Congratulations! if you are reading this you have successfully found Open Lab and our class web site. Remember you must register as a member of Open Lab (follow the directions on the first page) and as a member of this class (see directions under help). You must be a participant in the class to post assignments and comments. If you have any problems or questions, contact the Open Lab staff. They are extremely responsive. Of course, you can also e-mail me (BMishara@citytech.cuny.edu).
We will be using this Open Lab site and a Blackboard site. This may be confusing, so let me try to explain. On this Open Lab site we will be writing about architecture, thinking and forming ideas, interacting with one another, and eventually posting final projects. This is an active site. On the other hand, the Blackboard site will be passive. I will post lectures and homework assignments for you to download. The two sites are necessary because there is not sufficient memory in Open Lab for all the graphics and images we architects love to use.
1. Gothic architecture was a movement that changed the designs and architectural engineering of buildings.
2. It allowed architects to create buildings that were larger and with thinner walls
3.Introduced Ribbed Vaulting.
4. Introduced flying buttresses.
5. Creation of stained glass.
6. Introduced pointed Arches.
we know roman architecture is
- the biggest scale organization
- the pantheon survived 2000 years
- the columns are 12 meters high and 50 tons weight
- the marble is from Greece, it is over 30 tons hang up to 15 meters above the ground
- Roman used an A Frame to move things up
- they used a new material—–concrete
- The doom of pantheon used the concrete to build
- the inside diameter of the doom is 44 meters
- the doom contain 5000 tons of concrete
On the website Archinect.com there are many things to explore such as job offers, events, news about new projects, and news on what is happening around the world that has to do with architect. Projects that are taking place that need more people in different fields or architecture. Architects that know how to use programs such as AutoCAD, Revit, Sketchup and Rhino.
On the site Archinect.com one thing that I found interesting was the news on the Washington Monument. The news states the Washington Monument is actually shorter that what it was stated to be. Since 1884 it was stated that the monument was 555 feet 5 1/8 inches. Its true height is 554 feet 7 11/32 inches. This information is also on the noaa.gov. There other sites that show students projects such as what the University of Miami did. The students build models for the MoMa Exhibit here in New York. It provides pictures of all the models, the details. This was an example of collaboration between the museum and students.
Another thing that was interesting was the jobs. One job that is in New York. The site asks for a talented experienced designer that has experience for at least 3 years. The site requires excellent work with AutoCAD, excellent drafting skills and excellent communication skills. Communication skills in writing as well as verbal. Also to be responsible and have time. This is important because it shows what the world is like. Shows what people are looking for, what they expect.
On the recent assignment was based on visiting the website www.Archinect.com. In this website you find various things related or based on architecture. It’s a website were architects get to share ideas and explore. It’s like a social network, where you are able to comment on ideas or like. Also you could get internships or jobs based on what you are looking for. It also gives of information from previous or future projects and it keeps you updated. This is a great website to explore and see new concepts for the future and to show off your design. It also creates people to be opened minded and create new things. This is a great website to for architects and other people that are related to art.
In the website I watched a video of creating a change in New York City. It called Bjarke Ingels and Oliver Wainwright talk New York Dryline. Based on this video it shows how space could prevent flooding in lower Manhattan. They deciding to add more green space like public space, parks, active learning centers, bike lines, etc. Adding more green space water could be great it would observed by plants and having protecting walls that protects the city from storm events and flooding. This benefits the city from causing damage and creating more green areas. It also adds more space to the city were people could get more active by going to the parks or taking long walks. It’s also hard to come by space in the city where it’s crowed and limited space. This would be a great idea for the city. I believe that it contains lots of benefits for New York City.
This website contains a lot of information and can become very useful for other people. It shows many different ideas and connect with other architects or schools. It’s a very inform and organized page. It also keeps people connected and updated with recent posts. I would recommend this page to other people. You learn a lot form this page.
