we think of haunted houses we think of dirty moldy walls, darkness, and weird sounds. the hill house was described as a place that holds darkness yet the interior is neat and well built. Whats more mysterious and extraordinary then a clean home haunted by something paranormal. “

Even though the hill house is a scary, unsettling place Eleanor doesn’t want to leave, why? there were a few instances that reminded Eleanor of the home and her mother that she wanted to escape from. wether it was a noise or a paranormal event. for example, Coming, mother, coming,” Eleanor said, fumbling for the light. “It’s all right, I’m coming.”Eleanor , she heard,Eleanor . “Coming, coming,” she shouted irritably, “just a minute , I’mcoming Then she thought, with a crashing shock which brought her awake, cold and shivering, out of bed and awake:I am in Hill House.”(4;6). This quote is significant because Eleanors mother died and she became so used to taking care of her she started to hear her voice. I feel like this represents gothic homesickness because even though her mother passed away she still feels anxious about helping her. she still felt like she was at home when in reality she was still at the hill house.

in conclusion, the haunting of the hill house depicted many gothic elements such as gothic architecture, uncanny, gothic homesickness, and marvelous. The house changed Eleanor so much with its mysterious and extraordinary aspects. she went from a person that felt trapped and fearful to a person who actually fell in love with the thing she feared the most. The hill house.

Final Exam Information for ENG3407

Final Exam ENG3407, Gothic Literature and Culture

Fall 2020, Prof. Sean Scanlan


DEADLINE: Midnight, December 16


OVERALL DIRECTIONS:  Copy the exam to a word processing program such as MS Word or Google Docs, then type your answers below each question. This is an “open book” exam, which means you can and should use your class notes, OpenLab, and the handouts that we have studied. Proofread your work. Use a spell/grammar check. When you are ready to submit, copy and paste the entire exam (questions and answers) into the body of an email. Then, email to me before midnight, December 16. Use your City Tech email. In the subject line type your full name and ENG3407 final exam.  [do not post your exam to OpenLab]



Section 1: Definitions (20 points; 10 points each)


Directions: Briefly define each term; state how the paired terms differ from each other; state who is associated with each term; and provide a brief, concrete example from our texts.


  1. Fantastic and Marvelous



  1. Terror and Horror





Section 2: Quotation Identification (45 point; 15 points each)


Directions: Choose 3 out of these 4 quotations. For each quotation write a brief paragraph in which you: identify the title, author, and main characters; reveal why the quotation is important; and explain how it connects to—or reveals—the gothic.


And he marched about the house turning off the voice clocks, the stoves, the heaters, the shoe shiners, the shoe lacers, the body scrubbers and swabbers and massagers, and every other machine he could put his hand to.

The house was full of dead bodies, it seemed. It felt like a mechanical cemetery.



I am doing this all by myself, now, at last; this is me, I am really really really doing it by myself.

In the unending, crashing second before the car hurled into the tree she thought clearly, Why am I doing this? Why am I doing this? Why don’t they stop me?


“They do say,” Mr. Adams said to Old Man Warner, who stood next to him, “that over in the north village they’re talking of giving up the lottery.”

Old Man Warner snorted. “Pack of crazy fools,” he said. “Listening to the young folks, nothing’s good enough for them. Next thing you know, they’ll be wanting to go back to living in caves, nobody work any more, live that way for a while. Used to be a saying about ‘Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.’ First thing you know, we’d all be eating stewed chickweed and acorns. There’s always been a lottery,” he added petulantly. “Bad enough to see young Joe Summers up there joking with everybody.”

“Some places have already quit lotteries.” Mrs. Adams said.


I learned to recognize the thorough and primitive duality of man; I saw that, of the two natures that contended in the field of my consciousness, even if I could rightly be said to be either, it was only because I was radically both; and from an early date, even before the course of my scientific discoveries had begun to suggest the most naked possibility of such a miracle, I had learned to dwell with pleasure, as a beloved daydream, on the thought of the separation of these elements. If each, I told myself, could but be housed in separate identities, life would be relieved of all that was unbearable.




Section 3: (35 points)


Directions: Choose one Essay Question and develop a multi-paragraph essay.

1–Write an essay in which you examine the gothic in terms of gender and sexuality. Consider, for example, how earlier authors such as Edgar Allen Poe and Robert Louis Stevenson described gender and sexual dynamics in ways quite different from more recent authors such as Shirley Jackson. It may be helpful to use the terms liminality and Gothic Homesickness to explore connections. Students may consider whether or not gender roles have become less stable or whether or not sexuality is at the heart of the gothic. And it may help to consider queer theory and/or the central gothic irony. Compare at least two different authors and use concrete examples from our course readings. Begin with a strong thesis, pay attention to organization, and use the specific terms we have discussed and defined this semester.


