Week 14: Happy Thanksgiving (11/26) and Native American Heritage Day (11/27)!

It was good to see a number of you at the Extra Credit lecture event featuring Annie Correal.  Here is a link to the event in case you’d still like to view it:

Annie Correal’s “Love and Black Lives, in Pictures Found on a Brooklyn Street.”

Fellow student, Afshan Shariat, wrote an illuminating post on Correal’s importance as a writer, following the event.  He writes:

“The conversation with New York Times journalist Annie Correal was incredibly interesting; I appreciated not only her curiosity in what the found photo album contained, but her determination to follow through and find as much information about the people in the photos as possible. In general, we don’t really get to learn much about the lives of the people who lived in New York, especially the lives of people of color and how they made this city their home. We often only hear stories of gentrification in the news, but not of the triumphs of the communities that came before it, so it was nice to see that Correal felt a sense of responsibility of telling their stories so that they aren’t forgotten, and that they are given a stronger voice to ward off the negative effects of gentrification.”

For the remainder of this course, I’d like to keep the focus on celebrating the work of our intrepid forerunners who helped establish equal rights for all – in a period when these rights were too often the exclusive preserve of white, propertied men.

Accordingly, for our next assignment I want to focus on the rise of the women’s rights movement in America, which began at the Seneca Falls Convention in July of 1848. The meeting launched the women’s suffrage movement, which eventually gave women the right to vote in 1920 (7 decades later!). At this convention was read the “Declaration of Sentiments,” primarily written by Susan B. Anthony, essentially a re-writing of the original “Declaration of Independence,” with the rights of women in mind. 

As you read this document, please choose one of the grievances of gender discrimination that you sometimes still see happening in today’s society.  Alternately, talk about an example of an important gain women HAVE achieved some 175 years later that they did not have in 1848.

Another important figure to speak at a subsequent women’s rights convention was the former slave Sojourner Truth. Truth is considered one of the founders of both the woman’s rights movement and the Civil Rights movement.  As you listen to actor Kerry Washington recite her dramatic speech, think about the particular arguments she makes and the masterful way she works her audience to see her point of view.  

First read: “Ain’t I a Women”

Then, view video below:

Your post (on “Declaration of Sentiments” or Sojourner Truth) is due by Friday, December 5

Also keep in mind, that I am requiring a short final essay from you due Thursday, December 17, our last day of class. For this assignment (3-4 typed pages), I ask that you focus on an author and work you found particularly interesting. Explain the work’s importance and interest to you as well as its relevance for its time and, perhaps, for today. For example, an essay on Alexander Hamilton could connect to his own background and achievements, while also speaking to the larger story of American immigration and perhaps their treatment today.  I encourage you to work from a previous (or upcoming) post and to email me regarding any questions you may have about the assignment at: mnoonan@citytech.cuny.edu.

Lastly, I want to recommend a wonderful recent film based on Louisa May Alcott’s novel Little Women (1868) that was strongly influenced by Emerson’s ideas of self-reliance, as applied to young ladies. Louisa May Alcott was a neighbor of and great friends with Thoreau, Hawthorne, and Emerson. It’s a heart-warming film to watch over the holidays, directed by the enormously talented Greta Gerwig.


  1. Afshan S (Lil B)

    Ain’t I A Women?
    I didn’t know much about Sojourner Truth before reading this, I think I will always remember her for this line in the poem “Ain’t I A Women?” – “I have born 13 children / and seen most all sold into slavery.” The concept of slavery is still hard to get a complete and thorough understanding of from the outside, as a “free” person, there are a lot of nuances that we aren’t completely aware of. I never really considered that not only were people enslaved, but their children could very easily be sold off to other people, furthering the notion that not only were these people slaves, but just “objects,” like a chicken laying eggs for other people to consume. Mothers are usually emotionally and physically tied to their children after giving birth, so seeing their children be forced into bondage, knowing that they may never see them again or know if they’ll be safe/healthy/etc., must’ve been incredibly painful. That must have really been a hard pill to swallow, especially when the people enslaving her are “Christians,” forcing you to believe in a God that they claimed for you. My favorite line from the poem is the last: “If the first woman God ever made / was strong enough to turn the world / upside down, all alone / together women ought to be able to turn it / rightside up again.” I like that the poem was adapted into this staggard line format – to me, it emphasizes each line more than it would if it were written in a regular prose format. Watching Kerry Washington’s reading made me realize that poem was meant to be a little satirical too, on top of being empowering. On the first read through of the poem I took it seriously, as I think it should be taken, but it threw me off when I started hearing laughter during her reading, specifically at the line “Well, where did your Christ come from?,” and I realized that it is worth laughing at how men in power will make up any dumb, made-up excuse to keep women below them.