After looking on the website www.Archinect.com, Archinect is basically a website for previous and current news for architects on any kind of projects that architects are working on now, past or at the future. Furthermore, Archinect can display employment for any category that an architect can apply to, such as interior derringer, project architect: commercial architecture, executive assistant, and more. Also, this website has many colleges such as CUNY (City University of New York), Pratt Institute, Yale University, and others; just to explore the news that is going on right now or applying a job for a company that can help build an architect’s dream. As I was scrolling down the news feature on Archinect, there was one title that caught me attention to, Was Rome Really a “City of Marble”? and when to the link to read the summary. During the summary, Architectural historian Diane Favro explains that during the advance model on the reconstruction of Rome, she mentioned that Rome wasn’t entirely made on marble. Favro found out that a few proportion of the Roman buildings are made on Marble and most of the buildings are made of brick. She believed that the movement of transforming brick to marble building was caused a illusion because construction was constantly on progress. In conclusion, the city of Rome wasn’t entirely made of marble but an illusion that people saw and believed it throughout centuries. Therfore, Archinect is a website for architects to explore through; for news, employment, discussions, and commuinte with other architects. this website can come in handy when researching a project, contacting other companies for employment or read through articles that other architects post on.
While visiting the site, ARCHINECT.COM I had found a lot of interesting things.
First of all it’s a website that allows to connect architects, ranging from actual designers, students, or fans of the art worldwide . People get to publish and share their ideas which is a great way to network. The website even informs you about future plans that other countries are considering to build. What I found most useful on this page was he fact that you could “engage with archinect” which allows you to join this big community regardless whether you’re in the field professionally or like I said earlier just a fan of architecture. You can even look through their classifieds to find prospective jobs. Another useful feature of this website is the option to follow archinect posts on your social media accounts so that you’re always up to date with new posts. I really like this website and find it to be very useful in the architectural career.
ARCH 1121 HISTORY OF ARCH. TECHNOLOGY
Week 1 HW Assignment
My name is Anna and I was born in Poland. Moved to New York at the age of six and lived in Ridgewood Queens since then. I speak Polish and English both fluently, and a few words in French and a few other languages. I attended the High School of Art & Design because I fell in love with art since I can remember! This is my first semester in City Tech and I’m looking forward to learning as much as I can.
Architecture is the art and science of putting a building together.
A structure must defy gravity, provide shelter, and comfort to the consumer residing in it. Since the beginning of time, those were the qualities we looked for and continue to look for today. What started as simple as wooden home we now have an era of steel skyscrapers, smart homes, and historic cathedrals amongst some examples. This is a field that keeps moving forward so architects are always looking for new ideas to interest the consumer especially in a market where new technology, consumer demand, and styles change on a daily basis, which makes this very exciting!
Self-discovery brought me to the spring 2015 Architectural Class. I want to find out more about the structures that surround us on a daily basis and would like to see how my ideas come to life on paper. I would like my ideas to benefit the population around me. As an art high school student, my friends and I would always love to visit local modern built buildings near us such as the Bloomberg building or all the other amazing glass atriums and admire the skill that artist must have possessed. I assume that’s when I decided to give Architecture a try because buildings always seem to bring people together.
My name is Caleb Charles and at a young age I was introduced to architecture through my brother and other family members. At first I didn’t like it that much because drawing by hand was always a bit difficult for me but I was able to quickly pick up and learn CAD and other drafting programs. For me the thought that I could start off with a conceptual idea and then developed that idea into a physical structure all the while solving structural and spatial problems is exciting to me. Working within set restraints in order to solve different problems and issues that may arise is like solving a puzzle to me. However it was my past experience with architecture and a fascination for problems solving that lead me to decide to study architecture.
To me Architecture is the physical embodiment of an idea that is brought up to life from its early stages as a design concept and transitions to a finished structure. It could also be seen as a practice where form complements functionality, meaning that while the purpose of the structure is important and has to be taken into account, the structures aesthetic aspects should not be overlooked as I gives the entire construct a visual meaning.
Architecture can also be see as a structure that is designed to shelter us from the elements and give us a sense of separation of the indoor and outdoor spaces. Throughout history our methods and practices in architecture has evolved allowing for the development of new materials and even new ways of approaching problems that can arise in the building process. It is because of this evolution of practices that architecture can serve as a timeline of human culture and achievements.
On a basic level architecture is a construct that provides us with safety and security. Not only does it separate us from the elements of the outdoors but it also separates and gives place to our various types of activities. Depending on the structures purpose, architecture can be used to evoke a specific atmosphere and induce a sense of emotion through the manipulation of space, lighting and even colors.
