ENG2201 Spring 2023

“The Great Gatsby” Final Post

       Scott Fitzgerald’s 1925 novel “The Great Gatsby,” which has intrigued readers for almost a century, was published. Richness, love, and the elusiveness of the American Dream are among the novel’s many themes that still strike a chord with readers today. The novel’s quest of wealth is one of its main themes. This quest is embodied in various ways by the characters of Tom Buchanan and Jay Gatsby. Self-made Gatsby gathers money while trying to win back his ex-girlfriend Daisy. Tom, on the other hand, was born wealthy and makes use of his position to make claims to privilege and power. The protagonists’ unrelenting quest for material achievement is a reflection of the current culture’s preoccupation with material prosperity and social standing. The characters’ aspirations and deeds are a reflection of the unrelenting chase of material gain seen in modern culture in a world where success in business is frequently considered as a measure of one’s value.

           The hollowness of the American Dream is also thoroughly explored in “The Great Gatsby” as a whole. The novel’s characters strive for riches and success because they think that achieving these goals will make them happy and content. Fitzgerald, however, exposes a grim reality that lies under the veneer of material wealth and lavish gatherings. The characters’ eventual devastation and disillusionment reveal the hollowness of a dream based only on worldly goals. The novel’s indictment of the flimsiness and hollowness of the American Dream serves as a warning in a time when societal pressures and the appeal of social media frequently promote a crafted image of success. Fitzgerald gives readers a window into a pivotal time in American history through his evocative descriptions of extravagant parties, excesses, and moral decay. In the contemporary world, where comparable trends can be seen, this description of a society dominated by materialism, hedonism, and the pursuit of pleasure continues to ring true. The curiosity in celebrity culture, the desire for rapid pleasure, and the pervasiveness of social media draw attention to how relevant the novel’s condemnation of a superficial society is even now. One important line of The Great Gatsby is “For a while these reveries provided an outlet for his imagination, they were a satisfactory hint of the unreality, a promise that the rock of the world was founded securely on a fairy’s wing” The broader issue of the American Dream’s illusory character is also reflected in this line. Gatsby’s daydreams are a representation of the fascination of the dream itself, the concept that success in life and social standing might lead to a perfect, idealized existence. Fitzgerald claims that this goal is naturally illusive and transitory because it fails to take into account the “unreality of reality” and the promise of a solid basis.

            Ultimately, The Great Gatsby’s exploration of these themes—morality, identity, class issues, gender issues, the frailty of “fame” in the age of social media, and the search for authentic meaning—offers readers a thought-provoking reflection on the complexities of human existence. By delving into these timeless concerns, the novel continues to resonate with readers in 2023, inviting introspection and fostering discussions about the enduring challenges and aspirations of the human experience.


  1. Amina Ahmed

    After reading most of the story and watching the whole movie. I would gladly say, The Great Gatsby is a great representation of the American dream. At its center is a remarkable rags-to-riches story, of a boy from a poor farming background who has built himself up to fabulous wealth. Jay Gatsby is someone who once had nothing but who now entertains rich and celebrated people in his enormous house on Long Island. His attempt to win Daisy Buchanan, a woman from a well-established family of the American elite, ends in disaster and his death. This tension between “new money” and “old money” is represented in the book by the contrast between West Egg and East Egg.The Great Gatsby is a story about the impossibility of recapturing the past and also the difficulty of altering one’s future. The protagonist of the novel is Jay Gatsby, who is the mysterious and wealthy neighbor of the narrator, Nick Carraway. As the novel progresses and Nick becomes increasingly drawn into Gatsby’s complicated world, we learn what Gatsby wants: Daisy, Nick’s cousin, the girl he once loved. Anything and anyone that stands between Gatsby and Daisy becomes an antagonist. Although Daisy’s brutish husband Tom is the most obvious antagonist, a variety of more abstract concepts such as class difference, societal expectations, and Gatsby’s past lies can also be considered antagonists. The most powerful antagonist is time itself, which prevents Gatsby from recapturing what he lost. Above all, the book and movie were very amazing and interesting. I really like how engaging I was and how it captured my attention. I will definitely recommend this book to anyone who hasn’t yet read it. 

    • Mark Noonan

      Terrific review and recommendation Amina.

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