    The Seneca Falls “Declaration of Sentiments”
    Reading this reminded me of the song from Hamilton, “The Schuyler Sisters,” and these lines:
    “You want a revolution? I want a revelation
    So listen to my declaration:
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident
    That all men are created equal”
    And when I meet Thomas Jefferson,
    I’m ‘a compel him to include women in the sequel! (Work!)”
    I can’t imagine how women must’ve felt when they noticed that women were excluded from the Declaration of Independence, and reading the “Declaration of Sentiments” makes one realize just how much women were deprived of at that time period. This video from Vox’s youtube page reminds me of what we’re currently living through with social and racial justice, and that women did not sit idly to gain their rights – they fought incredibly hard just to get the right to vote, by any means necessary. I think it’s worth watching, and worth noting that women in England got the right to vote only two years before women in America did 100 years ago:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EIFDSb7tWc – The most notorious act of protest for women’s suffrage

    • Mark

      Very interesting discussion of Sojourner Truth, particularly the emphasis on her especially fraught challenges being a black woman. I did not know the wild and courageous story of English Suffragette Emily Davison. She really put her “shoulder to the wheel” on behalf of her beliefs. Startling really … out-doing the very extreme Thoreau even. Thanks for sharing this video, Afshan.

  2. Manija Shouff

    Both the “Declaration of Sentiments” and “Ain’t I a Woman” are about women who are asking about equality for both genders not just men. In the “Declaration of Sentiments” Stanton talks about how men n women were both created equal and among these are “life, liberty and happiness”. She brings up a good example of “equality” and the government. If a woman is married, she has no word in anything and her husband is the master but if she was a single woman and owned a business, the government recognizes her because she brings profit. As for the “Ain’t I a Woman”, Sojourner talks about equality but equality to black women not just white women. She sees how men treat white women, help them into carriages, lifting them over ditches but when it comes to her, she is treated like a man even though like a woman she had given birth. She and other black women were not treated equally as white women because the color of their skin and for being slaves. It is the 20th century and women are still not getting paid enough as a man who is doing the same job as them. A good example of an achievement for woman today would be Sandra Day O’Connor, who was the first supreme court justice and non-other than Kamala Harris, the first female vice president elect. In a couple of years, there might be the First Female President.

    • Mark

      Thanks for your interesting post Manija. I would add Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg to your list of eminent women. Wouldn’t it be great to have Harris as President in four years! Let’s hope this works out.

  3. Galileo D

    Feminist activists complain about patriarchy, which portrays men as the dominant individuals in society, while women as regarded as inferior beings. During the first wave of feminism, women wanted to participate in the political and economic spheres. Therefore, they contended that they needed protection from legislation that suppressed their rights to vote and follow their career ambitions. In this regard, the subsequent waves of feminism addressed new issues that women faced as they joined political, educational, and professional domains. The article “The Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments” describes the challenges women face due to societal limitations. The text primarily indicates that males dominate political, social, economic, and educational institutions, rendering women as secondary human beings. It also claims that men monopolize the most important parts of life, excluding women from particular jobs and political positions.
    The complaints brought forward in the text appear valid because they explain the reason women still strive to achieve upward mobility in various industries. The author indicates that males have cartelized profitable businesses, causing difficulty for women intending to join particular industries (93). The contention validates the continuing feminist movement, whose supporters posit that women should have equal rights as their male counterparts. Years ago, women lacked the right to vote or make decisions about their reproductive health. Married or single, women in modern society face similar challenges due to societal perceptions of femininity and motherhood although they now have the right to acquire reproductive health assistance without permission from their husbands or sexual partners. However, unmarried women are shunned because they have eccentric characteristics and lifestyles. Concisely, the article complains about the persistent patriarchy in business, social circles, and politics despite women being able to access education and gain upward mobility in politics and business.