2–Write an essay in which you examine how the uncanny works in one or more of our texts. In this essay, students should make an argument about the validity and usefulness of the uncanny. For example, is the uncanny the most important element of gothic literature, or is it simply one smaller aspect of gothic literature? Make sure to describe and define the uncanny according to one (or more) of the critics (Todorov, Freud, Vidler) that we have examined this semester. Students may find it helpful to examine how the uncanny reveals the ways in which fictional characters are treated within families or within group settings. Begin with a strong thesis, use concrete examples from our course readings, and pay attention to organization.



DEADLINE: Midnight, December 16


Email any question.

Best wishes,

Prof. Scanlan


Important Information for Final’s Week

Hi Class,

Today (12/9) was our last class! Thank you for sticking with me during this tough semester. I hope that you learned a lot and even found some ideas to take with you into the future.


End of Semester Information:


Final Essay Deadline: Monday, Dec 14 Midnight!!!!

Method: post to OpenLab (Category: Final Essay)

Helpful tip: read over the essay instructions and the student example on OpenLab, use Purdue Owl for help with quotations and Works Cited. See my Proofreading Advice at the end of this long post.



Final Exam Deadline: Wednesday, Dec 16 Midnight!!!

NOTE: I will post the Final Exam to OpenLab by 5pm on Friday.

Method: Use a spell/grammar check and send to me via City Tech email.

NOTE: Make sure to type a clear subject line: Full name, ENG3407 Final Exam


Late work: deadline is Monday, Dec 14 Midnight!!!


** SETs—student evaluation of teaching? Please fill out this form (it was sent to your City Tech Email)

** Missing work: email me ASAP

** I will have office hours this week and next.



Exam Review: the exam will consist of three sections. First section: short definition and example. Second Section: Quotation Identification. Third Section: brief essay. The exam is designed to take roughly 1:15 to complete, but take the time that you need. Make sure to proofread, revise, and spell/grammar check before emailing your exam to me. You may use your notes and the website while writing the exam.



  • SOP, from Edgar Allen Poe’s “The Black Cat”
  • Gothic Definitions: Actions, Emotions, Hallmarks, Elements
  • CGI, Gothic Definitions handout, Lloyd-Smith
  • Todorov: Uncanny, Marvelous, Fantastic
  • Freud: Uncanny
  • Redemption: OpenLab
  • Gothic Architecture: OpenLab
  • Architectural Uncanny: Anthony Vidler
  • Multiple terms related to narrative: 5 part reading tool plus 3 types of irony (not including CGI)
  • Terror/Horror— Radcliffe
  • Queer theory–OpenLab
  • Focal point/focalizer, Sarcasm, paradox
  • Gothic Homesickness



  • The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  • The Haunting of Hill House
  • “The Fall of the House of Usher” Two versions
  • “Invisible Man”
  • The Black Cat”
  • “The Lottery”
  • “The Veldt”


Revising and Proofreading Advice:

  1. Offer to trade essays with a classmate.
  2. Read the essay out loud. Enunciate each word. If something is wrong, the ear usually picks it up.
  3. Read “backwards.” This is a technique used by professional editors and proofreaders: starting at the end of your essay, read each sentence in reverse order (don’t read the words in reverse order).
  4. Revise each topic sentence to reveal exactly what the paragraph is trying to claim/assert.
  5. Replace all weak verbs with strong verbs; change passive verbs to active verbs.
  6. Make sure that topic sentences are aligned with the thesis. Do they help support the overall thesis? They should.
  7. Make sure that the thesis, topic sentences, and conclusion speak to each other–that they are linked. Revise as needed.
  8. Make sure that commas are inside the quotations.
  9. Make sure to use grammar check and spell check. Set the grammar check in MS Word to “formal.”


Stay healthy and best wishes to all!


Prof. Scanlan

Shemar’s gothic space

this is my boiler room in the basement. The picture was taken with the camera flash on
this Is when the flash is off. That little round figure is the light that barely works.
this is the sound it makes.