Chimdiebube C. Ejimbe
Professor B.S Mishara
EXPLORING THE COMMUNITY OF ARCHITECTS
Following a recent assignment to explore the community of architects through a website – www.archinect.com that is used by architects to connect, share ideas as well as critique the works of their fellow architects. I made a brief summary of some of the interesting things I found while browsing through the website. The website is quite versatile with several different functions.
I was reading through the “NEWS” section of the website when I came across the project proposed by Dubai, called “The Museum of the future”. This museum is proposed to be open in 2017; it will serve as both a museum as well as a research lab. The museum’s name was probably derived from its unique shape and the type of equipment they intend to display in it. The museum is to have an oval hollow-like shape with lines from the poem of Mohammed sheikh incorporated to its steel exterior. Inside the museum would feature a display of the latest technology and their inventors. The website contained a YouTube link which I happened to watch myself. You can also fin the video on YouTube by searching ‘Museum of the future Dubai’. There were not many details about the museum as it is still under construction. It was a good brief documentary and it seems like it would be a great museum when completed.
There was also a ‘jobs’ section that was really good. There were thousands of firms from around the country putting up job listings. Jobs ranging from project Architects, down to a firm internship program. It was really amazing and easy to apply, all you had to do was upload your resume to your profile and apply there online. Firms or companies who also use the website will call you randomly if your resume qualifies for the job. It’s just like a win-win case. I saw it as a form of support and encouragement or support for students as well as unemployed architects.
I read through numerous sections on the website, there were a lot of information to helps architects nationwide. The ‘PROJECTS’ section on the other hand was just totally amazing. There were amazing documentations of beautiful houses built by different architects worldwide. Some of the houses were totally jaw dropping they were not just houses, some of them were a form of self-expression.
Subsequently, I personally found the website awesome. There were other sections like: ‘COMPETITIONS’, ‘BLOGS’, ‘FORUM’, to mention but a few. One thing is for sure, I believe this website to be revolutionary, it breaks barriers, it gees a long way in bringing architects as well as students close. I bet you confidently that going through this website for just a day, you will learn important information that you will never learn in any school of architecture around the world. I have learnt a lot, I even went further to register for free as a member and I plan on using this website as often as it’ll require me because no matter how good you are, we never stop learning. Two heads are better than one, the more we continue to share information amongst each other, the more we learn. Knowledge is power.
After watching a video on Ancient Mesopotamia on YouTube, it showed a different perspective on how the civilization rose and declined,but leaving behind their remaining sources that we see on present day. What World History teachers taught us about this civilization, wasn’t fully explained in detail on what was used to be the most creative civilization of their time. What can I remembered about the civilization was that it took place on present day Iraq, Kuwait, and a section of Syria. Ancient Mesopotamia had their civilization for almost 1,700 years throughout different empires and created many achievements in art, mathematics, culture,and architecture.
On those years of existence, only four empires rose and declined. The Akkadian Empire was the first civilization that took place around 2,300 BC; where Sargon, “The Great King” was famous for the conquest of the Sumerian city-states that led to the world’s first empire and existed for 200 years. The second empire was for the Babylonians in the 1,900 BC, where the first laws of King Hammurabi was created; known as the Code of Hammurabi. Furthermore, the Babylonian Empire grew trade and agriculture which became an important trade center for the empire. However, the empire declined as well around and the Assyrian Empire took their place around 900 BC, done great achievements such as canals and strengthened military. However, the last empire was unique than the other 3 empires that ruled the lands of Ancient Mesopotamia. The Neo-Babylonian Empire took place around 600 BC and took their structures serious yet beautiful. Their architecture were taken from the Greek such as the columns and temple but made a twist to their own. Such as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, a Palace from Nebuchadrezzer II; became one of the wonders of the ancient world not just of the size and beauty, but the way of the design; probably was meant for a place for superiority and holy. However, the invasion of the Persians cause the Neo-Babylonian Empire to fall and was the last empire to ruled in Ancient Mesopotamia.
Besides the time that empire ruled the lands of Ancient Mesopotamia, many sources was left to be discovered from other civilizations and learn on how these civilizations accomplish their achievements on laws, mathematics, astronomy, and the architecture. on present day, people can see the ruins of Babylon that was caused by the Persians from their invasion and eventually their own fall. What I liked about the video was the design of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon from the Neo-Babylonian Empire, because I believed that the structure meant for them holy and grabs the attention from other civilizations to become like them. Therefore, I would like to explore the existences of what it use to be the first creative civilizations of the world.