    • Mark

      Excellent, careful reading of the Declaration of Sentiments, Galileo. Your point that women now “have the right to acquire reproductive health assistance without permission from their husbands or sexual partners” is a really fantastic example with its own long, important history. Unfortunately, this debate has been rekindled as reproductive rights are under renewed threat with the increasing conservatism of the Supreme Court, following the confirmation of Amy Coney Barret.

  4. Marjan Ahmed

    From the very beginning of time, women were seen as a person to do the works of house and men were more on outside activities. Even in united states, until the Seneca falls convention was held. After reading the document The Seneca Falls “Declaration of Sentiments”, As a man, I felt kind of charged and guilty since there were so many allegations on men. But then I realized, this is about the ones who did oppress woman and seen them as just housewife and their anger is justified. We had a Socratic seminar on this topic in high school that I vaguely remember. I can’t believe even after the independence, half of the country was not allowed to vote to express their feelings about their nation’s leader until 1920. AS mentioned, in the article, “He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration.” I cannot even imagine how the times were back in the days for women. It’s probably because I am so used to seeing ladies working everywhere. They were not allowed to work until the 1900s. They barely got the right to vote in 1920, and the working rights came late in the 1930s. Comparing the past and this era, we all can see the significant change has been made. Even though there are many countries where women are still treated as just housewives and baby producing machine, many countries have come out of this thought. There are many fields where ladies are taking over and currently our vice president is a woman. Lot has improved in the world about women and lot more on the way.

    • Mark

      Excellent discussion Marjan. You clearly know a great deal on this topic. Your selection is particularly apt, given the many fields women have been kept out of and the fact they women still earn far less on the dollar than men — all of which you suggest.

      “He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration.”

  5. Lisbeth Rivas

    “Ain’t I a woman” a poem by Sojourner Truth, focuses on the struggles of being an African American woman during the 1800s. She talks about how women are being treated unequally. She goes on to say that she is a hard-working woman, who had no help from a man & survived on her own. Making a point that women are just as, if not more capable than a man and considering everything she had to endure being African American. I think she also wanted to point out the treatment she received as an African American woman in comparison to the treatment; white women received. One of the parts of the poem that stood out to me was when Truth said, “That man over there say a woman needs to be helped into carriages and lifted over ditches and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody ever helped me into carriages or over mud-puddles or gives me a best place… And ain’t I a woman?” White women were treated better, with respect & class, although they still were not as “superior” as men, they were, thought to be “superior” to an African American woman. When a comes to being a woman of color she is treated like a lesser equal as if she was not a woman at all. I think, as women, we have come a long way in comparison to what women went through back then, but there are still things we need to fight for in today’s society. It’s 2020 and, you wouldn’t think we’ll still be fighting for equal pay, sexual and reproductive rights, sexual violence and harassment, and many more. “Declaration of Sentiments” by Susan B. Anthony talks about how women were nothing but a physical form. We had no voice in any matter. Women were; stripped away from basic human rights. All women were; seen as was an object. No brain, no voice, or emotion; Almost like a doll. Women were nobodies if they didn’t have a man by their side. We could not own property, we didn’t have the right to have our own money or even a way to gain some type of income, we didn’t have a right to vote. Anthony also mentioned that the United States went against everything it stood for when it came to women, Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. They weren’t giving women the freedom to exercise their rights.

    I actually watched Little women at the start of the pandemic and, it was a lovely movie. I think you could catch a glimpse of what it must’ve been like to be a young girl during the 1800s. I think the main goal of a family in the 1800s is to marry off their children especially if their women. And the status of the family plays an important role in the marriage. The main character Jo isn’t your typical girl. She does not want to be married off, like her sisters. Instead, she wants to focus on her dream of becoming a writer and make a name for herself rather than be a wife. She gets bored of going to events where they only attend in hopes of meeting someone to marry. I think if I would have been born in the 1800’s I would’ve been like Jo because I wouldn’t have liked to be forced into a marriage because of how good it would look for the family. I definitely would not have liked to just to be someone’s wife but rather have goals for myself and show that a woman can be just as successful as a man can be, especially during those times.