The gothic space I chose was the boiler room in my basement. If your home alone this room we feel like something straight out of a horror movie. when we talk about something being uncanny, I feel like this room represents it. its so unsettlingly mysterious, probably because of how dark and congested it is. This room is packed with items because we also store things like suitcases, tables, and other items that we put away in the winter. you never know if you was to move anything what could pop out at you. Wether its a spider or any kind of bug. I wouldn’t stick around to find out. the noise that room makes just tops everything off. It sounds just like the suspenseful music they play in horror movies when something is about jump scare you. Now I’m not trying to say the room is haunted but the sound resembles horror movies so much you could say it is haunted. My room is actually right next door to the boiler room. Imagine laying in your room in complete darkness and hearing a sound like that. This room reminds me of the animated version of the fall of the house of usher. in the beginning, it shows the house having cracks in the walls and being surrounded by darkness just like this room.

Homework and Info for Wednesday, Dec 9

Hi Class,

Thanks for those really great presentations. I could tell that you all worked hard to fit the class terms and literature to those spaces.


*Please remember to fill out the SETs (Student Evaluation of Teaching) that were sent to your City Tech email.

*All late work/missing work is due on Monday, Dec 14 at midnight. Email me if you have questions.

*The final essay deadline is Dec 14 at midnight (post to OpenLab)


Homework for Wednesday (last class):

*Prep, finish, and post your photos/videos to OpenLab if you still have to present.

*Bring your notes for a final exam review. Also, bring in any questions about your final essay.

[note: the final essay is due Dec 14; the final exam will be posted on Dec 11 and due (emailed to me) on Wednesday, Dec 16]



Prof. Scanlan

Yarlin’s Gothic Space

One of the rooms inside the house, very dark with little to not light.
A military hut behind the farm house.
A tree next to the farm house, when it was starting to get dark. This tree reminds me of the graphic novel The Fall of the House of Usher.
This is the view of the farm house from the street. During the summer the house is less noticeable, and the house looks more hidden because they are more trees surrounding it. During the winter it starts to look lifeless due to the lack of greenery.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is IMG-5244-1024x768.jpg
This is the view of the house from the garden. As you can see the house is on top of a hill which gives me Hill House vibes.

My Gothic space is a farm house near me. This farm house is a museum, it was built in 1784 and restored and donated to the city in 1916. I have always found this house a bit weird, a bit scary especially at night and during the winter. This farm house looks isolated between many tall buildings. I have lived in this neighborhood for many years and never had the interest to enter this house.

Rachel’s Gothic Space

The Park at night time
The chess board and bench in the night time
At the school yard in the night time

The school yard and the park in the night, are next to each other and I chose these particular space because, it definitely does fall into a category of a gothic space with many characteristic. It’s a definition of Todorov’s uncanny, which is closet to reality and it is haunting just by being around there, this spaces gives me the chills and I can see shadows of the trees and the light poles that gives me the anxiety just walking there by myself alone, when there’s hardly anyone around the park and the school yard. In the first picture, one of the characteristic that the park gives for example was the dark and gloomy sky when the clouds flow by, and the trees with no leaves and with a blurry vision it’s hard to see clear in the night time. In Todorov’s uncanny it stated that if a reader “decides that the laws of reality are being upheld and permit an explanation of the phenomena described, we say that the work belongs to another genre: the uncanny.” When walking alone in the night time by park, and trees that have no leaves, when the clouds are gray and gloomy, there was also a haunting and eerie noise that went pass me that will count as the uncanny. This will also include the second picture at the chess board area, with no one around and items on the table was left deserted; like it was abandon and the rusty benches with old paint marks and scratches will explain how old the benches were.

          In the third picture, it also fall under another definition of uncanny, which was Sigmund Freud’s definition of uncanny his definition of the uncanny is if it is repressed, into anxiety, then among instances of frightening things there must be one class in which the frightening element can be shown to be something repressed which recurs  and this class of frightening things would then constitute the uncanny. I felt the anxiety and fear just walking by the park and the school yard. At the school yard there are some characteristic that makes it gothic space, with the falling leaves from not only the trees but including the bushes and the prickly branches on the trees and bushes and the branches was hanging from trees like there’s a hand. 

       One of the gothic stories that help me understand a gothic space was a graphic novel that we read called ” The Iron Tonic, 1969,” by Edward Gorey. In each page of a graphic novel there’s characteristic of a gothic spaces whether it’s in the forest or if it’s the outside of an old grey hotel, it shows characteristic like of an gothic architecture and a gothic space. There are some pages from that graphic novel that have similarities as the park and the school yard, and it is the bushes and trees with no leaves and there is also a scene where it’s gloomy and dark at night and a group of people huddling together looking lost. What I’ve also learned about investigating an actual gothic space or place is that anything can be gothic when there’s gothic characteristics, like a gothic architecture, haunted areas, rusty and old buildings, parks, or abandon places is a definition of a gothic space. And just being in the park and the school yard gives me anxiety and fear just walking pass it or inside the park area. 


