Hi everyone! Read through the material below, watch the videos, and send me your questions.

Lesson 13: Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

Topic: This lesson covers Chapter 13 in the book, Exponential and Logarithmic Functions.

WeBWorK: There are two WeBWorK assignments on today’s material: Exponential Functions - Graphs and Logarithmic Functions - Graphs .

#### Lesson Notes (Notability – pdf):

This .pdf file contains most of the work from the videos in this lesson. It is provided for your reference.

## Exponential Functions and their Graphs

We’ve been living in the world of Polynomials and Rational Functions. We now turn to exponential functions. These functions are “very natural” – that is, they show up in the real world – but they are also more complicated than Polynomial and Rational functions (for example, an exponential function grows more quickly than any Polynomial)

Definition. An exponential function is a function of the form $f(x)=c\cdot b^x$, where $b$ and $c$ are real numbers and $b$ is positive ($b$ is called the base, $x$ is the exponent).

Example 1 (Textbook 13.2): Graph the exponential functions $f(x)=2^x, g(x)=3^x, h(x)=10^x, k(x)=\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^x, l(x)=\left(\frac{1}{10}\right)^x$.

Now let’s see what happens when we change the number $c$ in $y=c\cdot b^x$.

Example 2 (Textbook 13.6): Graph the exponential functions
a) $y=2^{x}, \quad$ b) $y=3 \cdot 2^{x}, \quad$ c) $y=(-3) \cdot 2^{x}, \quad$ d) $y=0.2 \cdot 2^{x}, \quad$ e) $y=(-0.2) \cdot 2^{x}$

Example 3: The graph below shows an exponential function $f(x)$. Find a formula for $f(x)$.

## Logarithmic Functions and their Graphs

Definition. If $b$ is a positive real number and $b\neq 1$, then the logarithm with base $b$ is defined:
$y=\log_b(x) \iff b^y=x$

What does the definition of logarithm mean? The idea is that the logarithm is the inverse function of the exponential function. Let’s look at an example.

Question: Is an exponential function one-to-one? (What does one-to-one means).

Example 4. The graph below shows the function $y=\log_2(x)$ but shifted to the right 3 units. Find a formula for the function in the graph.

That’s it for now! Take a look at the WeBWorK assignment, leave your questions below (or use the Ask for Help button in WeBWorK, or send me an email)