    • Mark

      I’m glad you got to see and enjoyed the magnificent film “Little Women.” Jo is such a wonderful, powerful character, such a great role model, as you say. Your discussion of Sojourner Truth is also poignant, reminding one of the long but separate (and unequal) history of women’s rights as applied to women who were not white. Nicely done.

  6. Brianna Lesperences

    Sojourner Truth was known as an American women’s rights activist. She was born into slavery in New York, she later escaped to freedom in 1826 with her daughter who was an infant at the time. After reading one of her most famous poem “Ain’t I A Women?” the part that stood out to me was “And ain’t I a woman? Look at me Look at my arm! I have plowed and planted and gathered into barn and no man could head me…And ain’t I a woman?
    I could work as much and eat as much as a man when I could get to it and bear the lash as well and ain’t I a woman?” Sojourner points out something that I feel is very important, the fact that she was a black woman living in America during the 1800s is very different than being a white woman living in America during the same era. The struggles still continue to be very different amongst Black women because of intersectionality, within society white women are “superior” to black women. When the feminist movement was first created the idea was great in theory but in my personal opinion didn’t seem to include the problems that minority women faced within America when it comes to being a women of color.

    • Mark

      Very astute and poignant reply Brianna. You pick great lines from Truth to discuss
      (“And ain’t I a woman? Look at me Look at my arm! I have plowed and planted and gathered into barn and no man could head me…And ain’t I a woman?/I could work as much and eat as much as a man when I could get to it and bear the lash as well and ain’t I a woman?” ). Your comment on the continuing and unique challenges for black women is really important. It would make for a great final essay topic. Up next is a film viewing of Harriet Tubman’s effort in the Underground Railroad, which you could also focus on, extending this discussion.

  7. Jannatul Fateha

    “Ain’t I A Women?”
    “Sojourner Truth” passes on her message about how women are not treated similarly. In the discourse, she says, “That man over yonder says that ladies should be aided into carriages, and lifted over a trench, and to have the best spot all over. No one encourages me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me any best spot!” (Truth). Sojourner is trying to tell the reader that white ladies get more regard than individuals of color do even though they are both just women. She is additionally saying that men state ladies should be treated with deference yet she doesn’t get any worthwhile motivation she is a person of black color. It’s a difficult matter to understand the level of braveness Sojourner truth had to have possessed to supply her speech at the 1851 women’s conference in Akron, Ohio. As a previously enslaved woman living in the 19th century in the USA, she understood higher than everybody else the hazard she should have attracted giving that speech. Despite that, she stood upping in front of a target market packed with her fellow people most if now not all being of better popularity, and spoke to them as a mom speaks to her child. That turned into her strength, whether deliberate or not, which made her speech so compelling. Starting her speech with “properly children” and later at the give up of her speech while she invokes ideas and emblems of motherhood. Bolstering those ideas is the repeated use of the chorus “Ain’t I a woman.” Sojourner performed things through this. First, she installed herself as a person worthy of taking note of right here to educate those men and women what she knew. To properly do this, she engaged with their concept of what a woman is. Their ideal of the quiet and fragile woman who can’t do anything without a person, she then proceeds to illustrate how this ideal shatters while faced with reality whose call is Sojourner fact. No longer most effective does this project fake perfect, she plants life properly inside the center of the conversation as a representative of women, hence elevating herself in her target audience’s eyes, from the label of slave right into personhood. From there, she maintains her speech, not as an equal, however morally advanced.“If my cup won’t preserve however a pint, and yours holds a quart, wouldn’t you be mean now not to let me have my little 1/2 measure complete?” In this kind of small quantity of time, she transforms herself into someone who must be able to listen to. The extraordinary power she possessed to encourage exchange, all while not being able to study or write. An oppressive regime aims to make the oppressed believe they’re much less than. To make it so the one’s suffering agrees with its far nature that they are suffering. Sojourner truth lived a problematic lifestyle and underwent many hardships, but she in no way permits that to prevent her from preventing for what was hers. That power is what led her to face in front of all those human beings that day, assisting to pave the way for people who came after her.