Homework and Notes for Monday, Dec 7

Hi Class,

I realize that I sprinted through a lot of material today. Here’s a recap:


1–Review the Gothic Homesickness handout. It might prove useful for your presentation, the final essay, or the final exam. [Readings]


2–Review page 5 of Lloyd-Smith for a closer inspection of the Central Gothic Irony. [Readings]


3–Queer Theory [Johns Hopkins Guide, in Readings]


4–Review the Critical Article by Darryl Hattenhauer and Doubles…162-5. [Readings]

• The ideas of QT help us make sense of this uneven desire and repulsion, and is sometimes connected to the gothic.

• Towards a definition of QT … in five words: radical deconstruction of sexual rhetoric

* QT develops links between progressive activism, poststructuralism, and the problematic of sexuality

* QT is not a settled theory, but it does borrow from the instability of language and the contingency of history; it interrogates binary relationships such as masculine/feminine, sex/gender, closeted/out, center/margin

* QT claims that too often critical analysis of homosexual/heterosexual definitions are absent

* QT considers sexuality as a performance, and it is therefore an unstable and volatile site for negotiation and struggle

*QT has helped the word queer to become domesticated; it is no longer negative word

*QT invests in close reading; and it is concerned where desire, sexuality, and bodies are seen in language

Questions that QT helps us ask:

1—Who has power in a relationship? What is the source of the power? Money, physical size, emotional intelligence, etc

2—Is power being used in connection to desire or sexuality?

3—Is someone using gender or desire/sexuality against someone?

4—Is a person expressing a normative or non-normative attitude toward desire/sexuality/gender?

5—Is there a challenge to norms of d/s/g, or is there an acceptance of non-binary and non-normative d/s/g?



Homework: Work on presentations. Monday’s roster:  Fatma, Yarlin, Rachel, Jamela, Salim, Isaac


Make sure to review the assignment instructions [Assignments] and pay attention to the large objectives:

•  Assemble photos or video, provide captions

• Decide on key gothic terms

• Decide on connected texts

• Write outline

• Practice your delivery



Best wishes,

Prof. Scanlan

Homework for Wednesday, Dec 2


Hi Class,

I hope that everybody gained an entry point for their Gothic Spaces Presentation today.

For Wednesday, we will cover the ending of HHH in more depth and continue to watch the film The Haunting directed by Robert Wise (1963).


For Wednesday: about 30 minutes of work in total

1—work for 15 minutes on your Gothic Spaces Presentation. First, for five minutes, review your notes and handouts for the terms and concepts that we have learned this semester such as CGI, SOP, Gothic Elements, Gothic Architecture, Todorov’s uncanny, etc. Then, freewrite for five minutes (no stopping!) about the space that you have selected to write about. Lastly, freewrite for five minutes about how one of our stories helps us to understand your gothic space. I realize this last step might require you to review a number of stories from this semester—this is time well spent!


2—Read over the Final Essay Instructions (Assignments menu tab) and select either A or B. Freewrite for 5 minutes on favorite characters, scenes, and concepts.


3—Read the first page of the Johns Hopkins Guide entry on Queer Theory.



Prof. Scanlan

Homework for Monday, Nov 30

Hi Class,






Homework for Monday, Nov 30:

1–Finish The Haunting of Hill House. Please take notes. Especially take notes on those pages that we read and discuss during class…those discussions are the sources for exam questions.

2–Complete Quiz 3–see the sidebar to the right. Please submit by class on Nov 30.



Prof. Scanlan


ps. Fatma has provided the class with some information that is relevant to our class… The City Tech Haunted Hotel!!

It completely slipped my mind last class to bring up the haunted hotel City Tech’s Entertainment Technology department works on every fall semester. I am apart of that program, and this year, instead, we did a virtual escape room. I believe tickets for the live shows this weekend are already sold out, but you are more than welcome to also play an asynchronous web version of it. CUNY faculty and students should be able to get tickets for free. Here is the link to the website. I will also try to find and attach the google form for CUNY students to get a ticket for free. All you have to do is fill it out.
Escape from the Gravesend Inn. An Escape Room Adventure! More Info
Please provide the information requested below to receive your free Student Ticket to Escape from the Gravesend Inn! Please give us 24-48 hours to process your request. If you do not receive a ticket in that time frame please email: escapefromthegravesendinn@gmail.com
Thank You!
Fatma Oukili
[and thank you Fatma!]
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