    • Mark

      This is a superbly thoughtful and subtle analysis of Sojourner Truth’s importance as black woman at the start of the women’s rights movement. Your discussion of her exceptional courage and power is spot on. I look forward to hearing your thoughts on the film of Harriet Tubman, another black female pioneer of unusual force.

  8. chris castellon

    After reading “Ain’t I a women” by sojourner truth, this story is about the struggles of being an African American women around the 1800’s. Although the other story “Declaration of sentiments” focuses on the same topic too. Both stories tell the struggles of women because they did not have equality just because they are a different gender or race and believed not to be able to do most workmen ship that most men do. But “Ain’t I a women” hits differently, according to the story an African American women tells her story of how other African American women are treated differently than white women. White women were treated better with respect but as for others they tried so hard to get by in life even if they were married. Being a women of color was very difficult back in the 1800’s, but even if your a different race we are all equals. There are some people in this world today who still see women who aren’t equals, not just women but other race as well, but it is fantastic that almost “everyone” believes in equality and sees us united and not divided.

    • Mark

      Excellent points Chris. Can you think of any examples of “women of color” who are not treated the same as other women — still today? For example, does VP-Elect Kamala Harris have to tread water differently from say Hillary Clinton?

  9. Dkaran

    The Seneca Falls “Declaration of Sentiments:
    The Seneca Falls Convention in New York in July 1848 outlined the rights that American women should be entitled to as citizens. The Seneca Falls Convention, marked the start of the women’s rights movement in the United States. It argues that women are oppressed by the government and the patriarchal society (family head that’s a male and title is traced through a male) of which they are a part.Women face unjust treatment in many events like participation, and representation in the government, women’s lack of rights in marriage, inequality in divorce law, and inequality in education and employment opportunities. Almost two hundred years have passed and women are still not making the same amount of money that men make in the same field. But on the other hand, the Women’s Suffrage Movement, women’s economic roles increased in society. Since there were more educational opportunities for women it led more and more women to see their potential for professional careers. Women have more opportunities now and even though salaries increased it’s not the same amount that men received. I feel everyone should be treated equally no matter their gender or race but many people still have the old mindset that makes them think men or a person a certain color are more superior than others.

    • Mark

      Good overview of the “Declaration of Sentiments”, Deonarine. You also raise great points of the advances women today have made (in education and in business) but also the challenges they still face. Nicely done.

  10. Dan

    In response to Susan B. Anthony’ s “Declaration of Sentiments,” I feel that this writing is a timeless piece that can be incorporated into any point in history were there is group of people marginalized by main-stream society. Anthony has a stand and, platform on which to address the women’s issues of the day, but as we are well aware women were not the only group of people being oppressed in that point in history. It takes much courage and strength in one’s convictions to stand up for your own rights and go against the norm of the day. Anthony wrote, “Now, in view of this entire disenfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation—in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived of their most sacred rights, we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of the United States. . . .” I feel this statement can be applied when looking at any civil rights issue, at any time in our nation’s history. It is in our constitution that we ALL have a right to freedom, and to pursue happiness, so people have been braking the law when not allowing a particular group to these natural right all human should be given at birth.

    • Mark

      This is a great quote to cite and an important point to bring up. “Now, in view of this entire disenfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation—in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived of their most sacred rights, we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of the United States. . . .”

      I wonder if you couldn’t write your final essay on this topic: how the fight for equal rights and a “more perfect union” applies to so many groups of Americans still waiting for their fair share of the pie. You could use this post as your opening paragraph.

  11. jawad awada

    Throughout history it has been no secret that this country has been for the most part controlled by men and women have struggled in order to receive the same rights that men have. The “Declaration Of Sentiments” focuses on the idea that both genders are not treated equally and that must change. It heavily pushes the concept that women deserve to be treated the same way men do and are fighting to have the same rights. One focus that is known from the “Declaration Of Sentiments”’ is that it heavily pushes the idea that all people are created equal and that they should be treated the same. There was a very interesting comparison made in “Declaration Of Sentiments” when describing women. Equity is a discussion that has been going on for way too long. Here it explains that in marriage the women are subjects to their husband and basically do not have any rights. When it comes to “Ain’t I a Woman” the focus is more on African American women. It discusses how women are treated unequally and she ends up throwing her own personal experience as a great way to support her claims. She managed to make it on her own and adding the fact that she was African American proves that success is achievable but it is much harder to accomplish. She did compare how white women were treated compared to her which also shows that white women unfortunately might have certain aspects more easy to accomplish based on the color of their skin. Something to keep in mind is that the 1800’s was a much different world compared to today’s world yet sometimes it is still a struggle for African American women to gain the same equal opportunities as others.

    • Mark


      You do a good job explicating key points from the Declaration of Sentiments. Your final point is truly interesting and important — how the struggle for African American women is somewhat different from that of other women and continues till today. This topic would make a great focus for your final essay. Consider also watching the amazingly powerful film “Harriet” on this topic — which you could also refer to. I’ll post this final assignment later today.

  12. Najeh Marcus

    After reading both the “Declarations of Sentients” and “Ain’t I a Women” it reminded me of oppressive life was for women in the past and more so for black women. Before reading this, I knew that women gained equal rights sometime after African Americans did. The “Declaration of Sentients” really shows how women were in a tight situation without equal rights. They even had fewer job opportunities and even received less education. Besides not being able to vote and enjoying basic rights given to men both domestic and foreign they also didn’t gain any power in marriage and it can even be argued that they lost power because of it. Like once they get married the man now owns her property and all her income also belongs to him. Then if they get a divorced the dad gets parentship over the child. With all these problems It easy to see why women want equal rights. I feel like I have read both of these readings in the past primarily “Ain’t I a Women”. It’s interesting to see how things use to be and how they change over the course of many years. Sometimes it hard to imagine how the world use to be and these readings are able to show us ideas these people had for the social issues they were facing.

    • Mark

      Very thoughtful reply Najeh. I look forward to hearing your thoughts connecting to our final assignment, particularly the film “Harriet” (on Harriet Tubman). [I will post this assignment later today]. For your final essay you could extend your thoughts in this posts to Harriet Tubman and perhaps Frederick Douglass. I think you you will really like this film; it’s powerfully done and very moving.

  13. Lionel Desroses

    In the old days, society saw women be useless without a husband or a man next. Humanity had made it seem that women could not do anything without having a man because back in the day’s women did not have that much value besides being housewives or housekeepers. They had put women in the sense that they could not do anything serious besides being there for their man, which is why, in the early years, if a woman is not married by a certain age, everybody would start looking at her in a certain as if she has little value. As time progresses, society began to see the value of women and many things that they are capable of doing, and their value is going up and progressively still going up. “The Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments” stated that “ The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her to prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world… he has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education, all colleges being closed against her ” This show that man has been suppressing women so they could stay in control and on top by denying them the right to an education and more. In contradiction, many women believe to be stronger than just staying under the control of man and decide to step up as mention in “AIN’T I A WOMEN,” “ and aren’t I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man … if the first woman God ever made was strong enough to turn the world upside down, all alone together women ought to be able to turn it right-side-up again.” The quote explains that many women are gradually overcoming all these burdened that society has put on them, like to be a housewife. Yet, many women now a day are deciding to be more than that and becoming better for themselves as well as being independent.

    • Mark

      Lionel, You do an excellent job highlighting key points and quotes from both the Declaration of Sentiments and “Ain’t I a Woman.” However, could you provide more precise examples of how women today “are becoming better for themselves as well as being independent.”? What about our new VP-elect Kamala Harris, for example? This could make for an excellent final essay assignment due on Dec. 17.

  14. Richard Li

    After reading “Declaration of Sentiments”, women just did no have as much power that they did today than before. “He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead. He has taken away from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.” shows that back then when women got married, they were useless at that point because it was the man doing all of the work and providing for the family, while the woman would just do house chores and whatnot. After all these years, that is still kind of happening in certain parts of America where the man is providing, while the woman is cleaning up the house because there are not many jobs for woman as they are usually teachers. That is why the majority of the education system is made up of woman teachers. Even to this day, men earn more than woman just because they are “stronger”, although the difference between the two is going down bit by bit. Honestly, this world just wants to see itself burn.

  15. Aaliyah A Madurie

    ‘Declaration of sentiments’ centers around the power that men have over women. Throughout history it is said that women should be inferior to their husbands. They couldn’t dare do anything without their husbands permission. Women had no voice and were therefore deprived of their rights. Back in history women were told to stay home while the men would go out to work, which made them live a dependent life. Is inequality against women still happening today? Definitely yes. In my opinion, I also think this inequality against women consists of race, culture and also religion. We all are from different backgrounds. I am an African american and I can tell you many women from different cultures have to obey their husband and put them first and basically do what women back then had to do. An interesting phrase that touched me in the ‘Aint I a woman’ clip was when sojourner truth a former slave stated in her speech “I can work as much as any man”. Honestly, I believe women work harder than men. A woman will take full responsibility for the family while most men leave. One thing about most women they would work a thousand times harder to provide for their children. However, while researching , only 6 countries give women equal legal work rights as men. Today, most of these jobs that a man should be working are occupied by women which is very fascinating to me and shows that women now are more independent and driven compared to women back then.

    • Mark

      Very interesting reply, Aaliyah. I like how you make the problem of gender and racial inequality a global issue.

  16. Amoy Russell-Jonas

    Notably, the declaration of sentiments, “the Seneca Falls” was written by Elizabeth Candy. It summarized the course of human events. Originally, the Seneca Falls Convention is identified as the woman’s Rights Convention. The article illustrates how Seneca Falls Convection fought the social, religious, and civil rights of women. The convention proceeds to illustrates eleven resolutions that are based on women’s rights. Stanton became the first woman to advocates for the equality of all women. Importantly, women’s rights activists had already initiated struggling back in the United States for women’s right to speak out mainly on the political and moral problem since 1830. The declaration sentiment was the manifesto of Seneca Fall Conventions, which illustrates women’s demand and grievances. It was popularly known as a fight for the constitutional guarantee for equal right for all gender, more particularly to women in the United States that were identified as major victims of bullies. According to the video, the declaration was started by nineteen cases of abuse and usurpation, which were to extinguish a woman’s self-confidence in powers. Since women did not have any rights, the right was given to most arrogant and degraded me who typically forced to submit to a law that they did not accord.
    As quoted in the article, “When a sincere republican is asked to say in sober earnest what adequate reason he can give, for refusing the demand of women to an equal participation with men in political rights, he must answer, None at all. However unwise and mistaken the demand, it is but the assertion of a natural right, and such must be conceded.” The quote indicates how women fight for their position. The main point which is portrayed in work Seneca Falls Convention article is the prizefight for female’s position, which remained a significant duty for all reformers.

    • Mark

      Thanks for this post Amoy. Can you think of an example today that suggest the kind of gender discrimination that Susan B. Anthony complained about in 1848? Are men and women fully equal in the current moment?

      • Amoy Russell-Jonas

        She spoke about the issue that women did not have the right to vote but men did. I honestly believe that even now in today’s society in some ways they still do now see woman and man equal especially when you think about man dominated career they believe woman not suppose to do the same job and man can do.

  17. Kaothar Dirta

    “Aint I a Women”
    Isabella Baumfree was born into slavery in 1797, she then changed her name into what we know now as Soujrner Truths. Truths became one of the most powerful advocates for human rights in the 19th century. During the mid 1840’s Soujrner Truths became involved in the growing antislavery movement and by the 50’s she was involved in the women’s rights movements.She also continued to speak out for the rights of African Americans and women during and after the civil war. Soujrner Truths delivered one of the most famous abolitionistss and women’s rights speeches in America “Aint I a Women”. “That man over there says that women need to be helped into carriages, and lifted over ditches, and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me any best place! And ain’t I a woman?” Truths is telling us that these men are saying that women need to be protected, and how they deserve these special treatments but she doesn’t get any and she’s a women as well. Truths being a women and African American in the 19th century is a huge reason for her and many women like her to be mistreated unequal. Truths tells us how black women get treated horrible when they can do everything a man can do and even more, women are the stronger gender. In Truths speech she also talks about “intellect” which is the ability of reasoning and understanding as of ones gender or skin color has a part of the way intellect works.

  18. Daniela Martinez

    Response to Ain’t I A Woman?
    A compelling poem; meanwhile, I was reading it, I could envision not only Sojourner’s story but the rest of many other African American women. Moreover, each verse of the poem left a substantial impact on me since the author spoke about the social issues against women and race. For instance, when the first line expresses, “That man over there say a woman needs to be helped into carriages and lifted over ditches and to have the best place everywhere.,” it shows an evident paradox when the next line comes, “Nobody ever helped me into carriages or over mud puddles or gives me a best place…” How crude and real was Truth’s description of slavery, and how being born as another race, gender, and skin color was not easy for her and many other women like Truth.

    If, during the 1800s, a woman was born as an African American, she would not have been treated as a human being. Although that is different in our daily lives, there are still injustices happening against women. Nevertheless, society is evolving and is getting more open-minded about what women are capable of doing. Even though there has been some progress, society still has a misogynistic idea that women should not work and bear children. However, women can do the same work as men, and when Truth mentions that in the following verses, I felt proud:
    “Look at me
    Look at my arm!
    I have plowed and planted
    and gathered into barns
    and no man could head me…”

    Last but not least, after reading the poem and listening to the video by Kerry Washington, I enjoyed a lot to hear the satirical tone used by Kerry in the sentences “that little man in black there say a woman can’t have as much rights as a man cause Christ wasn’t a woman. Where did your Christ come from? From God and a woman!” Even if Kerry Washington was reciting the poem, I could feel the emotions she put into her act and how Sojourner Truth must have tried to convey her audience back in 1851. “Ain’t I A Women” is truly a remarkable and beautiful speech.

    • Mark

      Thoughtful and detailed reply to these cunning, amazing women, whose sharpness you capture, Daniela.

  19. Franchesca O

    Am I a Women?
    Throughout the years there has been an increase rate in the up bringing in women rights. For instance, Women in the American Revolution played various roles. However, even though women has played various roles, it was sadly all depending on their social status and their political views. One of the biggest revolution known in history was when women was known as “flappers.” Flappers were a generation of young Western women in the 1920s who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, in whom people were shocked by their behaviors.
    In addition, that was just beginning there has been many more up brining into women rights. One major thing that has made a major difference is that Kamala Harris in whom was elected not only the first women but first African American women to be elected as vice president. Kamala Devi Harris is an American politician who is the also the junior United States senator from California. Prior to her election as a United States senator, Harris was attorney general of California.

  20. Ashley

    “The Declaration of Sentiments” from Seneca Falls is a factual piece that is relevant til this day, bringing awareness to the struggles us women had to go through during those tough times. It also opens your eyes on how much men have had control over us, and we still go through these types of things to this day. The inequality, the discrimination and the fight is still and will always be prevalent, so I’m glad we got to read this piece this semester. While reading this article, one of the things we’ve achieved overtime that was not available in 1848 are the increased opportunities in diverse work fields due to the Women’s Rights Suffrage. Even though sometimes the pay isn’t even equal sometimes but progress is progress. The funny part is, every sentence in this article can be argued over something we have yet to achieve. With that being said, a grievance that us women still deal with is the fact that our rights are still being controlled by men who are in higher power than us, “He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men— both natives and foreigners,” An example from this quote is the whole pro life and pro choice ordeal, why should anyone have a say on what a women or any gender wants to do with their body? Weather if the person got assaulted or they simply don’t want a child, they should have the right to have an abortion because it’s their body. Furthermore, we can all agree that men and women should be equal and have equity, hopefully we can progress more as a society someday.

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